Romantic Landscape


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Romantic Landscape

  1. 1. English and American Romantic Landscapes Sonya Antropova, Group 752
  2. 2. William Wordsworth Landscapists were inspired by the spirit belonging to the age.
  3. 3. What is Romanticism? <ul><li>Romanticism was a new intellectual movement at the end of the eighteenth century </li></ul><ul><li>Romanticism emphasized feelings, emotion and imagination as sources of knowledge </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of Romanticism <ul><li>Emotion and feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in the past </li></ul><ul><li>Attraction to the exotic </li></ul><ul><li>Love of poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Worship of nature </li></ul><ul><li>Distrust of science </li></ul>
  5. 5. English Romantic Landscapes <ul><li>John Constable, The Hay Wain, 1821 </li></ul><ul><li>Painter of pastoral English scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Oneness with nature sought by Romantic poets </li></ul><ul><li>Man as a participant in the landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of monumentality, rhythm, color, movement </li></ul><ul><li>Composed as if accidental </li></ul><ul><li>Clouds filled with color and light </li></ul><ul><li>Many colors in one: trees many shades of green, clouds, reflections, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Cottage camouflaged by trees </li></ul><ul><li>Legend about the occupant of the cottage: he was 80 and spent only four nights of his life elsewhere. He and the cottage are a part of the natural landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Colors and light are flecked and vibrant and tend to obscure details </li></ul>
  6. 6. John Constable, The Hay Wain
  7. 7. <ul><li>Joseph Mallord William Turner, The Slave Ship </li></ul><ul><li>1833: slavery ended in Britain, but guilt of slave trade cannot be erased by an act of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Slave traders are the sharks </li></ul><ul><li>In 1783 an epidemic broke out on a ship, The Zong </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves thrown over board so that the owners could collect insurance money. Slaves dying of disease were uninsurable </li></ul><ul><li>Shipwrecks a common theme in English painting, 5000 people a year died at the sea </li></ul><ul><li>Color reflective of emotional state </li></ul><ul><li>Horror of man’s inhumanity to man is stressed </li></ul><ul><li>Fast sketchy brushwork </li></ul><ul><li>Blood red sunset acts symbolically </li></ul><ul><li>Blurred forms </li></ul>
  8. 8. Joseph Mallord William Turner, The Slave Ship
  9. 9. American Romantic Landscapes <ul><li>Thomas Cole, The Oxbow, 1836 </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of the Hudson River School of landscape painting </li></ul><ul><li>Painted as reply to Captain Basil Hall’s book Travels in North America , 1829, in which he alleged that America was indifferent to its natural blessings </li></ul><ul><li>Also alleged that American painters were incompetent and could not capture American scenery </li></ul><ul><li>To Cole, America possesses the sublime and the beautiful in its landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Wildness of landscape on left compared to the domesticated landscape on right </li></ul><ul><li>Left: contorted trunk, receding storm, wild mountains, impenetrable forest </li></ul><ul><li>Right: cultivated, orderly, man taming nature, but remaining in harmony with her </li></ul>
  10. 10. Thomas Cole, The Oxbow
  11. 11. Frederick Church, Twilight in the Wilderness <ul><li>Cole’s only pupil and his successor </li></ul><ul><li>Awe-inspiring view of the sun setting over a majestic landscape </li></ul><ul><li>No trace of humanity </li></ul><ul><li>Idealistic and comforting view </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmation of the divine in nature </li></ul><ul><li>Strong horizontals interrupted by verticals and diagonals </li></ul><ul><li>Color used as spectacle </li></ul><ul><li>Great detail in leaves of trees and feathery clouds </li></ul><ul><li>Is it a symbol of the oncoming Civil War? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Frederick Church, Twilight in the Wilderness