Text narrative dan generic strukturDocument Transcript
CINDERELLAOnce upon a time, there was a young girl named Cinderella. She lived with her step motherand two step sisters.The step mother and sisters were conceited and bad tempered. They treated Cinderella verybadly. Her step mother made Cinderella do the hardest works in the house; such as scrubbingthe floor, cleaning the pot and pan and preparing the food for the family. The two step sisters,on the other hand, did not work about the house. Their mother gave them many handsomedresses to wear.One day, the two step sister received an invitation to the ball that the king’s son was going togive at the palace. They were excited about this and spent so much time choosing the dressesthey would wear. At last, the day of the ball came, and away went the sisters to it. Cinderellacould not help crying after they had left.“Why are crying, Cinderella?” a voice asked. She looked up and saw her fairy godmotherstanding beside her, “because I want so much to go to the ball” said Cinderella. “Well” saidthe godmother,”you’ve been such a cheerful, hardworking, uncomplaining girl that I amgoing to see that you do go to the ball”.Magically, the fairy godmother changed a pumpkin into a fine coach and mice into acoachman and two footmen. Her godmother tapped Cinderella’s raged dress with her wand,and it became a beautiful ball gown. Then she gave her a pair of pretty glass slippers. “Now,Cinderella”, she said; “You must leave before midnight”. Then away she drove in herbeautiful coach.Cinderella was having a wonderfully good time. She danced again and again with the king’sson. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve, she ran toward the door as quickly as shecould. In her hurry, one of her glass slipper was left behind.A few days later, the king’ son proclaimed that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted theglass slipper. Her step sisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them, no matter howhard they squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the king’s page let Cinderella try on theslipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.Finally, she was driven to the palace. The king’s son was overjoyed to see her again. Theywere married and live happily ever after.
Notes on Generic Structure of Narrative TextOrientation: it means to introduce the participants or the characters of the story with the timeand place set. Orientation actually exists in every text type though it has different term. In thisstory, the first paragraph is clearly seen to introduce the participants of the Cinderella Story.They were Cinderella her self as the main character of the story, her step mother whichtreated Cinderella badly, and her steps sister which supported her mother to make Cinderellawas treated very badly. Cinderella was introduced as a hero in this story. She struggledagainst the bad treatment from her step mother and sisters.Complication: it is such the crisis of the story. If there is not the crisis, the story is not anarrative text. In a long story, the complication appears in several situations. It means thatsome time there is more then one complication. In this Cinderella story, we can see clearlythat there are Major Complication andMinor Complication.The second paragraph is the major complication of this Cinderella story. Cinderella got badtreatment from her stepmother. It is the bad crisis which drives into several minorcomplications which Cinderella has to overcome.Resolution: it is the final series of the events which happen in the story. The resolution can begood or bad. The point is that it has been accomplished by the characters. Like complication,there are Major Resolution and Minor Resolution.In the last paragraph, it is said that finally Cinderella lived happily. It is the happy resolutionof the bad treatment.
The Myth of Malin KundangA long time ago, in a small village near the beach in West Sumatra, a woman and her sonlived. They were Malin Kundang and her mother. Her mother wasa single parent becauseMalin Kundangs father had passed away when he was a baby. Malin Kundang had to livehard with his mother.Malin Kundang was a healthy, dilligent, and strong boy. He usually went to sea to catch fish.After getting fish he would bring it to his mother, or sold the caught fish in the town.One day, when Malin Kundang was sailing, he saw a merchants ship which was being raidedby a small band of pirates. He helped the merchant. With his brave and power, MalinKundang defeated the pirates. The merchant was so happy and thanked to him. In return themerchant asked Malin Kundang to sail with him. To get a better life, Malin Kundang agreed.He left his mother alone.Many years later, Malin Kundang became wealthy. He had a huge ship and was helped bymany ship crews loading trading goods. Perfectly he had a beautiful wife too. When he wassailing his trading journey, his ship landed on a beach near a small village. The villagersrecognized him. The news ran fast in the town; “Malin Kundang has become rich and now heis here”.An old woman ran to the beach to meet the new rich merchant. She was Malin Kundang’smother. She wanted to hug him, released her sadness of being lonely after so long time.Unfortunately, when the mother came, Malin Kundang who was in front of his well dressedwife and his ship crews denied meeting that old lonely woman. For three times her motherbegged Malin Kundang and for three times he yelled at her. At last Malin Kundang said toher "Enough, old woman! I have never had a mother like you, a dirty and ugly woman!" Afterthat he ordered his crews to set sail. He would leave the old mother again but in that time shewas full of both sadness and angriness.Finally, enraged, she cursed Malin Kundang that he would turn into a stone if he didntapologize. Malin Kundang just laughed and really set sail.In the quiet sea, suddenly a thunderstorm came. His huge ship was wrecked and it was toolate for Malin Kundang to apologize. He was thrown by the wave out of his ship. He fell on asmall island. It was really too late for him to avoid his curse. Suddenly, he turned into a stone.
Narrative Analysis on Generic StructureMany believe that a story can teach a society certain moral value. Most stories are build innarrative. Because it is a narrative story, it must consists of complication. That complication,in fact, is the moral value which like to be taught.Orientation; the first paragraph is set to be the story introduction. Reading the orientation,reader will know that the story is characterized with Malin Kundang and his mother. WesSumatra is set as the place.Complication; this is the main element of narrative story. From the Malin Kundang myth, weknow that there are more than one complication. Many stories are composed with multicomplications. They are minor complication and major complication. When Malin Kundangand her mother did life hard, it can be the minor complication. this hard life in the first timewas solved by his successful trading as new merchant. However this narrative sotry is moreinteresting when we see the major complication among the participants- Malin Kundangdenied his mother after being successful merchant. In every story, complication must beended; happy ending or sad oneResolution; this is the end of the story, the sad ending one. Malin Kundang faces his curse ofturning into a stone.
"Snow White"Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt andUncle because her parents were dead. One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking aboutleaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’thave enough money to take Snow White. Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to dothis so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away fromhome when her Aunt and Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into the woods. Thenshe saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fellasleep. Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. Therethey found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. Thedwarfs said, “what is your name?” Snow White said, “My name is Snow White.” Doc, one ofthe dwarfs, said, “If you wish, you may live here with us.” Snow White said, “Oh could I?Thank you.” Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and Snow White and the 7dwarfs lived happily ever after.
The generic structure of above narrative story is:Orientation Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with herAunt and Uncle because her parents were dead.Complication 1 One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White inthe castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money totake Snow White. Resolution Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it wouldbe best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away from home when her Aunt and Unclewere having breakfast. She ran away into the woods. Complication Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she wentinside and fell asleep. (Resolution Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside.There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. Thedwarfs said, “what is your name?” Snow White said, “My name is Snow White.”Reorientation Happy ending.
"The Monkeys and The Cap Seller"Once, a cap seller was passing through a jungle. He was very tired and needed to rest. Then,he stopped and spread a cloth under a tree. He placed his bag full of caps near him and laydown with his cap on his head.The cap seller had a sound sleep for one hour. When he got up, the first thing he did was tolook into his bag. He was startled when he found all his caps were not there.When he looked up the sky, he was very surprised to see monkeys sitting on the branches of atree, each of the monkeys is wearing a cap of on its head. They had evidently done it toimitate himHe decided to get his caps back by making a humble request to the monkeys. In return, themonkeys only made faces of him. When he begun to make gesture, the monkeys also imitatedhim.At last he found a clever idea. " Monkeys are a great imitator," he thought. So he took off hisown cap and threw it down on the ground. And as he had expected, all the monkeys took offthe caps and threw the caps down on the ground. Quickly, he stood up and collected the caps,put them back into his bag and went away.
The generic structure of above narrative story is:Orientation: The cap seller as the participant (main character), once time as time setting, andin the jungle as place setting. We note from discussion that the elements of orientation isshortly answering who, when and where of the story.Complication: The cap seller wants the monkeys to bring back his caps but the monkeys donot return them. Of course this makes the cap seller face a problem. Complication in anarrative text is not always in single problem. That is we know a major conflict and minorconflict.Resolution: The cap seller gets the monkey to bring back the cap by acting of throwing hisown cap. The monkeys imitate what he has done so the problem is is solved. This story hashappy ending as the cap seller has his caps returned.
The Greedy MouseA mouse was having a very bad time. She could not find food at all. She looked here andthere, but there was no food, and she grew very thin.At last the mouse found a basket, full ofcorn. There was a small hole in the basket, and she crept in. She could just get through thehole.Then she began to eat the corn. Being very hungry, she ate a great deal, and went oneating and eating. She had grown very fat before she felt that she had had enough. When themouse tried to climb out of the basket, she could not. She was too fat to pass through thehole.”How shall I climb out?” said the mouse.“Oh, how shall I climb out?”Just then a squirrelcame along, and he heard the mouse.”Mouse,” said the squirrel, “if you want to climb out ofthe basket, you must wait till you have grown as thin as you were when you went in.”
The generic structure of above narrative story is:Orientation : A mouse that have a bad time because she can’t find a food , and she lookedvery thinConflication : she find a food place , and grown so fat before , and can’t go from the basket offoodConculusion : wait until she grown as thin as she were when she went inMoral Message : As a human we should not be greedy