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  • 1. Rome
  • 2. Fast Facts
    Capital of Italy (Roma)
    2.7ml residents in 1,285.3 km2 (496.3 sq mi)
    3rd most visited tourist destination in the EU
    A hub of history, culture and religion
    Historical center of the Roman Empire
    Home of the Vatican
    Renowned for its architecture, art and cuisine
    An Unesco World Heritage site
  • 3. Climate & When to Visit
    • Rome enjoys a typically Mediterranean climate
    • 4. Best times to visit: April to June, Mid-September to Oct
    Table: Wikipedia:Rome
  • 5. History of Rome - 1
    According to tradition founded by the twins Romulus and Remus on 21 April 753 BC
    Became the capital of the Roman empire (27 BC – 476 AD), and thus the largest, richest and most important city in the Western world
    Declined into ruins after the collapse of the Roman empire, but then became the capital of the “Papal States” (756-1870) under the rule of Pope
    Grew from pastoral settlement into a kingdom and later a senate-governed republic (510 BC)
    Made into center of the Catholic church under Constantine I. The bishop of Rome became known as “Pope” (father)
  • 6. History of Rome - 2
    Turned into a center of Renaissance in the 2nd half of the 15th century (Notable artists include Michelangelo, Raphael, Ghirlandaio and Botticelli)
    Post WW-I turned into the sit of power of facist self-declared emperor Bennito Mussolini
    Annexed into the kingdom of Italy in 1870 and declared capital
    Recovered and grew quickly as part of the Italian post WW-II reconstruction and modernization.
  • 7. Location
    Rome is in the Lazio region of central Italy on the Tiber river (Italian: Tevere)
    It is divided into 19 administrative areas, called municipi or municipalities
    Most tourist attractions are within municipi 1
  • 8. Rome City Center
    The historic centre is divided into 22 rioni, all of which are located within the Aurelian Walls except Prati and Borgo.
  • 9. Top Attractions - 1
    Vatican CityReserve at least half a day to see the impressive St. Peter's Basilica, the Vatican Museums containing the largest collection of art in Rome and off course Michelangelo’s ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
    Colosseum (Colosseo)
    This massive marble amphitheatre (A.D. 72-80) was built to accommodate 50,000 spectators. While in ruins it is well preserved and impressive . Address: Piazza del ColosseoOpen daily 8:30 am to one hour before sunset
    Capitoline Hill & Museums At the top of Capitoline Hill (one of the seven hills of Rome )you’ll find the Piazza del Campidoglio surrounded by Medieval and Renaissance palaces now housing some of Rome’s finest art and archeology museums.
    Galleria BorgheseThis gallery housed in the Villa Borghese Pinciana amidst beautiful gardens, features a rich collection of historic art and. Some of Rome’s best city views are within walking distance from the gardens.
  • 10. Top Attractions - 2
    Spanish StepsThe Scalinata di Spagna steps extending from the vibrant and elegant Piazza di Spagna to the scenic Franciscan Church of Trinita dei Monti. At the foot of the steps is the Keats-Shelley Memorial House and the area around them offers designer shops, restaurants and bars.
    PantheonThe best-preserved monument of imperial Rome this former pagan temple (120 AD) later converted into a church is dedicated to the seven planetary divinities and features some fabulous marble.
    Piazza dellaRotonda. Mon-Sat 8:30-7:30; Sun. 9-6
    Trevi FountainDesigned by Nicola Salvi and built between 1732-62, this is probably the most photographed fountain in Rome. The story goes that if you throw in a coin, you will return to Rome. It's a truly impressive piece of art and at night it is floodlight and looks magnificent.
    Piazza NavonaThis lovely piazza , the most famous Baroque squre in Rome, has at its central focus Bernini’s spectacular fountain, La Fontana deiFiumi erected in 1651.
  • 11. Money and Costs
    The currency is Euro (1Euro = 100 Cent)
    International credit cards are generally accepted
    ATMs accept international Visa and MasterCard cards
    Travelers cheques accepted in banks and exchange shops
    10% tip expected in restaurants (unless already included)
    Leave small change in bars; No tips in taxis
    Typical high-season costs:
    Double room @ 3 star hotel: €80 to €300
    Sit-down meal in city center: €18-€30
    Museum admission: €8 to €13
    Public transport day-pass: €4
  • 12. Where to Stay?
    Wide range of accommodations
    City-center hotels are best
    Location, convenience
    But, off course pricier
    and often located in old buildings – expect cramped rooms and so-so air-con
    Cheaper more spacious rooms are available outside city center
    Budget hotels and pensions(Pensioni) can be found around the train station - Stazione Termini
  • 13. Food & Drink
    Traditional Roman cooking:
    Uses common seasonal ingredients
    Simple and delicious – Pastas, Pizza, Meats…
    Strong-flavored and overflowing with dressings
    Classic dishes include: bruschetta, spaghetti alla carbonara, bucatini all'amatriciana, saltimbocca alla romana, costolette d'abbacchio
    Wine is generally consumed with the food
    Coffee (espresso, cappuccino, etc) is cheap, strong and refined
    try the local TazzaD’oro and Lavazza brands
  • 14. Facts for Travelers
    CEE 7/16 Europlug (round pins)
    Dangers and Annoyances
    Rome is a safe city
    Violent crime against tourists are very rare
    It’s generally safe to walk about the city center at night
    Beware of pickpockets
    Especially at tourist attractions
  • 15. Photo Credits
    SPQR / S. Solberg J. -
    Map of Rome historic center and its rioni / AlessioDamato,
    Colloseum / David Iliff,_Italy_-_April_2007.jpg
    licensed under the Creative CommonsAttribution ShareAlike 2.5 License. In short: you are free to share and make derivative works of the file under the conditions that you appropriately attribute it, and that you distribute it only under a license identical to this one. Official license
    Spanish Steps – Keith,
    Euro coins / Ssolbergj -
    Euro banknotes / Andrew Netzler -
    BucatiniallaAmatriciana / MMChicago -
    Espresso and napolitains / Sandstein -
  • 16. Photo Credits
    Virgin and Child with Saints Michael and Joseph/ Garofalo, BenvenutoTisi -
    The Pantheon in Roma / Maros M r a z -,_Rome_-_5.jpg
    Trevi Fountain / Bodow -
    Piazza Navona / David Paul Ohmer -
    statue of the emperor Augustus / FollowTheMedia (original author: Till.niermann) -
    Michelangelo's David / Rico Heil -
    Roma. View from the air / Oliver-Bonjoch -
  • 17. Legal Notice
    This presentation is provided as-is for use under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 license.
    (You may use, distribute, embed and make copies. You may not make commercial use or change. Attribution to the creators is required)