Integrating the four skills Teaching of language as communication calls for an approach which brings linguistic skills and communicative abilities likewise into close association with each other (Widdowson: 1992, 145). Integrated skills can be defined as a series of activities and tasks which use any combination of the four skills in a continuous and related sequence (Matthews: 1991).
Why integrating the skills? There are two main reasons: practise extend the students’ use of a particular language structure or function and develop the students’ ability in two or more of the four skills within a constant context. How?
Some models… R W S W S W L S W R W L W S L S R W
Variations: try different speed and rhythm, intensity- for other purposes this can be related to the alphabet songs.
Activity Mail Order Brothers & Sisters 7
Purpose: practice conditionals, future forms and filling out forms.
Skills: speaking, listening, writing and reading.
Variations: at the end, students could use reported speech (orally/written) to inform about the activity.
Activity Alphabet songs and games 8
Purposes: to make students integrate through rhythms and tunes as well as make them aware of the importance of spelling.
Skills: listening, reading, speaking and writing.
Variations: this can be related to the orchestra game as the conductor (teacher or students) decides the tune, rhythm and intensity. For advanced levels, they can choose their own songs and adapt them.
“The following activities are about bookwork, so please open your books now!”…
Negative reaction Confusion Bookwork: manageable and fun Twoways: making sure the students are warmed up before and make sure the feeling continues after books open. Book work is fun work!!!!!!!
Variations: you can use for identifying parts of speech, describing pictures (in case), making questions, statements, asking to name (or sing) a title of a song, a movie, a book which contains that word or miming the word, etc.
Recommendations Physical and mental warm up. Seamlessconnectionbetweenbookwork and workbook. Preparation (language, a closerelatedactivity) Makesureopeningbooksissomethinguseful. Children: wearthemout, so theywanttositdown and rest. Avoid material rewards