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    System of governance System of governance Presentation Transcript

    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
      Communism
      Socialism
      Capitalism
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
      Best explained by the cows…
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
      Communism
      If you have 2 cows, you give them to the government; and the government gives you some milk
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
      Socialism
      If you have 2 cows, you give one to your neighbour.
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
      Capitalism
      If you have 2 cows, you sell one and buy a bull
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
      COMMUNISM
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
      Communist
      A person who is a member of communist party
      A pro-communist is a person who supports Communism but need not be a member of the communist party
      An anti-Communist is a person who is against Communism
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
      Current Communist States
      Republic of Cuba (Cuban Revolution in 1959, socialist state declared in 1961)
      Democratic People's Republic of Korea (since 1948)
      Lao People's Democratic Republic (since 1975)
      Socialist Republic of Vietnam (since 1976; Communist Party of Vietnam ruled the Democratic Republic of Vietnam since 1954)
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
      Origins of Communism
      Ideals of Karl Heinrich Marx (1818 – 1883)
      German philosopher, political economist, historian, sociologist, humanist, political theorist and revolutionary credited as the founder of communism
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
      • Workers would rise up against the rich and overthrow the government
      • Wealth of the country should then be shared equally among the people
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
      • Wrote the “The Communist Manifesto” with Friedrich Engels
      • First published in 1848 in German
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
      Development of Communism
      In 1917, Russia became the first Communist country in the world after the Russian Revolution led by Lenin
      Russia was later re-named USSR
      China became a Communist country in 1949
    • What’s the difference between Socialism &Communism?
    • Socialism vs. Communism
      Communism
      • both an economic & political system
      • seeks to manage both the economy and the society by ensuring that property is owned collectively and that control over the distribution of property is centralized in order to achieve both classlessness and statelessness
      Socialism
      • mainly an economic system
      • seeks to manage the economy through deliberate and collective social control
    • Socialism vs. Communism
      Communism
      • goods and services produced should be distributed among the populace according to individuals' needs
      • both capitalism and private ownership of means of production must be done away with as soon as possible in order to make sure a classless society
      Socialism
      • goods & services produced should be distributed according to the amount of individuals' production efforts
      • capitalism can be a possible part of the ideal state and be that socialism can exist in a capitalist society
    • What’s Capitalism?
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECapitalism
      Not a political system, but an economic system
      Wealth are privately owned/controlled rather than publicly or state-owned
      Wealth  process of generating $
      $ itself
      Privately owned/controlled  individuals
      corporations
    • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECapitalism
      Investments, income, production, pricing, supply of goods and services, etc are primarily determined by private decision in a market economy largely free of government intervention
    • Let’s Discuss!
    • The Communist Threat In Singapore
    • Communism in Singapore and Malaya
      Malayan Communist Party (MCP) was formed in 1930
      Headquarters – Singapore
      WWII: Communists helped the British to fight the Japanese
      Earned the respect of the people
    • Post-WWII Situation
      Communists were told to surrender the weapons given to them by the British
      Communists secretly kept some of the weapons
      MCP wanted to end British rule and replace it with a Communist government
      Stirred anti-British feelings among the people
      Promised freedom from foreign rule once and for all, and a better life
    • Communist Activities, 1945-48
      Spread of Communism mainly among the Chinese
      Use of Chinese newspapers to spread its messages
      Gained support among workers, who blamed the British government for their low pay and poor working conditions
      Influenced students in Chinese schools, as many teachers were pro-Communist and used textbooks from China
    • The Emergency 1948 - 1960
      Communists started adopting a more violent strategy
      Moved into the jungles of Malaya
      Attacked rubber plantations and tin mines to destroy the economy
      State of Emergency in Malaya & Singapore
      Emergency gave government more power to act against the Communists
    • MCP Guerilla Warfare
    • Malayan Police Patrol
    • Lim Chin Siong
      • Lim Chin Siong was a prominent politician in Singapore who was pro-Communist
      • Encouraged union members to go on strike
      • Encouraged students to support striking workers
    • Hock Lee Bus Riots1955
      275 strikes took place in 1955
      One of the most violent was the Hock Lee Bus riots
      Sparked off by workers demanding better pay and working conditions and supported by students
      As a results of the riots, 4 people were killed and 31 injured
    • An important result
      The Chief Minister, David Marshall, seemed unwilling to take strong action against the Communists
      Thus, the British felt that Singapore could fall into the hands of the Communists
      Made the British reluctant to grant independence
    • Why were the communists often seen as the bad guys ?
    • What can we learn from these post-war events?
    • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
      Britannica Online
      www.capitalism.org
      “Towards a new socialism” by Cockshott & Cottrell
      PAP website
      NUS lecture notes, courtesy of Ms Siti NurJannah