Transcript of "Raditional chinese medicine with a long history"
1症現於四肢五官，病存於五臟六腑。17.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】RADITIONAL-CHINESE MEDICINEWITH A LONGHISTORY
217.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： Traditional Chinese medicine （ TCM) has a history of severalyears. Its origin can be traced back to remote antiquity.In a longcourse of struggling against diseases, TCM evolved into a uniqueand integrated theoretical systcm of TCM. It is an important partof Chinese culture. More than 2,000 years ago, came outHuangdis Classic on Medicine （ Huang Di Nei jing ), which isthe earliest medical classic extant in China. It consists of twoparts—Basic Questions （ Su Wen ) and MiraculousPivot （ Ling Shu ), each comprising ） nine volumes, each ofwhich, in turn, contains nine chapters, totaling up to 162chapters.The book gives a complete and systematic exposition tothe following various subjects : the relationship between manand nature, the physiology and pathology of the human body,and the diagnosis, treatment and prevention ot diseases. It alsouses the theories of yin-yang and the five elements to deal fullywith the principles of treatment by differentiation of syndromes(TDS) according to the climatic and seasonal conditions,geographical localities and individual constitution.
317.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： Hence （ giving expression ） to the holistic conceptof taking the human body as an organic whole andtaking the human body with the surroundingenvironment as the integrity. It laid a preliminaryfoundation for the theoretical formation of TCM.After Huangdis Classic on Medicine another classic ofmedicine, Classic on Medical Problems （ Nan Jing ),was given birth to the world before the Eastern HanDynasty. The book deals mainly with the basic theoryof TCM, such as physiology, pathology, diagnosis andtreatment of diseases and so on. It supplemented whatHuangdis Classic on Medicine lacked. From then on,many medical schools and various classics onmedicine were brought into being in succession, eachhaving its own strong points.
417.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： Shen Nongs Herbal ( Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing ), alsoknown as Classic on the Herbal (Ben Cao Jing ) or TheHerbal ( Ben Cao ), is the earliest book on materiamedica in China, which appeared in about the Qin-Han Period with its authorship unknown. Not onlydoes it list 365 medicinal item —among which 252are herbs, 67 are animals, and 46 are minerals, butalso divides them into three grades according to theirdifferent properties and effects. The book also gives abrief account of pharmacological theories—principal(jun ), adjuvant (chen ), assistant ( zuo ) and guide(shi ); harmony in seven emotions ( qi qing he he ),four properties of medicinal herbs ( si qi ) and fivetastes of medicinal herbs ( wu wei ).
517.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： In the Han Dynasty (3rd century AD ), ZhangZhongjing, an outstanding physician, wrote Treatiseon Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases ( Shang Han ZaBing Lun ), which is divided into two books by latergenerations, one is entitled " Treatise onFebrileDiseases", ( Shang Han Lun ) , the other Synopsis ofPrescriptions of Golden Cabinet (Jin Kui Yao Lue ) .The book established the pnriciple ofTDS （ Treatment of Differentiation Syndromes ；Technical Data System ） , thereby laying afoundation for the development of clinical medicine.
617.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： In the Western Jin Dynasty. Huang Fumi, afamous physician, compiled A-B Classic ofAcupuncture and Moxibustion (Zhen Jiu Jia YiJing ) The book consists of 12 volumes with128 chapters, including 349 acupoints. It isthe earliest extant work dealing exclusivelywith acupuncture and moxibustion and one ofthe most influential works in the history ofacupuncture and moxibustion.
717.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： The Sui and Tang Dynasties came into their own infeudal economy and culture. In 610 AD, Chao Yuanfanet al. compiled General Treatise on the Etiology andSymptomology. The book gave an extensive andminute description of the etiology and symptoms ofvarious diseases. It is the earliest extant classic onetiology and symptoms in China. In 657 AD, Su Jingtogether with 20 other scholars, compiled Newly-Revised Materia Medica ( Xin Xiu Ben Cao ) , which isthe first pharmacopoeia sponsored officially inancient China, and the earliest pharmacopoeia in theworld as well. Sun Simiao (581-682 AD) devoted allhis life to writing out the two books: ValuablePrescriptions for Emergencies (Bei Ji Qian Jin YaoFang ) and Supplement to Valuable Prescriptions( Qian Jin Yi Fang) .
817.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： The hooks deal with general medical theory,materia medica, gynecology and obstetrics,pediatrics, acupuncture and moxibustion, diet,health preservationand prescriptions forvarious branches of medicine. Both books arerecognized as representative works ofmedicine in the Tang Dynasty. Sun Simiao washonored by later generations as "the king ofherbal medicine".
917.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： In the Song Dynasty, more attention was paidto the education of TCM . The goverment setup"the Imperial Medical Bureau" for trainingand bringing up qualified TCM workers. In1057 AD, a special organ named "Bureau forRevising Meidical Books" was set up in orderto proofread and correct the medical booksfrom preceding ages, and to publish them oneafter another. The books revised have beenhanded down till now and are still theimportant classics for China and othercountries to study TCM.
1017.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： In the Jin and Yuan Dynasties, there appeared four medicalschools represented by Liu Wansu ( 1120-1200 AD ), ZhangCongzheng ( 1156-1228 AD), Li Gao ( l180-1251 AD) and ZhuZhenheng ( 1281-1358 AD). Among them, Liu Wansu believedthat "fire and heat" were the main causes of a variety of diseases,and that the diseases should be treated with drugs cold and coolin nature. So he was known as "the school of cold and cool" bylater generations, Zhang Congzheng believed that all diseaseswere caused by exogenous pathogenic factors invading the body,and advocated that pathogenic factors should be driven out bymethods of diaphoresis, emesis and purgation. So he was knownas the "school of purgation". The third school represented by LiGao held that "Internal injuries of the spleen and stomach willbring about various diseases".
1117.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： Therefore, he emphasizeed that the most importantthing, clinically, should be to warm and invigoratethespleen and stomach because the spleen isattributed to the earth in the five elements. So he wasregarded as the founder of the "school of reinforcingthe earth". And the fourth school was known as the"school of nourishing yin" by founded Zhu Zhenheng.He believed: "Yang is usually redundant, while yin isever deficient". That is why the body "often hasenough yang but not enough yin". So he usually usedthe method to nourish yin and purge fire in clinicalpractice.
1217.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： Li Shizhen (1518-1593 AD), a famous physician andpharmacologist in the Ming Dynasty, wrote TheCompendium of Materia Medica ( Ben Cao Gang Mu ).The book consists of 52 volumes with 1,892 medicinalherbs, including over 10,000 prescriptions and 1,000illustrations of medicinal items. In addition, his bookalso deals with botany, zoology, mineralogy, physics,astronomy, meteorology, etc. It is really amonumental work in Materia Medica. It is a greatcontribution to the development of pharmacologyboth in China and all over the world. During the sameperiod, acupuncture and moxibustion reached theirclimax. Many literature concerning acupuncture andmoxibustion for the ages were summarized anddeveloped.
1317.06.1310:03 AMTaiwaner永康堂【 Y.C.T 】Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ： Since the founding of New China, our government haspaid great attention to inheriting and developing theheritage of TCM and Materia Medica. A series ofpolicies and measures have been taken for developingTCM. In 1986, the State Administrative Bureau ofTCM and Materia Medica was established. Thisleading body is the guarantee of developing TCM andMateria Medica smoothly. Never before has TCMbeen as prosperous as it is today. TCM hasexperienced many vicissitudes of times but alwaysremains evergreen. There is no doubt that TCM willtake its place in medical circles of the world as acompletely new medicine.