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Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013
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Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) - The Philippines- 13 NOV 2013

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In light of Typhoon Haiyan and its impact on Philippines, the Yale-Tulane ESF-8 Planning and Response Program has produced this special report, The group that produced this summary and analysis of …

In light of Typhoon Haiyan and its impact on Philippines, the Yale-Tulane ESF-8 Planning and Response Program has produced this special report, The group that produced this summary and analysis of the current situation are graduate students from Yale and Tulane Universities.
It was compiled entirely from open source materials. Please feel free to forward the report to anyone who might be interested.

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  • 1. YALE/TULANE ESF-8 PLANNING AND RESPONSE PROGRAM SPECIAL REPORT TYPHOON HAIYAN (YOLANDA PH) – THE PHILIPPINES BACKGROUND WEATHER OUTLOOK CURRENT SITUATION EMERGEING NEEDS HEALTH FOOD NUTRITION WASH LINKS PHILIPPINES NATIONAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT COUNCIL PHILIPPINE ATMOSPHERIC, GEOPHYSICAL AND ASTRONOMICAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION & COMMUNICATIONS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH DSWD DISASTER MITIGATION AND RESPONSE SITUATION MAO OFFICIAL GAZETTE PHILIPPINE COAST GUARD PHILIPPINE INFORMATION AGENCY PROJECT NOAH WEATHER PHILIPPINES GMA THE MANILA TIMES INTERNATIONAL/REGIONAL RELIEFWEB OCHA HUB Humanitarian Response - The Philippines EUROPEAN HUMANITARIAN AID AND CIVIL PROTECTION CEDIM GBV EMERGENCY SHELTER RED CROSS US RESPONSE INJURED 1774* DEAD POINTS OF CONTACTS 2487* CLUSTER LEADS 13 NOV 2013 HEALTH INFORMATION CDC DISASTER INFORMATION MANAGEMENT CENTER INTERACTIVE MAP *OFFICIAL NUMBER – THE NUMBERS WILL CONTINUE TO CLIMB (As of 3:00 PM EST) UNITED STATES THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE OFDA US EMBASSY – THE PHILIPPINES NOAA PACOM JOINT TYPHOON WARNING CENTER NASA VOA PORTALS AND RESOURCES ASEAN COORDINATING CENTER FOR HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT GDDAC PREVENTION WEB – PHILIPPINES PACIFIC DISASTER CENTER THOMAS REUTERS FOUNDATION UNDERGROUND WEATHER GOOGLE CRISIS RELIEF MAP HUMANITY ROAD
  • 2. BACKGROUND Typhoon Haiyan (known in the Philippines as Typhoon Yolanda) is the seconddeadliest Philippine typhoon on record, killing at least 2,344 people.[1] The thirtieth named storm of the 2013 Pacific typhoon season, Haiyan originated from an area of low pressure several hundred kilometers east-southeast of Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia on 2 November. Tracking generally westward, environmental conditions favored tropical cyclogenesis and the system developed into a tropical depression the following day. After becoming a tropical storm and attaining the name Haiyan at 0000 UTC on 4 November, the system began a period of rapid intensification that brought it to typhoon intensity by 1800 UTC on November 5. By 6 November, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) assessed the system as a Category 5-equivalent super typhoon on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale; the storm passed over the island of Kayangel in Palau shortly after attaining this strength. it continued to intensify; at 1200 UTC on 7 November the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) upgraded the storm's maximum ten-minute sustained winds to 235 km/h (145 mph), the highest in relation to the cyclone. At 1800 UTC, the JTWC estimated the system's one-minute sustained winds to 315 km/h (195 mph), unofficially making Haiyan the fourth most intense tropical cyclone ever observed. On the morning of 8 November, category 5 Typhoon Haiyan (locally known as Yolanda) made a direct hit on the Philippines, a densely populated country of 92 million people, devastating areas in 36 provinces. The eye of the cyclone made its first landfall in the Philippines at Guiuan, Eastern Samar, without any change in intensity. Many cities and towns experienced widespread destruction, with as much as 90 per cent of housing destroyed in some areas. Roads are blocked, and airports and seaports impaired; heavy ships have been thrown inland. Water supply and power are cut; much of the food stocks and other goods are destroyed; many health facilities are not functioning and medical supplies are quickly being exhausted. SOURCE: TYPHOON HAIYAN – WIKIPEDIA PHILIPPINES: TYPHOON ACTION PLAN – NOVEMBER 2013 The cyclone caused devastation in the Philippines, particularly on Samar Island and Leyte. AFFECTED AREA: Regions VIII (Eastern Visayas), VI (Western Visayas) and VII (Central Visayas) are hardest hit, according to current information. Regions IV-A (CALABARZON), IV-B (MIMAROPA), V (Bicol), X (Northern Mindanao), XI (Davao) and XIII (Caraga) were also affected. Tacloban City, Leyte province, with a population of over 200,000 people, has been devastated, with most houses destroyed. An aerial survey revealed almost total destruction in the coastal areas of Leyte province. AFFECTED POPULATION: An estimated 11.3 million people in nine regions—over 10 per cent of the country’s population—are affected. At least 673,042 people are displaced by the typhoon (55 per cent are in evacuation centers, the rest in host communities or makeshift shelters). Thousands of people have been killed or are still missing. Tens of thousands suffering from injuries, with the number of confirmed casualties still rising as more areas become accessible. Pre-disaster poverty levels and malnutrition rates in Regions VI, VII and VIII were already higher than the national average.
  • 3. WEATHER OUTLOOK TROPICAL DEPRESSION (ZORAIDA) UPDATE NUMBER 009 [FINAL] Issued at: 6:00 P< PhT (10:00 GMT) Wednesday 13 November 2013 Tropical Depression (TD) [ZORAIDA] has maintained its strength during the past 12 hours as it moves away from the country towards the South China Sea - no longer expected to gain strength. http://weather.com.ph GALE WARNING GALE WARNING NO. 14 For: Strong to gale force winds associated with the surge of Northeast Monsoon. Issued at 5:00 p.m. today, 13 November 2013 Strong to gale force winds is expected to affect the Eastern seaboards of Central and Southern Luzon.. Synopsis: At 4:00 p.m. today, the Low Pressure Area (LPA) was estimated based on all available data at 170 km Northwest of Puerto Princesa City, Palawan (10.9°N, 117.5°E). Forecast: Metro Manila, MIMAROPA, Central Luzon, CALABARZON, Bicol Region and the provinces of Samar will have cloudy skies with light to moderate rainshowers and thunderstorms. The rest of Luzon will experience partly cloudy to cloudy skies with isolated light rains. The rest of Visayas and Mindanao will be partly cloudy to cloudy with isolated rainshowers or thunderstorms. PAGASA AccuWeather Moderate to strong winds blowing from the east will prevail over Luzon and Eastern Visayas and the coastal waters along these areas will be moderate to rough. Elsewhere, winds will be light to moderate coming from the southeast to east with slight to moderate seas.
  • 4. WEATHER OUTLOOK CURRENT STORM ANALYSIS As of 5:00 pm 13 NOV, the center of TD Zoraida was located over the West Philippine Sea...about 205 km northwest of Puerto Princesa, Palawan or 255 km west-southwest of El Nido, Palawan...currently moving west-northwest with a forward speed of 26 km/hr towards the South China Sea. Maximum Sustained Winds (1-min. avg) remain at 45 km/hr near the center with higher gusts. http://weather.com.ph/announcements/weatherphilippines-daily-graphical-satellite-analysis-from-4pm-nov-13-until-4pm-nov-14-2013
  • 5. EMERGING NEEDS EXISTING INFORMATION AND FIELD OBSERVATIONS SUGGEST THAT THE MOST IMMEDIATE THREATS TO LIFE ARE (IN ROUGH ORDER OF URGENCY):  Lack of safe drinking water  Lack of shelter  Trauma injuries, especially if untreated  Other acute medical conditions (including contagious diseases) if left untreated  Disruption of treatment for severe acute malnutrition and for severe chronic disease  Insufficient food  Lack of sanitation and personal hygiene items  Lack of household items and supplies (like fuel), especially for preparing food KEY CAPABILITIES IMMEDIATELY NEEDED TO ENABLE FAST ACTION TO ADDRESS THESE INCLUDE:  Air and sea transport of relief goods and personnel  Emergency telecommunications  Temporary electrical power and fuel  Debris removal MEDIUM-TERM THREATS TO HEALTH, DIGNITY AND SECURITY INCLUDE:  Lack of access to primary and specialised health care  Moderate acute malnutrition  Psycho-social malaise  Disruption of education, entailing loss of protective daytime environment for children  Disruption of livelihoods, which will worsen general deprivation and add to humanitarian needs as soon as coping mechanisms have been exhausted. PHILIPPINES: TYPHOON ACTION PLAN – NOVEMBER 2013
  • 6. CURRENT SITUATION AS OF 7 AM PHT, 13 NOV 2013 CASUALTIES: 1,833 individuals were reported dead, 2,623 injured and 84 missing AFFECTED POPULATION A total of 1,387,446 families (6,937,229 persons) were affected in 7,488 barangays in 41 provinces in Regions IV-A, IV-B, V, VI, VII, VIII, X, XI and CARAGA 127,733 families (582,303 persons) have been displaced. There are 993 evacuation centers. • 59,733 families / 286,433 persons inside evacuation centers • 72,758 families/ 305,298 persons outside evacuation centers DAMAGES (Regions IV-B, V, VI, and CARAGA) • DAMAGED HOUSES: 149,756 houses damaged in (80,0457 totally, 69,709 partially) • INFRASTRUCTURE: PhP761,400,371.89 =$17,437,591 USD worth of damage to infrastructure ROADS AND BRIDGES • 2 roads in Regions VI and VIII remain impassable. • The lack of access to affected areas due to blocked roads and damaged infrastructure, limiting assessment and response activities. AIRPORTS: All airports are now open and operating except for Tacloban (turbo propeller planes only for commercial operations). SEAPORTS: All seaports are operational FOOD: 2.5 million people are in need of food assistance, but nutrition supplies are inadequate and logistical constrains hamper delivery of food. WATER: Water systems are damaged and non-operational in many areas. In addition, some ground water supplies are contaminated. • AGRICULTURE: PhP199,584,661.13 = $4,565,100 USD CHILDREN: A significant number of children were displaced. Over 20,000 schools and day care centers were affected. • The Island of Leyte has been most severely affected. Most homes are uninhabitable due to damage, and water and power have yet to be restored. • Much of the livelihood infrastructure (farm –to-market roads, fishing boat landing sites and field irrigation) has been destroyed or blocked with debris, requiring reconstruction. SECURITY: Security conditions across the Philippines are rapidly deteriorating. The critical need for food and water has led desperate inhabitants to pillage supplies from shops and supermarkets, notably in the town of Tacloban. Gender-based violence is a major concern. Note: The total extent of damage is unknown as assessments are still ongoing. Expect this information to change frequently as more information becomes available. NDRRMC.GOV.PH PAGASA.DOST.GOV.PH OCHA CARITAS TELECOMS SANS FRONTIERES
  • 7. http://reliefweb.int/map/philippines/philippines-number-damaged-houses-typhoon-haiyan-yolanda-12-nov-ember-2013
  • 8. CURRENT SITUATION POWER OUTAGE: Power outage is being experienced in the following provinces and municipalities in Regions IV-A, IV-B, V, VI, VII, VIII, and XIII: • Palawan • Capiz • Aklan • Antique • Iloilo • Cebu • Bohol • Negros Oriental • Siquijor • Biliran, Leyte, Southern Leyte, Northern Samar, and Eastern Samar COMMUNICATIONS: • AS of 11 NOV 2013 operating cell sites of Globe Telecom were established. In total, 49% of the affected sites in Visays and 30% of the affected sites in Luzon and Mindanao have been restored. • “Libreng Tawag” of Globe Telecom was set up at Hotel Alejandro, Tacloban City • As of 12 NOV 2013, mobile signal (Globe and Smart) in Bacuag, Surigao del Norte has been restored. • Smart & Sun Cellular: 309/396 affected municipalities POWER SUPPLY HAS BEEN RESTORED IN: - Province of Marinduque - Municipalities of Baco, Calapan City, Naujan, San Teodoro, Socorro, Victoria, Bansud, Gloria, Mansalay, Pinamalayan, Roxas and all of Oriental Mindoro - Municipalities of Rizal, Sta. Cruz, Mamburao and San Jose, Occidental Mindoro - Municipalities of Odiongan, Ferrol, Looc, Alcantara and San Andres, all in Romblon - Municipalities of Mina, Pototan and Aniway, all in Iloilo DECLARATION OF STATE OF CALAMITY • Dumangas, Iloilo (Res. No. 2013-188), Janiuay, Iloio and the Province of Antique (Res. No. 085-2013) • Presidential Proclamation No.682 dated November 11, 2013, declaring a State of National Calamity in Samar provinces, Leyte, Cebu, Iloilo, Capiz, Aklan, and Palawan ndrrmc.gov.ph
  • 9. CURRENT SITUATION DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT provided P12.52 million ($286,695.48) worth of relief support DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION • All divisions in Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Bicol, Western Visayas, Central Visayas, Northern Mindanao, Caraga and the National DEPARTMENT OF TRADE & INDUSTRY reported a price freeze in provinces and Capital Region are operational and are tasked with determining towns affected. The supply of goods in most areas is stable, except for places status of other school districts. difficult to access due to damaged roads. • Eastern Visayas remains severely affected , with only 4 out of 13 divisions operational. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION & COMMUNICATIONS • Ormoc City and Western Samar divisions remain closed, while no reliable communication lines have been established with the • ROADS & BRIDGES--cleared national roads (as of 12 Nov 2013 12PM) divisions of Baybay City, Biliran, Borongan City, Eastern Samar, include: Catbalogan City, Leyte Province, and Tacloban City. ‒ From Bicol: Matnog (Roro) –Allen, Northern Samar-Catbalogan-San • School heads have also been given authority to suspend classes Juanico Bridge-Tacloban in damaged schools until the structures have been properly ‒ From Cebu: Ormoc-Kananga-Carigara-Palo-Tacloban assessed and cleared by DepEd or LGU engineers. ‒ From Cebu: Ormoc-Baybay-Abuyog-Tulosa-Palo-Tacloban ‒ Catbalogan-Basey-Lawa-An (Eastern Samar) ‒ Catbalogan-Paranas-Taft-San Julian-Borongan (Eastern Samar) DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS AND HIGHWAYS declare national roads to Tacloban open • By land—thru Bicol (Matnog, Sorsogon) Roro-Allen, Northern Samar, Catbalogan, N. Samar-San Juanico Bridge-Tacloban • From Cebu—Ormoc-Kananga-Carigara-Paco-Tacloban PHILIPPINES NATIONAL POLICE deployed 1,082 additional police personnel to affected areas to improve peace and order situation. WWW.SLATE.COM WWW.GOV.PH DEPED.GOV.PH Volunteers in Manila pack relief goods inside a DSWD warehouse .
  • 10. CURRENT SITUATION - HEALTH HEALTH • Several medical teams, both domestic and international, have been deployed to provide emergency and basic medical and surgical services to affected areas in Eastern Visayas, the hardest hit by typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan). These teams are self-sufficient and will pose no burden to host communities. SUPPLIES: Several cargoes of medicines, supplies and equipment have now reached Tacloban via Cebu and Catbalogan, Samar. Hopefully these will reach those who need them especially that alternative routes of transport were made available and provided by partners like PAL and AIR21. DEPLOYMENTS • DOH has deployed more than a hundred doctors and nurses that are treating the injured and sick in Tacloban, Bantayan, Medelin – and more are positioned to take off and set-up satellite medical stations throughout Regions 6, 7, and 8. These teams have been accompanied by more than P25 million worth of essential medicines and supplies HOSPITALS: Hospital tents provided by international teams are being established in strategic areas to complement hospital services post-Yolanda as almost all health facilities sustained major structural damage. • WHO Representative to the Philippines announced that selfsufficient medical teams from Australia, Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Japan, Norway, Russia and Spain are already in the Philippines and logistical arrangements are underway to ensure that they reach affected areas. There are offers for help from Spain, Israel, the United Kingdom and Singapore. • Priority for deployment will be teams that can set up hospitals with capacity for surgery and are equipped with generators and supplies for their teams to last from 10-15 days. WHO is working closely with the Department of Health to facilitate positioning of these international teams in strategic areas to augment the local medical teams. OFFICIAL GAZETTE - 13 NOV 13 NDRRMC.GOV.PH COMMNUICATIONS: Communication remains a problem. DOH has requested that the restoration of communication lines be prioritized for DOH to enable them to get immediate feedback from the field. In the meantime, DOH is coordinating with Telecoms Without Borders to help in this aspect . CODES: • A Code Blue has been activated in all regions, meaning medical personnel in the regional offices will go on 24-hour duty. • Code White has been activated for all hospitals, meaning hospitals should be ready with standby response
  • 11. CURRENT SITUATION
  • 12. HEALTH HEALTH Preliminary reports indicate that health infrastructure has been damaged or destroyed in many areas, disrupting the delivery of essential health services. The regional hospital in Tacloban was hit by a storm surge and much of its medical equipment was washed away. An estimated 660,000 displaced people need essential health services. NEED • Severe damage is reported to health infrastructure, including to the cold chain. • There is no delivery of routine health services in affected areas, as well as lack of medicine, surgical and general medical supplies. • Most drugstores have been looted and medicines, including family planning supplies, are urgently required, particularly in Tacloban City. • Health service delivery points, including for emergency obstetric and neonatal care, are compromised by the sustained damage. RESPONSE: • Coordination is well under-way in Tacloban City and Eastern Samar Region. • First medical teams have arrived in Cebu. Others teams, currently in Manila, are preparing for their deployment. • Public health epidemiologists will be deployed for field disease surveillance and response activities. • Non-food items like medicines, hygiene kits and dignity kits are prepositioned with the Family Planning • Organization of the Philippines (FPOP) and ready for deployment. Partners procured an additional 100,000 dignity kits and 100,000 hygiene kits as well as well as reproductive health (RH) kits for distribution in eight severely affected provinces. PHILIPPINES: TYPHOON ACTION PLAN – NOVEMBER 2013 OCHA SITREP 6 - 12 NOV 2013 GAPS & CONSTRAINTS: • Temporary health facilities, generators, medication, surgical supplies, cold storage and WASH facilities are urgently required. • There is a high risk of acute respiratory infections, diarrhea, leptospirosis, measles, cholera and typhoid. • People are traumatized and lack psycho-social support PRIOITIES (URGENT): • Deliver care for those with injuries to prevent complications such as infection, tetanus, and disability. • Deliver essential medicines and medical supplies to affected populations. • Increase provision and access to essential health services (i.e. medical/surgical consultations, reproductive health, mental health, psycho-social support, health promotion, immunization). • Strengthen disease surveillance and outbreak control. • Strengthen referral system from community health facilities to higher levels of care. • Provide support to systematic immunization for vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks. • Establish temporary health facilities/ services and/or repair/rehabilitate damaged health facilities. • Provide support to information management and to the coordination of the health sector response. CLUSTER LEAD: Arun Mallik WHO 0908-6258619 mallika@wpro.who.int
  • 13. HEALTH PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUES: SITUATION: The World Health Organization categorized Typhoon Haiyan as a Category 3 Disaster (Most Severe) – MEDICAL ISSUES: – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Limited hospital availability Untreated injuries Lack of care and support for heart attack victims, dialysis patients, estimated 95,270 pregnant women in disaster zone Diarrheal and respiratory diseases due to poor sanitation and overcrowding Lack of medical supplies: • Medicine • Hygiene Kits • Cot Beds • Tents • Emergency Supplies Undermanned hospitals and fatigued medical staff Poor hygiene Disruption of treatment for severe and moderate acute malnutrition Trauma injuries and other acute medical conditions including contagious diseases Difficulty for doctors to access flooded areas • Doctors are being deployed on a 1,000 ton barge through the Philippine Medical Association Psycho-social malaise Diminished transportation capabilities including air and sea transport of relief goods and personnel Reduced emergency telecommunication Debris removal http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/philippines-typhoon-haiyan Accessed: 12 Nov 2013 http://www.dswd.gov.ph/ Accessed: 12 Nov 2013 http://disaster.dswd.gov.ph/reports-and-updates/ Accessed: 12 Nov 2013 https://philippines.humanitarianresponse.info/system/files/documents/files/20131112%20Philippines%20%20Haiyan%20Action%20Plan.pdf Accessed: 12 Nov 2013 – – – – – – – – – NPR Lack of safe drinking water • Many water sources are mixed with salt water • Require rehabilitation of water supply systems, distribution of water and hygiene kits, water quality surveillance Shortage of food • Require family food pack distribution • Three repacking centers are producing 55,000 family food packs daily Poor sanitation Lack of shelter • Require basic tools to repair damaged and makeshift shelters and tents for displaced people Interruption of vaccine campaigns may lead to resurgence of previously eliminated diseases Essential health services • Health promotion, immunization, disease surveillance, reproductive health Shortage of fuel for cooking food and boiling water No electricity to run water pipes • Require generators and rechargeable batteries Disruption of livelihoods, which will worsen general deprivation and add to humanitarian needs as soon as coping mechanisms are exhausted Sources and transmission of infectious diseases • Diarrhea and other water-borne diseases • Dengue fever and other vector-borne diseases • Pneumonia and viral upper respiratory illness https://www.mercycorps.org/donate. Accessed 12 Nov 13. https://secure.americares.org/site. Accessed 12 Nov 13. https://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/donate/. Accessed 12 Nov 13. http://www.doh.gov.ph/ Accessed: 12 Nov 2013
  • 14. HEALTH • Medecins Sans Frontieres will have 100 staff on ground in the next few days- including doctors, nurses, surgeons, water and sanitation engineers and psychologists. Nine cargo planes will arrive in the coming days carrying tetanus vaccinations, hygiene kits, cooking kits, tents, water and sanitation equipment, and an inflatable hospital. Once staff arrives, MSF will move outwards from Tacloban town to the surrounding region and islands. • AmeriCares new emergency shipment contains enough medical aid for 20,000 survivors, including antibiotics, wound care supplies and pain relievers. In addition, they are providing $10,000 in funding that will allow their partner to purchase and distribute relief supplies in the hardest-hit areas. In their Amsterdam warehouse, they are preparing a delivery of antibiotics and other medicines to be air shipped. At the U.S. headquarters, they are building a new shipment of urgently needed medicines and supplies. • International Rescue Committee emergency teams that include experts in water, sanitation and health, hope to reach some of the hardest hit areas, including Tacloban and Cebu, by Friday. An IRC emergency protection expert will join them later this week to help set up programs to assist vulnerable women and children. • The Japanese Government dispatched the Japan Disaster Relief (JDR) Medical Team consisted of 24 members to the area affected by the Typhoon Haiyan (Philippine name: Yolanda), which devastated the Visayas region. The team arrived in the Philippines on 11 November, 2013. - Members of the Japan Disaster Relief Medical Team gather before their departure for a disaster relief mission to the Philippines at Narita international airport in Narita, east of Tokyo (Reuters)
  • 15. FOOD FOOD NEEDS: About 2.5 million people are in need of food assistance. RESPONSE: • A total of 11 metric tons of high energy biscuits have arrived in Manila from Dubai, awaiting delivery and distribution in Tacloban City. • WFP has sent 44 tons (feed ~120,000 people/day) of High Energy Biscuits to Tacloban – 200 tons are expected in the first phase with 160 tons arriving in the coming days. • Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) is distributing 6,200 food packs in Tacloban City evacuation centers, with help from the military • ASEAN has pledged food aid from stockpiles in the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance A young survivor carries a bag of rice from a warehouse which locals stormed due to the shortage of food in Tacloban City on Nov. 11. The IFRC, ICRC, and other national Red Cross chapters have organized with the PRC to provide food supplies for up to 100,000 families • PRIORITIES: • General food distribution, with food baskets containing rice and ready-to-eat high-energy biscuits, an ideal form of food assistance in the initial phase of an emergency; • Emergency food-for-work and cash-for-work to help kickstart early recovery activities and rebuild livelihoods. 550 food packs from the Turkish government arrived in Manila, along with other non-food items. • GAPS & CONSTRAINTS: • Logistical constraints hamper the delivery of food assistance. • To expand the ability of the cluster to respond, additional partners need to be identified. • Food Cluster is currently 14% funded out of a total US$76.2 million request IFRC UPDATE 11/12/13 UN OCHA SITUATION REPORT: 11/12/13 CLUSTER FUNDING 11/12/13 ASEAN AID 11/12/13 TURKEY AID 11/12/13 WFP UPDATES 11/12/13 CLUSTER LEADS The Food Cluster co-leads at WFP are Beatrice Tapawan (0917539-9944, beatrice.tapawan@wfp.org) and Dipayan Bhattacharyya (0917-594-2450, dipayan.bhattacharyya@wfp.org)
  • 16. NUTRITION NUTRITION NEED: • Amongst those displaced by Typhoon Haiyan, there are an estimated 120,000 children between the ages 0 to 59 months and 70,000 pregnant or lactating women. • Disruption to maternal care and child feeding practices and damage to WASH and health facilities place children and women at a high risk of malnutrition. • Pre-disaster data shows that the affected regions have high rates of malnutrition (5 per cent to 9 per cent global acute malnutrition (wasting), 21 per cent to 26 per cent underweight and 38 per cent to 42 per cent stunting). RESPONSE • • Nutrition supplies are being shipped from Manila and Cotabato City to Tacloban City. Ten surge staff are mobilized and ready for deployment by 16 November to provide nutrition interventions. PHILIPPINES: TYPHOON ACTION PLAN – NOVEMBER 2013 OCHA SITREP 6 - 12 NOV 2013 PRIOITIES (URGENT): • Rapid nutrition assessments and screening for detection, referral, and follow-up of girls, boys and women supported by local women's groups, religious leaders, and child protections councils; • Establish and support Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) in Emergencies community peer counseling activities with women's groups and other trained community counselors; • Establish community-based therapeutic feeding centers for girls and boys with severe acute malnutrition integrated in to local health systems; • Provision of nutrition supplies for therapeutic feeding, micronutrient supplements and equipment; • Capacity-building on management of acute malnutrition and nutrition in emergencies targeting local health staff; • Coordination and technical support to the Nutrition Cluster; • Conduct standardized nutrition surveys for updated age- and genderdisaggregated nutritional status data. CLUSTER LEAD: Henry Mdebwe, Nutrition Officer, Cluster Chair UNICEF 0917-565-4062 02-901-0150 hmdebwe@unicef.org hmdebwe@gmail.com
  • 17. WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE Initial reports indicate that water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services have been disrupted or destroyed. Several water treatment units are being deployed. However, these cannot service all the affected areas. As most sources of water are likely to be contaminated, tankered water is essential and water containers are required for safe storage. Toilets are either damaged or cannot be used due to lack of water. Open defecation will be rampant, leading to a high risk of disease outbreaks. Temporary learning spaces and child-friendly spaces will require WASH supplies and facilities PRIOITIES (URGENT): • • • • • • • Water quality surveillance and installation of mobile water treatment units. Rehabilitation of water supply systems and installation of water bladders and water points. Distribution of water and hygiene kits and conducting hygiene promotion sessions. Construction of gender-segregated emergency latrines and bathing facilities with operations, maintenance and waste disposal. Management of solid waste and installation of drainage from WASH facilities. WASH cluster coordination and monitoring of WASH access. NEEDS: • Heavy equipment is needed for debris clean-up. • All Water Districts in Leyte are non-operational. Many water supplies are contaminated. There is a need for • immediate and on-site water testing and treatment. • Water treatment units and generator sets are required for areas with totally damaged water systems. • Additional support is needed to support the Government-led coordination RESPONSE: • Forty-two portalets are currently located in Tacloban. Partners are mobilizing WASH supplies to Cebu for distribution to other areas. • The local WASH Cluster has been activated in Tacloban GAPS & CONSTRAINTS: • In Leyte, fuel for water treatment units is either not available or insufficient. • Logistical constraints hamper the delivery of aid to Tacloban, Samar and Iloilo. The situation is aggravated by security concerns due to mobbing during relief distributions. OCHA SITREP 6 - 12 NOV 2013 A girl transfers drinking water she collected from a faucet after Typhoon Haiyan devastated Tacloban city, central Philippines November 12, 2013. REUTERS/Romeo Ranoco CLUSTER COORDINATOR Rory Villaluna UNICEF 0917-859-2578 02-901-0101 washccph@gmail.com
  • 18. GENDER BASED VIOLENCE PROTECTION _GBV PRIORITIES • • Provide psycho-social support services to the displaced people traumatized by the disaster, in close coordination with the Child Protection Working Group and the Health Cluster; • Mobilize surge capacity through social workers from other regions and/or from teams of psychologists from the academic and/or the private sector. International GBV expertise will be surged from the GBV AoR (Area of Responsibility) and the Norwegian Refugee Council through GenCap; • Where evacuation centers (ECs) or temporary shelters are set up, the GBV sub-cluster will work with the CCCM Cluster to orient camp managers on GBV prevention measures. • Work with the shelter, livelihood and early recovery clusters to ensure that gender perspectives and GBV prevention are incorporated in the design of temporary shelters and cash-for-work programs • Women-friendly spaces (WFS) will be established in areas where temporary shelters will be built and information sessions conducted on GBV and women’s rights; • NEEDS: • An estimated 49,000 women of reproductive age 15-49 years old are at risk of sexual and gender based violence (GBV). About 177,000 pregnant and 118,000 lactating women (up to six months of lactation) need specialized services for pre- or postnatal support, child health, health promotion, family planning and psychosocial services. Assist the police force by establishing and strengthening the capacity of women and child protection desks. The Local Committee against Trafficking and Violence Against Women and Children (LCAT-VAWC) at the provincial and municipal levels will be re-instated and/or strengthened. RESPONSE: • Eight women friendly space kits and three tents have been pre-positioned to provide psychosocial services. GAPS & CONSTRAINTS: • GBV reporting and prevention services are interrupted. Homeless residents cry as they are stopped before being allowed to board a military plane at Tacloban, in central Philippines November 13, 2013. REUTERS/Bobby Yip Sexual and Gender-Based Violence Working Group; Reproductive Health Working Group Florence Tayzon, Assistant Representative, Working Group Chair UNFPA 0917-859-3520 02-901-0304 tayzon@unfpa.org
  • 19. EMEGENCY SHELTER EMERGENCY SHELTER Preliminary official reports indicate : 149,756 houses damaged in (80,0457 totally, 69,709 partially ) However, based on field observations and population densities these figures are expected to rise. The cluster estimates over 500,000 houses could have been severely affected, particularly in coastal areas inhabited by vulnerable and poor communities NEED • Housing damage reports are expected to rise based on observations and population densities. • The cluster estimates over 500,000 houses could be severely affected, particularly in vulnerable and poor communities. Many people had lived in lightweight structures, which could not withstand the storm surge and high wind speeds. • Tarpaulins, tools and fixings and tents are urgently needed for the displaced people. • There is a need to quickly support shelter early recovery including debris removal, salvaging coco lumber, and transitional and semi-permanent construction. RESPONSE: • REACH teams deployed to Cebu City and Ormoc, Leyte, to assess shelter damage. • A total of 10,000 tarpaulins arrived in Manila and ready for deployment to Tacloban City. Additionally, 9,700 shelter kits will be distributed in Leyte. GAPS & CONSTRAINTS: • There is limited quantifiable assessment data. • Logistics and procurement are difficult and transport costs are expensive. OCHA SITREP 6 - 12 NOV 2013 PHILIPPINES: TYPHOON ACTION PLAN – NOVEMBER 2013 PRIOITIES • • • • • • Immediate life-saving shelter interventions such as tarpaulins, basic tools and fixings for damaged and makeshift shelters and provision of tents for displaced people. Rapid support is required for early recovery shelter projects, such as debris removal, salvaging/recycling lumber and materials, technical assistance, etc, with a focus on community driven projects. Provision of appropriate non-food items. Shelter-related care and maintenance of existing evacuation centers, transitional sites, upgrading of common facilities. Coordination support for the development and implementation of emergency and durable shelter solutions. Some 477, 735 individuals have been displaced by super typhoon Yolanda and are staying in temporary shelters such as this. Yolanda is looking to be one of the most devastating typhoons in Philippine history. Emergency Shelter Patrick Elliot IFRC 0908-4011218 coord.phil@sheltercluster.org patrick.elliott@ifrc.org
  • 20. RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT ACTION Emergency Appeal Launched: 72,323,259 CHF (about 78,600,372 USD) LOGISTICS: Delayed preparedness stocks due to cancelled flights and sea travel. Sea travel has resumed but ICRC is waiting for its truckloads of relief goods stranded in Surigao Del Sur to be prioritized. DISEASE PREVENTION • Disease prevention and health promotion activities are to be scaled up immediately to prevent acute respiratory infections, diarrhea and other diseases with outbreak potential. • Red Cross shelter assistance will contribute to mitigate the risk of some diseases in rainy conditions- a recipe for an increase of acute respirator infections, especially in children. • Typhoon damage has left significant gaps to access to proper sanitation facilities – including in evacuation centers. • IFRC Deploying two basic health care units, with stationary and/or mobile clinics and conduct assessments for mobile outreach in affected communities ECONOMIC VULNERABILITY reduced income margins of the most vulnerable of the affected families. • The daily income of affected persons has been hampered and their purchasing power eroded or lost. Cash interventions need to be considered in the coming weeks as access routes re-open. • Food reserves have been eliminated, farmland destroyed (most crops were already harvested), small businesses disrupted or destroyed, and fishing equipment damaged. RED CROSS ACTION: • Engaging cash remittance service provider with a network in affected areas to disburse cash to 50,000 families (250,000 persons) -unconditional grants worth up to PHP 2,000 (about 46 USD). Provide cash grants and/or shelter materials and tools worth PHP 10,000 (about 229 USD). IFRC Emergency Appeal, Nov. 12 IMPERATIVE CONDITIONS FOR CONTINUED RED CROSS PROGRESS • Adequate support (financial) from partners • Weather conditions do not suspend activities for long periods • Disaster-affected areas remain accessible • Continued cooperation of the authorities • Security issues do not hinder field operations Survivors using a Jeepney public bus as shelter after a super Typhoon Haiyan. November 9, 2013. REUTERS/Romeo Ranoco Accessed at IFRC
  • 21. US RESPONSE The international community is mounting a robust response to the disaster. However, logistical challenges, such as damaged roads, debris, and downed trees and power lines, continue to hamper relief efforts. The U.S. Government (USG) is providing $20 million in immediate humanitarian assistance to benefit typhoon-affected populations, including the provision of emergency shelter, food assistance, relief commodities, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) support. DART • The DART continues to conduct initial damage assessments in affected areas of the Philippines and has established an Emergency Operations Center at USAID/Philippines, located at the U.S. Embassy in Manila. • The DART is liaising with other humanitarian and government actors in the country and will recommend appropriate response options based on assessment findings, while the Washington, D.C.-based Response Management Team (RMT) is coordinating the USG humanitarian response, programing relief activities, and providing support to the DART. • • Nearly 250 U.S. troops have converged on the islands, including about 180 Marines. The 3rd Marine Expeditionary Brigade based in Okinawa, Japan, is leading the effort, working with GPH and its armed forces, other U.S. government agencies and civilian aid organizations. • More troops are on the way with the George Washington and its carrier strike group expected to arrive from Hong Kong on 14 NOV 2013 • As of Tuesday night, air crews aboard Marine MV-22 Osprey tiltrotors and KC-130J airplanes had delivered more than 107,000 pounds of food, water, and other emergency supplies provided by the Philippine government and the U.S. Agency for International Development. • They also evacuated more than 160 refugees from the Tacloban area where the typhoon hit hardest. Additional USAID/OFDA staff in Bangkok, Thailand; Honolulu, Hawaii; and Washington, D.C., remain in frequent contact with the DART and humanitarian partners to monitor humanitarian conditions and coordinate relief efforts DOD • On November 12, the first shipment of emergency relief commodities from USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) arrived in the Philippines. • Distribution of the supplies began on November 13, with the assistance of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). • DoD continues to work in cooperation with Philippine government (GPH) officials to provide immediate disaster relief. USAID US TYPHOON RELIEF RAMPS UP
  • 22. SBTF CRISIS MAP OF YOLANDA TYPHOON (POWERED BY MICROMAPPERS) MAP CREATED BY ESRI AND GISCORPS BY CATEGORY Members of the Standby Volunteer Task Force (SBTF) who have partnered with GISCorps and ESRI to create this live Crisis Map of the disaster damage tagged using the ImageClicker. The map takes a few second to load, so please be patient. http://giscorps.maps.arcgis.com/home/webmap/viewer.html?webmap=4bb6bf1ea5434d1baffdd464429d7301
  • 23. POINTS OF CONTACT Humanity Road volunteers are trained to use Internet and mobile communications technology to collect, verify and route information online during sudden onset disaster. Using the Internet, they provide public safety information as well as directing the public to governmental and aid agencies that are providing assistance for the disaster. They currently have the most up to date information in terms of: • Point of Contacts • Emergency Numbers • National & Regional Links • Official Hashtag Structure Humanity Road
  • 24. CLUSTERS POC https://philippines.humanitarianresponse.info/system/files/documents/files/Contact%20List_Cluster%20co-leads_Typhoon%20Haiyan_Yolanda%2013Nov2013.pdf

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