Sustainable  Cities
Why Cities?
global CO2 emissions attributable to cities
Why Cities?
Toronto: Whitby    H                                Sprawling                                     distant                 ...
Toronto: Etobicoke                                Single-                                family                           ...
Toronto: East York    H                           Dense                                inner-city                         ...
Source: National Geographic
Compact cities tend to be saferAnnual road fatalities inthe US per 100 thousandpeople        Annual road fatalities per 10...
WRI and Sustainable CitiesChina     India       Brazil
Energy            Transport              WaterBlueprinting   Demonstration projects   Scaling up success
AguascalientesNew Land Use ParadigmInfluenceEstimated impacts    Partnered with INFONAVIT    Traffic speeds down 34% to   ...
TRANSOESTE (BRAZIL)Rio’s 1st BRT  Our Role    Value assurance    Operation simulation    Road safety audits    Project fra...
PROTRAMTransformed Transport Financing
PROTRAMTransformed Transport Financing Helped establish PROTRAM          Financing criteria          Streamlined process  ...
KPIsCumulative Results       – 2.1 billion passengers served       – $1.8+ billion leveraged       – 626 million hours sav...
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Sustainable Cities

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In October 2011, WRI launched a five-year global initiative to advance the progress of building environmentally sustainable and livable cities in China, India, and Brazil. We intend to develop low-carbon city models and pathways for environmentally sustainable urbanization, by partnering with four urban centers to increase energy efficiency, curb greenhouse gas emissions, and improve water quality, urban mobility and land use.

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  • Predominant form of human settlementEnormous urbanization – now is the timeHumanity’s greatest opportunity to lift hundreds of millions out of poverty while protecting the environmentEver Increasing Transportation Costs regarding investment that goes into maintaining roads and transport corridorsNon Motorized Mobility given a priority in the city's mobility plans.Absence of Integration of Urban Development Planning into the day-to-day running/management of the cityLack of Housing for the Urban PoorNeed for Creating Compact Cities that consume less energy, resources and capitalForm Based building codes or number based building codes, which is better?Need for Transit Oriented Urban DevelopmentNeed for Administrative and Governance ReformDevelopment Plan of Cities does not reflect the necessities/needs of the cities rather its wantsLack of Integration of Heritage (Built, Natural and Cultural) as an inline function of urban developmentLack of Integration of Urban Design, Urban Planning, Urban Management and Urban Policy into an integrated urban framework
  • Predominant form of human settlementEnormous urbanization – now is the timeHumanity’s greatest opportunity to lift hundreds of millions out of poverty while protecting the environmentEver Increasing Transportation Costs regarding investment that goes into maintaining roads and transport corridorsNon Motorized Mobility given a priority in the city's mobility plans.Absence of Integration of Urban Development Planning into the day-to-day running/management of the cityLack of Housing for the Urban PoorNeed for Creating Compact Cities that consume less energy, resources and capitalForm Based building codes or number based building codes, which is better?Need for Transit Oriented Urban DevelopmentNeed for Administrative and Governance ReformDevelopment Plan of Cities does not reflect the necessities/needs of the cities rather its wantsLack of Integration of Heritage (Built, Natural and Cultural) as an inline function of urban developmentLack of Integration of Urban Design, Urban Planning, Urban Management and Urban Policy into an integrated urban framework
  • CitiesCATMulti-million dollar (or just the dollar sign $$$)Cross-programmaticChina, India, brazilBlueprintsDemonstration projectsScale up
  • 3 phases (creating blueprints, catalyzing demonstration projects and scale-uping successes ) 3 focus areas (energy, transport and water)
  • Sustainable Cities

    1. 1. Sustainable Cities
    2. 2. Why Cities?
    3. 3. global CO2 emissions attributable to cities
    4. 4. Why Cities?
    5. 5. Toronto: Whitby H Sprawling distant suburb13.0 tCO2e per capita VandeWeghe, Jared R and Christopher Kennedy , Journal of Industrial Economy, 11: 2, 2007
    6. 6. Toronto: Etobicoke Single- family homes near downtown6.6 tCO2e per capita VandeWeghe, Jared R and Christopher Kennedy , Journal of Industrial Economy, 11: 2, 2007
    7. 7. Toronto: East York H Dense inner-city neighbor- hood1.3 tCO2e per capita VandeWeghe, Jared R and Christopher Kennedy , Journal of Industrial Economy, 11: 2, 2007
    8. 8. Source: National Geographic
    9. 9. Compact cities tend to be saferAnnual road fatalities inthe US per 100 thousandpeople Annual road fatalities per 100,000 people 12 Sprawl Index 11.0 11.0 Smart Growth America 10.3 10 Compact Medium 7.6 8 7.5 Sprawled 5.9 6.2 6 5.7 5.7 4.1 4.2 4.3 4 3.5 2 0 Washington, D.C Detroit, MI US average Boston, MA Milwaukee, WI Baltimore, MD Atlanta, GA Seattle, WA Chicago, IL Philadelphia, PA Los Angeles, CA New York, NY Francisco, CA San .
    10. 10. WRI and Sustainable CitiesChina India Brazil
    11. 11. Energy Transport WaterBlueprinting Demonstration projects Scaling up success
    12. 12. AguascalientesNew Land Use ParadigmInfluenceEstimated impacts Partnered with INFONAVIT Traffic speeds down 34% to establish new national model Biking up 50% Land use is the Walking up 40% Redesigned 40,000-person most important neighborhood plan – Transit use up 60% factor affecting safer, more livable, eco- Green space up 30% every aspect of friendly urban mobility and energy use.
    13. 13. TRANSOESTE (BRAZIL)Rio’s 1st BRT Our Role Value assurance Operation simulation Road safety audits Project framing Marketing advice The Impact 1.2M daily passengers on entire 4-line system High quality, safe Model for Brazil
    14. 14. PROTRAMTransformed Transport Financing
    15. 15. PROTRAMTransformed Transport Financing Helped establish PROTRAM Financing criteria Streamlined process Guided cities 42 city projects evaluated 7 financed 4 entered construction 1 completed – so far
    16. 16. KPIsCumulative Results – 2.1 billion passengers served – $1.8+ billion leveraged – 626 million hours saved (39% per trip) – 1.2 million tons of CO2 reduced – Research underway: • Fatalities avoided • PM reduced
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