How are drugs developed? - Lesson plans
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How are drugs developed? - Lesson plans

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In this guide you will have suggestions of lesson plans that have been designed by the Education National Coordinators using the Xplore Health materials.

In this guide you will have suggestions of lesson plans that have been designed by the Education National Coordinators using the Xplore Health materials.

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How are drugs developed? - Lesson plans How are drugs developed? - Lesson plans Document Transcript

  • Educator’s guide on Drug development (Lesson plans)AUTHORS FUNDED BY:
  • Table of contentsI. Introduction 3II. Lesson plans 3 1. Lesson plan 1: General information: The research in the field of drug development, its phase’s and the role of researchers 4 2. Lesson plan 2: ELSA aspects of the development of a DRUG: access to treatment in the context of globalisation 5 3. Lesson plan 3: ELSA aspects of the development of a drug: economical/financial aspects of the development of drugs 7 4. Lesson plan 4: How is a drug DEVELOPED: the scientific production of a drug target 9 Drug development - 2 – Lesson plans
  • I. IntroductionThis document provides a number of suggestions of lesson plans on four topics linked todrug development including time needed to organise the activities in class and the linkswith different schools subjects.II. Lesson plansThe lesson plans are meant to give teachers an idea of how the tools can be used within alesson. The idea is that suggestions for pre- and post-activities are collected in order togive some inspiration.The lesson plans will be preceded by a table displaying some general informationconcerning the suggested plan, such as the age level of the students, the tools that areused, etc.The structure of the lesson plans is made in a way that objectives of the activities, as wellas materials needed for the implementation, the procedure of the activities and the timingof each single activity are stated.Abbreviations:T: teacher Ss: students Ind: Individual work Gw: GroupworkS: student OHT: overhead transparency Pw: Pairwork Drug development - 3 – Lesson plans
  • Lesson plan 1: General information: The research in the field ofdrug development, its phase’s and the role of researchersGeneral information:Author of the lesson plan: Carlos de Paz VillasenínSubject of the lesson: The research in the field of drug development, its phase’s and the role of researchersAge level of the students: 17-19Xplore Health’s tools used: Video 1: The long and incredible story of a tablet Virtual experiment 2 – Develop a drug!Link with different school subjects/integration Biology, Chemistry, Informaticsin the curriculum:Lesson Plan:Activity Objective of Material, Inter- Procedure Time ∑ activity tools (min.) needed actionVideo Introduce theme Video 1: Gw All, teacher and pupils 10 10 The Story watch the video. of a tabletTeacher Introducing T -> Ss The teacher explains to 5 15speech activity students how to work, which is the activity and the procedure to be followedWorkshop Discussing the Gw Students raise questions 5 20 approach of the Ss -> T about the development of activity T -> Ss the activity.Experiment Simulate real life Drug dev. Pw Students interact with the 20 40(1) drugs virtual simulator to try to develop a development experiment drug. Pair-work promotes (workflow, (1) dialogue and strengths in protocols, decision-making. problems,...). Students take the role of researchers.Results Expression of Gw Each pair shows their 10 50 results results, and the problems they may have had. Drug development - 4 – Lesson plans
  • Lesson plan 2: ELSA aspects of the development of a DRUG:access to treatment in the context of globalisationGeneral information:Author of the lesson plan: Linda McCuskerSubject of the lesson: ELSA aspects of the development of a drug : access to treatment in the context of globalisationAge level of the students: 15-18 years oldNumber of students in class: 20 studentsXplore Health’s tools used: Xplore Health Video 3 – Drug development and ethics Xplore Health Discussion continuum Game – Access to TreatmentLink with different school Higher Biology, Higher Chemistry and PSE curriculasubjects/integration in the curriculum:Pre-knowledge required by students: The research and development cycle of a drug, acquired by using Xplore Health Virtual experiment 1 - Produce a drug target, Virtual experiment 2 – Develop a drug!, Game and Video 1 The long and incredible story of a tabletSuggested background reading for XploreHealth/ Module 1:Teacher: How are drugs developed? Ethical, legal and social aspectsLesson Plan:Activity Objective of Material, Inter- Procedure Time ∑ activity tools action (min.) neededIntroduc- To explain to Xplore T→S Use class discussion and video to 10 10tion students that Health Ss → give students an idea of the the Video 3 Ss debates that are inspired, e.g. production – Drug should all people have the same and use of develop access to medicinal drugs drugs ment regardless of where they live in the inspires and world? Or If a person suffers from a many ethics ‘rare’ disease should as much debates with money be spent on drugs for their Drug development - 5 – Lesson plans
  • regards to illness as is spent on more common ELSA diseases which affect many more people?Class Students to Xplore T→S Introduction to resource 5 15Activity be split into Health Gw Group discussions 30 45 5 groups of Discussi Ss → 4 students to on Ss participate in continuu the Xplore m Game Health – Access Discussion to continuum Treatme Game – nt Access to TreatmentSumma- Students will T→S 5 50tion of providelesson feedback from their group discussion to rest of class during next lessonFollow-up:Activity Objective of Material Inter- Procedure Time ∑ activity and action (min.) tools neededIntroduction Quick recap for Decide Ss → Student presentations. 20 20 students reminding Game Ss them that they are Phase 3 using the Decide –A Game to look at the shared ELSA aspects group surrounding the respons Drug development - 6 – Lesson plans
  • development of e orphan drugs. Continuation of feedback session.Class Class to decide on Decide Ss → Teacher facilitated class 20 40Activity a shared group Game Ss discussion response – can a Phase 3 class consensus be –A agreed? shared group respons eUpload of To upload the class Decide Ss → Teacher supervised 10 50class results shared group Game WWW session allowing studentsto response to the Upload to upload class sharedwww.playde website. results response tocide.eu www.playdecide.euLesson plan 3: ELSA aspects of the development of a drug :economical / financial aspects of the development of drugsGeneral information:Author of the lesson plan: Linda McCuskerSubject of the lesson: ELSA aspects of the development of a drug : economical/financial aspects of the development of drugAge level of the students: 15-18 years oldNumber of students in class: 20 studentsXplore Health’s tools used: Orphan drugs Decide GameLink with different school Higher Biology, Higher Chemistry and PSE curriculasubjects/integration in the curriculumPre-knowledge required by students: The research and development cycle of a drug, acquired by using Xplore Health Virtual experiment 1 - Produce a drug target, Virtual experiment 2 – Develop a drug!, Game and Video 1 The long and incredible story of a tabletSuggested background reading for Xplore Health/ Module 1: Drug development - 7 – Lesson plans
  • Teacher: How are drugs developed? Ethical, legal and social aspectsLesson plan:Activity Objective of Material Inter- Procedure Time ∑ activity and tools action (min.) neededIntroduction To explain to Decide T→S Teacher facilitated 5 5 students they Game Ss → discussion about orphan will be using the Ss drugs to find out the Decide Game to thoughts of the students look at the before they start playing ELSA aspects the Decide Game. surrounding the development of orphan drugs.Class Activity Students to be Decide T→S Introduction to resource 25 30 split into 5 Game Gw Group discussions groups of 4 Phase 1 - Ss→ students to Informatio Ss participate in the n Decide Game.Introduction Quick recap for Decide Ss → Student short 10 40 students Game Ss presentations on what reminding them Phase 3 – they discussed during in that they are A shared their groups using the group Decide Game to response look at the ELSA aspects surrounding the development of orphan drugs. Continuation of feedback session.Class Activity Class to decide Decide Ss → Teacher led class 10 50 on a shared Game Ss discussion Drug development - 8 – Lesson plans
  • group response Phase 3 – – can a class A shared consensus be group agreed? responseUpload To upload the Decide Ss → Teacher supervisedclass class shared Game WWW session allowing studentsresults to group response Upload to upload class sharedwww.play to the website results response todecide.eu www.playdecide.euLesson plan 4: How is a drug DEVELOPED: the scientificproduction of a drug targetGeneral information:Author of the lesson plan: Laurent MARTORELLAge level of the students: 16 -18Xplore Health’s tools used: http://www.xplorehealth.org/en/media/produce- drug-targetLink with different school subjects/integration The topic fits to my curricula namedin the curriculum: “Biotechnology” where one has to develop what it takes to make a drug suited to treat a diseaseCan the topic be linked to different subjects in (16 years old student motivated to tackle ayour school? Does it fit to your curricula? paramedic careers)Lesson plan:Activity Objective of Material Inter- Procedure Time ∑ activity and tools action (min.) neededThe To define what a Classroom Ind or Teacher brings up the 10 10concept of drug is PC’s with Pw topic on drug to end updrug internet with the concept of drug: access an active compound having a peculiar action on the body to treat, prevent an illness.What is a To assess if the http://www. T Teacher uses the screens 10 20drug? notion of drug has xplorehealt 1 and 2 of the animation been correctly h.org/en/m to demonstrate a drug Drug development - 9 – Lesson plans
  • defined by the edia/produc action is target specific. student : e-drug- Question: how can one clarification an target design target specific explanation by the Interactive drug? means of blackboard animationHow to To decline each http://www. Pw / Screen 3: the game gets 20 40produce a step for a drug xplorehealt Gw started and students aredrug target to be h.org/en/m assigned to play the gametarget? developed edia/produc and describe each step of e-drug- the drug development target process and what they Classroom are aimed at. PC’s with Suggestion: the game to internet be played full screen but access this option is not yet implementedHOME- To build a http://www. Pw / Recap all the main stepsWORK diagram chart xplorehealt Gw along with their purpose in presenting all the h.org/en/m a diagram chart main steps of edia/produc The activity will be drug e-drug- presented by the developement target assigned groupwork to all the classroom Drug development - 10 – Lesson plans
  • FUNDED BY: PROJECT PARTNERSBY:WITH THE SUPPORT OF Drug development - 11 – Lesson plans