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YIT internal magazine - ing 01/2013

YIT internal magazine - ing 01/2013



YIT Group publishes the magazine titled "ing" twice a year. The magazine is designed especially for our clients, partners, shareholders and also for the public. In magazine "ing" you can read about ...

YIT Group publishes the magazine titled "ing" twice a year. The magazine is designed especially for our clients, partners, shareholders and also for the public. In magazine "ing" you can read about our international activities in all areas of our products and services.



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    YIT internal magazine - ing 01/2013 YIT internal magazine - ing 01/2013 Document Transcript

    • www.yitgroup.comHow to build a city whereresidents feel at home?One person’s waste becomesanother person’s fuelNew residential areas areconstructed in Moscows environsA thousand maintenancesites in Russia6281834When oldbecomes newRenovation construction creates profit12YIT Corporation Stakeholder Magazine 1/2013
    • 22Moscow &Moscow RegionSt. PetersburgKazanTyumenYekaterinburgRostov-on-Don2YIT International Construction Services in RussiaYIT Building Services in Russia
    • YIT goes toSiberiaYIT has acquired property in the cityof Tyumen in Western Siberia to buildsome one thousand residences.TIhe construction work for a housing block on a 3.16hectare property in Tyumen will get under way thisyear.The housing block will comprise six 18-storeybuildings with a total of 890 apartments. There aregood connections to the city centre and the airport.Tyumen is one the wealthiest cities in Russia. Known for itsnatural gas and oil resources, the city is located approximately2,000 kilometres from Moscow. It has a growing population thatis projected to reach one million this decade.YIT has earlier completed projects in the oil and gas industryin Western Siberia.“Now we go back to the city to build housing. I believe thatour previous experience will help us also with implementing thesenew projects,” says Development Manager Fjodor Voropayev,who is responsible for expanding YIT’s geographic operationalarea in the Ural region.3
    • We have just marked a milestone – one hundred years of history and we are nowswiftly entering a new era.At the start of the year, the YIT Board began to prepare to divide the corporationinto two independent, stock exchange listed companies. An Extraordinary GeneralMeeting of the Board in June is expected to approve the decision to divide thecompany into two separate companies and they will be established on 1 July 2013.YIT Building Services will become a separate corporation and will be listed on theHelsinki Stock Exchange under the name Caverion Corporation. YIT Corporationwill continue with the construction services business, which includes ConstructionServices in Finland and International Construction Services. Investors can decidewhich company they wish to invest in – the construction market in Finland, Russiaand Central Eastern European countries or in the building systems market in theNordic countries and Central Europe.The current corporate structure has been developing aroundconstruction services in Finland since the beginning of the lastdecade. The building systems services have been developed andexpanded with significant corporate acquisitions in the Nordiccountries and Central Europe and have yielded YIT significant growthpotential and a steady cash flow for more investment to developconstruction services even further.Starting from 2006, our strategic investment in constructionservices in Russia has become a significant growth potential forthe construction services business. During the last three years, thebusiness model for Russia has been systematically and successfullydeveloped, especially in terms of capital use. This development hasmade it possible for the construction services business to finance andexecute its business operations independently.The Board believes that in order to develop further theownership value of the business operations, the natural move in thenext strategic growth phase is as two separate corporations. Ouroperations will continue as normal until the end of June.The theme of this issue of our magazine is urban developmentand resident-based thinking, a theme that has taken hold with plan-ning authorities as well.This is a good time to move on. In the meantime, we hope you enjoyreading the magazine!Time to move into a new phase“The natural movein the next strategicgrowth phase isas two separatecorporations.”Eija SandbergEditor-in-ChiefYIT Corporation Stakeholder Magazine 1/20134
    • Urban developmentRenovations create profitWasted heatto good useInterestingMoscow areaMaintenance services in RussiaArt in TikkurilaHow to plan a future city?Renovation construction enablesold spaces to be used for newpurposes.Hoas put waste to gooduse in a pilot project.Residences are being developed inthe surroundings of Moscow.YIT manages one thousandmaintenance sites in Russia.Artwork supports the renewalof Tikkurila centre.10 Machine controlwith information models6121628343718 Waste incenerationunit Brista2Painotuote441 03233 Ludvika municipalitysaves millionsYIT is a major Europeanservice company cateringto the real estate andconstruction sectorsand industry.We construct, developand maintain a good livingenvironment in the Nordiccountries, Russia, the Balticcountries and Central Europe.In 2012, YIT’s turnover wasapproximately EUR 4.7billion. The Corporationhas approximately 25,000employees. YIT’s is quoted onNASDAQ OMX Helsinki Oy.Publisher: YIT Corporation, P.O. Box 36, FI-00621 Helsinki, tel. +358 20 433 111, www.yitgroup.comEditor-in-Chief: Eija Sandberg Editorial board: Kirsi Hemmilä, Sari Malka, Elena Vanhanen, Katja Tiitinen, Tuija VilhomaaEditorial secretary: Terhi Paavola, Maggie Oy Layout: Maggie Oy | Zeeland Cover: YIT Printing house: Erweko OyPaper: Edixion ISSN: 1795-7850 (print), 2323-1300 (online publication) ISSN-L: 1795-7850 Read -ing online:www.yitgroup.com/media/publications Source of address: YITs customer and shareholder register Change of address:leena.hemmila@yit.fi Feedback and ideas about articles can be sent to: eija.sandberg@yit.fiEngineering for Living – YIT Corporation Stakeholder MagazinePEFC/02-31-120www.yitgroup.com/YIT_GROUP/about-us/MediaThe -ing magazineand other YIT publicationsare available ata single location.www.yit.fiGet the informationyou need aboutYIT’s services andtopical news.56 2818 34
    • Juha Kostiainen, Aija Staffansand Matti Vatilo all agree that,above all, cities must be builtso that people feel at home.6
    • D o schools still need walls now that technology has decou-pled education from the classroom? Should urban centres beplanned to guarantee that the commute to work is no morethan half an hour? And should we discard current town plan-ning and move to new policies that are finding favour aroundthe world?These questions generated lively discussion in the spring when JuhaKostiainen, Senior Vice President for Urban Development at YIT, met withcity planning experts to discuss the direction of future urban construction.The group included Aija Staffans, a leading researcher from AaltoUniversity, Department of Real Estate, Planning and Geoinformatics andMatti Vatilo, Building Counsellor from the Ministry of the Environment.Area Manager Jouko Turto from the Turku Municipal PropertyCorporation and Professor of Urban Geography Mari Vaattovaara fromthe University of Helsinki were also included in the discussions by remotehook-up.More than ever cities of the future arebeing built on residents’ terms. Townplanning must be flexible and allow forspontaneity and creativity.TEXT HELEN MOSTER PHOTOS JONI NUUTINENUrbandevelopment isa cooperativeeffort7
    • The discussions touched on several topical issues, such as,plans for the metropolitan region, urban open spaces, experi-mental culture and social enterprises. But one question gener-ated a great deal of interest: how can cities be built to makeresidents feel at home and as though they are truly in their ownenvironment? One suggestion was the sheer attractiveness andbeauty of a city. In this respect, Vancouver in Canada has suc-ceeded brilliantly.“At one time, the centre of Vancouver was deserted and itwas threatened by large road construction projects that wereopposed by the people of Vancouver,” says Staffans.After a lengthy process, Vancouver found a solution combin-ing green building, coziness for the city’s residents and a finan-cially competitive edge. It is now considered to be one of theworld’s most attractive places to live.In shaping a city’s image, important factors include a com-fortable and pleasant environment at ground level, the scale ofthe city, greenery, and keeping it interesting and alive. It is alsoimportant to discover and develop open, unused spaces, urbanfallow land, so to speak, and creativity on individual premises.1Build boldlyYou should have a passion for urbanisationand build cities to be diverse and people-friendly.2Dare to be differentUrban culture is born with historicalprocesses, not artificially. It is a positivephenomenon to have differentiated areasof the city.3Remember creativityPeople’s needs generate new servicesand uses for areas that are little used.You should leave space for creativity andreduce detailed coding.4NetworkCities create networks. Instead ofone centre, there will be several.5Expand the competenceof the town plannerThe town planner must be active in thecontinuous processes of town planning,not a lone designer at his or her desk.CHECK LIST FORFUTURE CITY PLANNERSJouko Turto says thatthe Aurajoki River wasonce a deserted area.“Urban fallow spaces are a big deal,” Vatilo confirms.“In Helsinki, one can point to Suvilahti, Teurastamo andthe Cable Factory. Once open and unused, they are all beingdeveloped to great success.”Jouko Turto has seen the same thing in his home town ofTurku.He says that the Aurajoki River, for instance, was once adeserted area. People would leave to go to nearby Naantalifor a beer in the summer rather than stay closer to home. Thischanged when some Turku residents realised that there weremany rock bands in Turku with no place to perform. Thus, thepopular Down by the Laituri festival was born. However, thisisn’t possible without opportunities and room for spontane-ity and creativity rather than strictly planning out the wholeproject from the start until the finish.“Sometimes things should be left unplanned,” Staffansadded, and Vaattovaara agreed.“The Netherlands, for example, has completely given upgeneral town planning. We should think about alternatives tobe more effective at the local level. Otherwise, plans will gounrealised.”The discussion group considered which is the better option– town planning policies used in Finland or the city plan-ning policies of, for example, the United States. City planningmodels used in Finland emphasise interaction and the zeitgeistwith its so-called master plan, which has been applied in Van-couver in Canada, among other places.“We must choose one or the other,” says Turto.“Money will be spent when there are complaints at eachphase of the town plan, which grassroots organisationshave been doing lately. On the other hand, town planning is8
    • Tuula Klemetti on sitämieltä, että työntekijöidentulee viihtyä toimitiloissa.currently considered “hard coding,” which means that oncedecisions and plans have been decided on, they are extremelydifficult to change.”Some experts think that it is time for town planning bureau-cratic hierarchy to go.Municipalities are spending a lot of resources on urbanplanning, and Staffans says that must change.Vatilo also thinks there are improvements to be made in theemphasis of town planning. He offers the metropolitan modelas one solution.“Regional plans and general city plans would be replacedwith a metropolitan plan, setting aside an area for land usedevelopment measures, as well as a section for carrying out ametropolitan plan. Municipalities would have to commit to de-veloping the area over a certain period of time and they wouldonly be responsible for the town plan. Strategic planning isneeded for land use and there must be space for implementingit creatively.”Different yet equalThe discussions moved on from town planning to another hottopic – the differentiation of neighbourhoods and segrega-tion of social groups. Matti Vatilo reminded everyone that, inprinciple, there is nothing wrong with parts of the city beingdifferentiated.“In my opinion, Punavuori, Kallio and Tapiola could bebranded even more,” he says. Residents will find their ownneighbourhoods. The problems arise when parts of the citybecome too homogeneous, for example, because of immigra-tion patterns. The foreign population in Helsinki is forecastedto increase from the current level of 10 per cent to 30 per centby 2030.“Now is the time to deal with segregation,” Vatilo says em-phatically.In Helsinki, mixed areas have been built in order to inte-grate them by combining rental and owner-occupied apart-ments. However, this has not been enough. We also need softmeasures, such as, social hosting and residential counselling.Kostiainen reminded everyone that segregation is not the sameas inequality.“The quality of day care and schools should be of a highstandard and services need to be within easy reach. We needversatile spaces and new ways of producing services. YITplanned a village house for an area some years ago with thepurpose of bringing together children in daycare and seniorcitizens. Unfortunately, the idea did not pan out, so now solu-tions are being devised to combine different services and livingmodels.”Vaattovaara says that no one has the recipe to differentiateurban structures.“People must be able to choose where they want to live andthe diversity of cities must be maximised. It is the task ofpolicy makers to ensure that no area falls below certain Finnishsocial standards.”A focus on localIn the city of the future, many key aspects of living are startingto take shape. One big change will be how we shop. Internetsales are increasing, even furniture and other big ticket itemsare bought online. New services and logistical solutions arenow needed. The era of gigantic supermarkets is waning.“Is, though, the Jumbo Shopping Centre, for example, in thiscategory? For many Helsinki area residents, it is, in fact, muchcloser to home than the centre of Helsinki,” Vaattovaara said.It is more of a neighbourhood shop.The greatest population growth in the Helsinki area is nowin Helsinki’s neighbouring municipalities. Fifty per cent of jobsare located in just 1.2 per cent of the land area. In order forcity planning to be successful, planners must be more aware ofwhere work, living and consumption are focused and intersect.No one knows for sure whether we will be working at oneplace or changing jobs several times in the future or whetherapartments need a kitchen. There is one thing that the discus-sion group agrees on: the city of the future will always haveplaces for people to meet – cafés and restaurants, theatres andsports facilities.Perhaps people will meet at neighbourhood shops instead ofat big supermarkets.“Strategic planning isneeded for land use andthere must be space forimplementing it creatively.”9
    • The largest developers in the field of infra are moving rapidly toinformation modelling-based processes. Information modelling aimsto improve planning and building processes and the management ofthe entire life cycle, as well as increasing productivity in the field.MACHINE CONTROLWITH INFORMATIONMODELSTEXT TUIJA VILHOMAA PHOTOS JARI PELKONEN & PEKKA RUUTIMachine controlas such is nothingnew – it wasalready in useten years ago toan accuracy of+/-30 cm. Nowthe accuracy is asmuch as +/-3 cm.Satellite positioningis an importanttool for machinecontrol.10
    • Capital investment company RYM Oy, a SHOKcompany in the real estate and constructionfield, launched the PRE programme (BuiltEnvironment Process Re-engineering) in 2010,with the aim of creating entirely new practicesand business models in the real estate, construction and infrasectors. The basis for the development is to create more user-friendly practices, supported by information managementbased on product models. With new business processes, pro-ductivity and quality can be significantly improved. The PREprogramme consists of six thematic work packages with InfraFINBIM focused on infrastructure development. VR TrackOy acts as the flagship company for FINBIM, and it comprisesa total of 15 companies, YIT among them.The premise and vision of the Infra FINBIM work pack-age is to have by 2014 the big infrastructure owners order onlyinformation model-based service. The aim is to change fromtraditional sequential thinking to intelligent information mod-el-based service production that covers the entire life cycle andall sub-areas, players and functions. The participation of thebiggest infra client, the Finnish Transport Agency, and leadingsector companies in the research ensure high effectiveness tochange the infra industry. The companies involved will gain acompetitive edge when they become the first to apply the newoperational model in their organisation and processes.The budget for the FINBIM work package is over EUR6 million. The participating companies and public fundingagencies, such as Tekes and the EU, are responsible for financ-ing the package. The companies will agree on their individualfinancial investment under a consortium contract. The com-panies’ premises, machinery and equipment can be utilised forfunding the package, as well as for test platforms and demoareas for different applications for business development.FROM INFORMATION MODELS TO MACHINERYCONTROL. The information model is a digital model de-veloped in the project which contains the precise geometryof the structures and all the information needed for building,manufacturing and supply. The machine control model createdfrom it can be uploaded to a sufficiently intelligent machinecontrol device. When the control model guides the operator ofan excavator or the machine itself, it is called machine control.There are already many machines capable of automaticallyperforming their production process. For example, stabilisermachines rarely need a human operator other than for movingthe machine to the next pole.“Machine control as such is nothing new – it was already inuse ten years ago to an accuracy of +/-30 cm. Now the accu-racy is as much as +/-3 cm. Satellite positioning is an impor-tant tool for machinery control, and GPS accurancy improvedsignificantly in 2000 after the removal of the intentionaldeflection *)of civil localisation,” says Development ManagerPekka Ruuti, responsible for the development of informationmodelling and machine control at YIT Infrastructure Services.In Sweden and Norway, information modelling and machinecontrol were taken into use earlier than in Finland, but Ruutisays that we are leaders in this matter.“Finland is a sufficiently small country so that all playersin the field can be involved in the development cooperation.The FINBIM work package in the PRE programme is a goodexample. Finland also features know-how in machine buildingas well as strong product development.”The information transfer standard is currently being devel-oped so that all devices are able to read the same file format inthe future (Inframodel 3).”SUCCESS FACTOR IN THE FUTURE. Using modernplanning models, such as, information modelling, helps theparties to the project to see the whole picture at all phases.There are fewer surprises and there will be fewer changes need-ed during the implementation phase and fewer costly delays.“Real-time management of the information stream at thework site in a construction process will be a decisive factor inthe future,” Ruuti emphasises.YIT has started using information (data) modelling in its in-fra projects with its own strategy and the FINBIM work pack-age, developing practices in the field and training its person-nel to become experts in information modelling and machinecontrol.“At the moment, we already have exemplary process man-agement at the Hamina Ring work site, for example. Learningoccurs through work, since this process is not really taughtanywhere at present. Therefore, the best know-how is withincompanies, and I dare say at YIT as well,” says Ruuti.*) Until 1 May 2000, the United States Ministry of Defenseweakened the orbit and time information sent by the satellitesregarding civil users (Selective Availability, SA).11
    • Despite today’s shaky economic outlook, the marketfor renovation construction has grown a few per cent ayear and looks to stay on that track. By finding a newpurpose for unused commercial property entire areasof a city can be revitalised and brought back to life.TEXT MAARIT SEELING PHOTOS JONI NUUTINEN AND YIT ARCHIVEVacant officespace get anew lease of life1 RUOHOLAHDENKATU 23, HELSINKI1212
    • “We are currently restoring and preserving buildings from the 1950sand 1960s. In the next decade, we will perhaps be doing the samework on properties built in the 1980s.”Timo Erkkilä, Unit Head responsible forrenovation construction services at YIT,says there is demand for renovationprojects and there are many commercialbuildings that are vacant in the Helsinkiregion. To put them back into servicethey must first be renovated and refitted into, for exam-ple, residential use.Buildings require constant maintenance, so when giv-ing them a new purpose their age and technical lifespanare lengthened. This includes preservation of designatedhistorical sites.“There will be more protected buildings in the future.We are currently restoring and preserving buildingsfrom the 1950s and 1960s. In the next decade, we willperhaps be doing the same work on properties built inthe 1980s,” says Erkkilä.In some areas of Helsinki that have been primarilyindustrial centers in the past, disused commercial prop-erty has been converted into residences. The Pitäjänmä-ki and Tali areas of Helsinki are good examples of this.Erkkilä says that even if older commercial real estatewere renovated and updated for industrial use, therestill wouldn’t be many takers as the trend has been forindustry to move further away from the city centre.A good locationThere are nearly one million square metres of emptyoffice space in the Helsinki region. With decliningdemand for office space and an increasing supply ofalready renovated buildings, some of it may remain un-used. However, Erkkilä says that there is always a needfor modern spaces that are near good transport connec-tions. Location is important.He says that new and renovated office space inprime locations will always be in demand, whateverthe economic situation. However, owners must makea decision on whether the investment in refurbishingunder-utilised buildings is a better investment than raz-ing them.The renovation construction market is large with anannual value of over 10 billion euros. In addition toconstruction, YIT offers services in planning and de-veloping new uses for the property. “We also handle theleasing together with the owner of the property. Withgood planning and professional execution of the pro-ject, the sites come up to modern standards,” says Erk-kilä. He adds that to ensure a successful outcome theyneed to have a professional contractor in on the projectfrom the early planning and implementation phases.1313
    • Renovate or tear it down?There are several considerations in deciding whether to finda new purpose for existing facilities or whether to demol-ish and rebuild. If the structure isn’t flexible enough for anew purpose then returning it to town planning or tearing itdown are the only options, according to Erkkilä. He empha-sizes, however, that renovation construction can usually solvemost of the problems presented by empty office real estate.Vacant office buildings have been converted into residen-tial property, nursing homes and mental care facilities.There are restrictions that come into play in making thedecision to reuse or demolish. Some buildings and areasare historical preservation sites, and the very compactnessof Helsinki’s central areas sometimes means that even withrazing an old building, a bigger edifice can’t be constructed.Additionally, investors put more emphasis these days onenvironmental considerations and the building’s lifespan.International investors and prospective occupants putparticular emphasis on energy efficiency and environmentalvalues. Erkkilä emphasises that renovation construction isn’tat odds with these considerations and that renovating the oldis often a better choice for the environment than buildingnew.1_ RUOHOLAHDENKATU 23, HELSINKIThis valuable property, originally a tobacco factory, was restoredto its original technical lifespan. The renovation received a LEEDGold level environmental certification. CWT Kaleva Travel con-tinued its tenancy throughout the renovation work.“The new premises look amazing and we feel very comfort-able here. It is great that beautiful old houses are renovated.Of course, it was challenging to work on the premises duringthat time. With good cooperation, however, we were able tohandle it. Constant dialogue and regular meetings between theYIT contact people and us were important factors,” says SatuSandman, HR Director at CWT.2_ AS OY RASTASNIITYNTIE 1, ESPOOYIT bought the headquarters of OY Koneliike Ekström Ab in2010. YIT worked with Icecapital Housing Fund II Ky to convertthe old office building into rental apartments, and a new apart-ment block was constructed on the neighbouring property.“Repairing the property and giving it a new function makes itpossible for supplementary construction to be done on a moresustainable basis and with respect to the previous environment.In this building, for example, the staircase and entryway are dis-tinguished from other rental properties by their light and space.The marble floors and stainless steel staircase also receivedspecial attention,” says Managing Director Wisa Majamaa ofIcecapital.3_ HYRYLÄ BARRACKS NO. 44 AND 45The old army barracks, No. 44 and No. 45, have stood emptyfor quite some time. YIT bought, developed and turned thebuildings into saleable real estate.No. 44 was converted into a care facility for the disabled. No.45 will be used as a psychiatric facility.“The spaces are quite suitable for nursing care, particularlywith their light, airy and spacious design. If we were to build anentirely new property, it would not be what it is now,” says Man-aging Director Erja Luotomaa of Palvelukoti Joenranta.Manager Mikael Nordberg of Maino Vire Oy, in charge ofopen space, has good things to say about the location of theproperty, which is in a quiet, peaceful and natural setting, yetis close to central services. “We would not have been able tofind a property in such a location if we had constructed a newbuilding,” he says.4_ KERAVA REHABILITATION CENTREThe Kerava rehabilitation centre for psychiatric patients wasoriginally a development project under another constructor. YITwas able to overcome the challenges the project posed with itsoriginal and innovative solutions and operations, thus ensuringthat the work would get under way this spring.Mikeva Oy has worked with YIT before.“We require that our cooperation partners have expertiserelated to the needs of special groups. An experienced con-structor is an innovative problem solver. Building nursing carefacilities carries its own special requirements and we must takemany things into consideration,” says Ari Lepveteläinen, RealEstate Director at Mikeva.5_ KANKARETIE 9, HELSINKITwo large apartment buildings with 120 units located in a chal-lenging environment in the vicinity of Malmi Airport and partiallysitting in a protected area were renovated, one of them alsofrom the outside.“The apartment building surfaces and equipment have beencompletely renewed and the building systems have been mod-ernised. Additionally, the houses now have glazed balconies,”says Project Manager Jarkko Heinonen from the Helsinkiresidence office.Heinonen says that renovating old buildings is usually eco-nomically and ecologically profitable.“There was so much left in the lifespan of both buildings thatrenovating them was a sensible solution. However, there is onerental property in Jakomäki that is slated for demolition and anew building will be erected on the same site,” Heinonen says.211414
    • Six per cent decrease inenergy consumption by 2020In addition to vacant office space in need of new tenants,buildings in the Helsinki suburban areas dating from the 1960sand 1970s are now coming up for renovation as they age.And with an aging population, the building stock needs newfunctionality and services. By modernising the equipment ofthe properties and creating safe mobility and easy access on thepremises, it is possible for the elderly to live independently forlonger.Erkkilä makes an astute observation, “Insufficient renovationconstruction only increases renovation debt.”Erkkilä also points out that insufficient renovation or puttingit off too long only increase the investment required and the debtincurred. He says that systematic and anticipative maintenance iscrucial to reducing the need for an even bigger renovation.The buildings, renovated and updated, also play a central rolein reducing air pollution and improving energy efficiency. Newregulations that came into force at the end of last year requirea reduction in energy consumption in old building stock of sixper cent by 2020. That means new solutions must be found forrepairing the building systems and structure and the facades ofmany high energy consuming buildings that were constructedunder older standards to bring them up to modern requirements.“With basic renovations we can achieve a high level of energy-efficient solutions. At the same time we are supporting sustain-able development. Reuse is a sound economic way to go,” saysErkkilä.53341515
    • Two and half cubic meters of heated air was lostfrom the Rasinkatu property chimney. I wantedto change this,” says Real Estate Manager JariNupponen from the Foundation for StudentHousing in the Helsinki Region, Hoas.Nupponen met YIT’s Jorma T. Hentilä inautumn 2010 during the “Tee parannus” (“Make an Improve-ment”) tour for the energy efficiency of properties organised byMotiva and other players in the field. Together they would seeka solution to the problem. The new system would recover theheat released from the ventilation and return it to the radiatorcycle and heating water in the building.“We have cooperated with YIT for a long time and thesolutions offered by them suited us in this case as well,” saysNupponen.They were able to find a good design and well-suited solutionfor the system when Hoas was given an ARA energy subsidyfor the project. The system was implemented before Christmas2011. Although the project was a pilot study, the commissioningof the system followed the schedule and budget as planned.Installation and commissioning of the heat recovery systemdid not entail large scale changes to the property. The recoverysystem was placed on the roof and the piping was installed fromthe roof to the heat pumps in the cellar.Hoas’ 12-storey, one staircase property in Rasinkatu wasoptimal for the system chosen.The air exhausted goes out through a pipe and the heat iseasily recovered and conducted to the pumps.The system has significant benefits for Hoas. The first yearyielded a savings of EUR 235 per apartment. The systeminstalled at this location, with a lifespan of 20–25 years, willpay for itself in seven years’ time. According to YIT’s calcu-lations, the profit generated by the capital investment will bean impressive 16 per cent.In addition to the financial profit, the design is veryenvironmentally-friendly. Carbon dioxide emissions fromthe Raisionkatu property have been reduced by more than100,000 kilos to 150,000 kilos per year. Energy savings andenvironmentally-friendly procedures are important prin-ciples for Hoas, so this solution was very appropriate forthem.Since the benefits are clear, Nupponen says that he is con-sidering heat pump solutions in all properties under repair.There are plans in the works to begin a project in two towerbuildings this year.“With these projects, we can achieve even greater costssavings than we did in the pilot project. YIT has absorbedthe lessons learned and from development problems thatcame up in the pilot project. The solution implementedserves the goals of both Hoas and YIT as leaders in theirrespective fields,” says Nupponen.He adds, “It is wonderful to be able to use new technologyto put in place great solutions in terms of the environmentand that are also economical. Other student housing founda-tions and neighbouring housing complexes in Koivukylä inVantaa are now interested in our solutions as well.”TEXT JUKKA NORTIO PHOTOS JANNE LEHTINENHoas has seen huge savings in heating costs using heat recoverysolutions. The systems have also benefitted the environment,reducing annual carbon dioxide emissions by one hundred tonnes.Saving heatPutting wasteto good use16
    • THE RIGHT SOLUTIONS– GOOD RESULTSStudies done by Aalto University and the Technical ResearchCentre of Finland (VTT) a few years ago showed that 40 percent of heating energy escapes into the air. YIT wanted torecapture and use this wasted energy, and they started bymaking practical improvements.“We made Hoas our partner in the pilot project. They haveoften been ready to try new solutions to improve the energyefficiency of their properties,” says Jorma T. Hentilä, SalesManager at YIT.The method used in the pilot project for recovering theexhaust air was a brush type heat exchanger technique.After recovery, the heat is transferred with glycol through thepiping to the three domestically manufactured Gebwell heatpumps in the cellar. The pumps transfer the energy to theheaters and to water that is being heated.The system will require more electricity in heating theproperty, but this is profitable, nonetheless, because thesystem efficiency is so good — the COP is 3.5.“We have reached this number by using good equipmentand by refining the building automation to be the bestpossible,” Hentilä adds.Refining refers to both the careful system testingperformed by YIT in the commissioning phase as well asintegrating the property into the YIT property control roomwhere its systems are monitored 24/7. The property controlroom can perform the necessary adjustments and changesremotely.“This type of system can never be left unattended. Onlywith constant monitoring and adjustments made accordingto the situation can we guarantee to reap the full benefits.”Real Estate ManagerJari Nupponen fromHoas is satisfied with theRaisinkatu solution.A recovery systemoperating with a brushtype heat exchangertechnique was installedon the roof of theapartment building.171717
    • In addition to the plumbing, YIT is building a district heatingaccumulator for Brista and merging the Brista2 and Brista1systems with a bypass to be used during shutdowns.Mika Naski, Site Manager for the Brista2 project from YITIndustrial Services, has good things to say about the project, andhe adds that it is nice to be involved in building a green future.“Waste incineration requires special technique when theenergy source comes from rubbish. There may be substancesharmful to the environment in the waste, and, therefore, washingand filtering exhaust gases is performed much more efficientlythan in biofuel facilities,” says Naski, explaining the secrets ofwaste incineration.Total responsibility from planning to installation“In the Brista2 project, Industrial Services is responsible for theentire chain of delivery – we manage planning, materials, pre-manufacturing and installation,” Naski explains.According to Naski, the management of the entire projectrequires special expertise from the very first phase of planningand making calculations .“We perform, for example, strength calculations and elasticityBrista2, Fortum’s new waste incineration unit, is being built at a quick pace inthe outskirts of Stockholm. Operations will begin in July 2013. Brista2 usescommunity waste as fuel. YIT is closely involved in the project, building thefuture of waste incineration for Fortum.In Sweden, environmental issues are a special topic for thewhole nation. Dumping combustible waste at a landfillis not allowed in the EU and there is much investmentin energy production capacity that makes use of waste.Stockholm was selected as the green capital of Europein 2010 in recognition of its ambitious attitude towardsreducing environmental effects.The Swedish model is exemplary and YIT is involved inbuilding the Brista2 production unit for Fortum. The aim is toburn 240,000 tonnes of waste annually at the plant being builtnear Stockholm. This impressive number corresponds to theamount of waste produced by the residents of the entire City ofStockholm in one year.Piping to Sweden from Ylivieska engineeringworkshopYIT Industrial Services is responsible for three piping contractsfor the Brista2 project called lots in professional jargon. Theorder includes district heating pipes, steam and condensate pipesand cooling water pipes. Pipes delivered by YIT have been pre-manufactured at the engineering workshop in Ylivieska.TEXT SANNA-MARI KYLLI & JOANNA SINCLAIR PHOTOS JUKKA MALEMika Naski believes thatwaste incineration willbecome more frequent.ONE PERSON’SWASTE IS ANOTHERPERSON’S FUEL181818
    • The installation work ischallenging, becausethe locations arehigh and welding isconducted in difficultconditions. In thisproject, lifting thepipes also requiresspecialised professionalcompetence.1919
    • analyses for the piping. There are certain points determined forthe piping lines. Thermal strains and forces are determined inorder not to exceed the permitted tensions in the pipes.”“The installation work itself is challenging because the loca-tions are high and welding is conducted in difficult conditions.In this project, lifting the pipes also requires specialised profes-sional competence,” says Naski.Project Manager Julia Sundberg at Fortum has praise for thecooperation with YIT. Installations are proceeding in accord-ance with our ambitious time schedule.“We have good cooperation with YIT. I believe that this ispartly due to the fact that our cultural backgrounds are similar.Of course, there have been challenges, but the cooperation workswell,” says Sundberg.“We have engaged in close cooperation on other projects withYIT, both in Sweden and in Finland. I believe that we will seemore of this kind of cooperation also in the future,” predictsSundberg.Clean energy from waste in JulyThe Brista2 waste incineration unit will be finished in early sum-mer and the facility will be commissioned in June–July.“The project has gone well so far; installations have proceededwith commendable speed despite the challenging schedule. Inaddition, we must always remember to be grateful that therehave been no accidents and no absences,” adds Naski.In difficult circumstances, YIT’s investment in occupationalsafety always gains emphasis. Those unversed in technology maywonder how waste can be turned into clean and environmentally-friendly energy. Julia Sundberg reassures the sceptics.The modern waste incineration facility consists of three parts.The first is the waste reception unit where the waste is deliveredto the energy facility and waste that is unsuitable for burningis rejected. The second part of the waste incineration unit hasa combustion kiln where the waste is burned as efficiently andenvironmentally-friendly as possible. The third is the flue gastreatment plant where exhaust gases are cleaned of pollutantsand is an area the size of a small factory.“Over the years the technology has seen enormous develop-ment. New solutions make waste incineration a much cleanertechnology than it was at first. In addition, we can retrieve moreenergy from the same amount of waste,” Sundberg emphasises.Waste utilisation and environmentally-friendlysolutionsAccording to Sundberg, general opinion on waste utilisation inSweden is positive.“These days energy produced from waste is used especially fordistrict heating. The operations are strictly regulated under bothEU regulations and Swedish legislation. We talk openly abouteverything – and we are very happy to do so. We are quite proudof the technology we use.”According to Sundberg, many countries could benefit fromSwedish know-how.“Waste is an excellent resource that should be put to use. Wecan all see the problems caused by waste with our own eyes,especially when we travel to less developed countries. The reuseof waste and environmentally-friendly solutions are a great po-tential export for Sweden with support from the state.”“New solutions makewaste incinerationa much cleanertechnology than it usedto be in the beginning.””Waste is an excellentresource that must beput to efficient use,”says Julia Sundbergfrom Fortum.2020
    • "ROADS? Where we’re going, we don’t need roads."The 1980s film classic Back to the Future ends withthese memorable words shortly after Doc Emmet Browncrams rubbish into Mr. Fusion, “the energy reactorfor every household,” in order to obtain fuel for hisDeLorean time machine. In the past, the same machineconsumed plutonium.Utilising waste may have seemed like a dream in1980s Hollywood, but, as they say, truth is stranger thanfiction. The utilisation of waste has a surprisingly longhistory.Julia Sundberg, Project Manager for the Brista2project at Fortum, says that the concept of waste toenergy is quite old: the know-how has been aroundsince the 1960s and there have been functional wasteincineration plants at Fortum for four decades already.For example, Fortum’s CHP facility in Högdalen,Stockholm, has produced district heat for the city andelectricity for Sweden’s national network by burningcommunity waste since 1970.“However, the interest in using waste as a source ofenergy only took hold in the 1990s. Developing andusing technology is continuously increasing,” saysSundberg.Sundberg sees the future of the waste to energyconcept as positive.“The fact that we still have landfills is a big problemall around the world. As technology develops, we willbe able to utilise more and more waste to produceelectricity,” says an enthusiastic Sundberg.Fortum and YIT are currently working together on amodel for the future. Brista2 is the solution for the nextgeneration and everyone is a winner. By creating energyfrom waste, we are nourishing green growth.Four decades of green buildingWill landfills become a thing of the past?Naski agrees with Sundberg – the growing demand for wasteincineration plants is likely to continue, and there is a need forexpertise in the field around the world. YIT already has signifi-cant expertise in the field, even though waste incineration plantprojects are still relatively new.“Brista2 is not the first such project for YIT. IndustrialServices has been involved in building projects for wasteincineration plants both in Finland and Sweden. The largestwaste incineration plants in Finland are located in Vantaaand Lahti, and new ones are sure to follow. Based on clientinquiries, I believe that the number of waste incineration plantswill increase in Finland and elsewhere in Europe,” says Naski.What will tomorrow bring? Will landfills soon be a thingof the past as more and more cities learn better ways to burntheir waste and turn it into energy? If we can believe Naski andSundberg, the future of this field is quite bright.“In my view, the prospects for this field seem positive. Every-one is likely to want to utilise the waste in their big cities andturn it into energy,” Naski concludes.2121
    • For YIT Reding, the needs of future apartment own-ers, public opinion and caring for the immediatevicinity are all extremely important factors. As aresult, the new project was launched in consultationwith the neighbouring areas.Byty Villinki is a complex of four buildings with a total of 64apartments built over the garages. The architecture reflects thenaturally descending curve of the slope of Staré Grunty andforms an interesting vertically spread interspace of differentlevels of pavement, lawns, trees and greenery, exterior staircasesand playgrounds. The project includes commercial spaces andshould also be pleasing to young families in nearby areas, espe-cially since there is the option of a daycare centre, which is ingreat demand in Bratislava.Close to nature and big citiesThe complex of four low-rise apartments offers prospectiveresidents a beautiful view of the Austrian Danube and theKarloveská valley, the embrace of nature and nontraditionalarchitecture. With its close proximity to great cities like Vienna,Budapest and Prague, it is ideal for those who enjoy a cosmo-politan life yet want the privacy and serenity of living with atouch of nature. The project was designed by architect PeterMorav ík, and the general designer is PMArchitekti.“The project is located in an exceptional setting on steepterrain with panoramic views of the Karloveská valley andthe housing estates of Karlova Ves and Dlhé diely. The borderslope that is the interface between the new housing develop-ment and the original structure of family houses in the Líš ievalley is in a bio-corridor, in accordance with town planningand structuring which puts restrictions on buildings and is re-served as a green area," says Morav ík.The land that falls under the town’s restricted building areafully reflects the interplay with nature. The developer plans toregulate and modify the protected bio-corridor with an em-phasis on outdoor activities and enjoying nature. Areas will beNew housing is going up near Líščie údolie in the hills of Staré Grunty inBratislava in an intimate natural environment. Natural materials, an indoor sauna,a touch of nature and a simple and minimalistic style – that is the philosophybehind the building of YIT Reding apartments, which offers Slovaks living in thecountry’s capital the opportunity to experience the Finnish standard of living.FINNISH LIVINGIN SLOVAKIA– Byty VillinkiTEXTJANASAVOLTOVAPHOTOYITByty Villinki willcomprise 64apartments infour low blocks,built over thegarages.2222
    • set aside for various leisure activities, including barbecues andpicnics. One of the major benefits of the project, unlike otherprojects in the capital, is the underground parking facility withover 100 spaces for residents and visitors, which has the addedbenefit of getting cars off the street and preserving the beautifulsurroundings.Finnish standard of livingThe Finnish standard of living is reflected in both the exteriorsand interiors. The materials have been carefully selected withthe architects and reflect the deep Finnish value of drawinginspiration from nature.“Parallels with the renowned high quality of Finnish hous-ing are seen in the use of natural materials, for instance, thelight birch floors and uncoated silver-grey shade of the exteriorwood, and the saunas in some of the apartments. Finnishdesign is especially seen in the interface of the clean, neat andrational rectilinear architectural lines and the site’s natural po-tential," says Morav ík.All the apartments come with a spacious balconey with amovable shading system made of natural wood for multipur-pose use. Most of the apartments face southwest for maximumsun exposure.Finnish-Slovak developer YIT Reding started constructionof the project in October 2012 and sales of apartments are nowunderway. The apartments range in size from 58 m2to 145 m2with terraces of up to 72 m2. Unconventionally, each floor hasonly one to six apartments, offering residents the benefits of apeaceful, calm living environment and a friendly community.The framing for all the blocks should be finished in September2013, and the first of the new residents will be able to move intothe apartments in autumn 2014.All the apartmentscome equipped withspacious balconieswith a movableshading system.2323
    • 24NEWSYIThas been contracted tobuild technical maintenancebuildings for the Klaipedaharbour in Lithuania. The work is part of ajoint contract for Lemminkäinen and YIT forrenovation work at the container terminalat Klaipeda Port. The project will be fin-ished in 2014.“This project is very important for us.We are delighted that we can participatein developing an important port terminalfor Lithuania,” says Kestutis Vanagas,Managing Director at YIT Kausta.YIT Kausta, the Lithuanian subsidiary ofYIT Corporation, is responsible for YIT’spart in the consortium. The value of theproject is EUR 28 million. YIT’s share isover EUR 6 million.New MaintenanceBuildings atKlaipeda PortAstra Zenecaand YIT SwedentogetherYIT Sweden AB has signeda three-year agreementwith Astra Zeneca ABfor the operation and maintenance ofthe Astra Zeneca plants in Södertäljeand Mölndal.YITs services include administrativeand technical management, super-vision, maintenance and correctivemaintenance of properties and realestate and fire installations. The totalarea of the facilities is approximately350,000 square meters in Södertäljeand 220,000 sqm in Mölndal.Under the agreement 27 employeesfrom Astra Zeneca will be taken on byYIT Sweden AB. The contract startedin October 2012.YIThas startedconstructionwork on businesspremises followingthe Work & Trade concept in Koivuhaka,Vantaa, Finland. The new building, Work& Trade Avia, being built on propertyowned by Heinon Tukku, will be 4,500square metres in area and is scheduledfor completion in December of this year.Work & Trade is a business propertythat conforms to the new office conceptdeveloped by YIT. The concept offersB2B companies combined spaces withgood transport connections.Energy efficiency and the use ofrenewable energy has also beenA new Work & Tradeoffice concept in Vantaataken into consideration in planningthe property. The façade makes itpossible to place solar panels on theroof. The energy they produce canbe used, for example, for ventilationand lighting for the general premises.Energy consumption can be optimisedaccording to users’ needs, as eachbusiness, storage, exhibition or salespremises can be heated or cooled asseparate units.Work & Trade Avia offers combinedspaces for the service and buildingsectors. “Tools, a supplier of industrialequipment and components, forexample, will have its own pickupstorage in addition to their Finnishheadquarters on the premises,”explains Unit Head Tapio Salo fromYIT.2424
    • YITis involved in the ResponsibleSummer Job 2013 campaign,offering summer jobs to nearly1,000 young people. The summer employeeswill be hired for different jobs in production andadministration in construction, building systems,industry and corporate services in Finland.“We have cooperated with educational institu-tions in the field for a long time in order to provideyoung people with meaningful summer work andpractical experiences. We want to ensure theprofessional competence of those in our field alsoin the future,” states Timo Piili, who is responsi-ble for cooperation with educational institutions.YIT has participated in the Responsible Sum-mer Job campaign for the past two years andhas twice won the series for large corporations.The campaign is now being organised for thethird time.“Orientation, guidance and work safety are theprimary issues when young people start work-ing at YIT construction sites. We have trainedover 50 coaches in the past year to guide youngsummer employees during their internships. Thesuccess of the campaign, based on feedbackfrom summer employees, speaks volumes aboutthe positive attitude of our crew,” says Pii Raulo,Senior Vice President of Human Resources atYIT.The Responsible Summer Job campaign isorganised by the Finnish Children and YouthFoundation.Work for onethousand youngpeopleA hundred Good Deeds tohonour YIT’s centennial yearLast year, we promised to per-form one hundred Good Deedsaround Finland in honour of ourcentennial anniversary. The results weresplendid. The Good Deeds campaignreceived more than 300 applications!Entries that got the most likes onFacebook have already been carriedout or soon will be. YIT personnelparticipated in the charity event withcontributions of their own work andother donations for the campaign.One of the hundred campaign siteswas the Järvenpää Training Centre forthe Finnish Association for People withPhysical Disabilities (Invalidiliitto). Atthis special needs vocational trainingcentre, students prepare for workand an independent life. The schoolacquired old army ammunition boxeswhich the students together restoredand then sold. The proceeds wereused for the spring study trip.YIT donated paint, wood stains,varnish, brushes, sandpaper andother supplies and instructed thestudents on how to use them.Teacher Suvi Kumpulainen andManager Eero Puuppo, as well as SiteManager Jari Heinonen, guided thestudents as they restored the boxes.eKoti Hájek, a residential project of YIT Stavo in Prague, TheCzech Republic, is the winner of the prestigious architecturalcompetition Best of Realty 2012. Koti Hajek won the prize bya vote of readers and a public audience in the category of Residen-tial projects over 34 other projects entered in the competition.Koti Hájek is designed to be maximally environmentally-friendlyand to give residents economic advantages. This is accomplished byproviding quality insulation and especially by the 21 solar collectorslocated on the building’s green roof. Solar collectors considerablylower the expenses for hot water heating.There are a total of 31 flats of one- to four-rooms, each with akitchenette. The flats come with high quality, standard wooden floorswith a wide choice of individual modifications. Eight flats have asauna in the Finnish tradition. Each of the two- to four-room flats hasa balcony or a yard.Victorious Koti Hájekproject in Prague2525
    • 26NEWS26YIT won the regional occu-pational safety competi-tion 2012 for Satakuntaand Eastern Finland.YIT has won the Satakunta regionoccupational safety competition fortwo successive years. Asunto Oy PorinKommodoris construction site came injoint first place. The company is build-ing in the centre of Pori in the Riihiketoneighbourhood. The site is a largeregional construction project of 119residences.YIT has also won the occupationalsafety competition in Eastern Finland sixtimes—nearly every year since the com-petition was first held. Honorary men-tion went to YIT As Oy Kuopion Veturi.It was the only site to get 100 per centin both TR measurements and safetymanagement level measurements.Long-term success in regional andnational occupational safety competi-tions is a demonstration of the excel-lence of occupational safety at YIT.YIT has also competed success-fully in the national occupational safetycompetition “Turvallisuus alkaa minusta”(“Safety starts with me”). In 2012, threeof the five finalists were YIT sites. Theyall received an honourable mention.Success inoccupational safetycompetitionsMaintenance costs forpublic buildings could bereduced by up to EUR 100million annually, accordingto a report conducted by YIT.YIT calculates that a minimum of 9per cent in savings can be made inall public buildings using a remotelyoperated property control room andby regulated inspection of the buildingsystems processes. The potential forsavings could increase to 11–12 percent if further investments were alsomade, under a repayment schedule ofless than three years.Some of the real estate owned bythe government and municipalities,schools and educational facilities, forexample, are vacant nearly 70 percent of the year. According to asurvey conducted by the Cityof Helsinki Public WorksDepartment last year, half of theelectricity consumption in the buildingsis generated when the buildings are notin use for teaching or in the evenings.It is possible to achieve an annualsavings of 9 per cent without makingany investments. The entire educationalbuilding stock would generate someEUR 440,000 in savings each year inHelsinki alone.Energy saving projects have beenintroduced in the past few years inTurku, Kuopio, Jyväskylä and Akaa.This year, YIT will carry out an energy-saving project in nine properties inthe municipality of Siilinjärvi. WithYIT’s ESCO project, Siilinjärvi aimsfor significant savings in electricityconsumption and heating and hopes toreduce carbon dioxide emissions by asmuch as 450 tonnes per year.The purpose of the survey, publishedin April, was to map out the possibilitiesfor improving energy efficiency thatwould be easy to implement.Potential for a savingsof EUR 100 million2626
    • MIKALASTIKKAcalls to the appropriate department.“Instead of just forwarding phonecalls, we wanted the service to put thecustomer and production in contactwith each other. The information wouldgo directly to the work site so theycould make the needed changes asquickly as possible,” says Lastikka.Customer service also passes theinformation on to thecustomer; for example,letting them know thelocation of the snowploughs. This also actsas a buffer for the sitemanagement. In Janu-ary to February of thisyear, PANU transferred1,500 calls from Lahtiresidents.PANU RAISES THEOVERALL QUALITYOF OPERATIONS. The centralisedcustomer service collects all feedback.The responsible municipal authorities inLahti then get a report on how well theservice is functioning in different areas.“As the commissioning party, wecan then find out how to focus ourown limited surveillance resources.Production gets information on possibleshortcomings and can then betterdevelop the service,” explains Lastikka.As the commissioner of the service,Lahti’s municipal technology andmaintenance department hasSince December 2012, cus-tomer service for road clear-ing and maintenance in theCity of Lahti area has beenconsolidated into one service andone number, where all enquiries andfeedback are taken around the clockthen forwarded to the appropriate de-partment or person. The service alsokeeps contractors abreast of the latestinformation and timeliest road conditionforecasts, which gets the snow ploughsmoving when they are needed.YIT is responsible for this importantservice.SERVICE AND CUSTOMER TO-GETHER. In many cities and municipal-ities, street and road maintenance hasbeen outsourced to one or even severalcontractors who are responsible forclearing snow and spreading sand, forexample. YIT’s infrastructure services,Destia and Lahden Seudun Kuntatek-niikka Oy, are currently responsible forthe contracts in five areas in the City ofLahti.The experience with PANU since thebeginning of the year has been excel-lent.“Information reaches the right peo-ple who can then focus on the workneeded to be done instead of answer-ing the phones,” says Mika Lastikka,Construction Manager for MunicipalTechnology in Lahti.Lahti has earlier used a centralisedservice centre that forwarded customerPANU at your serviceexpressed their overall satisfactionwith the service, as have the serviceproducers who are responsible for areacontracts.He also points out that the financialvalue of the PANU Service is incalcula-ble because even a city the size of Lahticannot create and maintain such alarge and complicated system by itself.He says, “The resources of the citywould not be sufficient for a 24/7service in the hard winter season.Customer satisfaction can, however,be a good measure of a good andsuccessful service. PANU has createdthat in abundance.”NEW IDEAS. YIT knew precisely whata good service centre should entail.“There should be a single servicenumber with real professionals inmunicipal technology receiving calls.Those working with infrastructuremust be in control of it. An automatedanswering machine is not sufficient. Ifthe caller wishes, he or she will be keptupdated on how the clearing work isproceeding, for example. This is whythe service centre must have the latestinformation on infrastructure and thewhereabouts of the vehicles as well asforecasts of the situationon the roads and thelatest weather forecasts,"says Timo Paavilainen,Unit Head from YITInfrastructure Servicesfor Southern and EasternFinland.YIT’s Service CentrePANU was established inspring 2012 and beganoperations at the begin-ning of September. Thecentre, located in Vantaa’sVapaala area, currently has ten employ-ees. The PANU Service Centre is usedfor customer service in the area of YIT’sown municipal contracts. Currently,Lahti is the biggest client. The servicecan be tailored to the needs of the cus-tomer. Expanding the service to sum-mer maintenance work is already underdiscussion with the City of Lahti.Constructed infrastructure hasa central role in our everydaylives. It has to function 24/7 inall kinds of weather and differentconditions.2727
    • Acquiring residential properties in Moscow is becoming increasingly difficult due to diminishingsupply. The search is on now for new residential areas in the environs of the Russian capital.The housing market in the area is the most rapidly developing in the country. The naturalenvironment and constantly improving transportation connections and services give the areaa competitive edge. YIT taking advantage the appeal of the area in its own area developmentsites in as many as ten different cities in the Moscow Region.TEXT OKSANA RASSOKHINA PHOTOS YIT ARCHIVERegional developmentsites attract people to thesurroundings of Moscow2828
    • New. The Prozorovs-koye-Golitsyno resi-dential area representsa new kind of thinkingin Russia. The housingarea was designed byarchitectural firm JukkaTikkanen, and the arearepresents a Europeanlifestyle in the heart ofa Russian village.Overall development of residential areasis a growing trend in the market fornew residences in the Moscow Region.More than 70 per cent of new housingsites in the Moscow Region are areadevelopment sites. In these large-scalearea development projects the developerdesigns and implements spaces for municipal and businessservices, in addition to residences. Daycare facilities, schools,shops, banks and healthcare centres in the area will beplanned at the same time.In Russia, the outdated infrastructure for municipal tech-nology and the lack of connections pose challenges for theprojects. The developer is responsible for financing the con-struction and maintenance of these connections.“New water, electricity, sewage and district heating connec-tions must be constructed according to the technical termsset by the authorities. The terms often include reservationsfor future building stock, which in part raises the investmentcosts. In Russia, it is not unusual for some new housing blocksto have no water or district heating connections. One of YIT’scompetitive advantages is its reliability as a foreign regionaldeveloper who keeps its promises and finishes building thesites down to the infra,” says Juha Rissanen, Area Manager forthe Moscow Region Business Group.There are also minimum legal requirements for the num-ber of schools, daycare centres and other municipal servicesbased on the population in the area. In addition to statutoryservices, the areas are designed as functional living environ-ments for residents with playgrounds, sports fields, green areasand car parks.From the resident’s point of view, the area development sitehas many benefits when the entire area has been designed ina holistic manner. Residents will get an advance idea of whatthe buildings surrounding their apartments will look like andwhat kinds of services and leisure areas the neighbourhoodhas to offer. Apartment buyers have the possibility to see whatthe large selection of housing in the area is and before choos-ing the most suitable option from different floor plans, prices,payment terms and building periods before they buy. Thebiggest advantage for residents is the functional infrastructureand comprehensive daily services.“For developers, comprehensive development projects arebeneficial in terms of risks and costs. It is possible to regulatethe profitability of the project by adjusting the number ofresidences. In terms of the continuity of business, it is possible2929
    • On the right.Laplandiya buildingin the Finskiy housingblock was designedby architectural firmJukka Tikkanen.Below. Space has beenreserved for sportactivities in the heartof the Prozorovskoye-Golitsyno area. Thetennis court in the areais for residents only.Above. The safety of the new housingareas is an important issue. For example,the Prozorovskoye-Golitsyno area has itsown access control system.On the left. YIT Moskovia is building aresidential area called Finskiy in the city ofShcholkovo with over 2,500 residences.3030
    • There are over seven millioninhabitants in the Moscow RegionThe surface area is approximately 44,000 square kilometres.There are 77 cities in the Moscow Region, 19 of which havemore than 100,000 inhabitants.YIT has area development projects in eight cities in theMoscow Region as well as in the residential centres outsidethe cities.YIT’s area projects cover on average 70,000–170,000square metres to be sold, i.e. approximately 1,200–3,100apartments and business premises.The area projects are 6–14 hectares in surface area.A part of the area projects are redevelopment projects inwhich old residential buildings are demolished and theresidents are offered new housing elsewhere.to influence it by adjusting the volume of new housingdepending on the market situation and sales development,”says Rissanen. He adds that, on the other hand, the challengeis uncertainty about the number of customers and slowersales. Having to develop the infrastructure for the site in thefirst building phases can be a significant factor in slowingdown sales. As the area develops and the housing is finished,general interest in the area starts to grow, and this has apositive effect on the development of infrastructure. Areadevelopment projects require significant investments on thepart of the developer long into the future.YIT Moskovia is in the TOP 10 list of developersYIT Moskovia, a subsidiary of the YIT Group, has operatedin the Moscow Region for over ten years. YIT Moskovia haslarge-scale development projects in seven cities – Balashikha,Zhukovsky, Shcholkovo, Elektrostal, Ramenskoye, Pushkinoand Lytkarino – as well as residential projects being built out-side the cities. At the same time, YIT Moskovia is constantlyexpanding its operations to new cities. The local Expert maga-zine listed the company as one of the top ten biggest develop-ers in the area.YIT Moskovia is building a microdistrict in the city ofShcholkovo – the site has been named Finskiy (“Finnish”).The Finskiy residential area has successfully combinedbuilding high quality apartments and infrastructure withplanning services. Ten 14–22-storey apartment buildings willbe constructed in the 13.5-hectare area. The lower floors ofthe buildings are designed as business and office premises.The area is planned for approximately 5,300 residents, andthe total area of the residential spaces is nearly 200,000square metres. Daily services are close by: a daycare centre,shopping and entertainment centres, as well as a hospital,chemist’s, cleaners and post office. Spaces for individual shopswill be built in the same block. The project also includes fiveunderground parking garages. The plan involves green areasas well as playgrounds and sports fields.Four of the apartment buildings in the Finskiy block arealready finished. They have a total of 1,000 apartments aswell as business premises for shops and services. One of thehouses in the block is called Laplandiya. It was designedby Finnish architectural firm Jukka Tikkanen. All of theapartments in Laplandiya are sold with semi-finished surfaces.The residents can do surface renovations according to theirown preferences. The other buildings planning is the Europeanmodel and the traditional more common in Russia withsemi-finished surfaces, where the surfaces in the rooms havenot been finished at all as well as completely finished turnkeyapartments. The fifth house in this microdistrict is currentlybeing built, and the daycare centre is due to be finished insummer 2013.Left. The residentialarea of Prozorovskoye-Golitsyno has alsoinvested in thewellbeing of children.Right.The Prozorovskoye-Golitsyno block wasawarded the nationalHousing ConstructionAward in the newregional propertiescategory.3131
    • In Russia, the idea of living outsideof the metropolitan areas in a quietvillage is associated with ecologi-cal living, comfort and safety. YITapplies the concept of comprehen-sive development also to its residentialsites in the Moscow Region. In theseareas, the comforts of urban living areextended beyond the city limits. TheProzorovskoye-Golitsyno residentialarea, built by YIT Moskovia, combinesthe best of urban and suburban living.The Prozorovskoye-Golitsyno resi-dential block, 41 hectares in surfacearea, is located in the village of Kratovo,23 kilometres from Moscow. The area isa beautiful, historical and rural villagewith coniferous forests and ponds, andthe air is crisp and fresh.Kratovo is excellently located, givingresidents easy access to services and in-frastructure of nearby cities. The projecthas paid particular attention to buildingits own infrastructure for the village.Prozorovskoye-Golitsyno:A new kind ofresidential areaconcept ina village settingSpaces for business and office premisesoffering diverse services, as well as a day-care centre and elementary school, havebeen planned for the Prozorovskoye-Golitsyno area. A sports field with agrandstand has also been planned.EUROPEAN QUALITY STANDARDS.The Prozorovskoye-Golitsyno blockhas been built according to Europeanquality standards. The site offers some-thing architecturally new – its Scan-dinavian design distinguishes it fromother buildings in the Moscow Region.The residential block has been designedby architectural firm Jukka Tikkanen,which has brought a European lifestyleto a Russian village. There will be a totalof 375 residences built in the area. Buy-ers may choose their homes from a wideselection of semi-detached and detachedhouses. The YIT Moskovia real estatemanagement and maintenance companyis responsible for the real estate main-tenance. Prozorovskoye-Golitsyno willalso have its own technical infrastructure.The village has a water supply centre withwells, its own water treatment facilitiesand communication networks. The safetyof residents has been a particular issueso the area has its own access securitycontrol system. The residential block wasawarded the national Housing Con-struction Award in the category of newregional properties in 2012. In addition,the Prozorovskoye-Golitsyno won thePro Realty 2011 Award in the category ofBest Cottage Village Area. The awards re-flect customers’ trust and the high qualityservices.In the first phase of the project tenterraced houses have been built with 89residences that are 130–160 square metresin size. A duplex was built and more areplanned. The houses are surrounded bygreen areas, a playground, recreationalpark, tennis court and a covered area forgatherings.Its own infrastructure.Particular attentionhas been paidto creating aninfrastructureof its own in theProzorovskoye-Golitsyno area.In addition tocomfortable housing,the area offers adiversity of services.3232
    • TEXT ILONA KLEIN GULLBERG PHOTO YIT ARCHIVEThe project began in 2007 when Ludvika signed anagreement for EPC projects, Energy PerformanceContracting, with YIT Sverige AB. YIT engineersidentified potential savings opportunities in the initialinvestigation and monitoring phase. The projectwas conducted in two stages with a total investment of some100 million SEK. The properties will be monitored and analyzedover an eight-year period.THE INVESTMENT IS FINANCED BY ENERGY SAVINGS.Since many of the Citys facilities are old, they are, by today’sstandards, energy thieves, resulting in higher electricity pricesand causing environmental concerns to the municipalityand from abroad. The municipalitys own investments in thisenergy efficiency project will be financed by the energy savingsaccrued. The goal now is to modernise the buildings and createa cost-effective and environmentally-friendly operation for manyyears to come."If we had not made these investments, our operating costswould have been about 7.2 million SEK higher than they aretoday. The millions we invest will be repaid through energy andoperational savings, which means the costs will not come fromother areas of the city’s budget, such as, schools and healthcare," says Stefan Andersson, technical director of the mu-nicipalitys real estate company.Energy efficiency will be achieved, for example, by chang-ing the ventilation system with recycling and presence control,converting the heating system, adding extra insulation to atticsand staff training. The result should be a good indoor climate,improved reliability and reduced operating costs."Another thing that makes the deal so safe for us is that YITstand as a guarantor of the calculated energy savings," StefanAndersson adds.The total investment has been financed through external loansand will be funded by the savings the project generates.Rising energy costs and a tight operating budget was a difficult equationfor the City of Ludvika in Sweden. The municipality had confidencein YIT and together they took a holistic approach to reducing energyconsumption with a result of millions in savings.ENERGY EFFICIENCYSAVES MILLIONS"In addition to the energy savings, Ludvika aims to im-prove the indoor climate, refine the skills of the operatingpersonnel and to create better operational monitoring. Inaddition, there is the added bonus of the environmental ben-efits achieved," says Birgitta Parling-Andersson, ProjectCoordinator of the municipalitys real estate company."The project could also contribute to compliance withnational and local environmental objectives, such as, carbonreduction, and several old oil boilers could be replaced."EPC – A PROFIT MACHINE THAT COULD SAVE BIL-LIONS. EPC means that a contractor is hired to improve theenergy efficiency of a property holding and the guaranteedsavings are used to pay for the capital investment needed toimplement the changes."The idea behind what we call the EPC projects is tocreate opportunities for customers themselves to financepart of the maintenance. YIT, as a supplier, guaranteedLudvika an energy savings of 22 per cent. If the savingsfall below that, YIT will make up the difference, and if itgoes over that amount, YIT and the City of Ludvika will splitthe profits. This creates an incentive for both of us," saysAnders Fagerkrantz, Business Area Manager for Energi &Miljö at YIT Sverige AB.Anders points out that there is great potential formunicipalities to conserve energy. By working with energy-efficiency models, such as, EPC, public property ownerscan save up to 7 to 8 billion SEK per year, according toa study commissioned by SKL, Sveriges Kommuner ochLandsting, an organization for all Swedish municipalities andcounty councils.YIT has extensive experience in energy efficiency projectsand have similar assignments in Västerbotten County Coun-cil, Mora Municipality and Mora Strand, Torsby Municipalityand Kalmar Municipality.33
    • 3434TEXT PIRJO KUPILA PHOTOS YIT ARCHIVEMORE THAN ONETHOUSAND PROPERTIESUNDER MAINTENANCEIN RUSSIAYIT is one of the first companies to create and offer realestate maintenance services in Russia that meet Westernstandards. At the end of 2012 YIT hit a milestone – onethousand maintained properties in Russia.
    • 3535The employees of the service depart-ment in Moscow celebrated this sig-nificant achievement in the traditionalRussian-Finnish way – in a sauna.“In real estate maintenance serviceswe can’t celebrate too much because most ofus have to be ready to hit the road at any time,”says Services Director of YIT Elmek VyacheslavKarpovich from YIT’s subsidiary company Elmek,laughing.The milestone of one thousand maintainedproperties was reached in December 2012 whenBritish Petroleum (BP) signed a service contractwith YIT to provide 166 gas stations in Moscowwith fire alarm and extinguishing systems. Moreo-ver, the contract includes video control of 80 gasstations for trucks in Saint-Petersburg.BP, which was recently bought by Rosneft, dida complete audit of YIT Elmek before signing thecontract, even before giving a tender.“We have great experience in doing businesswith Rosneft, Statoil and Neste. BP was convincedof our competence due to our strong market posi-tion, trained personnel, certification marks andequipment,” says Karpovich.Improving energy efficiencyKlaus Laakso, Managing Director of Kesko RealEstate in Russia, says that there are only a fewservice providers of building systems in Russia,which is why the prices are high. “In comparisonto Finland, in Russia you have to pay double theprice for professional real estate maintenance,” hesays.Russian real estate owners are under pressurebecause of the constant rise in energy prices, inaddition to the problems of weak infrastructureand bureaucracy. According to Laakso, pricesfor electricity and heating increase in Russia by10 percent each year, and now they have reachedFinnish levels. So, Russia should take seriousenergy-saving measures.
    • 3636Laakso explains, “First of all, savingenergy requires a significant change inthe Russian people’s attitude, as well asin the attitude of our own sales staff. Butat the same time, it offers a new marketplatform for real estate maintenancecompanies, which should help the own-ers improve energy efficiency.”Kesko owns the majority of its sites inRussia because of the problem in findingreliable landlords. Besides Moscow andSaint-Petersburg Kesko has real estatein Kaluga, Tula and Yaroslavl. In addi-tion to real estate maintenance, Keskocooperates with YIT in building systemsprojects. YIT Elmek is the HVAC andelectricity contractor for the new hard-ware store being built in Moscow. YITPeter provided Kesko’s first food store(K-Ruoka), opened in Saint-Petersburgat the end of the last year, with theHVAC services.According to Laakso, in the next fewyears Kesko’s construction will focus onSaint-Petersburg. The main target is toopen ten more food stores by 2017.Large network of business sitesThe German giant in consumerelectronics, Media-Saturn Russia,has 47 stores in 23 cities in Russia.The company operates only on leasedpremises in Russia. A few years agoMedia-Saturn Russia signed the realestate maintenance contract withYIT. “We have high requirements forthe quality of all goods and servicesuppliers during the trial period. YITstarted providing services for only afew of our stores and now it maintainsnearly half of them,” says Head of theFacilitiesMaintenance Department EugenyPavlitskiy, Media-Saturn Russia. Hebelieves that one of YIT’s greateststrengths is having a large number ofbusiness sites, because it is difficult tofind service providers who meet Westernstandards outside of Russia. Based onthe positive experiences, Media-SaturnRussia started to cooperate with YITin handling the installation of buildingsystems in their stores.“Building systems are the barestnecessity for us. Any disruption directlyaffects the operations of our stores andbusiness as a whole,” states Pavlitskiy.Maintenance acrossthe country with the strengthof two companiesTwo Russian YIT subsidiaries offerbuilding system services. BesidesMoscow, YIT Elmek is also responsiblefor clients and sites in the other parts ofRussia.YIT Elmek has around 280employees, while YIT Peter in Saint-Petersburg has 400 employees who areresponsible for building system services.Last year the two companies’ turnoverin Russia reached EUR 32 million,comprising real estate maintenance andbuilding systems contracts. In the pastfew years there was a significant rise inmaintenance.Seppo Hakala who is responsiblefor YIT building services businessoperations in Russia assumed that YITis one of the largest service providers ofproperty maintenance in Russia.“Our greatest competitors are thereal estate owners of maintenanceorganisations,” he says.During the past four to five yearsthe demand for maintenance serviceshas increased as Russian landlordsstarted to outsource the services. Therestaurant chain Rosinter and Saint-Petersburg’s passengers port are bothYIT clients, for example. However, themajority of YIT’s clients in Russia areWestern industrial companies, retail andrestaurant chains. The largest are IKEA,with over one million square metres,and McDonald’s, with more than 200restaurants.YIT’s own housing construction inRussia is the main client in buildingsystem installations. YIT has no localclients in public administration inRussia.YIT’S BUILDING SYSTEMSSERVICES IN RUSSIATwo subsidiaries: YIT Peter inSaint-Petersburg and YIT Elmek inMoscowBuilding systems contracting andreal estate repair and maintenance.In Saint-Petersburg, services includefacility management.The companies employ altogether700 people.They operate in 40 municipalitiesstretching to Novosibirsk in Siberia.Most of the clients are Westerncompanies operating in Russia.More than one thousand businessand industrial properties maintained.One third of them are outsideMoscow and Saint-Petersburg.The biggest client in building systemsinstallations is YIT’s own housingdevelopment in Russia.An office will be opened inYekaterinburg this spring.
    • 3737ENVIRONMENTAL ARTIN THE NEW CENTREOF TIKKURILATEXT EIJA SANDBERG PHOTOS JONI NUUTINENRenewal of the centre of Tikkurilais a significant project for theART4 group of artists (JaanaBrinck, Riikka Latva-Somppi,Merja Ranki, Outi Turpeinen).The logo of the artist group wasdesigned by Dog Design.
    • 38Vantaa Art Museum wastasked by the City ofVantaa to select artistsfor the public art work inthe centre of Tikkurila,which is currently being renewed. Theartists chosen were Jaana Brinck, RiikkaLatva-Somppi, Merja Ranki and OutiTurpeinen. These female artists havebeen creating art together for over twodecades.The theme for the artwork in Tikkurilais the 1950s and the feeling of home.In planning the theme, Vantaa’s localhistory, respect for the setting and thespirit of the 1950s have been taken intoconsideration. The common messagesthat the group of artists wish to expressis wellbeing, Vantaa as a new home,finding one’s place, a meeting place,stories, life and a sense of community.Joint effortThe town centre of Tikkurila has beenconstructed according to landscapearchitect Gretel Hemgård’s general plan.According to the artists, the best thingabout this project is that art has beeninvolved from the first planning phases.The credit for this, they say, goes toChief Curator Anne Kaarna at the Cityof Vantaa. The artists’ solutions wereconsidered in the early planning of thestructures, with their comments beingtaken into account in structures andcolours.The artists have worked in cooperationwith the City of Vantaa, GretelHemgård, Rakla, VALOA design Oy,YIT, FCG, Metaljee Oy, Bee2 imageprocessing company and FormaFutura.Art for the new centreArtworks will be displayed in severallocations in the new centre of Tikkurila.The Tikkuparkki parking garage willdisplay Merja Ranki’s piece called Juurija juuri (RootsRoots). Latva-Somppi’sart letter P has a light theme and will beinstalled this year.Brinck’s piece is called Aavalla (TheHigh Seas) and will be ready this autumnwhen it will be placed in the parkinggarage entrance of the Tikkurila Squareapartment building. The northern en-trance to the Tikkuparkki garage willfeature a piece called Rangalla (TheBackbone), which is made of digitalprint on glass and bronze.Latva-Somppi’s Kotiseutu (Homeland)will be placed on the head tile of thepaved area of Tikkurila market squareduring 2013–2014. The water mirrorin front of the City Hall will displaya joint work by Ranki and Turpeinencalled Apaja (The Catch), and the sculp-tures that go with it will be finished in2013–2014.A comprehensive visionIn a long-term project, the artists mustbe capable of cooperation with designersin other fields as well have the ability tocoordinate production. The artists havethe overall responsibility for the project,and they must have a comprehensivevision of what the whole large area willlook like when it is finished in severalyears time.The group of artists emphasise thatin addition to artistic vision, they havestrong material competence, which isa plus when working in public art. Agood team spirit, the will to commit to aproject that will last several years and thecourage to face new challenges are alsoimportant factors.The artwork for a large project mustbe thought-provoking. Also, when creat-ing the different pieces, the artists mustremember the overall idea for the areaand the consistent art theme. They mustalso make sure that the pieces are dura-ble, user-friendly and strive to minimisevandalism.What is environmental art?Environmental art has a strong interac-tion with its location. Public art shouldbe a part of the constructed environment.For the artists, with public art projects,the artist can process the differentThe aim is toheighten theresidents’experience of theirown neighbourhood.Turpeinen’s piece Matkalla kotiin(On the Way Home) has alreadybeen installed on the glass railingof the parking garage ramp.
    • 3939experiences and values related to theplace. The artists can also make the placemore pleasant for the residents with theirart. The aim is to heighten the residents’experience of their own neighbourhood,reinforcing the experience of the publicspace as one’s “own”.The artists have aimed to create theirart for the centre of Tikkurila in a resi-dent-based manner.With great enthusiasm, the artistsexplain that the project is an amazingopportunity for renewal in Tikkurila andan opportunity to work on the new areain cooperation with other actors. Givingspace for creative activity and under-standing the significance of culture hasmade a great difference for the artists.They hope that this example will encour-age other municipalities to renew theircity planning.The importance of cooperationThe large number of cooperation part-ners in the project may be a challenge forthe planning work. In addition, outlin-ing the areas of responsibility for all theactors takes some time. The slow paceof communication and decision-makingschedules can cause unnecessary pressurein terms of scheduling. However, wheneveryone has the will to work together tofind a solution, it all goes well.The requirements of the constructorand the client are related to buildingpractices, schedules and building codes.The issues of usability of the materialsand techniques for the art work, such as,durability and winter maintenance, mustalso be considered.Community artVantaa is a city in which migration hasbeen very strong. The starting point forthe artists has been a strong desire toproduce a sense of community in the cityspace and take into account the humanscale in public planning. The artists hopethat they can strengthen the local identityof the residents of Vantaa with their art.All the artists hope that the changesand plans aim for better structuring ofthe city space. The common space willthen be outlined as different wholes,squares and tight spaces, and their orderwill bring clarity to moving and experi-encing the space.Outi Turpeinen states that the ideabehind the glass railing was movement inthe 1950s. Outi hopes that the work of artstirs up some ideas about the interactionbetween the past and the present. Inaddition to Turpeinen’s own pictures,the piece includes pictures from theVantaa City Museum collections and theMuseum of South Karelia. When lookingat it from further away, one can see alarger visual theme. When approachingthe picture and looking at it up close, youcan see the special grids that are differentin all six pictures.Jaana Brinck hopes that the works ofart make people stop and wonder whilegoing about their daily business.“We hope they will evoke emotionalexperiences, especially in children.Children do not use parking entranceswhich usually are quite bleak. Indeed,special attention has been paid to theparking garage entrances, and they havebeen made significant.”Merja Ranki’s piece Tarinapuu (StoryTree) refers to Finnish author SakariTopelius’ familiar story The Birch and theStar, the tree in the backyard and themeaning of home. She hopes that thepiece will become a gathering place inthe manner of the sacred village tree inAfrica. The ornamental theme for thetree made of steel is a print design withapple pickers, which was manufacturedby Tikkurilan Silkki textile company inthe 1950s. The topic also refers to com-munity. The artwork extends to bothfloors of the parking facility where onecan see the roots of the tree.Riikka Latva-Somppi explains thatshe quotes texts written by HomelandCounsellor Lauri Leppänen from Van-taa regarding nature in Vantaa.“For some, these writings canevoke memories, for others they canraise questions, perhaps insights intohow quickly Vantaa has changed.There are sentences written indifferent languages, which refer tothe multicultural character of thecity. Perhaps the piece also awakensthoughts on how nature is pushed outof the urban space and construction,”says Latva-Somppi.Moreinformationwww.yitgroup.com/tikkurilaMerja Ranki’s six-metre high steelsculpture Tarinapuu(Story Tree) risesat the end ofthe garage nearTikkurila Squarepark. Its roots canbe seen in theform of a muralcalled Juuri ja juuri(RootsRoots) insideTikkuparkki.