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Ben Schultus – Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
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Ben Schultus – Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

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  • 1. Solutions and Future Directions in Water, Energy and Waste 
Management ForumYarra Valley WaterTuesday 30 August 2011
  • 2. Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow• Summary of how we got here.• Where are we today?• Outlook for tomorrow.
  • 3. The Greenhouse Effect
  • 4. It’s All RelativeDiameter of Earth = 12,800 KMThickness of Earths atmosphere (Troposphere) = 15 KMDiameter of a Basketball = 240mmThickness of varnish = 0.3mm (0.012%)
  • 5. A Fragile System
  • 6. Carbon Dioxide in the AtmosphereSource: NASA Earth Observatory (2010)310ppm in 1960 to 392ppm in 2011 http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/
  • 7. What Have we Done since 1820? http://www.gapminder.org/world/#$ma
  • 8. Power Production ‐ Largest Contributor
  • 9. Victorian Power kg CO2‐e/kWhVictorian Power  =         1.23 =   37%New South Wales  0.90PowerFor the same amount of power consumed  – Victorian businesses will generate 37% more greenhouse gases.Factors from National Greenhouse Accounts (NGA) Factors July 2010 web site.
  • 10. So How Has This Affected Us?
  • 11. Less Cold Days in Australia over 50 Years Source: CSIRO &BoM
  • 12. More Hot Days in the Last 50 YearsSource: CSIRO &BoM
  • 13. A Serious Supply Problem 40% Drop in Inflows Over 1997 - 2008 Period
  • 14. The Trend Continues"June 2011 : This was the 316th  consecutive month with a global  temperature above the 20th  century average. The last month  with below‐average temperature  was February 1985." Data from NOAA on loading the climate dice, NOAA climate  statement for first half of  2011,  http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/  Melbournes early escape from winter Press Release, Tuesday August 23, 2011 ‐
  • 15. Today….• Unfortunately the current debate is very  polarised• US – nationally little progress. Some states  acting.• EU and UK charging ahead• China missed the dot com boom – it won’t  miss this one• India, Mexico, Columbia, NZ all have put a  price on carbon
  • 16. Givens for Australia• Australia has signed international  commitments that are non‐negotiable.• Both Labor and Coalition have committed to a  5% reduction from 2000 levels by 2020• What does this mean?
  • 17. Emissions Projections Commitment by both parties ‐ 160MT/yr reduction – Current ~580Mt/yr
  • 18. It Can be Done! http://ec.europa.eu/clima/documentation/roadmap/docs/com_2011_112_en.pdf
  • 19. Cost Abatement Curvewww.climateworks.org.au
  • 20. 88% Global Energy Wasted!
  • 21. Front Page Hitachi Annual Report 2010(A US$110B/yr Company)
  • 22. Corporate Adoption 
  • 23. A Victorian Success Australia’s largest polyethylene manufacturer works with  City West Water and the Victorian Government to take  90% of its requirements from recycled water.
  • 24. Ray Anderson ‐ Interface Carpets Ray Anderson 1934‐2011  www.youtube.com/user/Ray CAndersonhttp://www.youtube.com/user/RayCAnderson
  • 25. Tomorrow…..• Plenty of evidence to be prudent• Treat climate change like any other risk• Being the worst emitter per capita makes it easier  to improve• Australia blessed with lots of sun, wind, wave and  geothermal – and lots of land!• Industrial competitiveness critical – learning time!• Delay will cost more (Lord Stern, Prof Garnaut and  many others)
  • 26. The Train is Leaving the Station