HOW TO WRITE CHAPTER 5(Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations)
T h e wh o l er e s e a r c h s t u d y i ss u mma r i z e d – t h es y n o p s i s o f t h er e s e a r c ho b j e c t i v e s , h y p o t he s i s , r e s e a r c hme t h o d o l o g y , s a mp li n gd e s i g n s , c o n s i d e r at i o n i n
Th i s p a r t o f t h es t u d y s t a t e s i nc o n c i s e f o r m t h ef i n d i n g s b a s e d o nt h e a n a l y s i s a n di n t e r p r e t a t i o n o ft h e d a t a g a t h e r e do u t o f t h e r e s e a r c hi n s t r u me n t s u s e da n d p r e s e n t e da c c o r d i n g t os p e c i f i c p r o b l e m i n
GUIDELINES IN WRITING THE SUMMARY OFFINDINGS1. A brief statement about the main purpose of the study be stated.2. The findings may be lumped up all together but clarify demands specific questions under the statement of problem must be written first to be followed by the findings that would answer it. The specific questions should follow the
3. Every statment of fact should consist of words, numbers or statistical measures woven into a meaningful statement. No deductions on the interpretation be made.4. The findings should be
CONSLUSIONS The final part of the study are joined together harmoniously with the findings. The results should be arranged in a logical order based on the statement of the problem. The hypothesis which is the
GUIDELINES IN WRITING THE CONCLUSION1. Conclusions should not contain numerals.2. Conclusions should appropriately answer the specific questions raised at the beggining of the investigation.
4. Conclusions should be explicit and definite, leaving merely implied giving the researcher a bit of doubt. The use of qualifiers such as, probably, perhaps, maybe should be avoided.5. Conclusions should not be repetitions of any statements anywhere in the research, thesis or dissertation. In any
SOME SUGGESTIONS CAN PROVIDE HELPFUL TIPSTO THE RESEARCHERS IN DRAWING CONCLUSIONS1. Know the area / locale in which the research has been conducted.2. What is in the research literature?3. Focus on the meaning / essence of the results.4. If theory is involved, either
5. If possible, suggest future investigation that might lead to address unsolved problems and provide an extension of knowledge.
RECOMMENDATIONS Recommendations are based on the conclusions of the study. Give a detailed description of the suggestion for future action based on the significance of the findings. It includes implications for future use of findings and recommendation for future
GUIDELINES IN WRITING THERECOMMENDATION1. It should have the aim and effort to solve problems in the study2. It should ensure a continuous benefit being accorded to the universe – mankind involved.
BIBLIOGRAPHY The bibliography is the last part of any research work where the list of readings on a particular subject that are used or consulted in the preparation of the thesis / dissertation or that are referred to in the text are alphabetically arranged. The bibliography as a part of the
APPENDICES The page for appendices is placed after the bibliography. These are the supplementary materials used in the preparation of the thesis / dissertation, these include questionnaire, letter to authority to conduct the study
CURRICULUM VITAE This is the last part of a thesis / dissertation. The information should includeI –the: PersonalII – III – CivilName Educational Service /Address Attainment GovernmentDate of BirthElementary Examination IV – WorkPlace of Secondary Passed ExperienceBirth Undergradua TeachingCivil Status te Administrative
V – Scholarships / GrantsVI – Productive ScholarshipReceivedand Creative WorksPublications Books Articles InventionResearches ConductedHonors / Award Received Institutional Local / Regional / National/ InternationalProfessional Standing and
Membership in ProfessionalOrganization Officer MemberSeminars / Training Programs /Conferences / WorkshopsAttended Institutional Local / Regional / National /InternationalEducation Travel Sponsoring agency /institution
GUIDELINES IN EVALUATING A THESIS ORDISSERTATIONBeing able to write a critical analysis of a thesis or dissertation is a valuable experience for a graduate research student.The following are guidelines in evaluating a thesis or dissertation:
The Problem and Hypothesis The problem should be clearly stated and delimited. The significance of the problem should be established and should recognize the intended beneficiaries. The relevance, strength and utilization of concepts and theories to the research work should be clearly stated. The hypothesis should be clearly stated and should be testable.
Review of Related Literature and Studies It should be well – organized, both foreign and local. It should adequately cover important findings. The relevance and the justification of the reviewed literature to the present study – local and foreign should provide a balanced presentation conducted in various readings.
Methodology The research design should be described in detail. The research design should be adequate. The justification of the research method used should be stated. The relevant variables should be recognized. The data – gathering instruments
A brief description of theplace where the subjectswere obtained should bedescribed.The samples and samplingtechnique used, samplingsize, and how it is
Results It should be presented according to the objectives of the study; preferably topical presentation. Statistical treatment of should be appropriate. Use of tables and figures should be appropriate. Plain reading and explanation of tables, figures, and graphs should be supplied. The analysis of data relationships should be
Summary The synopsis of the research objectives, hypothesis, research methodology and findings should be stated clearly.Conclusions Brief statements about the generalizations should be inferred from the results / findings.Reccomendations State the detailed description of the suggestions for future action based on
Bibliography / References Include the list of readings / works by a particular author. Include the list of source materials that are used / consulted in the preparation of the thesis or dissertation. This will include
Appendices The list of supplementary materials that were used in the thesis or dissertation should be presented. These materials include questionnaire, letter requesting permission and its approval from authority to conduct the study, distribute
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