Designing Experiences 
for iPad
I’m Jenica!I n t e r a c t i o n D e s i g n e r U s e r R e s e a r c h e r U X A r c h i t e c t S t u d e n t
I’m going to talk about…!Our AppUX ProcessDesign Principles Questions?
Our AppUX ProcessDesign Principles Questions?
Release	  2	  Fixed	  Layout	  Basic	  UI	  Elements	  	  Android	  (tablet	  &	  phone)	  iOS	  (tablet	  &	  phone)	  Wi...
Our AppUX ProcessDesign Principles Questions?
“Design is a process, 
not a product.”

-Christopher Simmons
Two design disciplines @ NII x D•  Feel•  Interactions•  Workflow•  Navigation•  Information hierarchyV i D •  Look•  Graph...
UX Design Process ?Design" Implement"
UX Design ProcessDiscovery" Design" Verify" Implement"Iterate"Iterate	  Uncovering	  user	  moGvaGon.	  “CreaGon	  of	  a	...
" " " "D i s c o v e r y "Why bother?" " " "
" " " "
" " " "
" " " "
" " " "D i s c o v e r y "Who do I talk to?" " " "
What are your stakeholders’ goals?!S t a k e h o l d e r I n t e r v i e w s •  What is the purpose and goal of the projec...
What are your users’ motivations?U s e r I n t e r v i e w s Learn more about the user’s work by asking a series of questi...
Mental Model!" " " "System! Real World!
Placeholder	  " " " "
D i s c o v e r yWho are your competitors?!" " " "" " " "
“Competitive” Analysis or Audit	  	  Filterstorm Omnigraffle KeynoteGrafio Touch Draw Photoshop" " " "
D i s c o v e r yWhat are you building?" " " "
What are your UX requirements?""F i n d i n g s Other	  team	  members	  can	  benefit	  from	  access	  to	  shared	  vari...
UX Design ProcessDiscovery" Design" Verify" Implement"Iterate	  
Design" " " "" " " "" " " "
" " " "
DesignIterate	  Define	   Refine	  Iterate	  Concept	  " " " "
DesignIterate	  Define	   Refine	  Iterate	  Concept	  " " " "
Identify Core Tasks•  Create new dashboard•  Open dashboard•  Place controls and indicators on dashboard•  Connect control...
Prioritize Core Tasks•  Create new dashboard (2)•  Open dashboard (1)•  Place controls and indicators on dashboard (1)•  C...
" " " "
" " " "
DesignIterate	  Define	   Refine	  Iterate	  Concept	  " " " "
" " " "
" " " "
" " " "
When do I wireframe versus code?" " " "
Share early & often!!" " " "
DesignIterate	  Define	   Refine	  Iterate	  Concept	  " " " "
" " " "
" " " "
At minimum think about consistency….Grouping (and white space) AlignmentLorem	  ipsum	  dolor	  sit	  amet,	  consectetur	...
UX Design ProcessDiscovery" Design" Verify" Implement"Iterate"Iterate	  
Verify" " " "" " " "" " " "
" " "" " " "
Mental Model!" " " "System! Real World!
User Testing" " " "" " " "decide what youwant to learncreate thetest planrecruitparticipantstestthe testconduct thesession...
" " "" " " "
Heuristic EvaluationVisibility of system statusMatch between system and real worldUser control and freedomConsistency and ...
UX Design ProcessDiscovery" Design" Verify" Implement"Iterate"Iterate	  
Implement" " " "" " " "" " " "
120 60 0 60 120 18030300 06030 3090150 90 15060120 60 0 60 120 18030 3090150 90 15060303060Equator EquatorEquatorTropic of...
120 60 0 60 120 18030300 06030 3090150 90 15060120 60 0 60 120 18030 3090150 90 15060303060Equator EquatorEquatorTropic of...
We talked about things like…•  “That wasn’t in the wireframes.”•  “That was in the wireframes.”•  “There’s a gesture confli...
" " " "Lessons I learned: Don’t write a novel
" " " "Lessons I learned: Track & Correct UX Bugs
UX Design ProcessDiscovery" Design" Verify" Implement"Iterate"Iterate	  •  Doing	  Discovery	  &	  VerificaGon	  	  makes	 ...
Our AppUX ProcessDesign Principles Questions?
New Interaction ModelsRight ClicksTracking statesKeyboard shortcutsWindows, Icons, Menus, PointsFat fingersGesture shortcut...
Landscape & Portrait
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
Hick’s Law“The time it takes to make adecision increases as the number ofalternatives increases.”
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
Affordance“ A property in which the physicalcharacteristics of an object orenvironment influence its function.”
Resizing handlesClearly tappable elementsHalf on screen/half off
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
“Safe” GesturesTap	   Double-­‐Tap	  Press	  Spread	  Pinch	   Drag	  Swipe	  
“Exotic” GesturesRotate	  Shake	   2	  Finger	  Swipe	  
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
1cm x 1cmTablets!1.6cm x 1.6cmKiosk Display!
Graphic Tappable areaIceberg Targets!
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
Cognitive Walkthrough!•  Walkthrough each important task and ask yourself at each screen:–  Will the user try to achieve t...
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
mut = (dut + afec) tsdohithaygtrtwtWhere:	  mut	  =	  mobile	  usability	  tesGng	  dut	  =	  desktop	  usability	  tesGng...
Recording Options•  Stationary document camera•  Suspend a camera over the area•  Mount a camera behind participants’ shou...
The Sled
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
Advantages•  Saves everyone a lot of time in the short run•  Can leverage standard platform assets•  Aligns with user’s ex...
Advantages•  The presentation of a consistent brand across tablets•  Easier to design the optimal experience that works we...
Consider•  What is the strategy? •  What’s the tablet penetration of your target market?•  Do we have a graphic designer t...
StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Na...
Our AppUX ProcessDesign Principles Questions?
Ques=ons?	  Jenica.Welch@ni.com	  
Learn More
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch
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Transcript of "Designing Experiences for the iPad, Jenica Welch"

  1. 1. Designing Experiences 
for iPad
  2. 2. I’m Jenica!I n t e r a c t i o n D e s i g n e r U s e r R e s e a r c h e r U X A r c h i t e c t S t u d e n t
  3. 3. I’m going to talk about…!Our AppUX ProcessDesign Principles Questions?
  4. 4. Our AppUX ProcessDesign Principles Questions?
  5. 5. Release  2  Fixed  Layout  Basic  UI  Elements    Android  (tablet  &  phone)  iOS  (tablet  &  phone)  Windows  8    (tablet  &  phone)    Free  form  layout  Scalable  number  of  UI  Elements  UI  customizaGon    iOS  (tablet)  8  months  4  months  Release  1  
  6. 6. Our AppUX ProcessDesign Principles Questions?
  7. 7. “Design is a process, 
not a product.”

-Christopher Simmons
  8. 8. Two design disciplines @ NII x D•  Feel•  Interactions•  Workflow•  Navigation•  Information hierarchyV i D •  Look•  Graphics•  Imagery•  Typography•  Color
  9. 9. UX Design Process ?Design" Implement"
  10. 10. UX Design ProcessDiscovery" Design" Verify" Implement"Iterate"Iterate  Uncovering  user  moGvaGon.  “CreaGon  of  a  plan  for  the  construcGon  of  a…  system”.  Design  validaGon.   Build.  
  11. 11. " " " "D i s c o v e r y "Why bother?" " " "
  12. 12. " " " "
  13. 13. " " " "
  14. 14. " " " "
  15. 15. " " " "D i s c o v e r y "Who do I talk to?" " " "
  16. 16. What are your stakeholders’ goals?!S t a k e h o l d e r I n t e r v i e w s •  What is the purpose and goal of the project?•  What is your vision of what the product should do?•  What tasks are critical (should be done quickly, with few errors)?•  What prompted the ________ (redesign, tweak, new idea)?•  Are there any restraints, mandates or guidelines?•  Who is in charge of _________?•  Who are the users?" " " "
  17. 17. What are your users’ motivations?U s e r I n t e r v i e w s Learn more about the user’s work by asking a series of questionsI n - S i t u O b s e r v a t i o n •  Observe subject matter experts doing real work in their context–  Which platform do they use?–  Are there interruptions?–  Hope they don’t wear gloves!•  Establish a master-apprentice relationship–  Subject matter expert shows how–  Observer watches and asks questions•  Challenge your assumptions about the workflow" " " "
  18. 18. Mental Model!" " " "System! Real World!
  19. 19. Placeholder  " " " "
  20. 20. D i s c o v e r yWho are your competitors?!" " " "" " " "
  21. 21. “Competitive” Analysis or Audit    Filterstorm Omnigraffle KeynoteGrafio Touch Draw Photoshop" " " "
  22. 22. D i s c o v e r yWhat are you building?" " " "
  23. 23. What are your UX requirements?""F i n d i n g s Other  team  members  can  benefit  from  access  to  shared  variables  to  monitor  system  status.    R e q u i r e m e n t s !Support  sharing  with  other  team  members.      Creator  is  the  only  approved  editor.    Allow  board  to  be  shared  in  locked  or  unlocked  state.    " " " "
  24. 24. UX Design ProcessDiscovery" Design" Verify" Implement"Iterate  
  25. 25. Design" " " "" " " "" " " "
  26. 26. " " " "
  27. 27. DesignIterate  Define   Refine  Iterate  Concept  " " " "
  28. 28. DesignIterate  Define   Refine  Iterate  Concept  " " " "
  29. 29. Identify Core Tasks•  Create new dashboard•  Open dashboard•  Place controls and indicators on dashboard•  Connect controls and indicators to data•  Organize controls and indicators on canvas•  Customize controls and indicators•  Run dashboard•  Share (Cloud, email)•  Remove dashboard•  Get help?•  Learn" " " "
  30. 30. Prioritize Core Tasks•  Create new dashboard (2)•  Open dashboard (1)•  Place controls and indicators on dashboard (1)•  Connect controls and indicators to data (1)•  Organize controls and indicators on canvas (2)•  Customize controls and indicators (3)•  Run dashboard (1)•  Share (Cloud, email) (3)•  Remove dashboard (2)•  Get help? (2)•  Learn (1)" " " "
  31. 31. " " " "
  32. 32. " " " "
  33. 33. DesignIterate  Define   Refine  Iterate  Concept  " " " "
  34. 34. " " " "
  35. 35. " " " "
  36. 36. " " " "
  37. 37. When do I wireframe versus code?" " " "
  38. 38. Share early & often!!" " " "
  39. 39. DesignIterate  Define   Refine  Iterate  Concept  " " " "
  40. 40. " " " "
  41. 41. " " " "
  42. 42. At minimum think about consistency….Grouping (and white space) AlignmentLorem  ipsum  dolor  sit  amet,  consectetur  adipiscing  elit.  Nullam  maWs  rutrum  erat,  at  sagiWs  est  elementum  vitae.    Sed  non  ante  id  ipsum  vehicula  egestas  adipiscing  a  nisi.  Nullam  placerat,  dolor  ut  sodales  placerat,  mi  velit  dictum  nisl,  id  interdum  augue  dolor  sit  amet  magna.  FontsColor (or lack of)" " " "
  43. 43. UX Design ProcessDiscovery" Design" Verify" Implement"Iterate"Iterate  
  44. 44. Verify" " " "" " " "" " " "
  45. 45. " " "" " " "
  46. 46. Mental Model!" " " "System! Real World!
  47. 47. User Testing" " " "" " " "decide what youwant to learncreate thetest planrecruitparticipantstestthe testconduct thesessionsanalyze the data andfigure out what you’regoing to about it
  48. 48. " " "" " " "
  49. 49. Heuristic EvaluationVisibility of system statusMatch between system and real worldUser control and freedomConsistency and standardError preventionRecognition rather than recallFlexibility and efficiency of useAesthetic and minimalist designHelp users recognize, diagnose,and recover from errorsHelp and documentationReadability in sunlightEase of use when in motionCues to start again after pauseSize of tap targetGesture discoverability" " " "" " " "
  50. 50. UX Design ProcessDiscovery" Design" Verify" Implement"Iterate"Iterate  
  51. 51. Implement" " " "" " " "" " " "
  52. 52. 120 60 0 60 120 18030300 06030 3090150 90 15060120 60 0 60 120 18030 3090150 90 15060303060Equator EquatorEquatorTropic of Capricorn (23°27) Tropic of Capricorn (23°27)Antarctic Circle (66°33)Antarctic Circle (66°33)Tropic of Cancer (23°27)Tropic of Cancer (23°27)Arctic Circle (66°33)Arctic Circle (66°33)Gough IslandFalkland Islands(Islas Malvinas)Bouvet IslandJohnston AtollKingman Reef (U.S.)Palmyra Atoll (U.S.)Greenlandand MiquelonWesternSaharaMacauS.A.R.Wake IslandMarianaGuadeloupe (FR.)GuamArubaJarvisIsland(Fr. Poly.)Christmas IslandAshmore andCartier Islands(Fr. Poly.)Coral SeaIslandsCaledoniaReunion(Fr. Poly.)NorfolkIslandHeard Island andMcDonald IslandsCook IslandsF r e n c h P o l y n e s i a(Fr. Poly.)Pitcairn IslandsCayman Is.NavassaIslandTurks andCaicos IslandsBermudaMartinique (FR.)(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)Cocos(Keeling) IslandsTromelin IslandJuan de NovaIslandMayotteGlorioso IslandsBassasda IndiaEuropaIslandOcean TerritoryNewAmericanSamoaNiueWallis andFutunaTokelauHowland IslandBaker IslandNorthernMidwayIslandsIslandsSvalbardJan MayenFaroeIslandsBritish IndianClipperton IslandHong KongS.A.R.South Georgia andSouth Sandwich IslandsMontserratCeutaMelillaFrench GuianaSt. PierreGibraltarSaint HelenaSaint Helena, Ascension,and Tristan da Cunha(U.K.)TRISTAN DA CUNHAFrench Southern and Antarctic LandsGuernseyJerseyIsle ofManSaint Barthelemy (FR.)CuracaoBritishVirgin Islands(U.K.)VirginIslands(U.S.)PuertoRicoAnguilla (U.K.)Saint-Martin (FR.)Sint Maarten (NETH.)ARCTIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEANHudsonBayBlack SeaPhilippineSeaN O R T HP A C I F I CO C E A NS O U T HA T L A N T I CO C E A NCaspianSeaCoralSeaI N D I A NO C E A NO C E A NBalticSeaBengalS O U T HO C E A NTasman SeaAralSeaLake BalkhashLakeBaikalRossIce ShelfBay ofSouth ChinaSeaBarents SeaLakeVictoriaLakeTanganyikaRoss Ice ShelfARCTIC OCEANJava SeaCelebes SeaAndamanSeaWhite SeaLakeLadoga LakeOnegaSea ofJapanMediterranean SeaS O U T HP A C I F I CO C E A NS O U T H E R N O C E A N S O U T H E R N O C E A NS O U T H E R N O C E A NN O R T HP A C I F I CO C E A NYellowSeaAmery IceShelfEast ChinaSeaP A C I F I CRedSeaRonne Ice ShelfBering SeaLakeNyasaN O R T HA T L A N T I CLagoTiticacaLakeSuperiorLakeMichiganLakeHuronLake ErieLake OntarioSeaArabianNorthSeaNorwegianSeaGreenland SeaBeaufort SeaDenmarkStraitKara SeaLaptev SeaEast Siberian SeaSea ofOkhotskDavisStraitBaffinBayCaribbean SeaGulf of MexicoGulf of AlaskaLabradorSeaChukchiSeaBanda SeaArafuraSeaTimorSeaLuzonStraitGulfofBothniaPersianGulfGulf of OmanSea ofAzovGulf ofTonkinGulf ofThailandDrakePassageRoss SeaBellingshausen SeaAmundsen SeaGreat AustralianBightGreatBarrierReefGulf ofCarpentariaBay ofBiscaySeaLaccadiveMozambiqueChannelGulf of AdenGulf ofSt. LawrenceLakeWinnipegSlave LakeBear LakeGreatGreatGulf of GuineaCelticSeaRoss SeaScotia SeaWeddell SeaCUBACOLOMBIAPERUBOLIVIACHILEPAPUANEW GUINEAZEALANDC A N A D AMEXICOBELIZEHONDURASNICARAGUAEL SALVADORGUATEMALACOSTARICA PANAMAR U S S I AC H I N ASURINAMETHEBAHAMAS(U.K.)THE GAMBIASWAZILANDZIMBABWEZAMBIAANGOLA COMOROSSEYCHELLESTANZANIAAFRICASOUTHKENYAUGANDACENTRALAFRICAN REPUBLICYEMENN I G E RLIBERIACAMEROONGABONEQUATORIAL GUINEAGUINEAGUINEA-BISSAUM A L IMAURITANIASENEGALCAPE VERDENORWAYSWEDENFINLANDFRANCESPAINEST.LAT.LITH.ITALYTUNISIALAOSJAPANPHILIPPINESMARSHALLISLANDSSOLOMONISLANDSFIJITONGAK I R I B A T I(FRANCE)(administered by U.K.,claimed by ARGENTINA)(CHILE)(NORWAY)(administered by U.K.,claimed by ARGENTINA)(CHILE)(SOUTH AFRICA)(AUSTL.)(AUSTL.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(FRANCE)(N.Z.)(JAPAN)(N.Z.)(EQUA. GUI.)(BRAZIL)(BRAZIL)(BRAZIL)(FRANCE)(YEMEN)(SP.)(PORT.)(PORT.)(U.K.)(DEN.)U.S.(U.K.)THAILANDBANGLADESHCAMBODIAVIETNAM(INDIA)MALDIVESSRILANKASINGAPOREBRUNEIM A L A Y S I AI N D O N E S I A(AUSTL.)(AUSTL.)TIMOR-LESTEA U S T R A L I ANEW(U.S.)(U.S.)NORTH KOREAMOROCCO(FRANCE)(NETH.)TRINIDAD ANDTOBAGODOMINICANREPUBLICJAMAICA(U.S.)PARAGUAYICELANDUNITEDKINGDOMIRELAND (U.K.)(U.K.)(U.K.)LIECH.SWITZ.LUX.CZECH REP.SLOVAKIAROMANIAALB.BELARUSSYRIACYPRUSLEBANONIndianclaim1972Line of ControlLine ofActualControl(DENMARK)U K R A I N EMOLDOVAGEORGIAAZERBAIJANARMENIAU N I T E D S T A T E SU.S.(U.S.)K I R I B A T II R A NIRAQAFGHANISTANPAKISTANANDORRASANMARINOAUSTRIAHUNGARYSERBIAMONT.KOS.CROATIASLOVENIABURMAI N D I ANEPALBHUTANT U R K E Y(U.S.)(U.S.)(U.S.)(U.S.)(U.S.)NAURU(FR.)B R A Z I LA L G E R I AL I B Y AE G Y P TA n t a r c t i c aBOS. &HER.NIGERIASAMOA(U.K.)VATICANCITY(SP.)(U.K.)(SP.)(IT.)(SP.)(FR.)(IT.)MALTANETH.BELGIUMDENMARKJORDANISRAEL(GR.)KUWAITBAHRAINQATAR UNITED ARABEMIRATESOMANOMANGERMANYPOLANDST. VINCENT ANDTHE GRENADINESGRENADABARBADOSST. LUCIADOMINICA(ECUADOR)(FRANCE)(FRANCE)(FRANCE)M O N G O L I ADJIBOUTIBOTSWANANAMIBIATURKMENISTANUZBEKISTANKYRGYZSTANTAJIKISTAN(FRANCE)ANGOLA(Cabinda)(FRANCE)(FRANCE)(AUSTL.)(AUSTL.)(AUSTL.)BULGARIARUSSIAGUYANAURUGUAYECUADOR(CHILE)(CHILE)(FRANCE)(U.K.)(NORWAY)(NORWAY)BENINTOGODIVOIRECÔTESAUDIARABIASIERRALEONE(MEXICO) ERITREASOUTHKOREAGREECEMACEDONIA(KIRIBATI)(BRAZIL)MAURITIUSMADAGASCAR(AUSTL.)(administered by FRANCE,claimed by COMOROS)(U.K.)PALAUVANUATUTUVALUBURKINAFASOU. S.ARGENTINAPORTUGALMONACOLESOTHO(FRANCE)(U.S.)(N.Z.)(INDIA)(INDIA)(COSTA RICA)(COLOMBIA)(CHILE)CHADOccupied by the SOVIET UNION in 1945,administered by RUSSIA, claimed by JAPAN(JAPAN)(JAPAN)(U.K.)VENEZUELAGHANAS U D A NRWANDABURUNDIMALAWIMOZAMBIQUEETHIOPIASOMALIASOUTHSUDANFEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIAHAITIREP. OFTHECONGODEMOCRATICREPUBLICOF THE CONGOSAO TOME AND PRINCIPEK A Z A K H S T A NTaiwanTwenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative countries have made noclaims to Antarctic territory (although Russia and the United Stateshave reserved the right to do so) and they do not recognize theclaims of the other countries.(NETH.)ANTIGUA AND BARBUDAST. KITTS AND NEVIS(U.S.)KabulTiranaAlgiersPago PagoLuandaBuenos AiresYerevanCanberraViennaBakuNassauManamaDhakaMinskBrusselsBelmopanPorto-NovoThimphuLa PazSarajevoGaboroneBrasíliaBandar SeriBegawanSofiaOuagadougouRangoonBujumburaPhnomPenhYaoundéOttawaPraiaBanguiNDjamenaSantiagoBeijingBogotáMoroniSan JoséYamoussoukroZagrebHavanaNicosiaPragueKinshasaCopenhagenDjiboutiSantoDomingoDiliQuitoCairoSan SalvadorMalaboAsmaraTallinnAddisAbabaStanleyTórshavnPalikirSuvaHelsinkiParisCayennePapeeteLibrevilleBanjulTbilisiBerlinAccraAthensNuuk(Godthåb)HagåtñaGuatemala CityConakryBissauGeorgetownPort-au-PrinceTegucigalpaBudapestReykjavíkNewDelhiJakartaTehranBaghdadDublinTel Aviv-YafoJerusalemRomeKingstonTokyoAmmanAstanaNairobiTarawaKuwaitBishkekVientianeBeirutMaseruMonroviaTripoliVilniusLuxembourgSkopjePristinaAntananarivoLilongweKualaLumpurMaleBamakoVallettaMajuroNouakchottPort LouisMexicoCityChis¸inau(UlaanbaatarPodgoricaRabatMaputoWindhoekYarenDistrictKathmanduAmsterdamNoumeaWellingtonManaguaNiameyAbujaPyongyangSaipanOsloMuscatIslamabadMelekeokPanamaCityPortMoresbyAsunciónLimaManilaAdamstownWarsawLisbonDohaBrazzavilleSaint-DenisBucharestMoscowKigaliApiaSâo ToméRiyadhDakarBelgradeVictoriaFreetownSingaporeBratislavaLjubljanaHoniaraMogadishuPretoriaSeoulMadridColomboKhartoumParamariboLongyearbyenMbabaneStockholmBernDamascusDushanbeDar es SalaamBangkokLoméNukualofaPort of SpainTunisAnkaraAshgabatFunafutiKampalaKyivAbuDhabiLondonWashington, D.C.MontevideoTashkentPort-VilaCaracasHanoiMata-UtuSanaaLusakaHarareRiga¯Kandaha¯rConstantineOranNamibeBenguelaBahía BlancaComodoroRivadaviaCórdobaLa PlataMar del PlataMendoza RosarioSan Miguelde TucumánAdelaideAlice SpringsBrisbaneCairnsDarwinHobartMelbourneNewcastlePerthSydneyWollongongChittagongKhulnaHomyelCochabambaSantaCruzSucreBelémBeloHorizonteCampinasCampoGrandeCuritibaFlorianópolisFortalezaGoiâniaJoão PessoaJoinvilleMaceióManausNatalPôrtoAlegrePôrto Velho RecifeRio deJaneiroSalvadorSantosSão LuísSão PauloTeresinaUberlândiaVitóriaMandalayNay PyiTawDoualaAlertCalgaryChurchillEdmontonFort McMurrayHalifaxHappy Valley-Goose BayIqaluitKuujjuaqMontréalPond InletPrinceGeorgeQuébecResoluteSaskatoonTorontoVancouverWhitehorseWinnipegAntofagastaConcepciónPuerto MonttPunta ArenasValparaisoBaotouChangchunChangshaChengduChongqingDalianDatongFuzhouGuangzhouGuiyangHangzhouHarbinHefeiJilinJinanKunmingLanzhouLhasaNanchangNanjingNanningNantongNingboQingdaoShanghaiShantouShenyangShijiazhuangTaipeiTaiyuanTianjinÜrümqiWuhanXiamenXianYantaiZhanjiangZhengzhouZiboBarranquillaCaliCartagenaCúcutaMedellínAbidjanKisanganiLubumbashiMbuji-MayiSantiagoGuayaquilAlexandriaAswa¯nBordeauxLilleLyonMarseilleToulouseCologneFrankfurtHamburgMunichQaanaaq (Thule)A¯graAhmada¯ba¯dBengaluru(Bangalore)Bhopa¯lKozhikodeChennaiKochiCoimbatoreHydera¯ba¯dIndoreJaipurJamshedpurKa¯npurKolkataLucknowLudhia¯naMaduraiMumbaiNa¯gpurPatnaPuneSu¯ratVijayawa¯daVisha¯khapatnamBandungBanjarmasinDenpasarKupangJayapuraMakassarMalangMedanPadangPalembangPekanbaruPontianak SamarindaSemarang SurabayaTanjungkarang-TelukbetungAhva¯zEs¸faha¯nKermanshahMashhadQomZa¯heda¯nAl Bas¸rahErbilMosulGenoaMilanNaplesPalermoTurinFukuokaHiroshimaNagoyaO¯ sakaSapporoYokohamaAlmatyKashiHera¯tAqtaü(Aktau)AtyraüQaraghandy(Karaganda)ShymkentMombasaBlantyreTombouctouAcapulcoCancúnChihuahuaCiudadJuarezGuadalajaraLeónMatamorosMéridaMexicaliMonterreyOaxacaPueblaSan LuisPotosíTijuanaTolucaTorreónCasablanca FèsMarrakechLaayouneBeiraWalvis BayAucklandChristchurchIbadanKanoLagosOgbomosoFaisala¯ba¯dHydera¯ba¯dKara¯chiLahoreMulta¯nPesha¯warQuettaColónArequipaCuscoIquitosTrujilloCebuDavaoZamboangaKrakówPortoPointe-NoireAnadyrArkhangelskAstrakhanBarnaulChelyabinskCherskiyIrkutskIzhevskKazanKhabarovskKrasnoyarskMagadanMurmanskNizhniyNovgorodNorilskNovosibirskOmskOrenburgPermPetropavlovsk-KamchatskiyPevekProvideniyaRostovSaint PetersburgSamaraSaratovTiksiTomskTyumenUfaUlyanovskVladivostokVolgogradVoronezhYakutskChitaYaroslavlYekaterinburgJeddahMeccaKassalaMek’ele¯NyalaMedinaHargeysaCape TownDurbanJohannesburgPortElizabethBusanBarcelonaBilbaoMálagaSevillaValenciaJubaOmdurmanPort SudanAleppoKaohsiungDodomaChiangMaiAdanaBursaGaziantepIstanbulI.zmirKonyaDonetskKharkivLvivOdesaBelfastBirminghamGlasgowLeedsAnchorageAtlantaAustinBaltimoreBarrowBostonCharlotteChicagoCincinnatiClevelandDallasDenverDetroitEl PasoFairbanksHonoluluHoustonIndianapolisJacksonvilleJuneauKansas CityLas VegasLos AngelesMiamiMilwaukeeMinneapolisNashvilleNewOrleansNew YorkNomeOklahoma CityOrlandoPhiladelphiaPhoenixPittsburghPortlandProvidenceBuffaloSacramentoSaintLouisSalt Lake CitySanAntonioSan DiegoSan FranciscoSeattleTampaNorfolkCiudadGuayanaMaracaiboValenciaDa NangHaiphongHo Chi MinhCityAdenNdolaBulawayoShira¯z¯Tabriz¯Al Jizah¯Bengha¯zi¯Lódz.SanJuanQUEEN ELIZABETHISLANDSKURILISLANDSWrangelIslandNEW SIBERIAN ISLANDSSEVERNAYAZEMLYAFRANZ JOSEFLANDNOVAYAZEMLYAEllesmereIslandBanksIslandVictoriaBaffinIslandIslandRockallSakhalinIsland ofNewfoundlandSardiniaSicilyCreteMinami-tori-shimaHainanDaoSocotraPENEDOS DESÃO PEDRO E SÃO PAULOKiritimati(Christmas Island)AnnobonDiegoGarciaMartin VazTrindadeIsla San AmbrosioEaster IslandLord HoweIslandÎle AmsterdamÎle Saint-PaulTasmaniaCampbellIslandMacquarieIslandGALAPAGOSISLANDSHAWAIIAN ISLANDSÎLES MARQUISESSOCIETYISLANDSÎLES TUBUAIARCHIPEL DES TUAMOTUARCHIPIÉLAGOJUAN FERNÁNDEZSOUTH ORKNEYISLANDSPRINCE EDWARDISLANDSÎLES CROZETÎLES KERGUELENCHATHAM ISLANDSBOUNTY ISLANDSSNARES ISLANDSANTIPODES ISLANDSAUCKLANDISLANDSKERMADECISLANDSSPRATLYISLANDSNICOBARISLANDSPARACELISLANDSAZORESCANARY ISLANDSMADEIRAISLANDSISLASREVILLAGIGEDOANDAMANISLANDSLAKSHADWEEPIsla deMalpeloIsla del CocoIsla Sala y GómezARQUIPÉLAGO DEFERNANDO DE NORONHAIsla San FelíxNAMPO-SHOTO--OkinawaRYUKYUISLANDSBALEARICISLANDSCorsicaAscensionALEUTIAN ISLANDSA L E U T I A N I S L A N D S803512AI (G00010) 11-11BermudaAUSTRALIASicily / AZORESDependency or area of special sovereigntyCapitalScale 1:35,000,000standard parallels 38°N and 38°SRobinson ProjectionIsland / island groupIndependent statePolitical Map of the World, November 2011November 2011Boundary representation is not necessarily authoritative." " " "" " " "Where are the developers?" " " "
  53. 53. 120 60 0 60 120 18030300 06030 3090150 90 15060120 60 0 60 120 18030 3090150 90 15060303060Equator EquatorEquatorTropic of Capricorn (23°27) Tropic of Capricorn (23°27)Antarctic Circle (66°33)Antarctic Circle (66°33)Tropic of Cancer (23°27)Tropic of Cancer (23°27)Arctic Circle (66°33)Arctic Circle (66°33)Gough IslandFalkland Islands(Islas Malvinas)Bouvet IslandJohnston AtollKingman Reef (U.S.)Palmyra Atoll (U.S.)Greenlandand MiquelonWesternSaharaMacauS.A.R.Wake IslandMarianaGuadeloupe (FR.)GuamArubaJarvisIsland(Fr. Poly.)Christmas IslandAshmore andCartier Islands(Fr. Poly.)Coral SeaIslandsCaledoniaReunion(Fr. Poly.)NorfolkIslandHeard Island andMcDonald IslandsCook IslandsF r e n c h P o l y n e s i a(Fr. Poly.)Pitcairn IslandsCayman Is.NavassaIslandTurks andCaicos IslandsBermudaMartinique (FR.)(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)Cocos(Keeling) IslandsTromelin IslandJuan de NovaIslandMayotteGlorioso IslandsBassasda IndiaEuropaIslandOcean TerritoryNewAmericanSamoaNiueWallis andFutunaTokelauHowland IslandBaker IslandNorthernMidwayIslandsIslandsSvalbardJan MayenFaroeIslandsBritish IndianClipperton IslandHong KongS.A.R.South Georgia andSouth Sandwich IslandsMontserratCeutaMelillaFrench GuianaSt. PierreGibraltarSaint HelenaSaint Helena, Ascension,and Tristan da Cunha(U.K.)TRISTAN DA CUNHAFrench Southern and Antarctic LandsGuernseyJerseyIsle ofManSaint Barthelemy (FR.)CuracaoBritishVirgin Islands(U.K.)VirginIslands(U.S.)PuertoRicoAnguilla (U.K.)Saint-Martin (FR.)Sint Maarten (NETH.)ARCTIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEANHudsonBayBlack SeaPhilippineSeaN O R T HP A C I F I CO C E A NS O U T HA T L A N T I CO C E A NCaspianSeaCoralSeaI N D I A NO C E A NO C E A NBalticSeaBengalS O U T HO C E A NTasman SeaAralSeaLake BalkhashLakeBaikalRossIce ShelfBay ofSouth ChinaSeaBarents SeaLakeVictoriaLakeTanganyikaRoss Ice ShelfARCTIC OCEANJava SeaCelebes SeaAndamanSeaWhite SeaLakeLadoga LakeOnegaSea ofJapanMediterranean SeaS O U T HP A C I F I CO C E A NS O U T H E R N O C E A N S O U T H E R N O C E A NS O U T H E R N O C E A NN O R T HP A C I F I CO C E A NYellowSeaAmery IceShelfEast ChinaSeaP A C I F I CRedSeaRonne Ice ShelfBering SeaLakeNyasaN O R T HA T L A N T I CLagoTiticacaLakeSuperiorLakeMichiganLakeHuronLake ErieLake OntarioSeaArabianNorthSeaNorwegianSeaGreenland SeaBeaufort SeaDenmarkStraitKara SeaLaptev SeaEast Siberian SeaSea ofOkhotskDavisStraitBaffinBayCaribbean SeaGulf of MexicoGulf of AlaskaLabradorSeaChukchiSeaBanda SeaArafuraSeaTimorSeaLuzonStraitGulfofBothniaPersianGulfGulf of OmanSea ofAzovGulf ofTonkinGulf ofThailandDrakePassageRoss SeaBellingshausen SeaAmundsen SeaGreat AustralianBightGreatBarrierReefGulf ofCarpentariaBay ofBiscaySeaLaccadiveMozambiqueChannelGulf of AdenGulf ofSt. LawrenceLakeWinnipegSlave LakeBear LakeGreatGreatGulf of GuineaCelticSeaRoss SeaScotia SeaWeddell SeaCUBACOLOMBIAPERUBOLIVIACHILEPAPUANEW GUINEAZEALANDC A N A D AMEXICOBELIZEHONDURASNICARAGUAEL SALVADORGUATEMALACOSTARICA PANAMAR U S S I AC H I N ASURINAMETHEBAHAMAS(U.K.)THE GAMBIASWAZILANDZIMBABWEZAMBIAANGOLA COMOROSSEYCHELLESTANZANIAAFRICASOUTHKENYAUGANDACENTRALAFRICAN REPUBLICYEMENN I G E RLIBERIACAMEROONGABONEQUATORIAL GUINEAGUINEAGUINEA-BISSAUM A L IMAURITANIASENEGALCAPE VERDENORWAYSWEDENFINLANDFRANCESPAINEST.LAT.LITH.ITALYTUNISIALAOSJAPANPHILIPPINESMARSHALLISLANDSSOLOMONISLANDSFIJITONGAK I R I B A T I(FRANCE)(administered by U.K.,claimed by ARGENTINA)(CHILE)(NORWAY)(administered by U.K.,claimed by ARGENTINA)(CHILE)(SOUTH AFRICA)(AUSTL.)(AUSTL.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(N.Z.)(FRANCE)(N.Z.)(JAPAN)(N.Z.)(EQUA. GUI.)(BRAZIL)(BRAZIL)(BRAZIL)(FRANCE)(YEMEN)(SP.)(PORT.)(PORT.)(U.K.)(DEN.)U.S.(U.K.)THAILANDBANGLADESHCAMBODIAVIETNAM(INDIA)MALDIVESSRILANKASINGAPOREBRUNEIM A L A Y S I AI N D O N E S I A(AUSTL.)(AUSTL.)TIMOR-LESTEA U S T R A L I ANEW(U.S.)(U.S.)NORTH KOREAMOROCCO(FRANCE)(NETH.)TRINIDAD ANDTOBAGODOMINICANREPUBLICJAMAICA(U.S.)PARAGUAYICELANDUNITEDKINGDOMIRELAND (U.K.)(U.K.)(U.K.)LIECH.SWITZ.LUX.CZECH REP.SLOVAKIAROMANIAALB.BELARUSSYRIACYPRUSLEBANONIndianclaim1972Line of ControlLine ofActualControl(DENMARK)U K R A I N EMOLDOVAGEORGIAAZERBAIJANARMENIAU N I T E D S T A T E SU.S.(U.S.)K I R I B A T II R A NIRAQAFGHANISTANPAKISTANANDORRASANMARINOAUSTRIAHUNGARYSERBIAMONT.KOS.CROATIASLOVENIABURMAI N D I ANEPALBHUTANT U R K E Y(U.S.)(U.S.)(U.S.)(U.S.)(U.S.)NAURU(FR.)B R A Z I LA L G E R I AL I B Y AE G Y P TA n t a r c t i c aBOS. &HER.NIGERIASAMOA(U.K.)VATICANCITY(SP.)(U.K.)(SP.)(IT.)(SP.)(FR.)(IT.)MALTANETH.BELGIUMDENMARKJORDANISRAEL(GR.)KUWAITBAHRAINQATAR UNITED ARABEMIRATESOMANOMANGERMANYPOLANDST. VINCENT ANDTHE GRENADINESGRENADABARBADOSST. LUCIADOMINICA(ECUADOR)(FRANCE)(FRANCE)(FRANCE)M O N G O L I ADJIBOUTIBOTSWANANAMIBIATURKMENISTANUZBEKISTANKYRGYZSTANTAJIKISTAN(FRANCE)ANGOLA(Cabinda)(FRANCE)(FRANCE)(AUSTL.)(AUSTL.)(AUSTL.)BULGARIARUSSIAGUYANAURUGUAYECUADOR(CHILE)(CHILE)(FRANCE)(U.K.)(NORWAY)(NORWAY)BENINTOGODIVOIRECÔTESAUDIARABIASIERRALEONE(MEXICO) ERITREASOUTHKOREAGREECEMACEDONIA(KIRIBATI)(BRAZIL)MAURITIUSMADAGASCAR(AUSTL.)(administered by FRANCE,claimed by COMOROS)(U.K.)PALAUVANUATUTUVALUBURKINAFASOU. S.ARGENTINAPORTUGALMONACOLESOTHO(FRANCE)(U.S.)(N.Z.)(INDIA)(INDIA)(COSTA RICA)(COLOMBIA)(CHILE)CHADOccupied by the SOVIET UNION in 1945,administered by RUSSIA, claimed by JAPAN(JAPAN)(JAPAN)(U.K.)VENEZUELAGHANAS U D A NRWANDABURUNDIMALAWIMOZAMBIQUEETHIOPIASOMALIASOUTHSUDANFEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIAHAITIREP. OFTHECONGODEMOCRATICREPUBLICOF THE CONGOSAO TOME AND PRINCIPEK A Z A K H S T A NTaiwanTwenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative countries have made noclaims to Antarctic territory (although Russia and the United Stateshave reserved the right to do so) and they do not recognize theclaims of the other countries.(NETH.)ANTIGUA AND BARBUDAST. KITTS AND NEVIS(U.S.)KabulTiranaAlgiersPago PagoLuandaBuenos AiresYerevanCanberraViennaBakuNassauManamaDhakaMinskBrusselsBelmopanPorto-NovoThimphuLa PazSarajevoGaboroneBrasíliaBandar SeriBegawanSofiaOuagadougouRangoonBujumburaPhnomPenhYaoundéOttawaPraiaBanguiNDjamenaSantiagoBeijingBogotáMoroniSan JoséYamoussoukroZagrebHavanaNicosiaPragueKinshasaCopenhagenDjiboutiSantoDomingoDiliQuitoCairoSan SalvadorMalaboAsmaraTallinnAddisAbabaStanleyTórshavnPalikirSuvaHelsinkiParisCayennePapeeteLibrevilleBanjulTbilisiBerlinAccraAthensNuuk(Godthåb)HagåtñaGuatemala CityConakryBissauGeorgetownPort-au-PrinceTegucigalpaBudapestReykjavíkNewDelhiJakartaTehranBaghdadDublinTel Aviv-YafoJerusalemRomeKingstonTokyoAmmanAstanaNairobiTarawaKuwaitBishkekVientianeBeirutMaseruMonroviaTripoliVilniusLuxembourgSkopjePristinaAntananarivoLilongweKualaLumpurMaleBamakoVallettaMajuroNouakchottPort LouisMexicoCityChis¸inau(UlaanbaatarPodgoricaRabatMaputoWindhoekYarenDistrictKathmanduAmsterdamNoumeaWellingtonManaguaNiameyAbujaPyongyangSaipanOsloMuscatIslamabadMelekeokPanamaCityPortMoresbyAsunciónLimaManilaAdamstownWarsawLisbonDohaBrazzavilleSaint-DenisBucharestMoscowKigaliApiaSâo ToméRiyadhDakarBelgradeVictoriaFreetownSingaporeBratislavaLjubljanaHoniaraMogadishuPretoriaSeoulMadridColomboKhartoumParamariboLongyearbyenMbabaneStockholmBernDamascusDushanbeDar es SalaamBangkokLoméNukualofaPort of SpainTunisAnkaraAshgabatFunafutiKampalaKyivAbuDhabiLondonWashington, D.C.MontevideoTashkentPort-VilaCaracasHanoiMata-UtuSanaaLusakaHarareRiga¯Kandaha¯rConstantineOranNamibeBenguelaBahía BlancaComodoroRivadaviaCórdobaLa PlataMar del PlataMendoza RosarioSan Miguelde TucumánAdelaideAlice SpringsBrisbaneCairnsDarwinHobartMelbourneNewcastlePerthSydneyWollongongChittagongKhulnaHomyelCochabambaSantaCruzSucreBelémBeloHorizonteCampinasCampoGrandeCuritibaFlorianópolisFortalezaGoiâniaJoão PessoaJoinvilleMaceióManausNatalPôrtoAlegrePôrto Velho RecifeRio deJaneiroSalvadorSantosSão LuísSão PauloTeresinaUberlândiaVitóriaMandalayNay PyiTawDoualaAlertCalgaryChurchillEdmontonFort McMurrayHalifaxHappy Valley-Goose BayIqaluitKuujjuaqMontréalPond InletPrinceGeorgeQuébecResoluteSaskatoonTorontoVancouverWhitehorseWinnipegAntofagastaConcepciónPuerto MonttPunta ArenasValparaisoBaotouChangchunChangshaChengduChongqingDalianDatongFuzhouGuangzhouGuiyangHangzhouHarbinHefeiJilinJinanKunmingLanzhouLhasaNanchangNanjingNanningNantongNingboQingdaoShanghaiShantouShenyangShijiazhuangTaipeiTaiyuanTianjinÜrümqiWuhanXiamenXianYantaiZhanjiangZhengzhouZiboBarranquillaCaliCartagenaCúcutaMedellínAbidjanKisanganiLubumbashiMbuji-MayiSantiagoGuayaquilAlexandriaAswa¯nBordeauxLilleLyonMarseilleToulouseCologneFrankfurtHamburgMunichQaanaaq (Thule)A¯graAhmada¯ba¯dBengaluru(Bangalore)Bhopa¯lKozhikodeChennaiKochiCoimbatoreHydera¯ba¯dIndoreJaipurJamshedpurKa¯npurKolkataLucknowLudhia¯naMaduraiMumbaiNa¯gpurPatnaPuneSu¯ratVijayawa¯daVisha¯khapatnamBandungBanjarmasinDenpasarKupangJayapuraMakassarMalangMedanPadangPalembangPekanbaruPontianak SamarindaSemarang SurabayaTanjungkarang-TelukbetungAhva¯zEs¸faha¯nKermanshahMashhadQomZa¯heda¯nAl Bas¸rahErbilMosulGenoaMilanNaplesPalermoTurinFukuokaHiroshimaNagoyaO¯ sakaSapporoYokohamaAlmatyKashiHera¯tAqtaü(Aktau)AtyraüQaraghandy(Karaganda)ShymkentMombasaBlantyreTombouctouAcapulcoCancúnChihuahuaCiudadJuarezGuadalajaraLeónMatamorosMéridaMexicaliMonterreyOaxacaPueblaSan LuisPotosíTijuanaTolucaTorreónCasablanca FèsMarrakechLaayouneBeiraWalvis BayAucklandChristchurchIbadanKanoLagosOgbomosoFaisala¯ba¯dHydera¯ba¯dKara¯chiLahoreMulta¯nPesha¯warQuettaColónArequipaCuscoIquitosTrujilloCebuDavaoZamboangaKrakówPortoPointe-NoireAnadyrArkhangelskAstrakhanBarnaulChelyabinskCherskiyIrkutskIzhevskKazanKhabarovskKrasnoyarskMagadanMurmanskNizhniyNovgorodNorilskNovosibirskOmskOrenburgPermPetropavlovsk-KamchatskiyPevekProvideniyaRostovSaint PetersburgSamaraSaratovTiksiTomskTyumenUfaUlyanovskVladivostokVolgogradVoronezhYakutskChitaYaroslavlYekaterinburgJeddahMeccaKassalaMek’ele¯NyalaMedinaHargeysaCape TownDurbanJohannesburgPortElizabethBusanBarcelonaBilbaoMálagaSevillaValenciaJubaOmdurmanPort SudanAleppoKaohsiungDodomaChiangMaiAdanaBursaGaziantepIstanbulI.zmirKonyaDonetskKharkivLvivOdesaBelfastBirminghamGlasgowLeedsAnchorageAtlantaAustinBaltimoreBarrowBostonCharlotteChicagoCincinnatiClevelandDallasDenverDetroitEl PasoFairbanksHonoluluHoustonIndianapolisJacksonvilleJuneauKansas CityLas VegasLos AngelesMiamiMilwaukeeMinneapolisNashvilleNewOrleansNew YorkNomeOklahoma CityOrlandoPhiladelphiaPhoenixPittsburghPortlandProvidenceBuffaloSacramentoSaintLouisSalt Lake CitySanAntonioSan DiegoSan FranciscoSeattleTampaNorfolkCiudadGuayanaMaracaiboValenciaDa NangHaiphongHo Chi MinhCityAdenNdolaBulawayoShira¯z¯Tabriz¯Al Jizah¯Bengha¯zi¯Lódz.SanJuanQUEEN ELIZABETHISLANDSKURILISLANDSWrangelIslandNEW SIBERIAN ISLANDSSEVERNAYAZEMLYAFRANZ JOSEFLANDNOVAYAZEMLYAEllesmereIslandBanksIslandVictoriaBaffinIslandIslandRockallSakhalinIsland ofNewfoundlandSardiniaSicilyCreteMinami-tori-shimaHainanDaoSocotraPENEDOS DESÃO PEDRO E SÃO PAULOKiritimati(Christmas Island)AnnobonDiegoGarciaMartin VazTrindadeIsla San AmbrosioEaster IslandLord HoweIslandÎle AmsterdamÎle Saint-PaulTasmaniaCampbellIslandMacquarieIslandGALAPAGOSISLANDSHAWAIIAN ISLANDSÎLES MARQUISESSOCIETYISLANDSÎLES TUBUAIARCHIPEL DES TUAMOTUARCHIPIÉLAGOJUAN FERNÁNDEZSOUTH ORKNEYISLANDSPRINCE EDWARDISLANDSÎLES CROZETÎLES KERGUELENCHATHAM ISLANDSBOUNTY ISLANDSSNARES ISLANDSANTIPODES ISLANDSAUCKLANDISLANDSKERMADECISLANDSSPRATLYISLANDSNICOBARISLANDSPARACELISLANDSAZORESCANARY ISLANDSMADEIRAISLANDSISLASREVILLAGIGEDOANDAMANISLANDSLAKSHADWEEPIsla deMalpeloIsla del CocoIsla Sala y GómezARQUIPÉLAGO DEFERNANDO DE NORONHAIsla San FelíxNAMPO-SHOTO--OkinawaRYUKYUISLANDSBALEARICISLANDSCorsicaAscensionALEUTIAN ISLANDSA L E U T I A N I S L A N D S803512AI (G00010) 11-11BermudaAUSTRALIASicily / AZORESDependency or area of special sovereigntyCapitalScale 1:35,000,000standard parallels 38°N and 38°SRobinson ProjectionIsland / island groupIndependent statePolitical Map of the World, November 2011November 2011Boundary representation is not necessarily authoritative." " " "" " " "Where are the developers?" " " "AusGn,  TX  
  54. 54. We talked about things like…•  “That wasn’t in the wireframes.”•  “That was in the wireframes.”•  “There’s a gesture conflict.”•  “That is hard to implement.”•  “Let’s put that in front of users.”•  “I need a graphic.”Small things… Most of the big things we already agreed on!"" " " "
  55. 55. " " " "Lessons I learned: Don’t write a novel
  56. 56. " " " "Lessons I learned: Track & Correct UX Bugs
  57. 57. UX Design ProcessDiscovery" Design" Verify" Implement"Iterate"Iterate  •  Doing  Discovery  &  VerificaGon    makes  a  be[er  product  •  Iterate  your  design  where  its  easiest    •  ConGnue  thinking  about  the  user  during  ImplementaGon  
  58. 58. Our AppUX ProcessDesign Principles Questions?
  59. 59. New Interaction ModelsRight ClicksTracking statesKeyboard shortcutsWindows, Icons, Menus, PointsFat fingersGesture shortcutsFewer supported states of feedback
  60. 60. Landscape & Portrait
  61. 61. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  62. 62. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  63. 63. Hick’s Law“The time it takes to make adecision increases as the number ofalternatives increases.”
  64. 64. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  65. 65. Affordance“ A property in which the physicalcharacteristics of an object orenvironment influence its function.”
  66. 66. Resizing handlesClearly tappable elementsHalf on screen/half off
  67. 67. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  68. 68. “Safe” GesturesTap   Double-­‐Tap  Press  Spread  Pinch   Drag  Swipe  
  69. 69. “Exotic” GesturesRotate  Shake   2  Finger  Swipe  
  70. 70. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  71. 71. 1cm x 1cmTablets!1.6cm x 1.6cmKiosk Display!
  72. 72. Graphic Tappable areaIceberg Targets!
  73. 73. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  74. 74. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  75. 75. Cognitive Walkthrough!•  Walkthrough each important task and ask yourself at each screen:–  Will the user try to achieve the right effect?–  Will the user notice that the correct action is available?–  Will the user associate the correct action with the effect to be achieved?–  If the correct action is performed, will the user see that progress is being madetoward solution of the task?
  76. 76. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  77. 77. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  78. 78. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  79. 79. mut = (dut + afec) tsdohithaygtrtwtWhere:  mut  =  mobile  usability  tesGng  dut  =  desktop  usability  tesGng  afec  =  a  few  extra  challenges  tsdohithaygtrtwt  =  the  small  detail  of  how  in  the  hell  are  you  going  to  record  the  whole  thing  
  80. 80. Recording Options•  Stationary document camera•  Suspend a camera over the area•  Mount a camera behind participants’ shoulder•  Camera mounted on a sled–  DIY
  81. 81. The Sled
  82. 82. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  83. 83. Advantages•  Saves everyone a lot of time in the short run•  Can leverage standard platform assets•  Aligns with user’s expectations of iOS
  84. 84. Advantages•  The presentation of a consistent brand across tablets•  Easier to design the optimal experience that works wellon all tablets •  Assets might be reusable across devices•  Saves time for designers
  85. 85. Consider•  What is the strategy? •  What’s the tablet penetration of your target market?•  Do we have a graphic designer to help us develop ourlook/feel?•  Are there any app store restrictions?
  86. 86. StreamlineClear AffordancesGesturesContextGetting StartedWorkflow & FeedbackError PreventionCutesy MetaphorsTestingGoing Native
  87. 87. Our AppUX ProcessDesign Principles Questions?
  88. 88. Ques=ons?  Jenica.Welch@ni.com  
  89. 89. Learn More

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