LTG Michael T. Flynn, USA                           Director                             23 January 2013    COMMITTED TO  ...
Washington Tribal Folklore        “When you’re riding a dead horse, the best thing to do is to dismount”             Howev...
3   UNCLASSIFIED
The Defense Intelligence Agency        MISSION: DIA is first in all-source defense intelligence to prevent        strategi...
YESTERDAY:Traditional, hierarchical,regional, centralized, weeksand months, worked well in structuredenvironments, informa...
TODAY:    Fluid and complex, transnational, hybrid,    decentralized, distributed, crowd-sourced, days    and minutes, mul...
The imperative to changeIntelligence must remain a strategic advantage for our nationLessons learned from a decade of war ...
Amid profound transition...                                                        “When the rate of change outside       ...
Do we understand the changeWHAT:                                                              SO WHAT:“Asia and Africa wil...
Do we understand the changeWHAT:                                                                            SO WHAT:“A new...
Why we must succeed           •   Prevent strategic surprise           •   Understand rising regional ‘near-peer’ competit...
Thoughts on     Strategic Leadership12                   UNCLASSIFIED                             UNCLASSIFIED
13   UNCLASSIFIED
Flynn’s Model on Strategic LeadershipKey components• Moral courage• Teamwork  (give credit to others)                     ...
Flynn’s Model on Strategic Leadership (Self)                                           Be a lifelong learner              ...
Flynn’s Model on Strategic Leadership (Environment)                                           Managing / balancing time: Y...
Flynn’s Model on Strategic Leadership (Desired Outcomes)                                           Relationships between c...
Questions     DIA is the indispensible element of the military dimension                   of our national security postur...
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How to Fight Networks: New Visions for National Security From the Head of Defense Intelligence

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On January 23, 2013, Lieutenant General Michael Flynn, the Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, delivered this presentation to YPFP in Washington, DC. Here’s the blurb for his talk:

Our experiences in Iraq and Afghanistan, growing dangers in cyberspace, and modern terrorist and criminal threats all suggest the same thing: our national security depends on the ability of disparate parts of government to come together to confront increasingly complex networked threats. The relatively straight forward days of the Cold War have yielded to a much more challenging threat environment of non-state global actors. Yet the military, intelligence community, and law enforcement agencies have not yet fully adapted to the new reality. It is time for a new national security vision. A vision predicated on building networks to defeat networks. The Department of Defense and the Defense Intelligence Agency are both in a key transition period. These two institutions—and indeed, the entire Nation—have been embroiled in conflict for more than a decade against enemies that are both resilient and adaptive. The need for “on-demand,” accurate, responsive intelligence has grown as have the technologies and methods for collection and analysis. In the foreseeable future, the pace of change will continue to accelerate. In this climate, we must reflect on past lessons while looking to emerging challenges to adapt. We must find ways to be increasingly integrated and collaborative and remain sufficiently adaptable and flexible to understand and respond to an increasing number of threats.

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How to Fight Networks: New Visions for National Security From the Head of Defense Intelligence

  1. 1. LTG Michael T. Flynn, USA Director 23 January 2013 COMMITTED TO EXCELLENCE IN DEFENSE OF THE NATION1 One Mission. One Team. One Agency. UNCLASSIFIED
  2. 2. Washington Tribal Folklore “When you’re riding a dead horse, the best thing to do is to dismount” However, in Washington DC, we often try other strategies: • Buying a stronger whip • Changing riders • Saying things like: “This is the way we’ve always ridden the horse” • Appointing a committee to study the horse • Increasing the standards to ride the dead horse • Appointing a “tiger team” to revive the dead horse • Changing the requirements & declaring that “this horse is not dead!” • Hiring contractors to ride the dead horse • Harnessing several dead horses together for increased speed • Declaring that “No horse is too dead to beat!” And finally, Promoting the dead horse to a supervisory position2 UNCLASSIFIED
  3. 3. 3 UNCLASSIFIED
  4. 4. The Defense Intelligence Agency MISSION: DIA is first in all-source defense intelligence to prevent strategic surprise and deliver decision advantage to warfighters, defense planners and policymakers. VISION: One team of skilled professionals providing our military and national security leadership with timely intelligence. PRIORITIES: • Defense Clandestine Service • Reshaping Defense Analysis • Recruiting, Retention and Professional Development4 UNCLASSIFIED
  5. 5. YESTERDAY:Traditional, hierarchical,regional, centralized, weeksand months, worked well in structuredenvironments, information is discrete5 UNCLASSIFIED 5
  6. 6. TODAY: Fluid and complex, transnational, hybrid, decentralized, distributed, crowd-sourced, days and minutes, multi-nodal, difficult to discern, smaller window for decisions6 UNCLASSIFIED
  7. 7. The imperative to changeIntelligence must remain a strategic advantage for our nationLessons learned from a decade of war demand it: • Gain a more thorough understanding of the cultures and environments in which we operate • Recognize shortfall of spies contributed to ignoring tribal and cultural realities • Implement strategy to meet military intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) needs • Increase importance of Cyberwarfare capabilities, ISR, and undersea systems • Increase access to expeditionary ISR platforms • Promote the fusion of information and reduce compartmentalization of intelligence • Improve training to enable focused, intelligence driven operations • Introduce new legislation to bolster interagency ties - CJCS Enduring Lessons, Vol 1 June 2012 http://www.blogs.defensenews.com “We‟re transitioning from a decade of war, a complex and uncertain security environment looms, and as we look toward the future each service in our total joint force faces fundamental questions about their identities, their roles, and their capabilities.” - General Martin Dempsey, CJCS Joint Warfighting Conference 20127 UNCLASSIFIED
  8. 8. Amid profound transition... “When the rate of change outside is faster than the rate of change inside… the end is near.” Winding Down Direct Combat Roles - Former GE chairman Jack Welch Rebalance toward Asia-Pacific Aspiring Regional Peer Competitors Anti-Access/Area Denial Challenges Cyber Operations Arab Awakening “Even if you are on the right track, Economic Uncertainty you will be run over if you just sit there.” - Will Rogers8 UNCLASSIFIED
  9. 9. Do we understand the changeWHAT: SO WHAT:“Asia and Africa will account • Lack of arable land, access tofor most of the population growth food, water, and energy at riskout to 2025…the „youngest‟ • Unstable governments strugglingcountries, where under-30 to provide for their peoplerepresents 60% of the • Resource competition drivingpopulation or more, will…be in Sub-Saharan Africa.” WORLD POPULATION social unrest • The rise of transnational- National Intelligence Council Global Trends 2025 groups expanding 1950 2000 2020 2030 3.4 BILLION 6.1 BILLION 7.6 BILLION 8.3 BILLION (Estimated) (Estimated) 9 UNCLASSIFIED SOURCE: UN Data
  10. 10. Do we understand the changeWHAT: SO WHAT:“A new set of social actors— • Technology and the cloudsuper-empowered individuals provide the crowd a voiceand even criminal networks...empowered by their wealth and • The network is the new`an array of national and weapon systemtransnational contacts… • Bandwidth is the new class of supplyhelp leverage „transnational‟ • Data is our ammunition INFORMATION REVOLUTIONoutcomes across national andorganizational boundaries.” Global Trends 2025 In 1980 In 2005*… Today By 2020… First 24/7 news network Facebook did not exist for most 214 Jihadists are the number of IBM’s PC still under Twitter was still a sound using Twitter Internet users development The cloud was in the sky One has over is expected to Mobile phone network 4G was a parking space 53,000 followers double to over in its infancy Applications went to colleges 4 billion LinkedIn was a prison 10 *Information taken from That Used to be Us, UNCLASSIFIED by Thomas Friedman and Michael Mandelbaum
  11. 11. Why we must succeed • Prevent strategic surprise • Understand rising regional ‘near-peer’ competitors • Overcome Anti-Access/Area Denial strategies • Counter enduring extremist threats • Ensure decision advantage / confidence • Weather fiscal uncertainty Defense Intelligence Agency You cannot fight, wage, or win war without us11 UNCLASSIFIED
  12. 12. Thoughts on Strategic Leadership12 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED
  13. 13. 13 UNCLASSIFIED
  14. 14. Flynn’s Model on Strategic LeadershipKey components• Moral courage• Teamwork (give credit to others) Lead Self: your values and beliefs• Have an ability to compromise• Winning spirit Work environment: what you create• Loyalty up/down/laterally• Compassion (time of crisis) Self: How you create output• Energy is a combat multiplier Visualization• Understand up/down Culture Values (outside / inside)• Need to do versus nice to do Implement Understanding Innovate• Outreach (private, intel, Knowledge media, public)• Teach, coach, mentor Strategic and Political Framework Your organization – what you control Your environment – what you don’t control Your output – how you take control Ability to see yourself, your environment, and your ability to make a difference 14 UNCLASSIFIED
  15. 15. Flynn’s Model on Strategic Leadership (Self) Be a lifelong learner Humility at the senior most levels of command is important – Lead no matter how senior you get, it is not about you…but the mission We should be unapologetic about our values Things to remember: Self: • Trust – Can you trust too much? Visualization • Teach, coach and mentor – Why is this important? Culture Values • Communicate creatively – Writing, editing, reaching out • Squint with your ears – “I never learned anything while I was Understanding talking”Implement Innovate Knowledge • Avoid the role of chief problem solver – “Never tell people how to Strategic and Political Framework do things. Tell them what needs doing and they will surprise you with their ingenuity” George Patton15 UNCLASSIFIED
  16. 16. Flynn’s Model on Strategic Leadership (Environment) Managing / balancing time: Yours and your staff’s Trust and harmony – If you cannot create these conditions, you just might fail Lead Building a robust brain trust – Who do you include? Clones, cronies, trusted agents, agents of change? Things to remember: Self: Visualization • Use humor well Culture • Be decisive and exude confidence Values • Maintain open-mindedness – Flexibility versus inflexibility UnderstandingImplement Knowledge Innovate • Observe yourself – How do others see you? • Give power away and make it stick Strategic and Political Framework • Be generous and magnanimous – What does servant leadership mean?16 UNCLASSIFIED
  17. 17. Flynn’s Model on Strategic Leadership (Desired Outcomes) Relationships between commanders at Combined/Joint levels matter – This is what accomplishes the mission Lead Institutions get what they reward – Look for ideas elsewhere, we may not have the best ideas Dempsey Doctrine: When you ask for guidance and get Self: none, you should be prepared to say, “Unless otherwise directed, Visualization I’m going to execute X” Culture Values The single biggest deficiency of senior leaders is lack of reflection Understanding time – Instead we are reactive and tend to get “contained”Implement Knowledge Innovate At every possible point along the path your career takes Strategic and Political Framework you, reenergize your leadership capabilities17 UNCLASSIFIED
  18. 18. Questions DIA is the indispensible element of the military dimension of our national security posture COMMITTED TO EXCELLENCE IN DEFENSE OF THE NATION18 One Mission. One Team. One Agency. UNCLASSIFIED

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