FLOWER “Bloom” or “Blossom” It is the part of the plant from which the fruit or seed is developed.
FUNCTION OF FLOWERSEffect ReproductionBrightening decorationsWorshipping godsHerbal tea, medicinesTokens for love and esteem
REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS PISTIL – female reproductive organ of the flower which includes the: Stigma Style Ovary STAMEN – male reproductive organ Anther Filament
CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERSAccdg. to PARTS: COMPLETE FLOWER A flower having all four floral parts: sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels. INCOMPLETE FLOWER A flower lacking either sepals, petals, stamens, or pistils
CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERSAccdg. to SYMMETRY: REGULAR FLOWER – a radially symmetric flower. Examples: WATER LILY DAISY
CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERS IRREGULAR FLOWER – a flower in which one or more members of a whorl differ in form from other members Example: Pea flower
CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERSAccdg. to SEXES: PERFECT – flower showing both carpels and stamens IMPERFECT – flower with only one reproductive organ, either female or male
CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERSAccdg. to COMPOSITION: SIMPLE – a flower head made up of few flowers Example: Gumamela COMPOUND - a flower head made up of many small flowers appearing as a single bloom. Example: marigold
INFLORESCENCES It is the mode of development and arrangement of flowers on an axis.
TYPES OF INFLORESCENCE
EXAMPLES UNIPAROUS UMBELRACEME CYME
EXAMPLESCAPITULUM SPIKE BIPAROUS CYME
POLLINATION The transfer of pollen from the anthers of a flower to the stigma of the same flower or of another flower.
TYPES OF POLLINATION Cross-pollination - occurs when pollen is delivered to a flower from a different plant Self-pollination - occurs when pollen from one flower pollinates the same flower or other flowers of the same individual
AGENTS OF POLLINATION Wind Water Insects Mammals Birds