217.06.1310:11 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】SPECIFIC AND PROFOUND TCM ： TCM, one of Chinas splendid cultural heritages, is the sciencedealing with human physiology, pathology, diagnosis, treatmentand prevention of diseases. TCM summed up the experience ofthe Chinese people in their long struggle against diseases and,under the influence of ancient naive materialism and dialectics,evolved into a unique, integral system of medical theory throughlong clinical practice. During several thousand years it has madegreat contributions to the promotion of health, the proliferationand prosperity of the Chinese nation, and the enrichment anddevelopment of world medicine as well. The formation of thetheoretical system of TCM was greatly influenced by ancientChinese materialism and dialectics. The theoretical system takesthe physiology and pathology of zang-fu organs and meridiansas its basis, and TDS as its diagnostic and therapeutic features.
317.06.1310:11 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】SPECIFIC AND PROFOUND TCM ： TCM has its own specific understanding both in thephysiological functions and pathological changes ofthe human body and in the diagnosis and treatment ofdisease. TCM regards the human body itself as anorganic whole interconnected by zang-fu organs,meridians and collaterals.And TCM also holds that thehuman body is closely related to the outside world. Inregard to the onset and development of a disease,TCM attaches great importance to the endogenouspathogenic factors, namely the seven emotion, but itby no means excludes the exogenous pathogenicfactors, namely the six pathogens.
417.06.1310:11 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】SPECIFIC AND PROFOUND TCM ： In diagnosis, TCM takes the four diagnostic methods( inspection, auscultation ant olfaction,inquiry, pulse-taking andpalpation as its principal tcchniques, eight principal syndromesas its general guideline, and differentiation of syndromeaccording to the zang-fu theory, differentiation of syndromesaccording to the six-meridian theory, and differentiation ofsyndromes according to the theory of wei, qi, ying and xue as itsbasic theories of the differentiation of syndromes. It also stressesthe prevention and preventive treatment of disease, and putsforward such therapeutic principles as "treatment aiding at theroot cause of disease". "strengthening vital qi and dispellingpathogens, regulating yin and yang and treating diseases inaccordance with three conditions" (i. e. the climatic and seasonalconditiont, geographic localities and the patientsconstitution).
517.06.1310:11 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】SPECIFIC AND PROFOUND TCM ： These characteristicts, however, can begeneralized as the holistic concept andtreatment by differentiation of syndromes(TDS)
617.06.1310:11 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】l. The Holistic Concept ： By "the holistic concept" is meant a general idea of, on the onehand, the unity ） and integrity within the human body and, onthe other, its close relationship with the outer world. The humanbody is composed of various organs and tissues, each having itsown distinct function, which is a component part of the lifeactivities of the whole body. And in TCM the human body isregarded as an organic whole in which its constituent parts areinseparable in structure, interrelated and interdependent inphysiology, and mutually influential in pathology. Meanwhile,man lives in nature, and nature provides the conditionsindispensible to mans survival. So it follows that the humanbody is bound to be affected directly or indirectly by the changesof nature, to which the human body, in turn, makescorresponding responses. TCM says: "Physicians have to knowthe law of nature and geographical conditions when diagnosingand treating diseases." Thats why TCM not only stresses theunity of the human body itself but also attaches greatimportance to the interrelationship between the body and naturein diagnosing and treating diseases.
717.06.1310:11 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】2. Treatment by Differentiation ofSyndromes ： TCM, on the other hand, is characterized by TDS.Differentiation means comprehensive analysis, whilesyndrome refere to symptoms and signs. Sodifferentiation of syndromes implies that the patientssymptoms and signs collected by the four diagnosticmethods are analyzed and summarized so as toidentify the etiology, nature and location of a disease,and the relation between vital qi and pathogens,thereby determining what syndrome the diseasebelongs to. By treatment is meant selecting thecorresponding therapy according to the outcome ofdifferentiating syndromes. Taken as a whole, TDSmeans diagnosis and treatment based on overallanalysis of symptoms and signs.
817.06.1310:11 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】2. Treatment by Differentiation ofSyndromes ： As concerns the relationship between "disease" and "treatment",TCM takes two different clinical ways on the basis of TDS. One is"treating the same disease with different therapies", by which ismeant that the same disease may manifest itself in differentsyndromes at different stages or under different conditions.Therefore, the therapies of the same diease should be adoptedtowards different therapies according to the patientsconstitution, the geographical environment, the climatic andseasonal changes. Take flu for example, it may be caused bywind-cold ， wind-heat, summer-heat and dampness or otherpathogens. So is advisable to adopt dispersing wind-cold,eliminating wind-heat, clearing away summer-heat anddampness respectively. The other is called "treating differentdiseases with the same therapy", by which is meant that differentdiseases manifesting themselves in the same syndrome may betreated with the same therapy.
917.06.1310:11 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】2. Treatment by Differentiation ofSyndromes ： For example prolapse of the rectum due to protracteddiarrhea and hysteroptosis are two different diseases.However, if they are both marked by themselves inthe same syndrome of qi of sinking of the middleenergizer, they can be treated in the same therapy bylifting qi of the middie energizer. From the above itbecomes obvious that TCM does not focus itsattention on similarities or dissimilarities betweendiseases but on the differences between thesyndromes. Generally speaking, the same syndromesare treated with basically same therapies, whiledifferent syndromes with different ones.
1017.06.1310:11 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】 To sum up, the principle that differentcontradictions in essence are handled bydifferent methods in the course ofdevelopment of a disease is the core of TDS.