CONTENTS In the ghetto What are adjectives? Regular comparatives & superlatives Irregular comparatives & superlatives Adjectives with ‘more’ & ‘most’ Adjectives that cannot be comparative or superlative I.T crowd
WHAT ARE ADJECTIVES? An adjective is a word that describes. Adjectives convey a sense of which, what kind, or how many/much. Adjectives describe nouns or pronouns. Examples: Shaahi has a beautiful daughter. (what kind) Zamna scored a million goals. (how many) Rifa likes chocolate milkshake. (what kind)
REGULAR COMPARATIVES & SUPERLATIVES Regular comparative adjectives have the –er suffixed. Regular superlatives have the –est suffixed. Short ShorterNash Shortest Shaf Josh Tallest Taller Tall
MORE REGULAR COMPARATIVE &SUPERLATIVE EXAMPLESPositive Comparative SuperlativeBig Bigger BiggestSlow Slower SlowestFast Faster FastestQuick Quicker Quickest What about the following examples?Positive Comparative SuperlativeGood Gooder GoodestBad Bader Baddest
IRREGULAR COMPARATIVES &SUPERLATIVES Irregular comparatives and superlatives change their form/spelling completely! They are neither suffixed with –er nor –est. Zaki Maary Rozy
MORE IRREGULAR COMPARATIVE &SUPERLATIVE EXAMPLESPositive Comparative SuperlativeGood Better BestBad Worse WorstSome More MostLittle Less LeastFar Further Furthest
ADJECTIVES WITH ‘MORE’ &‘MOST’ When the adjective has three or more syllables, then ‘more’ & ‘most’ are added in front of the word to form the comparative & superlative forms respectively.Positive Comparative SuperlativeBeautiful More beautiful Most beautifulIntelligent More intelligent Most intelligentStraightforward More straightforward Most straightforward
ADJECTIVES THAT CANNOT BECOMPARATIVE OR SUPERLATIVE 1. Some adjectives cannot be compared because the positive (simplest) form expresses the only degree possible. Examples: perfect, unique, fatal, universal, dead, wrong, s traight, blind, final, vertical, right, left
Continued… 2. Verbs functioning as adjectives E.g. fly ---> flying machine. colour (v) ---> colour paper 3. Nouns functioning as adjectives E.g. Tree---> tree diagram Grammar ---> grammar book 4. Pronouns functioning as adjectives E.g. this ---> I like this book. his ---> I have his iPhone.
References Thornbury, S. (2007). About language: Tasks for teachers of English. Cambridge: CUP. Parrott, M. (2010). Grammar for English Language Teachers. Cambridge: CUP.