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Toward a malaria-free world - Tools' information

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  • 1. Educator’s guide on Malaria (Tools’ information)AUTHORS FUNDED BY:
  • 2. Table of Content I. Introduction .............................................................................................................................. 3 II. The tools ................................................................................................................................. 3 1. Video Game – Stop Malaria ................................................................................................ 4 2. Video 1 – Working for a malaria-free world! ........................................................................ 5 3. Video 2 – A shelter from malaria ......................................................................................... 7 4. Video 3 – Facing an underestimated malaria ...................................................................... 8 5. Experiment – Investigate a malaria vaccine ........................................................................ 9 6. Experiment protocol – Investigate a malaria vaccine ........................................................ 10 7. Video DECIDE – Malaria: ethical issues ........................................................................... 11 8. Game DECIDE – Malaria: ethical issues ........................................................................... 12 Toward a malaria-free world - 2 – Tools’ Information
  • 3. I. IntroductionThis document provides information on the tools that are available on the Xplore Health portal for thesecond module concerning malaria. For each tool, we provide an ID table and explanation on how touse the tool in class and interact with the curriculum.II. The toolsThe tools that have been created for the use of teachers and students in order to help them in theirfamiliarization process of malaria are listed and explained below.The tables provided in this document describe each tool, provides a link to the tool and givessuggestions on how the tool can be implemented in class: pre-, during, and post-exercises.The tools are the following:1. Video Game – Stop Malaria-2. Video 1 – Working for a malaria-free world!3. Video 2 – A shelter from malaria4. Video 3 – Facing an underestimated malaria5. Experiment – Investigate a malaria vaccine6. Experiment protocol – Investigate a malaria vaccine7. Video DECIDE – Malaria: ethical issues8. Game DECIDE – Malaria: ethical issues Toward a malaria-free world - 3 – Tools’ Information
  • 4. 1. Video Game – Stop Malaria Tool name Video Game – Stop MalariaLink to tool / information http://www.xplorehealth.eu/en/media/stop-malaria on the tool Description Activities in which this tool can be used Pedagogical objectives:  Knowledge on how to developed methods to prevent and cure malaria disease  Awareness of importance of population education.Key messages:  Awareness of the role of population epidemiologic research for drugs validation.  Significance of malaria disease for population, especially in poor countries  Understanding how to optimize costs of introducing new drugs.Concepts that appear:  How to stop malaria - using Africa as an Time needed: 45 minutes example Process:  Drug resistance  Introduction  Investment in new drugs and diagnostic methods  Game  Information about anti mosquito covers  Summary and conclusions and spray Outcomes  Awareness of malaria disease deadly effects and risk especially for Africa region  Using communication media different than “paper docs”  Using computer and web tools. Toward a malaria-free world - 4 – Tools’ Information
  • 5. 2. Video 1 – Working for a malaria-free world! Tool name Video 1 – Working for a malaria-free world!Link to tool / information http://www.xplorehealth.eu/en/media/working-malaria-free-world on the tool Description Activities in which this tool can be used Pedagogical objectives (benefits of this tool for students and teachers): Conceptual points:  Understanding malaria  Eradication of a disease.  Role of research. Procedimental points:Key messages:  Searching skillsConcepts that appear:  Information process skills  ‘Life-cycle’ of Malaria. Vectors and hosts. Time needed to implement this tool:  Pathogenesis of Malaria. Two 50’ sessions  Geographical distribution and inequality.  Natural immunity Process (how can this tool be used in class - suggestions):  Research paths. First session  Viewing video  Search for related additional information at the Internet.  Task. Produce a multimedia product in an investigative journalistic format. Second session  Public review of products.  Debate and finding a consensus. Toward a malaria-free world - 5 – Tools’ Information
  • 6. Outcomes(Students will now have knowledge of):  Training of capacity of Information analysis.  Promote synthesis capabilities.  Using communication media different than “paper docs”  Using computer and web tools.Toward a malaria-free world - 6 – Tools’ Information
  • 7. 3. Video 2 – A shelter from malaria Tool name Virtual experiment 1 – The Unusual SuspectLink to tool / information http://www.xplorehealth.eu/en/media/shelter-malaria on the tool Description Activities in which this tool can be used Pedagogical objectives:  Awareness of how vaccination acts against malaria  Understanding of human resistance mechanismsKey messages:  Knowledge about scale of malaria vaccination research in Africa  Developing of revolutionary first of kind anti malaria vaccination with 50%  Importance of international cooperation in performance health protection.Concepts that appear: Process:  Vaccination against malaria  Introduction  Methods to improve drug’s effectiveness  Presentation of video “Shelter malaria”  Testing of immunologic reaction within  Summary young children  Lymphocyte B and T and antibodies role Time needed: 45 minutes in human health protection Outcomes  Knowledge how new vaccinations can help to protect people in Africa  Using communication media different than “paper docs”  Using computer and web tools. Toward a malaria-free world - 7 – Tools’ Information
  • 8. 4. Video 3 – Facing an underestimated malaria Tool name Video 3 – Facing an underestimated malariaLink to tool / information http://www.xplorehealth.eu/en/media/facing-underestimated-malaria on the tool Description Activities in which this tool can be used Pedagogical objectives:  Gathering information on malaria and its causative agents : Plasmodium falciparum and vivax ;  Understanding how to fight off Plamsodium vivax in pregnant women;Key messages:  Understand how antibodies can be used to  Understanding how Plasmodium vivax diagnose the disease with a helpful and affects pregnant women to better fight practical simulation: antibody as a marker of off the disease the disease.  European union coordinates a project called “Pregvax” which involves nine Process: European and non European centres  Prior to the video, a research on malaria is aConcepts that appear: must  What is an antibody?  Research on what is an antibody is needed to better conduct the rest of the activity  How can an antibody be an effective tool in assessing the  Video efficiency of the immune response towards Falciparum Time needed : 45 min and in assessing the efficiency of a putative vaccine candidate Outcomes : Be acquainted with malaria; acquainted with a European based Project aiming at fighting off malaria in poverty affected countries: malaria is a worldwide concern. Toward a malaria-free world - 8 – Tools’ Information
  • 9. 5. Experiment – Investigate a malaria vaccine Tool name Experiment 1 – Investigate a malaria vaccineLink to tool / information http://www.xplorehealth.eu/en/media/investigate-malaria-vaccine on the tool Description Activities in which this tool can be used Pedagogical objectives: Understanding what a vaccine is; Understanding the main aspects of the immune system and how its components come into play to ward off intruders; Understanding the life cycle of plasmodium and its various form it can take throughout its life;Key messages: Understanding that plasmodium proteins are theConcepts that appear: molecule part used in vaccine; What is a vaccine and what is it made of? How to read a report analysis once the experiment is completed? How does the immune system come into play to fight off the infection? Process: What are B and T lymphocytes and their Introduction to immune system and vaccine; through a respective role in destroying the questionnaire and a web search conducted activity pathogen? Game What is the Plasmodium life cycle once one has been infected? Conclusion What is the best part of the parasite to Time needed: 30 min use as a putative and effective vaccine? Outcomes Understanding how a candidate vaccine is made and how it is tested for assessing its effectiveness. Understanding the process and steps in constructing such a vaccine. Toward a malaria-free world - 9 – Tools’ Information
  • 10. 6. Experiment protocol – Investigate a malaria vaccine Tool name Experiment protocol – Investigate a malaria vaccineLink to tool / information http://www.xplorehealth.eu/en/investigate-vaccine- on the tool malaria?arg0=resources-for-educators Description Activities in which this tool can be used Pedagogical objectives: Conceptual points  Understanding ELISA Procedimental points  Lab techniques  Safety skills  Interpretation and report of results Process:Key messages:Concepts that appear: First session  Immunology  Lab protocol  Antigen-Antibody reactions Second session  ELISA test  Reporting and analysing results Time needed: Two 50’ sessions Outcomes  Knowledge of basic immunology aspects  Knowledge of ELISA test capabilities in research  Best lab and lab-safety skills. Toward a malaria-free world - 10 – Tools’ Information
  • 11. 7. Video DECIDE – Malaria: ethical issues Tool name Video DECIDE – Malaria: ethical issuesLink to tool / information http://www.xplorehealth.eu/en/media/malaria-ethical-issues on the tool Description Activities in which this tool can be used Pedagogical objectives: Conceptual points  Understanding the complexity of eradicating malaria  The importance of interdisciplinary thinking when solving health problemsKey messages:  Understanding the importance of health toMalaria can be eradicated with economic and fight poverty and vice versa.political support and we find even moresufficient ways to fight the parasite. Process:Concepts that appear:  Watch videoLearn about the actions needed to bring down  Class discussionmalaria. And why malaria is linked to poverty. Time needed: 30 minutes Outcomes  Knowledge of the complexity of fighting poverty and disease.  Working with health is also other than producing drugs. Toward a malaria-free world - 11 – Tools’ Information
  • 12. 8. Game DECIDE – Malaria: ethical issues Tool name Game DECIDE – Malaria: ethical issues http://www.xplorehealth.eu/en/playdecide-malaria?arg0=resources-for-Link to tool / information educators on the tool Description Activities in which this tool can be used Pedagogical objectives: Health is other than laboratory and drugs it is also about management: making priorities and providing strategic actions.Key messages:You need several methods to fight malaria. If the Process:budget is low how would you prioritise between  Discussions in groups with about 4 to 8,the tools at disposition. although it works best with 5-6 peopleConcepts that appear: Time needed:The students are set to reflect about what theyconsider most important: prevention, treatment 80 minutesand diagnosis or research and can you prioritisebetween geographical areas? Outcomes  Knowledge of the complexity of fighting diseases and the political dilemmas related to prioritization. Toward a malaria-free world - 12 – Tools’ Information
  • 13. FUNDED BY: PROJECT PARTNERSBY:WITH THE SUPPORT OF Toward a malaria-free world - 13 – Tools’ Information