Post-WWI Cultural Reflections: New Humanism
and the School of Xueheng ( 學衡派 )
--an example of east-west cultural interacti...
A brief introduction
 WWI
 Disappointment towards the western culture
West: turn to the east New
Humanism
East: rethink ...
Antagonism
New Humanism
 Background
 Bankruptcy of cultural superority
 The decline of the West
 What’s wrong?
Problems
 Scientism
 Francis Bacon
 Machine
 Social Darwinism
 Arms race
 Romanticism
 Jean J. Rousseau
 Imaginati...
Realist paintings
Gustave
Courbet:
The
Stone
Breakers
Symbolist paintings
Carlos Schwabe:
The Death of the
Grave Digger
Impressionist
Claude
Monet:
Impression,
Sunrise
Post-impressionist
Vincent van
Gogh:
Starry Night
Problems
 Scientism
 Francis Bacon
 Machine
 Social Darvinism
 Arms race
 Romanticism
 Jean J. Rousseau
 Imaginati...
Solutions
 The Law of
humanities
 Standard
Positive and empirical
Conventions
Irving Babbitt, 1865-1933
Learn from Confucianism
 Propriety(decorum)
 vs. nature impulse
 Principle of the Golden
Means
 vs. extreme
 Self-res...
III. Xueheng
-Answering problems faced by China
Background
 New Culture Movement:
the radical westernization of China
 S...
Xueheng-Major characteristics
 Aim: Chinese culture harmonizes with the west &
the revival of Chinese civilization
 Cult...
Xueheng-Major characteristics
 Attitudes towards Chinese and western cultures
a. Chinese culture is unique and advanced w...
How to learn from the west
-Xueheng and New Culture Movement
Xueheng New Culture
Movement
Cause of WWI Weakness of
western...
How to learn from the west
-Xueheng and New Culture Movement
New Culture Movement
Xueheng
Chinese
Traditional
Culture
West...
Conclusion
 Post-WWI Cultural reflections
 Mutual learning
 Maintaining uniqueness
Reference
 The Critical Review.
 Britannica Encyclopedia Online 2010.
 Babbitt, Irving. Babbitt and New Humanism, trans...
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  • Background of New Humanism
  • Bacon: Science as Inductive and empirical
    Social Dalvinism: Science into the sphere of humanities. Herbert Spencer, survival of the fittest.
  • Bacon: Science as Inductive and empirical
    Social Dalvinism: Science into the sphere of humanities. Herbert Spencer, survival of the fittest.
  • Pols 3620

    1. 1. Post-WWI Cultural Reflections: New Humanism and the School of Xueheng ( 學衡派 ) --an example of east-west cultural interaction Liu Haolin Yang Shengyu
    2. 2. A brief introduction  WWI  Disappointment towards the western culture West: turn to the east New Humanism East: rethink how to learn from the west Xueheng
    3. 3. Antagonism
    4. 4. New Humanism  Background  Bankruptcy of cultural superority  The decline of the West  What’s wrong?
    5. 5. Problems  Scientism  Francis Bacon  Machine  Social Darwinism  Arms race  Romanticism  Jean J. Rousseau  Imagination  No reality
    6. 6. Realist paintings Gustave Courbet: The Stone Breakers
    7. 7. Symbolist paintings Carlos Schwabe: The Death of the Grave Digger
    8. 8. Impressionist Claude Monet: Impression, Sunrise
    9. 9. Post-impressionist Vincent van Gogh: Starry Night
    10. 10. Problems  Scientism  Francis Bacon  Machine  Social Darvinism  Arms race  Romanticism  Jean J. Rousseau  Imagination  No reality SAD (Self-assured destruction)
    11. 11. Solutions  The Law of humanities  Standard Positive and empirical Conventions Irving Babbitt, 1865-1933
    12. 12. Learn from Confucianism  Propriety(decorum)  vs. nature impulse  Principle of the Golden Means  vs. extreme  Self-restraint  義  中庸  克己 A new Western culture
    13. 13. III. Xueheng -Answering problems faced by China Background  New Culture Movement: the radical westernization of China  Shock brought by the WWI  New Humanism, Irving Babbitt ( 白璧德 ), and his Harvard students
    14. 14. Xueheng-Major characteristics  Aim: Chinese culture harmonizes with the west & the revival of Chinese civilization  Cultural beliefs: a. the unity of world cultures b. the unity of history and present c. the principle of choice in cultural development
    15. 15. Xueheng-Major characteristics  Attitudes towards Chinese and western cultures a. Chinese culture is unique and advanced which Chinese people should be proud of. b. Chinese culture and western culture share similarities & should be equal. c. establish an independent new national culture on the basis of mixing Chinese and western cultures
    16. 16. How to learn from the west -Xueheng and New Culture Movement Xueheng New Culture Movement Cause of WWI Weakness of western culture French civilization vs. German Militarism Relation between old and new culture Modern interpretation of classics Incompatible Ethical code ( 禮教) Reasonable, should be modernized Evil, anthropophagous Confucianism Respect but no cult Down with Confucius ( 打倒孔家店) Etc.
    17. 17. How to learn from the west -Xueheng and New Culture Movement New Culture Movement Xueheng Chinese Traditional Culture Western Culture Chinese Traditional Culture Western Culture A New Chinese Culture
    18. 18. Conclusion  Post-WWI Cultural reflections  Mutual learning  Maintaining uniqueness
    19. 19. Reference  The Critical Review.  Britannica Encyclopedia Online 2010.  Babbitt, Irving. Babbitt and New Humanism, trans. & edited by Wu Mi etc. Shanghai: New Moon Books Press, 1929.  ------ Rousseau and Romanticism. New York: AMS Press, 1979.  Chow, Tse-tsung. The May Fourth Movement: intellectual revolution in modern China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.  Stromberg, Roland. European Intellectual History since 1789. New Jersy: Prentice Hall, 1994.  Zheng, Shiqu. Between Westernization and Traditions --- On the School of the Critical Review. Beijing: Beijing Normal University Press, 2001.
    20. 20. Thank you!

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