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Bridging Skill Gaps in Man Machine Interface - Changing Dynamics Regime
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Bridging Skill Gaps in Man Machine Interface - Changing Dynamics Regime


Bridging Skill Gaps : Man- Machine Interface -Changing Dynamics …

Bridging Skill Gaps : Man- Machine Interface -Changing Dynamics
YP Chawla & Dr. RSP Singh

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  • 1. This Presentation focusses on 1. Technology 2. Innovation 3. Man-Machine Interface – Automation as a result of Technology 4. Asset sustenance over its Life Cycle 5. Changing Dynamics 6. Skill Gaps- Quantitative & Qualitative These issues are w.r.t Maintenance Management of Plant Assets Man Machine Interface- the Changing dynamics : A Case of Skill Gaps YP Chawla- Advr. Jt. Electricity Regulatory Commn. & National Jt. Secy IIPE ypchawla@gmail.com; 98107-08707 Dr. RSP Singh- Asso. Prof. IGNOU rspsingh@ignou.ac.in; 011-2957 1645 1 Brief about these aspects for completeness of the Presentation
  • 2. Sustenance of Assets : An Integrated Engineering Support of the Assets for the entire Life Cycle 2
  • 3. Strategy for meeting Challenges of the 12th Five Year Plan 1. Enhancing the Capacity for Growth ( needs Enhanced Skill Sets) 2. Enhancing Skills and Faster Generation of Employment 3. Managing the Environment 4. Markets for Efficiency and Inclusion 5. Decentralisation, Empowerment and Information 6. Technology and Innovation ( needs Enhanced Skill Sets) 7. Securing the Energy Future for India ( Shortage of Manpower for Projects Development) 8. Accelerated Development of Transport Infrastructure 9. Rural Transformation and Sustained Growth of Agriculture 10. Managing Urbanization 11. Improved Access to Quality Education ( will lead to Enhanced Skill Sets) 12. Better Preventive and Curative Health Care (additional Manpower with High Skill is required) 3
  • 4. The Technology entering every phase of life & is getting more and more automated Man-machine interface (MMI) technologies paved way for some of industrial automation’s most beneficial applications, for access to critical information. Competition is fierce in industrial World, & continued MMI improvements to capitalize on the added connectivity options & real- time data to improve factory line monitoring, control, & productivity. 4
  • 5. The Technology- Stethoscope for Machines and Electronics for Heart 5
  • 6. Much of Technology & Innovation in Industrial world is an IT Intervention- Requiring Skills Change Dynamically Deep Learning : With massive amounts of computational power, machines can now recognize objects and translate speech in real time. Artificial intelligence is finally getting smart. 6
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  • 8. Smart Watches The designers of the Pebble watch realized that a mobile phone is more useful if you don’t have to take it out of your pocket 8 Google's Glass. GE’s Innovation Barometer -2012 2,800 senior business executives -in 22 countries voted various countries with 65% votes by the global respondents in favour of US, Germany (48 %), Japan (45 %), China (38 %), Korea (13 %) and India closely behind at (12 %) of the global votes Innovation: A flexible Definition- Out of Box Thinking , Lateral Thinking / Oblique Thinking, Creative Thinking / Insightful Thinking Product Innovation / Service Innovation New Market Innovation/ Disruptive Innovation Operational innovation
  • 9. The Blue-Collar Robot Rethink Robotics’ new creation is easy to interact with, but the innovations behind the robot show just how hard it is to get along with people : Baxter Jugad !! An Innovation or a Patchwork in Technology, Or a economical way of achieving the Industrial Advantage In the midst of rising global competition and swelling R&D budgets, Jugaad Innovation presents ways to innovate, be flexible, & do more with less. Peppered with examples of innovative entrepreneurs in emerging markets such as Africa, India, China, and Brazil, Jugaad Innovation illuminates paths to engender breakthrough growth in a complex and resource-scarce world. Jugad an acceptable form of Frugal Engineering and out of box thinking 9 Reverse Innovation : Getting deeper into Innovation by Stripping down Innovated Product, leveraging innovation of others. Exovation : GE MAC 800- ECG is a low cost portable machine developed in Bangalore center and exported to USA also leveraging innovation of others and exporting back to Innovator
  • 10. Oculus Rift : Jan 2014 Las Vegas Display for Gaming & e-learning Applications : Search & Rescue simulation, Canada is aligning it for Disarming the explosives. Sweden: for Intuitive aerial planning for pilotless drones, similar to India’s Rustom II USA’s Blue Shark Project uses Google’s Goggles in helmet 10
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  • 12. 12 Will Automation Kill Jobs? Low Skills jobs will be replaced by higher Skilled Jobs VideoClipsofAutomatedIndustry VideoClipsofAutomated Industry
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  • 14. Technology Change led to Change in Skilling Methods : From Chalk & Talk To Click & Learn Or Blended Learning- Unimodal To Multimodal Yet another change Now, Internet is going out Outernet is coming in – Wifi for Free by Media Development Investment Fund , using satellites 14 Q : For Sustenance of our Plant assets!! Is our workforce ready to take on learning and furthering the Technology’s enhancement? Or we satisfied with small innovations in India or go in for Jugad ? Or we remain dependent on foreign Innovation & Technologies? Face to Face Learning E LearningBlended Learning
  • 15. “When the rate of change outside exceeds the rate of change inside, the end is in sight” - Jack Welch He is an American business executive, author and a chemical engineer. He was chairman and CEO of General Electric between 1981 and 2001. During his tenure at GE, the company's value rose 4000% 15 Nassau Sr. & Karl Max said that knowledge might have an economic value- 19th Century What happens when Technology is changing, More and More Innovation is on the floor and Skill requirements are changing ?
  • 16. 16 What does a CEO want in this dynamic world with Changes in Technology and Innovation and Sustaining the Plant Assets ?
  • 17. 17 Priorities of CEOs in terms of Technologies , Demographic Shifts, Global Power etc.
  • 18. Surveyed results of 1,344 business leaders across 68 countries around the world, in the last quarter of 2013, and further in-depth interviews with 34 CEOs. In ‘Fit for the future: Capitalising on global trends’, Explore three forces that business leaders think will transform their business in the next five years: technological advances, demographic changes and global economic shifts. Or following a Strategy of Getting into Renovation cycles – Putting money back into Own asset 18 Strategies of CEOs for keeping the Organization future fit !!
  • 19. Construction : Low Productive 19
  • 20. 20 Industry Areas of Skills – Automation giving higher output / person
  • 21. Against 500 Mn. 21
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  • 23. The cost of exuberance: Complacency on talent and innovation : Sharp contrast in the approaches of Indian CEOs and Chinese CEO towards growth and innovation , Chinese feel talent constraints to hurt their ability to pursue market opportunities and innovate, Indian CEOs are less concerned on this account. (PwC’s 15th Annual Global CEO Survey).
  • 24. Top 10 Most Difficult Jobs for Employers to Fill Worldwide in 2013 1) Skilled Trades 2) Engineers 3) Sales Representatives 4) Technicians 5) Accounting & Finance Staff 6) Management/Executives 7) IT Staff 8) Drivers 9) Secretaries, PAs, Admin Assistants & Office Support Staff 10) Laborers Despite Unemployment, Many Jobs Hard to Fill Survey Reveals Talent Is Elusive for Many Employers Survey of > 35,000 employers across 36 countries. Employers reported struggling to fill for the past four years, demonstrating an ongoing global mismatch in above key areas. And the HR has to keep the Supply Chain of Expert Manpower intact 24
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  • 29. DRDO Engineers leaving for better compensation in Pvt. Sector India/ Abroad 29
  • 30. Skilling has become a continuous process- the HRM’s Challenge 30
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  • 34. 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 USA Sample Avg Recog. Prob Solvg Effective Spkg, Listening Inventory Conscious Agree. Terms Tech. Applicn Self Worth Research Study : An Electrician of an Industry USA Vs. Indian Sample 34
  • 35. India Avg Std. Dev. Median Mode Skew 1.0BasicSkills 1.1Effective Reading Capability 3.4 0.22 3.5 3.5 -0.73 1.2Effecting Writing Capability 3.2 0.76 3.2 3.0 -0.80 1.3Application of Basic Mathematics 2.8 0.67 2.9 2.0 -0.14 1.4Effective Listening Skills 3.3 0.85 3.5 4.0 -0.69 1.5Effective Speaking Capability 3.3 0.78 3.5 3.5 -0.86 1.6Attitude to Cleanliness 3.3 0.83 3.5 4.0 -0.56 2.0ThinkingSkills 2.1Idea Generation & Creative thinking 3.0 0.84 3.0 3.0 -0.47 2.2Decision Making Skills (Up to mandate) 3.1 0.89 3.0 3.0 -0.07 2.3Recognising & Solving Problems 3.2 0.93 3.0 3.0 -0.30 2.4Capability of Visualization 3.2 0.87 3.0 3.0 -0.45 2.5Learning Capability 3.2 0.63 3.0 3.0 -0.35 2.6Reasoning Skills 3.1 0.89 3.2 3.5 -0.61 Research Study : Electrician of an Industry USA Vs Indian Sample 35
  • 36. 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Student Perception own Level Industry Requirement- Student Students at Entry- Faculty Industry Requirement- FacultyStudents’ Skill Gap Perception of Faculty Students’ Skill Gap Perception of Students Research Study : Post Diploma Power Sector Students at CBIP 36 Research Study on Academia – Industry Interaction for Innovation by Dr MR Shollapur 17 % Industry Ready for Help in Curriculum Design 28% ……………………………..Work Exposure & Practical Training 14% ……………………………..Teacher’s Deputation to Industry 28% ……………………………..Readiness to associate with Industry 14% ……………………………..Conduct Joint Conferences 15%……………………………..Undertake Collaborative Research
  • 37. Sum Up – Contributions required from all Stakeholders • Govt. to Incentivize Innovation (Action Govt.) • Sincere efforts on Implementation of NVEQF & Updating Engg. Curricula, India’s reluctant reformers have to gear up. (Govt.) • Set Skill Standards, Industry to help setting Skill Standards (Govt. & Industry) • Social Status needed towards Vocational Education (Govt. & Industry) • It is worth brain storming by the Policy makers on the Skilling that , how will job automation impact the economy in the future? What are the impacts on Globalisation Collaboration? Telecommuting and what are the forces that will shape the workplaces of the future? Or is there something bigger lurking? Looking at this aspect with an holistic approach(Govt. & Industry) • Technology would continue to push economic growth-only a few with regular Skills update would enjoy the benefits. More people would be competing for mid-pay jobs, so pay would shrivel. Many mid-skill workers would be left unemployed or shunted into low-skill, low-pay jobs. (Govt. & Industry)  Industry to Work on continuous Skilling up of Plant Manager on today’s high Technological and Innovative Changes. Smarter machines from the technologically offensive with niftier software will continue to replace more and more mid-pay jobs and mid- skilled jobs, making businesses more productive and swelling their profits. (Industry , Individuals & Trade Unions)
  • 38. Sum Up Continues……… • Objectives of the S&T Policy 2013 & 12th Plan Strategies- Innovative capabilities and Skills can be learned, involving time, education, knowledge & institutional support for innovative processes to be generated endogenously. (Govt., Industry, Institution) • Continuous Skilling will make the most highly skilled workers- those who can use machines to be more productive but can't be replaced by these machines- will continue to prosper. (Industry, Individuals & Trade Unions) • Age is no bar for Skilling up. (Industry , Individuals & Trade Unions) • To give a chance to those with low-pay jobs by Skilling, which otherwise are likely to remain sheltered. (Industry , Individuals & Trade Unions) • Industry Skilling Facilitators to work on approach to earn the ’ROTI’ – Return on Training Investment (Industry & Institution) • Industry’s Skilling programs or by Policy makers for Country level Skilling should be seen beforehand. (Govt. & Industry) • Institution- Industry Tie up : a must (Industry & Institution) Breaking the barriers of Technology and Innovation for Multi-skilling / Inter disciplinary learnings working on various screens simultaneously is today’s requirement (Industry , Institution , Individuals & Trade Unions) 38
  • 39. 39 Don't limit yourself. Many people limit themselves to what they think they can do. You can go as far as your mind lets you. What you believe, remember, you can achieve. Mary Kay Ash
  • 40. • Additional Slides to be used if Reqd. 40
  • 41. The Inputs that we are getting in terms of Manpower Educational Quality 41
  • 42. Termite-Inspired Robots Could Be Future Construction Workers 42
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  • 44. Supergrids A high-power circuit breaker could finally make DC power grids practical. Deep Learning With massive amounts of computational power, machines can now recognize objects and translate speech in real time. Artificial intelligence is finally getting smart. 44
  • 45. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSxonSQG hGg Training of Power Plant Operation 45