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System of governance

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  • 1. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
    Communism
    Socialism
    Capitalism
  • 2. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
    Best explained by the cows…
  • 3. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
    Communism
    If you have 2 cows, you give them to the government; and the government gives you some milk
  • 4. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
    Socialism
    If you have 2 cows, you give one to your neighbour.
  • 5. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
    Capitalism
    If you have 2 cows, you sell one and buy a bull
  • 6. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE
    COMMUNISM
  • 7.
  • 8. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
  • 9. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
    Communist
    A person who is a member of communist party
    A pro-communist is a person who supports Communism but need not be a member of the communist party
    An anti-Communist is a person who is against Communism
  • 10. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
    Current Communist States
    Republic of Cuba (Cuban Revolution in 1959, socialist state declared in 1961)
    Democratic People's Republic of Korea (since 1948)
    Lao People's Democratic Republic (since 1975)
    Socialist Republic of Vietnam (since 1976; Communist Party of Vietnam ruled the Democratic Republic of Vietnam since 1954)
  • 11. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
  • 12. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
    Origins of Communism
    Ideals of Karl Heinrich Marx (1818 – 1883)
    German philosopher, political economist, historian, sociologist, humanist, political theorist and revolutionary credited as the founder of communism
  • 13. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
    • Workers would rise up against the rich and overthrow the government
    • 14. Wealth of the country should then be shared equally among the people
  • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
    • Wrote the “The Communist Manifesto” with Friedrich Engels
    • 15. First published in 1848 in German
  • SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism
    Development of Communism
    In 1917, Russia became the first Communist country in the world after the Russian Revolution led by Lenin
    Russia was later re-named USSR
    China became a Communist country in 1949
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. What’s the difference between Socialism &Communism?
  • 19. Socialism vs. Communism
    Communism
    • both an economic & political system
    • 20. seeks to manage both the economy and the society by ensuring that property is owned collectively and that control over the distribution of property is centralized in order to achieve both classlessness and statelessness
    Socialism
    • mainly an economic system
    • 21. seeks to manage the economy through deliberate and collective social control
  • Socialism vs. Communism
    Communism
    • goods and services produced should be distributed among the populace according to individuals' needs
    • 22. both capitalism and private ownership of means of production must be done away with as soon as possible in order to make sure a classless society
    Socialism
    • goods & services produced should be distributed according to the amount of individuals' production efforts
    • 23. capitalism can be a possible part of the ideal state and be that socialism can exist in a capitalist society
  • 24. What’s Capitalism?
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECapitalism
    Not a political system, but an economic system
    Wealth are privately owned/controlled rather than publicly or state-owned
    Wealth  process of generating $
    $ itself
    Privately owned/controlled  individuals
    corporations
  • 28. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECapitalism
    Investments, income, production, pricing, supply of goods and services, etc are primarily determined by private decision in a market economy largely free of government intervention
  • 29. Let’s Discuss!
  • 30. The Communist Threat In Singapore
  • 31. Communism in Singapore and Malaya
    Malayan Communist Party (MCP) was formed in 1930
    Headquarters – Singapore
    WWII: Communists helped the British to fight the Japanese
    Earned the respect of the people
  • 32. Post-WWII Situation
    Communists were told to surrender the weapons given to them by the British
    Communists secretly kept some of the weapons
    MCP wanted to end British rule and replace it with a Communist government
    Stirred anti-British feelings among the people
    Promised freedom from foreign rule once and for all, and a better life
  • 33. Communist Activities, 1945-48
    Spread of Communism mainly among the Chinese
    Use of Chinese newspapers to spread its messages
    Gained support among workers, who blamed the British government for their low pay and poor working conditions
    Influenced students in Chinese schools, as many teachers were pro-Communist and used textbooks from China
  • 34. The Emergency 1948 - 1960
    Communists started adopting a more violent strategy
    Moved into the jungles of Malaya
    Attacked rubber plantations and tin mines to destroy the economy
    State of Emergency in Malaya & Singapore
    Emergency gave government more power to act against the Communists
  • 35. MCP Guerilla Warfare
  • 36. Malayan Police Patrol
  • 37. Lim Chin Siong
    • Lim Chin Siong was a prominent politician in Singapore who was pro-Communist
    • 38. Encouraged union members to go on strike
    • 39. Encouraged students to support striking workers
  • Hock Lee Bus Riots1955
    275 strikes took place in 1955
    One of the most violent was the Hock Lee Bus riots
    Sparked off by workers demanding better pay and working conditions and supported by students
    As a results of the riots, 4 people were killed and 31 injured
  • 40. An important result
    The Chief Minister, David Marshall, seemed unwilling to take strong action against the Communists
    Thus, the British felt that Singapore could fall into the hands of the Communists
    Made the British reluctant to grant independence
  • 41. Why were the communists often seen as the bad guys ?
  • 42. What can we learn from these post-war events?
  • 43. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
    Britannica Online
    www.capitalism.org
    “Towards a new socialism” by Cockshott & Cottrell
    PAP website
    NUS lecture notes, courtesy of Ms Siti NurJannah