0
Empowering local population for production of non-timber
                    forest products

            Forest Tenure, G...
Articulations

1. ICRAF in WCA Region




2. Concept of participatory tree
domestication in WCA

3. Way Forward

4. CONCLU...
21 countries
330 million people
1200 million ha




           African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforest...
ECOSYSTEMS OF WCA REGION




AHT is a hot spot with more than
1800 endemic plant species
31 endemic threatened birds
35 en...
Distribution of Area under Cultivation By
                   Zone
        5-year Average (2003-2007)




                 ...
Yield per hectare by Zone

                                                                                   5yr Average
...
FOREST IS NOT ONLY LOGS AND TIMBER




Over two thirds of the 600 million people in Africa rely
directly or indirectly on ...
African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
Volatility of coffee price
                                                                                              N...
Participatory Tree Domestication (PTD)
Put simply PTD refers to:
• the means communities select, propagate and manage
  hi...
SPECIES UNDER DOMESTICATION

  Kola nitida                                            Ricinodendron heudelotii




Irvingi...
60
                                                                        Allanblackia
                                  ...
How to multiply Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre cuttings
            African
                ...
Grafting




African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
How to multiply the selected species: Centre layering
         African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforest...
Creation of a cultivar
     Dacryodes edulis




Earlier fruiting, smaller trees and uniform quality




                A...
African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
BAOBAB VEGETABLE BANK




  African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
Farmer-Managed Vegetative Propagation Unit


                                                                     Shade ho...
ENTREPRENEURIAL SPIRIT IN PILOT VILLAGES




                                                                           Ni...
Approaches for linking rural communities to
                   markets

1.   Integrating small farmers into value chains

...
25000


20000


15000
                                                                                             HOW TO ...
Njansang Examples

Collectives action / Group Sales
                                                                      ...
Some Results

                                                                                       • In 2005, 4 farmers
...
The Njansang Kernel Cracking machine:




                                                          Percentage of success ...
Enhance agricultural
 Income Generating
   Options in West
   and North West
     regions of
     Cameroon




         Af...
Post harvest machines




Ventilated dryers for drying
tree, food and spice products                                      ...
Conclusion
• Early fruiting and capture of desired traits
  are great incentive for adoption.
• Market of agroforestry pro...
Conclusion…
Indigenous fruit portfolio now at the heart of key
  global environmental processes
• Convention to combat des...
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Zac Tchoundjeu: Empowering local population for production of non-timber forest products

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Day 3, Session 7: Experience with extraction and management of non-timber forest products

Presentation by Zac Tchoundjeu, ICRAF

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Transcript of "Zac Tchoundjeu: Empowering local population for production of non-timber forest products"

  1. 1. Empowering local population for production of non-timber forest products Forest Tenure, Governance and Enterprise May 25-29 Yaounde, Cameroon Zac Tchoundjeu ICRAF REGIONAL DIRECTOR PO. Box 16 317 Yaoundé Cameroon Email: z.tchoundjeu@cgiar.org African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  2. 2. Articulations 1. ICRAF in WCA Region 2. Concept of participatory tree domestication in WCA 3. Way Forward 4. CONCLUSION African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  3. 3. 21 countries 330 million people 1200 million ha African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  4. 4. ECOSYSTEMS OF WCA REGION AHT is a hot spot with more than 1800 endemic plant species 31 endemic threatened birds 35 endemic threatened mammals Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre African Humid
  5. 5. Distribution of Area under Cultivation By Zone 5-year Average (2003-2007) 5 African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  6. 6. Yield per hectare by Zone 5yr Average 2007 (2003‐2007) World  541  524  Africa  539  510  America  327  334  Asia & Oceania  772  786  6 African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  7. 7. FOREST IS NOT ONLY LOGS AND TIMBER Over two thirds of the 600 million people in Africa rely directly or indirectly on forest for their livelihoods African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  8. 8. African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  9. 9. Volatility of coffee price NTFPS can generate more income (FCFA) 250.00 230.00 1600 210.00 1400 1200 190.00 170.00 1000 U S c e n t s /lb 150.00 Cocoa 130.00 800 110.00 Irvingia 90.00 600 Ricinod. 70.00 400 200 50.00 30.00 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 0 calendar year 1996 1997 1998 1999 African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  10. 10. Participatory Tree Domestication (PTD) Put simply PTD refers to: • the means communities select, propagate and manage high-value indigenous fruit trees and medicinal plants and integrate them in the various farming systems, • Species for domestication are mainly selected encompassing indigenous knowledge and genetic selection based on scientific principles • A strong partnership is developed with scientists, civic authorities and private companies. • PTD is a farmer driven and market lead process. It focuses on species farmers consume best with high potentials for local, regional and international markets African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  11. 11. SPECIES UNDER DOMESTICATION Kola nitida Ricinodendron heudelotii Irvingia gabonensis Gnetum africanum African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  12. 12. 60 Allanblackia Palm oil 50 Palm kernel Rape oil 40 30 20 10 0 ic c ei c ri c ic 8:2 it i ar i st l au ol lm C1 st e yr pa m Allanblackia floribunda African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  13. 13. How to multiply Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre cuttings African the selected species: rooting
  14. 14. Grafting African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  15. 15. How to multiply the selected species: Centre layering African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry air
  16. 16. Creation of a cultivar Dacryodes edulis Earlier fruiting, smaller trees and uniform quality African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  17. 17. African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  18. 18. BAOBAB VEGETABLE BANK African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  19. 19. African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  20. 20. Farmer-Managed Vegetative Propagation Unit Shade house Humidity chamber Stockplant Non-mist rooting propagator African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  21. 21. ENTREPRENEURIAL SPIRIT IN PILOT VILLAGES Nigeria DRC Cameroon African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  22. 22. Approaches for linking rural communities to markets 1. Integrating small farmers into value chains 2. Building local skills for improving competitiveness 3. Appraising market-led opportunities for rural communities 4. Strengthening service providers African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  23. 23. 25000 20000 15000 HOW TO INCREASE FARMER INCOMES 10000 5000 0 Regional Local Local Local Regional Farmer (1-4) Retailer (3) Traders (4) Collectors (4) Collectors (3) Retailer (4) Profit margin received by market actors African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  24. 24. Njansang Examples Collectives action / Group Sales Sensitization Sensitization Meetings Meetings Group Dynamics Group Dynamics Improve harvest Improve harvest and post-harvest and post-harvest Guarantee Guarantee techniques techniques Farmer Funds Funds Enterprise Developme Farmers nt In Building linkages Cameroon Workshop & Workshop & Building linkages between farmers between farmers Training Training and traders and traders Market Market Survey Survey African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  25. 25. Some Results • In 2005, 4 farmers 2000000 1800000 enterprises generates 1600000 received 709,075 FCFA 1400000 from the sale of 1200000 Amount 2005 njansang. Am ount 1000000 Amount 2006 800000 Amount 2007 600000 • In 2006, they generated 400000 200000 2,826,000FCFA. 0 • In 2007 they generated en u k n ec do so el nd ou M as O ob pw 2,472,150FCFA. ol Ek Nk Villages enterprise African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  26. 26. The Njansang Kernel Cracking machine: Percentage of success 90 African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  27. 27. Enhance agricultural Income Generating Options in West and North West regions of Cameroon African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  28. 28. Post harvest machines Ventilated dryers for drying tree, food and spice products Multipurpose mills African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  29. 29. Conclusion • Early fruiting and capture of desired traits are great incentive for adoption. • Market of agroforestry products is being gradually developed with appropriate transformation and packaging methods. • Indigenous fruit trees have high potentials to improve livelihood of local populations helping to achieve the MDGs (Poverty eradication, hunger reduction, improved of health and nutrition) African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
  30. 30. Conclusion… Indigenous fruit portfolio now at the heart of key global environmental processes • Convention to combat desertification Agroforestry for land regeneration • Biodiversity Convention Role of agroforestry in biodiversity conservation • Climate Change Convention Agroforestry as a key to adaptation Smallholder projects for carbon sequestration • UN Forum on Forests Key role of trees outside forests African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
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