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Blended

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Opciones a tu alcance

Opciones a tu alcance

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  • 1. Introduction: WHAT IS BLENDED LEARNING? Dr. Jyri Manninen University of Helsinki Palmenia Center for Continuing Education www.helsinki.fi/palmenia
  • 2. “Blended learning is replacing "elearning" as the next big thing. Blended learning programs are perhaps the highest impact, lowest cost way to drive major corporate initiatives.” (American text book)
  • 3. Blended Learning? • origin of the term in the USA… • • • • No clear single definition available … and no clear common understanding either? difficult to translate in different languages Alternative names: – – – – mixed learning hybrid learning blended e-learning ”melted learning” (in Finnish)
  • 4. Blended Learning? • the newest consult-driven x-hype? • ”next big thing” replacing e-learning? • one mode of delivery among many others? • new innovative way to combine face-to-face and web-based learning? • ”that’s how we have always done!” • new habit to mix whatever teaching and learning methods? • Outstanding pedagogical innovation? • the only way of learning in the future!?
  • 5. Definitions • “the thoughtful integration of classroom face-to- face learning experiences with online learning experiences” • “Blended learning combines online with face-to-face learning. The goal of blended learning is to provide the most efficient and effective instruction experience by combining delivery modalities”. • “Blended learning - mixed mode or hybrid learning is the integration of face-to-face (F2F) learning with online learning activities”
  • 6. Definitions (2) • "a solution that combines several different delivery methods, such as collaboration software, Web-based courses, EPSS, and knowledge management practices” • “learning that mixes various event-based activities, including face-to-face classrooms, live e-learning, and self-paced instruction.“ • “Blended learning is the effective combination of different modes of delivery, models of teaching and styles of learning”
  • 7. Definitions (3) • Blended learning is the combination of multiple approaches to pedagogy or teaching. For example:- self-paced, collaborative or inquiry-based study (Wikipedia) • ”a mix of different didactic methods and delivery formats”
  • 8. b without e? • • • • • • • (Wikipedia) Classroom based audio-tape resources (language laboratories); Auditorium multimedia visual resources (movie projectors, slideshows, VCRs); Textual resources: textbooks, exercise books Home-learning resources (video & audio recordings); Blackboard and whiteboard resources, including high-tech "printing whiteboards" and "online whiteboards"; Demonstration resources, including "museum exhibits", "laboratory experiments", live theatre, historic re-enactment, hands-on workshops, role-playing, etc; Non-instructional education resources, such as examination, quizzes, invigilation, test-grading, etc.
  • 9. Definition ”families” 1. Blended Learning as face-to-face classroom teaching combined with some form of technology based distance learning 2. Blended Learning as new pedagogical model, which combines the best parts of face-to-face and online learning 3. Blended Learning as a combination of different learning environments (classroom, work placement, project work) 4. Blended learning as a means to introduce modern learning theories into Higher Education.
  • 10. Definition ”families” 1. combining or mixing web-based technology to accomplish an educational goal; 2. combining pedagogical approaches (‘e.g. constructivism, behaviourism, cognitivism’) to produce an optimal learning outcome with or without instructional technology; 3. combining any form of instructional technology with face-to-face instructor-led training; and 4. combining instructional technology with actual job tasks.
  • 11. e-Learning b-Learning or Single malt whisky multiform delivery mode many bottles of whisky Blended whisky Port wine (matured blend of alcohol and cheap wine)
  • 12. Summary • Narrow versus Open definitions – ”blend of web based learning and f-t-f learning” vs. ”anything can be blended, use of technology is not necessary” • ”Same time” integration vs. integration over time? – ”technology integrated into f-t-f setting” vs. ”f-t-f  home study period  web based resources  f-t-f seminar”
  • 13. Summary (2) • Point of view and starting point? – e-learning is made ”more human” by adding some f-t-f elements vs. – f-t-f learning is boosted by making use of relevant ICT tools • Use of technology doesn’t make any teaching process pedagogically better automatically – b/e/m/x- learning can be used in many ways – the teachers has to take care that the process is pedagogically sound
  • 14. B-Learning resources: • Garrison, R. & Kanuka, H. (2004). Blended learning: Uncovering its transformative potential in higher education. Internet and Higher Education. 7(2004). P. 95-105. • Levonen, J., Joutsenvirta, T. & Parikka, R. 2006. Blended Learning – katsaus sulautuvaan yliopisto-opetukseen. Piirtoheitin 1/06. www.valt.helsinki.fi/piirtoheitin/sulautus1.htm

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