Gift of the nile ch

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Gift of the nile ch

  1. 1. Gift of the Nile <ul><li>Geography of Ancient Egypt </li></ul>
  2. 2. Nile River <ul><li>Longest River (begins near the equator, and flows to the Mediterranean Sea) </li></ul><ul><li>Southern part of the Nile has cataracts (or waterfalls) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nile Delta <ul><li>The Nile flows North </li></ul><ul><li>Upper and Lower Nile </li></ul><ul><li>Delta is the fertile land at the river’s mouth where the Nile dumps into the sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Floods every summer left silt. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Red Land, Black Land <ul><li>Black land refers to the fertile soil near the Nile. </li></ul><ul><li>Red land is the desert away from the Nile’s floodplain </li></ul>
  5. 5. Can you find the difference in my picture between the fertile land and the desert surrounding it?
  6. 6. <ul><li>Regular flooding (look for the ibises) </li></ul><ul><li>Farming Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dug irrigation canals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shaduf spread the water over the field </li></ul></ul>Agricultural Techniques
  7. 7. <ul><li>Egyptian Crops: first to ground wheat into flour and make bread </li></ul><ul><li>Wove flax to make linen </li></ul><ul><li>Houses of mud and straw...difference between rich and poor. Poor people hung out on the roof; they even slept outside. </li></ul><ul><li>Climate: 8 mo. sunny/hot, 4 mo. sunny/cooler </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Copper was used for tools (6000 BC), later needed to use iron for stronger weapons </li></ul><ul><li>gold mined (in Nubia) and minerals (in Sinai) </li></ul><ul><li>Mined precious stones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>turquoise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lapis lazuli </li></ul></ul>Mining
  9. 10. Use of the Nile <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Silt (deposited after the floods) </li></ul><ul><li>Travel for bartering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel north by the current </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel south by the wind </li></ul></ul>

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