Understanding social problems


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Understanding social problems

  1. 1. UNIT 8 RESPECT!SOCIAL ISSUES<br />Vocabulary<br />Racism<br />Preconceptions<br />Stereotypes<br />Social exclusion<br />Politics<br />Human rights<br />Prejudice<br />Social change<br />Globalization<br />
  2. 2. Understanding Social Problems<br />Speaking<br /><ul><li>Expressing agreement/disagreement
  3. 3. Discussing pros and cons
  4. 4. Expressing an alternative viewpoint
  5. 5. Discussing hesitation</li></li></ul><li>Expressing hesitation<br />Expressing an alternative viewpoint<br />On the one hand …, but on the other<br />In a sense …., however<br />That’s true up to a point, but …<br />It must be said that…, however<br />There is also the matter of ….<br />A point in favour of … is….<br />Something worth mentioning is….<br />Not to be taken lightly is the fact that…<br />Debating- I really must insist …- I feel inclined to agree with …- You have a point there …- If I may just cut in here ….- You are overlooking one important issue ….- And that’s without taking into account that ….- And besides …<br />
  6. 6. Expressing hesitation<br />Expressing an alternative viewpoint<br />On the _______…, but on the other<br />In a sense …., however<br />That’s true up ________, but …<br />It must ______ that…, however<br />There is also the ______ of ….<br />A _______ in favour of … is….<br />Something worth _______is….<br />Not to be taken lightly is the ____ that…<br />Debating- I really must insist …- I feel ________ to agree with …- You have a point there …- If I may just _____ in here ….- You are _________ one important issue ….- And that’s without taking into ________ that ….- And besides …<br />
  7. 7. Language focus<br />saving<br />political <br />extremist<br />female<br />peace<br />cease-<br />inalienable<br />racial<br />armed <br />rights<br />faction<br />fire<br />wrangle<br />grace<br />tension<br />rally<br />suffrage<br />truce<br />
  8. 8. Language focus<br />saving<br />political <br />extremist<br />female<br />peace<br />cease-<br />inalienable<br />racial<br />armed <br />
  9. 9. Idioms<br />2<br />
  10. 10. Idioms<br />
  11. 11. Idioms<br />
  12. 12. What Is a Social Problem?<br />A social problem is a social condition that a segment of society views as harmful to members of society and in need of remedy.<br />
  13. 13. Suicide Bombers: A Social Problem<br />Since the horror of September 11, 2001, terrorism in the world has taken on new meaning.<br />Here airport security guards inspect vehicles approaching the terminals.<br />
  14. 14. Objective Elements of Social Problems<br /><ul><li>Awareness of social conditions through life experiences and through reports in the media.
  15. 15. We see the homeless, hear gunfire in the streets, and see battered women in hospital emergency rooms.
  16. 16. We read about employees losing their jobs as businesses downsize and factories close. </li></li></ul><li>Subjective Elements of Social Problems<br /><ul><li>The belief that a particular social condition is harmful to society or to a segment of society and that it should and can be changed.
  17. 17. We know crime, drug addiction, poverty, racism, violence, and pollution exist.
  18. 18. These are not considered social problems unless a segment of society believes these conditions diminish the quality of human life.</li></li></ul><li>Elements of Social Structure<br />The structure of a society refers to the way society is organized. <br />Society is organized into<br />Institutions<br />Social groups<br />Statuses<br />Roles<br />
  19. 19. Institution<br /> An institution is an established and enduring pattern of social relationships.<br />The five traditional institutions are:<br />Family<br />Religion<br />Politics<br />Economics<br />Education<br />
  20. 20. Social Groups<br />Defined as two or more people who have a common identity, interact, and form a social relationship. <br />Primary groups are characterized by intimate and informal interaction. <br />Secondary groups are task oriented and characterized by impersonal and formal interaction.<br />
  21. 21. Statuses<br />A status is a position that a person occupies within a social group. <br />The statuses in a family may consist of mother, father, stepmother, stepfather, wife, husband and child<br />
  22. 22. Ascribed Statuses<br />An ascribed status is one that society assigns to an individual on the basis of factors over which the individual has no control.<br />Examples: child, teenager, senior citizen.<br />
  23. 23. Achieved Statuses<br />An achieved status is assigned on the basis of some characteristic or behavior over which the individual has some control. <br />Examples: college graduate, spouse, parent, bank president <br />
  24. 24. Roles<br />The set of rights, obligations, and expectations associated with a status.<br />Roles guide our behavior and allow us to predict the behavior of others.<br />
  25. 25. Culture<br />Culture is defined as the meanings and ways of life that characterize a society including beliefs, values, norms, sanctions, and symbols.<br />
  26. 26. Elements of Culture<br />Beliefs are definitions and explanations about what is assumed to be true.<br />Values are social agreements about what is considered good and bad, right and wrong, desirable and undesirable. <br />
  27. 27. Elements of Culture<br />Norms<br />Socially defined rules of behavior.<br />Sanctions<br />Consequences for conforming to or violating norms.<br />Symbols<br />Language, gestures, and objects whose meaning is commonly understood by the members of a society.<br />
  28. 28. Types and Examples of Sanctions<br />
  29. 29. Thank you for your attention !<br />