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Algae x fuel optimization & maintenance

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AXI is a worldwide leader in fuel filtration systems, fuel tank cleaning systems, and experts in clean fuel technologies

AXI is a worldwide leader in fuel filtration systems, fuel tank cleaning systems, and experts in clean fuel technologies


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  • Algae-X is a Technology Company with an innovative approach to Fuel Quality, Maintenance and Tank Cleaning principles and equipment. It is our goal to assist customers in choosing and installing the best possible equipment to achieve Peak Engine Performance, Reliability & Uptime at the Lowest Possible Operating Cost. The need for a different approach to fuel conditioning is driven by changes in what is environmentally acceptable and the availability and cost of crude oil. This in turn has triggered changes in both fuel and engine production necessitating changes in the conditioning of fuels before they can be safely used to operate engines and turbines or stored for long periods of time. To assure that our customers enjoy “Optimal Fuel Quality at All Times” Algae-X designs, engineers and manufactures a wide variety of equipment to optimize, maintain and restore the quality of fuel. Algae-X equipment ranges from in-line fuel conditioners for a sail boat or a truck all the way to programmable fully automated fuel conditioning equipment skids for power plants and fuel unloading stations. All Algae-X equipment always incorporates the three crucial fuel elements required to assure Optimal Fuel Quality: Filtration, Separation & Fuel Conditioning. Together these three elements constitute as it were the “Fire Triangle of Fuel Optimization”. You miss one of these three elements and you are out in the dark.
  • To answer these questions we will take a closer look at fuel, fuel contaminants and what it takes to clean and preserve the integrity of stored fuel. These and the following slides paint a clear picture of why you nee Algae-X equipment.Our presentation is based on the worldwide understanding that: Fuel is an unstable complicated organic fluid Continuously and unavoidable forming Sediment & Acid Fuel shelf life is limited and becoming shorterFuel Breakdown accelerators:Centrifuges, injection systems and common rail engines expose your fuel to Heat & Pressure. Hot fuel returning to the tank contribute to Condensation & Microbial Contaminationaccelerating the natural process of fuel degradation, acid and sludge build up in tanks. The results of fuel breakdown: such as clogged filters, Injection system repair, engine failures are often the cause of unpredictable downtime and liabilities.Fuel Instability and breakdown are directly linked to System Reliability,Risk Management and overallOperating Cost. The Risk of less than Optimal Fuel Quality is the concern of both the company’s maintenance department and top management /ownership in particular when it pertains to Emergency Power Supply Systems where power failure is not an option.
  • This is the key question, in particular for the Emergency Power Supply industry, When the lights go out, it is too late to clean your tanks or implement a fuel maintenance program. You will be very happy to be well prepared.It is remarkable that in the Emergency Power Industry, we install back-up generators to back up our back-up generators. In contrast to this costly and accepted redundancy, there is no redundancy for the fuel.When emergency power is crucial, it is of crucial importance to monitor fuel integrity. Installing a programmable automated fuel filtration system is not a matter of choice it is a priceless necessity
  • This is the key question, in particular for the Emergency Power Supply industry, When the lights go out, it is too late to clean your tanks or implement a fuel maintenance program. You will be very happy to be well prepared.It is remarkable that in the Emergency Power Industry, we install back-up generators to back up our back-up generators. In contrast to this costly and accepted redundancy, there is no redundancy for the fuel.When emergency power is crucial, it is of crucial importance to monitor fuel integrity. Installing a programmable automated fuel filtration system is not a matter of choice it is a priceless necessity
  • Fuel degradation is a fact of lifeWe have two options: we ignore reality, or we get busy and implement an adequate Fuel Maintenance ProgramIn view of the liabilities, The choice is simple A fuel maintenance program is an unavoidable and priceless necessity
  • As with many things in life, we don’t think much about fuel. We take it for granted.
  • Fuel contrary to wine does got get any better over timeIn particular in industrial applications, where reliability of our equipment is not optional we should consider that We are not building more refineries Power demands keep increasing Grid sharing & overload are well know dangers Natural disasters strike without warning
  • Sample demonstrates what happens when the generator kicks and the return fuel causes turbulence dispersing a small quantity of sediment. This fuel will cause the genset to stop.
  • WHAT DO THE OIL MAJORS TELL US ABOUT FUEL & FUEL SHELF LIFE
  • The text blurbs in these slides are taken from the official oil company websites.
  • The text blurbs in these slides are taken from the official oil company websites.
  • WHAT DO THE OIL MAJORS TELL US ABOUT FUEL & FUEL SHELF LIFE
  • WHAT DO THE OIL MAJORS TELL US ABOUT FUEL & FUEL SHELF LIFE
  • Day Tanks of 24/7 Engines Should Be Spotless. That is what we would expect but we all know that reality is different. From the tank the fuel first goes to a primary filter. The primary filter is mostly a combination device containing a fuel-water separator and a filter. In this drawing, we see a Separ Filter. Other makers of primary filters are Racor, Fuel Guard, Baldwin, Davco, etc.From the primary filter, the fuel flows to the secondary filter. This is (are) the spin-on filter (s) that your engines manufacturer installs on your engine as standard equipment. The lift pump on a Diesel engine take more fuel from the tank than is needed for combustion. The access fuel is pumped back to the tank through the return line. In engines such as Detroit Diesels, Cummins and Cats, the amount of fuel returned to the tank may be 4 or 5 times the amount of fuel these engines use for combustion. Meaning that for every gallon/liter the engine burns, it will pump 4-5 times that amount back to the tank. The engine functions both as a combustor and as a fuel recirculation pump. With the fuel continuously being pumped through a separator and two filters, we would expect that as a result, the tank would be totally spotless. We all know it is not. And this remarkable feat of sludge build-up in day tanks has been accepted as normal for over a hundred years. Instead of understanding that filtration and separation alone cannot and will not prevent fuel degradation and the formation of solids in the tank. This is where Algae-X innovation in fuel conditioning comes in and makes the difference and shines. Filtration and separation are a necessity in fuel treatment. They can be defined as “Removal “Technology” (removing water and solids from the fuel)Algae-X Fuel Conditioning stops the fuel degradation process, restoring fuel to its dry, clear & pristine condition, preventing and eliminating microbial contamination and fuel breakdown. “Restoration Technology”.Together, our traditional “removal technology” and AX Fuel Conditioning provide Fuel Optimization, Maintenance and Tank Cleaning.
  • Even though, we all know that: “most engine failures start in the fuel tank”, the symptoms of fuel degradation (clogged filters) are not always adequately recognized as such and not used as a warning signal. Often the reaction to a clogged filter is something like: “Great, this filter has done an excellent job and now needs to be replaced”. An inline fuel filter should last thousands of hours. When it clogs prematurely it tells us that the fuel in our tank feeding our engines is Less than Optimal and is damaging our engines. Fuel filters tend to clog unexpectedly without prior warning causing engines lose power & rpm. It is also very remarkable that we don’t see gauges and sensors installed on our primary filters and connected to bells and whistles. To change that and use the fuel filter as a warning signal: Algae-X makes Smart Filtration Controllers (SFC) to warn our maintenance technicians about the condition of the filter and the water level in the separator. The SFC monitors and controls your filtration equipment and alarm system both locally and remote. (Early Warning Systems prevents costly downtime)
  • Lets take a closer look at fuel.First we realize that diesel fuel is a very complex little understood but still very important fluid. “No Two Batches Of Fuel Will Ever Be The Same”All end products depend in some manner on the quality and characteristics of the source materials. The same goes for diesel fuel. The type of crude oil and the region where it came from has a profound effect on the end product. There is an enormous difference between light crude or the heavy paraffinic crude from Venezuela or the very light crude from Ecuador.It type of crude used will have an effect on what the refinery can and has to do with respect to additive packages to bring the fuel within performance specifications
  • Number 2 Diesel fuel consists of a range of different size molecules from as small as C-9 and as large as C-23.Lighter products consisting of a range of molecules < C-9 are more volatile and fall in the range of gasoline and jet fuels, while the heavier and larger molecules (> C-23) fall in the heavy fuel oil category
  • Fuel is not homogenous. The two lower pictures are at a scale of 100 micron. The one on the left shows a heavy fuel oil samples before homogenization and on the right after. The orange circle represents the cross section of a human hair approx 80Micron. This to show that we can not judge fuel quality just by looking at a fuel sample. At best we see that fuel is much darker than it should be. (picture on the left)The dark spots in left picture gives us a visual of the natural tendency of the fuel molecules to agglomerate and form clusters. They naturally attract each other form clusters that continue to increase in size, mass and density. As they become heavier and denser these particle will no longer be suspended but precipitate and form the sludge we find in tank and the deposits that clog our filters. The formation of sediment is a gradual process that depends on the stability of the fuel, and is accelerated by heat, pressure, water, microbial contamination, additives, incompatible bio-components. More than 95% of all the contaminant in fuel tanks is this organic material, consisting of clusters of agglomerated fuel molecules. Only a very small portion of fuel contaminant is in-organic material.Preventing fuel degradation and restoring fuel quality when sediment has already formed is the primary task of “Algae-X Fuel Conditioning”. The missing component in traditional fuel treatment. More about this later.Heated, compressed and only partially burned these clusters form “hard carbon wear particles” that damage your injection equipment and contaminate your lube oil shortening the service life of your engines.
  • Changes in what is acceptable, how we do business and what we require from diesel engines has changed considerably. At the same time, what diesel engines require from fuel has changed also
  • World wide the implementation of Bio-components in fuel have shown a dramatic increase in Filter Blocking Tendency
  • It was not uncommon and acceptable that diesel engines in trucks were visible from a distance. That has changed. We simply do not accept this any more and are implementing increasingly stringent Clean Air Regulations. Diesel engines in cars were not acceptable to the public. Today’s turbo diesels in cars outperform gasoline guzzlers. Common rail engines are common. Injection pressures have increased from several hundred bar to exceed 2000 bar The consequences are clear. Modern engines are much more fuel quality sensitive. To produce these very high pressures, tolerances are much tighter and costly injection system repair and overhaul has dramatically increased.Engines used to be sufficiently protected with a 30 micron filter. Today, the market is asking for 5 micron or smaller without realizing that even by 5 micron absolute filtration will not protect your injection system from less than optimal fuel quality.When we, without adequate fuel conditioning, decrease the micron size of our fuel filters even further, we will see and increase in pressure drop over the filter and a dramatically shorter filter life. That is good for companies selling filters, but may be not when you are purchasing and disposing them
  • “Straight distillation” was used to make light fuels such as gasoline, kerosene, jet-fuel, diesel #1 and 2, marine diesel, gasoil, home heating, etc That process used about 50% of the barrel of crude. The remainder of the barrel was used as heavy fuel oil and went to the asphalt industry. It was basically regarded a waste product.As crude oil became more expensive and we realized that its supply was limited, prices went up; a great incentive to find ways to make better use of this resource. Cracking the residuals from the distillation process has enabled our refineries to now use more than 90% of each barrel of crude. Cracked residual oil molecules are more reactive and have a much larger tendency to bond with other fuel molecules. As a result, blended fuel, (a mix of straight distillate and cracked fuel) is less stable than our former “straight distillate” diesel fuel. As and example, where we used to see a drop of water ball up in the bottom of a jar with diesel, we now see the same droplet disperse turning the fuel hazy. The next big change in fuel production that had a severe impact on our engines and on fuel stability was the reduction of the amount of sulfur in fuel. However, all these onslaughts on Fuel Stability are dwarfed by the impact of adding bio components to our fuel. Bio-fuels attract water, are more easily biodegradable and affected by microbial contamination. The complaints we hear from fuel users all over the world are enormous. The Association of Injection Equipment Manufacturers has published very clear and explicit warnings. (That document is available on the Algae-X website) Never the less, today’s reality is that for the foreseeable future bio-fuels will be part of our landscape and their use will increase.
  • This is the landscape in which ALGAE-X Fuel Optimization operatesOn the one hand our engines have become more fuel sensitive and demand better fuel quality, while On the other hand, changes in fuel productions have lead to increasingly instable fuels that produce more sediment and organic debris than ever beforeALGAE-X’s business is “Fuel Optimization” in its broadest sense. This means that in principle, all fuel tanks and all engines on the planet, and their owners are potential prospects for our company
  • Cause and effect summary of key issues with fuel and what we can resolve these challengesLet’s discuss these one by one
  • ALGAE-X is one stop shopping for “Fuel Optimization” Service equipment: MTC Systems - Mobile Tank Cleaning & Fuel Restoration SystemsFuel Maintenance: STS Systems - Automated Filtration Systems Smart FPS Systems - Fuel Polishing & Transfer Systems Primary Filtration LGX Series - In-line Fuel Conditioners RMS 60 - Redundant Smart Filtration Custom Filtration - Custom Automated Fuel Conditioning SkidsFuel Additives AFC-705 - Algae-X Fuel CatalystFuel Sampling & Testing EquipmentDesign & Engineering Algae-X works with Architects & Engineering firms, Facility Management Companies and Customers in designing, engineering and manufacturing custom built, innovative fully Automated Fuel Optimization & Maintenance Systems.

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Fuel Optimization, Maintenance & Tank Cleaning
      pertaining to
      Engine Performance, Reliability & Operating Cost
      WoutLisseveld
      wout@algae-x.net
      +1 239 690 9589
    • 2. Optimal Fuel Quality
      Filtration
      Separation
      Conditioning
      ALGAE-X International Designs, Engineers and Manufactures
      Automated Filtration Systems, Tank Cleaning Equipment,
      Fuel Additives & Inline Fuel Conditioners
    • 3. What Is Fuel Optimization
      &
      Why Do We Need It ?
    • 4. Is your Fuel Ready For An Emergency ?
    • 5. When the lights go out clean tanks are priceless
    • 6. Cost of Liability & Downtime?
      • Banks• Data Centers• Hospitals• Casinos• Mines• Prisons• Power Plants• Facility Management
    • 7. Diesel Is A Very Remarkable Fluid
      You Buy It
      You Burn It
      You Buy More
    • 8. Fuel Is Fuel
      …..is Fuel
      …..is Fuel
      Is It?
    • 9. Fuel Is Fuel
      …..is Fuel
      …..is Fuel
      Is It?
    • 10. Fuel Shelf Life
      Q: How Long Can I Store Diesel Fuel?
    • 11. Fuel Shelf Life
      Q: How Long Can I Store Diesel Fuel?
      …..diesel fuel canbe stored 6 months to 1 year ….
      longer periods can be accomplished through use of periodic filtrations and addition of fuel stabilizers and biocides…
      From: EXXON website (www.exxon.com) – Diesel Fuel – FAQ –
    • 12. Fuel Shelf Life
      Q: How Long Can I Store Diesel Fuel?
      “…Typical issues are a result of water bottoms accumulating over a period of time in the storage tank that can lead to filter plugging and equipment corrosion along with a large amount of tank bottom material….
      The entire industry has noticed this increase in filter plugging tendency…
      The filter can only handle a certain amount of sediments and only for a certain period of time. …”
      Excerpt from Shell-Water Management in Storage Tanks Information Handout
    • 13. Fuel Shelf Life
      Q: How Long Can I Store Diesel Fuel?
      “As diesel gets older a fine sediment and gum forms in the diesel brought about by the reaction of diesel components with oxygen from the air.
      The fine sediment and gum will block fuel filters, leading to fuel starvation and the engine stopping...”
      From: BP Fuel News – February 7, 2002 – ADF 1402
    • 14. Fuel Shelf Life
      Q: How Long Can I Store Diesel Fuel?
      ….those who store diesel fuel for a prolonged period, i.e., one year or longer, can take steps to maintain fuel integrity…..
      Add an appropriate stabilizer ….. Use a fuel quality management serviceto regularly test the fuel, and, as necessary, polish it…..Install a dedicated fuel quality management system that automatically tests and purifies the fuel and injects fresh stabilizer.”
      Excerpt from Diesel Fuel Technical Review
    • 15. Day Tanks of 24/7 Engines Should Be Spotless
    • 16. Real World Facts
      • Filter changes 100 hours instead of 1000’s
      • 17. Loss of RPM & Power
      • 18. Hard carbon deposits & corrosion
      • 19. Premature Injection System Failures
      • 20. Soot build up in Engine oil
      • 21. Premature Engine Overhauls
      Water, Sediment & Sludge in Tanks
      • Even in day tanks right after the centrifuge
      • 22. Even in day tanks where the engine runs 24/7
    • Diesel Fuel is:
      • An Organic inherently unstable fluid
      • 23. A complex mix of HC molecules
      • 24. It is Not homogenous
      • 25. Blending, additives packages, and
      • 26. Different trace elements often cause
      • 27. Compatibility issues
      • 28. Fuel Stability & Shelf life is negatively impacted by
      • 29. The implementation of ULLS and
      • 30. Adding Bio-components
    • Carbon Number Distribution of Diesel Fuel
    • 31. Fuel is Not Homogenous
    • 32.
      • Changes In Fuel Production
      • 33. Changes In Engine Production
      • 34. Introduction of Bio-Fuels
      Driven by What isEnvironmentally Acceptable
    • 35. Filter Blocking Tendency
      Bio-Fuel Curve
    • 36. Changes in Engine Production
      Ford Model-T
      Mercedes Diesel Engine Ca. 1923
    • 37. Changes in Engine Production
      VW TurboDiesel
      VW Turbo Diesel Engine Ca. 2008
    • 38. Changes in Fuel Production
    • Changes in Engines Production:
      High Pressure Injection Systems, Tighter tolerances, more Fuel Quality Sensitive
      ALGAE-X OPPORTUNITY
      Customer & Market Demand:
      Engine Reliability & Performance
      Fuel Production Changes:
      Cracking, Blending & Bio-Fuel decreased fuel stability
    • 42.
    • 43. Algae-X One Stop Shopping
      • Systems
      • Service
      • Design
    • 44. Algae-X One Stop Shopping
      Fuel Optimization • Fuel Maintenance • Fuel Restoration
      Tank Cleaning • Engineering • Consulting
    • 45. Fuel Conditioning & Filtration
      Fuel Optimization:
      Fuel Conditioning -Filtration -Separation
      Small Single Engine Installations
      Truck – Heavy Equipment - Generators
      Multiple Engines & Tanks
      (Bulk Storage & Day Tanks)Marine industry - Power Generation
    • 46. Fuel Conditioning & Filtration
    • 47. Tank Cleaning & Fuel Restoration
      Services
    • 48. FPS - Fuel Polishing & Transfer Systems
    • 49. STS - Automated Fuel Filtration Systems
      Optimizing & Preserving the integrity of stored fuel assuring Emergency Power Reliability
    • 50. STS - Automated Fuel Filtration Systems
    • 51. ROI & Pay back
      “We could clearly see a visible difference in the fuel clarity, color and opacity after we installed the ALGAE-X system. Now the STS automatically comes on once a week to keep my stored fuel in good shape (see lab report)
      What is remarkable is that the first time I got a new load of fuel from my “high quality” supplier I ran the STS 5000 and I clogged filters with this brand new fuel that came in ... this is why I love your system and it gives me a safe feeling looking at fuel related gen set reliability. John O.”
    • 52.
    • 53. NFPA Guidelines
      3.2.4* Listed. Equipment, materials, or services included in a list published by an organization that is acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction and concerned with evaluation of products or services, that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment or materials or periodic evaluation of services, and whose listing states either that the equipment, material, or service meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for a specified purpose.