Introduction:
WHAT IS BLENDED LEARNING?
Dr. Jyri Manninen
University of Helsinki
Palmenia Center for Continuing Education
...
“Blended learning is replacing "elearning" as the next big thing.
Blended learning programs are
perhaps the highest impact...
Blended Learning?
• origin of the term in the USA…
•
•
•
•

No clear single definition available
… and no clear common und...
Blended Learning?
• the newest consult-driven x-hype?
• ”next big thing” replacing e-learning?
• one mode of delivery amon...
Definitions
• “the thoughtful integration of classroom
face-to- face learning experiences with
online learning experiences...
Definitions (2)
• "a solution that combines several different
delivery methods, such as collaboration
software, Web-based ...
Definitions (3)
• Blended learning is the combination of
multiple approaches to pedagogy or teaching.
For example:- self-p...
b without e?
•
•
•
•
•
•

•

(Wikipedia)

Classroom based audio-tape resources (language
laboratories);
Auditorium multime...
Definition ”families”
1. Blended Learning as face-to-face classroom
teaching combined with some form of technology
based d...
Definition ”families”
1. combining or mixing web-based technology to
accomplish an educational goal;
2. combining pedagogi...
e-Learning

b-Learning

or

Single malt whisky
multiform delivery mode

many bottles of whisky

Blended whisky

Port wine
...
Summary
• Narrow versus Open definitions
– ”blend of web based learning and f-t-f learning” vs.
”anything can be blended, ...
Summary (2)
• Point of view and starting point?
– e-learning is made ”more human” by adding some
f-t-f elements vs.
– f-t-...
B-Learning resources:
• Garrison, R. & Kanuka, H. (2004). Blended
learning: Uncovering its transformative
potential in hig...
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Blended

  1. 1. Introduction: WHAT IS BLENDED LEARNING? Dr. Jyri Manninen University of Helsinki Palmenia Center for Continuing Education www.helsinki.fi/palmenia
  2. 2. “Blended learning is replacing "elearning" as the next big thing. Blended learning programs are perhaps the highest impact, lowest cost way to drive major corporate initiatives.” (American text book)
  3. 3. Blended Learning? • origin of the term in the USA… • • • • No clear single definition available … and no clear common understanding either? difficult to translate in different languages Alternative names: – – – – mixed learning hybrid learning blended e-learning ”melted learning” (in Finnish)
  4. 4. Blended Learning? • the newest consult-driven x-hype? • ”next big thing” replacing e-learning? • one mode of delivery among many others? • new innovative way to combine face-to-face and web-based learning? • ”that’s how we have always done!” • new habit to mix whatever teaching and learning methods? • Outstanding pedagogical innovation? • the only way of learning in the future!?
  5. 5. Definitions • “the thoughtful integration of classroom face-to- face learning experiences with online learning experiences” • “Blended learning combines online with face-to-face learning. The goal of blended learning is to provide the most efficient and effective instruction experience by combining delivery modalities”. • “Blended learning - mixed mode or hybrid learning is the integration of face-to-face (F2F) learning with online learning activities”
  6. 6. Definitions (2) • "a solution that combines several different delivery methods, such as collaboration software, Web-based courses, EPSS, and knowledge management practices” • “learning that mixes various event-based activities, including face-to-face classrooms, live e-learning, and self-paced instruction.“ • “Blended learning is the effective combination of different modes of delivery, models of teaching and styles of learning”
  7. 7. Definitions (3) • Blended learning is the combination of multiple approaches to pedagogy or teaching. For example:- self-paced, collaborative or inquiry-based study (Wikipedia) • ”a mix of different didactic methods and delivery formats”
  8. 8. b without e? • • • • • • • (Wikipedia) Classroom based audio-tape resources (language laboratories); Auditorium multimedia visual resources (movie projectors, slideshows, VCRs); Textual resources: textbooks, exercise books Home-learning resources (video & audio recordings); Blackboard and whiteboard resources, including high-tech "printing whiteboards" and "online whiteboards"; Demonstration resources, including "museum exhibits", "laboratory experiments", live theatre, historic re-enactment, hands-on workshops, role-playing, etc; Non-instructional education resources, such as examination, quizzes, invigilation, test-grading, etc.
  9. 9. Definition ”families” 1. Blended Learning as face-to-face classroom teaching combined with some form of technology based distance learning 2. Blended Learning as new pedagogical model, which combines the best parts of face-to-face and online learning 3. Blended Learning as a combination of different learning environments (classroom, work placement, project work) 4. Blended learning as a means to introduce modern learning theories into Higher Education.
  10. 10. Definition ”families” 1. combining or mixing web-based technology to accomplish an educational goal; 2. combining pedagogical approaches (‘e.g. constructivism, behaviourism, cognitivism’) to produce an optimal learning outcome with or without instructional technology; 3. combining any form of instructional technology with face-to-face instructor-led training; and 4. combining instructional technology with actual job tasks.
  11. 11. e-Learning b-Learning or Single malt whisky multiform delivery mode many bottles of whisky Blended whisky Port wine (matured blend of alcohol and cheap wine)
  12. 12. Summary • Narrow versus Open definitions – ”blend of web based learning and f-t-f learning” vs. ”anything can be blended, use of technology is not necessary” • ”Same time” integration vs. integration over time? – ”technology integrated into f-t-f setting” vs. ”f-t-f  home study period  web based resources  f-t-f seminar”
  13. 13. Summary (2) • Point of view and starting point? – e-learning is made ”more human” by adding some f-t-f elements vs. – f-t-f learning is boosted by making use of relevant ICT tools • Use of technology doesn’t make any teaching process pedagogically better automatically – b/e/m/x- learning can be used in many ways – the teachers has to take care that the process is pedagogically sound
  14. 14. B-Learning resources: • Garrison, R. & Kanuka, H. (2004). Blended learning: Uncovering its transformative potential in higher education. Internet and Higher Education. 7(2004). P. 95-105. • Levonen, J., Joutsenvirta, T. & Parikka, R. 2006. Blended Learning – katsaus sulautuvaan yliopisto-opetukseen. Piirtoheitin 1/06. www.valt.helsinki.fi/piirtoheitin/sulautus1.htm

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