IntroductionNowadays, religion is not as important as it used to be in people´s lives.The weddings have changed in the past 50 years. In the past everything was pure and innocent, and now the weddings are original and very far from the traditional ones.
DifferencesOne of the factors that has changed more in the last decades are the weddings. In the past, a wedding was the most important moment in the life of a person, but now it is secondary, and it’s like a mere celebration.
Dresses now• The dresses have also changed. Now are more original, and there are a lot of types and styles.
Old Rings• One of the most important things in a wedding is the ring. In the past they were simple and modest, and had engraved the names of the groom and the bride and the date. They were usually made of gold.
Modern Rings • Now, the same as with the dresses, the rings can be extravagant and overelaborate, there aren’t limits. Sometimes, the ring is even tattooed.
Cakes• The TV, and the culture in general, has a strong influence on the life of the people. Hence, the wedding cakes have evolved from simple pies to spectacular edible sculptures
Places• In the past, the wedding ritual was celebrated in a church or a cathedral. Now, the places can vary from beaches to the mountaintop, passing from the bottom of the sea.
• When the couple leaves from church, it is very Traditions common to throw rice to them. Its a fertility symbol• Another thing that is very common is that the bride wears something blue, something old, something new and something borrowed.• A Spanish old tradition is the “arras”, thirteen coins that the groom gives to the bride.
RELIGION Religious WEDDINGSThe religious weddings are celebrated by aceremony officiated by a priest, in churches,cathedrals, hermitages…
Civil Ceremonies The civil ceremonies are also celebrated in Spain and it’s the only way a homosexual couple can LAW marry. In 2005 the PSOE passed a law approving this type of same-sex marriage.
Divorce• The divorce is the ending of the LAW marriage, it’s the process that has the intention to finish with married life.
• THE BEGINNING OF THE DIVORCES: In 1981, Spain LAW passed the law by whichdivorce was aaccepted• 2.DIVORCE BEFORE A NOTARY PUBLIC With the new govern of Mariano Rajoy, you can have a divorce with a mutual accord, before a notarypublic.
• 3. DIFERENTS LAW TYPES OF DIVORCE• 4. MINIMUM DURATION OF ONE MARRIAGE
• 5. A NEW MARRIAGE. Once you have had the divorce, you can celebrate a new marriage without having to wait. LAW• 6. CUSTODY OF THE CHILDREN. After the divorce the custody of the children is for both, or it can be kept by one of the partners , having the other one the right to visit and spendtime with his/ her children.
De facto marriage LAW• The facto marriage is the stable union between two people living together, but they aren’t united by marriage.• To be recognized as a “a facto marriage”, the union between two heterosexualor homosexual people must bemade public and a minimum of twoyears of life together is required.
• To cancel one of these unions one of the following events must happen: LAWa) The death of some of the members.b) The marriage of the couple or one of its members.c) By mutual agreement.d) Unilateral will of one of its members.e) Not having a life together for the period of one year.
• Though civil marriages and De facto unions seem to have the same rights, in fact, they are not totally equal. For example, in the event of one of the partners’ death, conditions to get a widower pension are far more strict in the case of De facto unions. This way, widows and widowers a less protected by the law
The fight for the equality of the women The fall of the monarchy was a transformation of the country, because withthe Republican-Socialist government in 1934, equal rights between men and women were achieved (Article 43 of the 1931 Constitution).
Numerous womensorganizations emerged.Womens rightsassociations such asthe Womens Sectionof the Falange, whowanted to be at thefront to care forpolitical prisonersand their families ...;or womensorganizations asAntifascist Women, fordemocracyagainst FASCISM.
With the arrival of the Spanish Civil War in July 1936, it became apparent the need for women to hold positions abandoned by the men to go to battle. Due to situations of poverty, absence of the breadwinner ... women had to increase their work both domestically and outside the house. With the war, feelings of inferiority andsubordination of women faded and many of them had access to male- dominated areas.
For many centuries, it wasconsidered that women should beunder the authority of man, theywere considerate less intelligent.A married woman couldn’t travel,or work, or open a checkingaccount without the authority ofthe husband or father until 1970.
There was a very intense fight to obtain the equal rights for women. One of the most wanted rights was the right to vote.
In Spain, the vote to women was granted onOctober 1st 1931.With the return of democracyand the Constitutionof 1978 the legal equalitybetween men and women was established.
The most age in woman• A Spanish law in force until 1972 considered that the woman wasn’t able to live on her own until the age of 25, and therefore had to seek permission from his father to become independent.
Homosexuality is a sexual orientation between peopleof the same sex. Initially it was considered a disease or a disorderand required medical help. Since 1973, the internationalscientific community considered that homosexuality is not a disease.The legal and social situation of homosexual people varies from one country to another.
Homosexuality has been present in societies since ancient times,for example, in ancient Rome and Greece, it was accepted that a youngboy and an old man were together.
Around the world countries that accept homosexuality but it is still illegal in 76countries.Countries that accept homosexual marriage: The Netherlands (2001), Belgium(2002), Spain (2005), Canada (2005), South Africa (2006), Norway (2008),Sweden(2009 ), Portugal (2010) and Argentina (2010).There are very few countries that accept homosexual people adopting children. InEurope, countries that accept homosexuality are 44 countries.
In some schools teachersare already teachingchildren to acceptrelationshipsand weddings betweentwo men and two women.
In Spain, homosexuality is accepted since 1979. Adoption isalso accepted since 2003. There are countries in whichhomosexuality can be a reason for imprisonment or evendeath.
The weddings between people of the same-sex was legalized in Spain in 2005.The PSOE passed the law of the same-sex wedding on the 30th of June 2005,and was officially passed on 3rd of July 2005.A 66% of the people supported same-sex weddings but the other peopleorganized demonstrations against it. A big rival was the Church. They are stillagainst that law.Today, homosexuals have the same rights and duties as any other citizen. Butwith the arrivalof the PP government this maychange, they want to derogatelaws that allows gay marriage and adoption in same-sex couples.
“Gay Pride Day” is a date on which homosexual people dosome annual events to show the tolerance to thehomosexuals. It is usually celebrated in July or June.