Small and Medium Forest
Enterprise (SMFE) Development

          A mechanism for sustainable forest
           management ...
Outline presentation
• context & definition SFE/CBFE
• the CBED program of FAO: overview
  activities
• Facilitation of an...
The development context
• Millennium Development Goals: reduce
  global poverty and ensure environmental
  sustainability ...
Definition SFE?
Definition
An enterprise can be defined as an entity - without
  thinking of its legal form - that executes an economic
  ...
FAO’s Community-Based Forest
Enterprise Development (CBED) program

Part of FAO’s support to Participatory
               ...
Community-Based Forest Enterprise
         Development (CBED) program
CBED Program aims to facilitate support to local
peo...
CBED program
HOW are we doing this?
• Support capacity building to all stakeholders
  to enhance better understanding of S...
Facilitating an Enabling Environment for
         Small Forest Enterprises




  Linking small forest enterprises to each ...
New diagnostics
                Brazil   China   Guyana   India    S. Af.   Uganda

NUMBER as       >98%.    87%     93%  ...
New / useful approaches
           FAO MA&D approach
           Examples in Mali, Burkina Faso,
             Ghana, RD Con...
Central problem for small forest enterprises
                      Isolation from:
                      • each other
    ...
Lessons about success 1
     •   Enabling environment – improve
         institutional and legal framework: Regional
     ...
Lessons about success 2
         • Intelligence: Improve
           bargaining power through
           accurate market In...
Lessons about failure 1
            • Disabling environment –
              e.g. Cameroon: cumbersome
              access...
Lessons about failure 2
           •   Unsustainable sourcing – Guyanese
               Amerindian small loggers associati...
Shifts in the search for solutions
        • From direct supply or intervention
          relating to:
           – Provis...
A new support framework
       •   Forest Connect is an alliance (nat. &
           internat.) dedicated to action learnin...
some of the ongoing activities
            • Toolkit under development
              for the facilitation of support
     ...
For more information:
         Website Forest Connect:
      http://forestconnect.ning.com/

      Website community-based...
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Sophie Grouwels: Fostering wealth and social contracts in the forest through facilitation of an enabling environment for small forest enterprises

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Day 3, Session 7: Experience with extraction and management of non-timber forest products

Presentation by Sophie Grouwels, Forestry Officer, FAO

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Sophie Grouwels: Fostering wealth and social contracts in the forest through facilitation of an enabling environment for small forest enterprises

  1. 1. Small and Medium Forest Enterprise (SMFE) Development A mechanism for sustainable forest management and fostering wealth at the local level Sophie Grouwels, Yaoundé, May 2009
  2. 2. Outline presentation • context & definition SFE/CBFE • the CBED program of FAO: overview activities • Facilitation of an enabling environment for SMFE – Forest Connect Alliance
  3. 3. The development context • Millennium Development Goals: reduce global poverty and ensure environmental sustainability by 2015 • High stakes in forest communities: poverty more pervasive and deeper and importance of protecting natural resources • Development of small and medium forest enterprises (SMFEs): opportunity for strengthening forest-based livelihoods and conserving the natural resource base
  4. 4. Definition SFE?
  5. 5. Definition An enterprise can be defined as an entity - without thinking of its legal form - that executes an economic activity. The activities done by an individual, family or an association with an economic concern can therefore be considered as an enterprise. The key factor is the economic activity and not the legal form. We understand under “economic activity” all activities that are aiming to produce income. (EC) Une entreprise peut être définie comme une entité, indépendamment de sa forme juridique, exerçant une activité économique. Les activités exercées à titre individuel, familial ou associatif avec une préoccupation économique peuvent donc être considérés comme des entreprises. Le facteur déterminant est l’activité économique et non la forme juridique. Par activité économique il faut entendre toute activité destinée à produire des revenus (Communautés Européennes, 2006)
  6. 6. FAO’s Community-Based Forest Enterprise Development (CBED) program Part of FAO’s support to Participatory Forestry: The focus is on people centered, sustainable NRM
  7. 7. Community-Based Forest Enterprise Development (CBED) program CBED Program aims to facilitate support to local people in developing income generating enterprises while conserving tree and forest resources in: – Areas where Poverty Alleviation & Natural Resource management are priorities and supported by adequate frameworks – Areas where natural resource-dependent populations are in need of alternative sources of income
  8. 8. CBED program HOW are we doing this? • Support capacity building to all stakeholders to enhance better understanding of SMFE - on request (using MA&D training approach) • Stimulate the ongoing discussion on the need for an enabling environment for SMFE (Conferences, publications, studies,...); • Support inter-institutional information sharing and in- and cross-country networking on SMFE (such as FC);
  9. 9. Facilitating an Enabling Environment for Small Forest Enterprises Linking small forest enterprises to each other, to markets, service providers and policy processes
  10. 10. New diagnostics Brazil China Guyana India S. Af. Uganda NUMBER as >98%. 87% 93% 87-98% 33-95% - % of total EMPLOYEES 49-70% 50% 75% 97% 25% 60% as % of total REVENUE as 75% 43% 50% 82% 3% 60% % of total
  11. 11. New / useful approaches FAO MA&D approach Examples in Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, RD Congo, Uganda, The Gambia, Colombia, Laos, ,...
  12. 12. Central problem for small forest enterprises Isolation from: • each other • markets and market information • providers of business development services (BDS) and financial services (FS) • policy and decision-makers that shape the business environment Issues of geography, transport and communication infrastructure, informality, scale, staff capacity, language etc.
  13. 13. Lessons about success 1 • Enabling environment – improve institutional and legal framework: Regional Directives to improve management and commercialization of NWFP in COMIFAC countries with national adaptations for Cameroon and DR Congo; - securing resource rights through Community Forestry in the Gambia; • Service providers –linking community enterprises to business development service providers to improve their management skills and their marketing strategies; ex. Ugandan Honey Association training bee farmers in order to improve the quality and packaging of the honey;
  14. 14. Lessons about success 2 • Intelligence: Improve bargaining power through accurate market Information e.g. NTFPs MIS in Southern Cameroon, through rural radios (Bush Mango + other products are adding on) • Marketing – identifying niche markets like ‘Community Based and/or certified Fair Trade’. e.g. Ten Thousand Villages, a North American fair trade dealer welcomes this month its partners from Burkina Faso to celebrate Certified Fair Trade shea butter.
  15. 15. Lessons about failure 1 • Disabling environment – e.g. Cameroon: cumbersome access rights (need for permits) for economic use of NTFPs leading to illegality for micro entrepreneurs • Isolated producers – e.g. DR Congo where community producers are disorganised, un-reached by financial services, and poorly linked to business service providers
  16. 16. Lessons about failure 2 • Unsustainable sourcing – Guyanese Amerindian small loggers associations responding to buyers rather than ecological capacity to supply. • Low qualities and volumes – NTFPs available on markets tend to be of low quality (lack of standards) • Poor marketing knowledge – Fumbwa wholesalers market in Kinshasa: bundles are lying on the ground in mud which implies deterioration • Inferior design – Cameroon's honey produced by rural entrepreneurs packaged in plastic bottles which are not closing properly and with labels falling of after purchase
  17. 17. Shifts in the search for solutions • From direct supply or intervention relating to: – Provision of Financial Services (bank or group loans, equity finance, insurance, leasing) – Provision of Business Development Services (ICT, business training, bureaucratic advice, design and packaging, technology support, courier and delivery, networking, market info, advertising and trade fairs). – Advocacy for policy change (business registration, forest resource allocation, management stipulations, transport rules, taxation, labour laws) • To facilitation of a sustained increase in the above – Provision of information about SMFEs and service providers, catalysing collective action, underwriting business linkage events, developing public-private fora, training trainers etc.
  18. 18. A new support framework • Forest Connect is an alliance (nat. & internat.) dedicated to action learning in support of SMFEs • Institutional hubs/national SMFE support institutions and communication platforms now being established in Burkina Faso, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Laos, Mali, Mozambique, Nepal and RDC • Diagnostics of SMFEs and their associations undertaken (or underway) • Service providers being mapped within and outside forest sector • Value chain analysis to identify bottlenecks • Communication strategies set up
  19. 19. some of the ongoing activities • Toolkit under development for the facilitation of support for small and medium forest enterprises • International communication platform maintained • Facilitating support to Forest Producers’ associations • WFC October 09 : session on SMFE enabling environment + side event FC + SMFE business info exchange faire
  20. 20. For more information: Website Forest Connect: http://forestconnect.ning.com/ Website community-based forest enterprises http://www.fao.org/forestry/enterprises/en/ Contact person in FAO: sophie.grouwels@fao.org

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