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Ghan Shyam Pandey: The Role of Forest Communities in the Forest Tenure Reform Process - Learning from Nepal
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Ghan Shyam Pandey: The Role of Forest Communities in the Forest Tenure Reform Process - Learning from Nepal

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Day 2, Session 3: The role and perspectives of forest communities in the forest reform process …

Day 2, Session 3: The role and perspectives of forest communities in the forest reform process

Presentation by Ghan Shyam Pandey, Federation of Community Forestry Users, Nepal (FECOFUN)

Published in: News & Politics

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  • 1. The Role of Forest Communities in the Forest Tenure Reform Process- Learning from Nepal Forest Tenure, Governance and Enterprise New Opportunities for Central & West Africa Yaounde - Mont Febe, May 25 – 29, 2009 Ghan Shyam Pandey Bharati Kumri Pathak Federation Community Forestry Users, Nepal (FECOFUN) Global Alliance of Community Forestry (GACF)
  • 2. Forest Tenureship Government Government Private sector Private sector Local Community Local Community Local Community Local Community and Indigenous and Indigenous and Indigenous and Indigenous (CSO) (CSO)
  • 3. Experience from Nepal Nationalization of Forest in BS 2013 Establish and strengthening the Forest Department (Most Powerful) Establishment of Government owned company- Timber corporation of Nepal No peoples participations Local Peoples were the blamed as encroachers of forest
  • 4. Result 2.2 millions forest areas destroyed Deforestation rate – 10.6 % Highly politicize and corruption Government and Forest Department were completely failure to protect the Forest Local people are evicted and got many trouble Relation between DoF and Local people was like enemies Lot of Land slide and flood occurred Declared Nepal will be like desert with in 20 years if deforestations continue like this
  • 5. Nepal’s hills in 1970s Unsustainable exploitation…..
  • 6. Evolution of Community Forestry and Community Tenure in Forest
  • 7. Community Forestry User Groups: Total handed over CFUG – 14,327 - Forestry area managed by CFUG – 1,185,565ha - Household benefited – 1,635,664 - Population benefited – 8,835,58 - Proposed CFUGS - 5000 Potential community forestry area – 3561300 ( 61 ℅) Organizational Extension - CFUGs affiliated to FECOFUN – 11500 - FECOFUN district chapters – 74 - Rang post level committee - around 560
  • 8. Community forestry brought Nepal’s green hills back: Message people can protect and manage forest in a better way than forest bureaucracy alone
  • 9. Realization of Networking and Federation Community forestry users group has realized to have networking and federation to exchange the experience, knowledge, skill, learning's and to face the challenge. CFUGs are started the local level and district level networking since 1991 June 1, 1995 Federation of Community Forestry Users, Nepal (FECOFUN) was established
  • 10. Working Strategy Training Political Dialogue Policy influence Mass Demonstrations
  • 11. Major Achievement Deforestation rate is reduced from 10.6 to 1.7% CFUGs are the basic foundation for the rural development Strong CSO and Watch Dog Role of FECOFUN Fire wood, fodder, timber and other basic needs are full filled CFUG started community and social development program by CF income CFUGs are practicing and strengthening grassroots democracy No private concession, Supreme Court Decide to Hand Over Forest to the community
  • 12. SOME Issues Who owns the Forest Land? Who has right on that carbon? Sovereignty of the nation and communities- Who will control the market? Who benefits from the forest and market ?
  • 13. Conclusion Community Forestry is successful to reduce deforestation, protect forest and biodiversity It is proved that forest and people can grow together with harmony Should have Clear tenure and property rights in the forest resources and carbon sink NO Forest Tenure RIGHT, No Forest Conservation !
  • 14. What makes the change with different perspectives in community by insuring the forest tenure right?
  • 15. THANK YOU ! Ghan Shyam Pandey Chairperson Federation of Community Forestry Users Nepal, (FECOFUN),PO Box No. 8219 Purano Baneshwor, Kathmandu Nepal Phone 00977 1 4485263,Fax 00977 1 4485262 Mobile 00977 9851002110 Email fecofun@wlink.com.np, pandeygs2002@yahoo.com