Computer elements, by Álex Ferreirós and Álex Muñiz


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Project about computer technology for the bilingual section of Technology at IES Praia Barraña school in Boiro, Spain.

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Computer elements, by Álex Ferreirós and Álex Muñiz

  1. 1. INDEX1. Microprocessor.2. Memory and units of storage.1. RAM.2. Cache memory.3. ROM BIOS.4. Storage devices.3. Motherboard and connecting devices.1. Connecting external devices.
  2. 2. MICROPROCESOR Integrated central and most complex circuit of an ITsystem. It is considered to be the "brain" of acomputer. The microprocessor executes instructions stored asbinary numbers organized sequentially in the mainmemory.
  3. 3. MICROCESADOR Circuito integrado central y más complejo de unsistema informático, se le suele llamar por analogía el«cerebro» de un computador. Ejecuta instrucciones almacenadas como númerosbinarios organizados secuencialmente en la memoriaprincipal.
  4. 4. MEMORY AND UNITS OFSTORAGE RAM. Cache memory. ROM BIOS. Storage devices.
  5. 5. MEMORIA Y UNIDADES DEALMACENAJE RAM. Memoria de almacenamiento temporal. BIOS de memoria sólo de lectura. Dispositivos de almacenaje.
  6. 6. RAM The random access memory is used as a work memoryfor the operating system, the programs and themajority of the software. One of the first types of RAM memory was themagnetic core memory.
  7. 7.  The expression RAM memory is frequently used todescribe the memory units located in personalcomputers and servers.
  8. 8. RAM La memoria de acceso aleatorio se utiliza comomemoria de trabajo para el sistema operativo, losprogramas y la mayoría del software. Uno de los primeros tipos de memoria RAM fue lamemoria de núcleo magnético.
  9. 9.  Se utiliza frecuentemente para describir los módulosde memoria utilizados en los computadores personalesy servidores.
  10. 10. CACHE MEMORY RAM cannot work at the same speed in themicroprocessor, so a much faster memory is installedbetween the RAM and the microprocessor - the cachememory.
  11. 11. MEMORIA DE ALMACENAMIENTOTEMPORAL La RAM no puede trabajar en la misma velocidad en elmicroprocesador, entonces una memoria mucho másrápida es instalada entre la RAM y el microprocesador:la memoria de almacenamiento temporal.
  12. 12. ROM BIOS ROM BIOS is an indelible chip where the basicinstructions for turning on a computer are and it alsochecks all the disks, the memory ... The ROM BIOS was the basic system of entry / exit ofthe computer IBM PC.
  13. 13. ROM BIOS ROM BIOS es un chip imborrable donde están lasinstrucciones básicas para encender un ordenador yesta comprueba todos los discos, memoria... El ROM BIOS era el Sistema Básico de Entrada/Salidadel computador IBM PC.
  14. 14. STORAGE DEVICES Magnetic disk: Its a storage system for information files. It stores the bytes of these files in one or a few areas ofcircular tracks. The most common ones are the hard disks. External hard disks are very useful.
  15. 15.  Optical discs: Optical format of digital storage of information, whichconsists on a circular disc in which the information iscodified and stored, doing a few microscopic grooveswith a laser on one of the flat faces that compose it.
  16. 16.  Solid-state memory: These devices store information using transistors actingas switches. These switches can be either opened orclosed. The most common types are the flash drives and thememory cards.
  17. 17. MOTHERBOARD AND CONECTINGDEVICES The motherboardis a large board onwhich all thecomputercomponents areconnected eitherdirectly or in someother way.
  18. 18. PLACA MADRE Y DISPOSITIVOSQUE SE UNEN La placa base esuna gran placasobre la queestán conectadosdirectamente oconectados dealguna formatodos loscomponentes delordenador.
  19. 19. CONNECTING EXTERNAL DEVICESIn computer science, peripheral refers to the devicesand / or auxiliary and independent devices connected tothe central processing unit of a computer.
  20. 20. CONEXIÓN DE DISPOSITIVOSEXTERNOSEn informática, se denomina periféricos a los aparatosy/o dispositivos auxiliares e independientes conectados ala unidad central de procesamiento de una computadora.
  21. 21. CONCLUSIONS / CONCLUSIONES Computer elements are commonly known ascomputer hardware and they consist of elements suchas the microprocessor, the memory, the storage unitsand the motherboard, where all the elements areconnected. A los elementos de un ordenador se les conocecomúnmente como Hardware del ordenador y estácompuesto de elementos como el microprocesador, lamemoria y las unidades de almacenamiento y la placabase, donde están conectados todos los elementos deeste.
  22. 22. REFERENCES