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LECTURE ON COMMUNITY LED TOTAL SANITATION: …

LECTURE ON COMMUNITY LED TOTAL SANITATION:
TRAINING METHODOLOGIES, TOOLS AND PROCESSES. SUPERVISING THE CLASS INTO GIVING A SUCCESSFUL CLTS CLASS SEMINAR AS PRACTICE FOR A REAL FIELD TRIGGERING

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  • It can provide the basis for later networking and functional linkages, for example through trainers working together and through interchange of naturalleaders who emerge at the community level.

Transcript

  • 1. COMMUNITY LED TOTAL SANITATION: TRAINING METHODOLOGIES, TOOLS AND PROCESSES
  • 2. TEST  Write a 2-paragraphed report on what the biogas seminar was about (be careful to include the impact it had, peculiarly to you)
  • 3. QUICK RECAP  “Defecation area transect” “Triggering moment” “Community presentation” “ODF declaration and celebration” “Advance information to participants and resource persons”
  • 4. SPONSORING ORGANIZATIONS  It is a good idea to encourage a consortium of likeminded organisations to sponsor training, and to send participants. This helps to create a spirit of collaboration and mutual support and so multiplies the impact of the training.
  • 5. Examples of sponsoring organizations  Water Resources; Federal Federal level: Federal Ministry of Ministry of Environment; Federal Ministry of Health; Federal Ministry of Education; Federal Ministry of Women Affairs; National Orientation Agency, NGOs etc. State Level: Ministry of Water Resources; Ministry of Environment; Ministry of Health; Ministry of Education; Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Agencies; State Environmental Protection Agencies; NGOs etc. LGA Level: PHC Department; WASH Unit/Department; Works Department; Environmental Dept. etc. Community Level: WASHCOMs; CDAs; CBOs etc.
  • 6. Timing of workshop and activities  Plan workshops at times convenient for communities. Avoid critical peak periods like sowing, weeding and harvesting, and lean seasons. Arrange triggering for days and times of the day that will be convenient for communities. Avoid market days and festivals
  • 7. Selection of participants  The following points may be kept in mind. Try to ensure that: A good proportion are young and energetic Some or most have Participatory Rural Appraisal [PRA] experience There is a good gender balance
  • 8. …  Most participants can speak the local language in/of the communities In training of trainers, those who are trained by profession should be open to experiential learning and not fixated on classroom teaching In training of trainers, there are no more than 20-25 participants [except in special cases where a good number, 3 or 4, of trained and experienced facilitators are available to work with the lead trainer]
  • 9. TRAINING OF TRAINERS to be full time on CLTS? Are they going to be able Is there a provision for this? Is there a danger that they will be reassigned or posted to a post unconnected with CLTS? Are they coming with genuine interest in the approach or merely to obtain another certificate? Are they being sent against their wishes? For trainers of trainers, do they have 5-10 years of “hands on” experience of participatory working with communities?
  • 10. …  have a proven record For trainers of trainer, do they of successfully empowering communities towards initiating collective local actions? Are they experienced with the skills, attitudes and behavior of good participatory practice, and are they familiar with PRA tools? Most importantly, are they flexible, friendly, jovial and full of jokes and humour? Do they have a natural rapport with people? Do they mix well? Are they the sort of people who enjoy singing, dancing and fun?
  • 11. Selection and preparation of communities  The villages should:  be conveniently close to the workshop venue  practice open defecation  be as filthy and dirty as possible  preferably not have a history of an earlier hardware subsidy programme  not be too large (ideally between 30 and 100 households)  be where local organisations will be well placed to follow up.
  • 12. 6 principles on CLTS  Community self-help action Hands-off triggering Facilitation, not teaching No standard designs Poorer and weaker people are helped by others No individual household hardware subsidy (IHHS).
  • 13. PRACTICALS
  • 14. INTRODUCTION  PLAY “CLTS- BING VIDEOS” DURATION: 10 MINUTES, 09 SECONDS
  • 15. CONTENT  AFFIX YOURSELVES INTO FOUR (4) GROUPS DURATION:5 MINUTES
  • 16. INSTRUCTIONS   AFTER THE BRIEFING PROCESS, YOU WILL BE REQUIRED TO GIVE A PRESENTATION  YOUR GROUP WILL BE PRESENTED WITH A CARDBOARD EACH AND YOU ARE REQUIRED TO WRITE THE NAME OF YOUR GROUP ON ONE SIDE AND YOUR ACTION PLAN ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE CARDBOARD.
  • 17. …   YOU ARE EXPECTED TO SUBMIT AN ATTENDANCE LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF YOUR RESPECTIVE GROUP  YOU ARE EXPECTED TO PRESENT WITHIN THE CONFINES OF THE TIME AVAILABLE TO YOU
  • 18. …   FORMULATE A NAME FOR YOUR RESPECTIVE GROUPS  FORMULATE A NAME OF THE COMMUNITY YOU ARE WILLING TO TRIGGER
  • 19. …   COME UP WITH A 3 DAY TRIGGERING PROCESS...CAREFULLY STATING THE HOURS USED FOR THE PURPOSE  SHOW AN ESTIMATED AMOUNT OF FUNDS THAT MAY BE SPENT BY YOUR TEAM IN THE PROCESS SUMMATION OF GROUP DISCUSSION: 20 MINUTES
  • 20. FINALLY,  PRESENT A SUCCESSFUL CLTS. DURATION: 15 MINUTES