Securing Rights, Combating Climate Change

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Presentation by WRI President and CEO Andrew Steer WRI/Resources and Rights Initiative (RRI) release of the report "Securing Rights, Combating Climate Change: How Strengthening Community Forest Rights Mitigates Climate Change" at NPR in Washington, DC on July 24, 2014.

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  • The most recent IPCC report confirmed that climate change is here, happening now, and affecting people everywhere.
     
    Global carbon dioxide emissions have increased by 50 percent in the past two decades.
     
    Nine of the 10 hottest years on record have occurred since 2000.
     
    Extreme weather cost the world $2.8 trillion from 1980-2012.
     
    The costs of climate change were estimated to total nearly one percent of global GDP in 2010, or nearly $700 billion, and this is expected to double by 2030.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Waves_lajolla.jpg
  • Implementing solutions to climate change has never been more urgent.
     
    In the lead-up to the Paris COP in 2015, there are a number of important milestones to achieve momentum.

  • Implementing solutions to climate change has never been more urgent.
     
    In the lead-up to the Paris COP in 2015, there are a number of important milestones to achieve momentum.
  • Implementing solutions to climate change has never been more urgent.
     
    In the lead-up to the Paris COP in 2015, there are a number of important milestones to achieve momentum.

    Image: Sumatra. https://www.flickr.com/photos/cifor/9675562811/in/gallery-56468946@N06-72157645495013175/
  • Implementing solutions to climate change has never been more urgent.
     
    In the lead-up to the Paris COP in 2015, there are a number of important milestones to achieve momentum.
  • Implementing solutions to climate change has never been more urgent.
     
    In the lead-up to the Paris COP in 2015, there are a number of important milestones to achieve momentum.
  • In these images, the blue/gray areas designate lands owned by communities. The pink represents areas of tree cover loss, i.e. deforestation. Thus we can see that deforestation is growing much more outside of the community-owned areas than within them.
  • Niger has added 200 million new trees over past 20 years, storing an additional 30 million tons of carbon.

    Community rights not only prevent deforestation, they can be used to encourage restoration.



  •  
    In Indonesia, for example, out of at least 42 million hectares of forests held by communities, only 1 million hectares are legally recognized by the government.
     
    Indonesia is the second largest emitter of CO2 from land uses.
     
    In 2008, oil palm was responsible for 27 percent of total deforestation in one district of West Kalimantan, with commercial oil palm concessions covering 59 percent of community forests.
     
    In the Eastern Papua region, communities are being manipulated into consenting to long-term commercial use of their land for less than US$1 per hectare per year
  • In some places, like Papua New Guinea, almost all forests in Papua New Guinea are legally owned by communities. However, the government has issued leases to private companies, covering about 4 million hectares - an area the size of Switzerland. If logged to convert the forest, areas covered by these leases could release almost 3 billion tonnes of CO2.

    Image: https://www.flickr.com/photos/cifor/9675562811/in/gallery-56468946@N06-72157645495013175/
  • National governments need to do the following to help communities protect forests and our climate.
     
    Recognize and provide communities with legal protection for their forest rights.
    Enforce community forest rights by mapping boundaries and expelling trespassers.
    Provide technical assistance and training to forest communities.
    Engage forest communities on investments affecting their forests.
    Compensate communities for the environmental services they provide as effective managers of their forest.

    http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-16657386-oil-palm-plantations.php?st=9085dba
  • National governments need to do the following to help communities protect forests and our climate.
     
    Recognize and provide communities with legal protection for their forest rights.
    Enforce community forest rights by mapping boundaries and expelling trespassers.
    Provide technical assistance and training to forest communities.
    Engage forest communities on investments affecting their forests.
    Compensate communities for the environmental services they provide as effective managers of their forest.

    http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-16657386-oil-palm-plantations.php?st=9085dba
  • National governments need to do the following to help communities protect forests and our climate.
     
    Recognize and provide communities with legal protection for their forest rights.
    Enforce community forest rights by mapping boundaries and expelling trespassers.
    Provide technical assistance and training to forest communities.
    Engage forest communities on investments affecting their forests.
    Compensate communities for the environmental services they provide as effective managers of their forest.

    http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-16657386-oil-palm-plantations.php?st=9085dba
  • National governments need to do the following to help communities protect forests and our climate.
     
    Recognize and provide communities with legal protection for their forest rights.
    Enforce community forest rights by mapping boundaries and expelling trespassers.
    Provide technical assistance and training to forest communities.
    Engage forest communities on investments affecting their forests.
    Compensate communities for the environmental services they provide as effective managers of their forest.

    http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-16657386-oil-palm-plantations.php?st=9085dba
  • National governments need to do the following to help communities protect forests and our climate.
     
    Recognize and provide communities with legal protection for their forest rights.
    Enforce community forest rights by mapping boundaries and expelling trespassers.
    Provide technical assistance and training to forest communities.
    Engage forest communities on investments affecting their forests.
    Compensate communities for the environmental services they provide as effective managers of their forest.

    http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-16657386-oil-palm-plantations.php?st=9085dba
  • What are we asking for? What do negotiators need to do?
     
    Developed countries: commit finances, development agencies should include land rights.
     
    Developing countries: include policies to strengthen forest rights as part of climate change mitigation goals in constructing Nationally Determined Contributions, put domestic policies in place to protect rights
     
    Closing remark:
     
    In the crucial next months before the Paris COP in 2015, forest protection must be part of our climate plan. Recognizing and enforcing community forest rights is an untapped opportunity of huge potential as we build this momentum for climate action. It is a prime example of the kind of bulls-eye efforts that help people AND the planet.

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/cifor/5701864787/in/gallery-56468946@N06-72157645534996023/
  • Securing Rights, Combating Climate Change

    1. 1. ANDREW STEER, PRESIDENT & CEO, WORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE, JULY 24, 2014 SECURING RIGHTS, COMBATING CLIMATE CHANGE How Strengthening Community Forest Rights Mitigates Climate Change: A Report by WRI and RRI
    2. 2. WITH THANKS TO And other partners
    3. 3. CLIMATE CHANGE IS UPON US Image: Wikimedia
    4. 4. PATHWAY TO PARIS Sept 2014: UN Secretary General Summit Dec 2014: Lima Climate Summit Mar 2015: Country Submissions Dec 2015: Paris Climate Summit Image: switchboard.nrdc.org
    5. 5. THE BRUTAL ARITHMETIC: WORLD’S CARBON BUDGET TO BE SPENT IN THREE DECADES
    6. 6. COMBATING DEFORESTATION ESSENTIAL TO CLIMATE CHANGE 11% of CO2 from deforestation and other land uses Image: Aulia Erlangga, CIFOR
    7. 7. COMBATING DEFORESTATION ESSENTIAL TO CLIMATE CHANGE 50 soccer fields lost per minute
    8. 8. COMMUNITIES HOLD THE KEY TO PROTECTING THE FORESTS
    9. 9. SECURING RIGHTS, COMBATING CLIMATE CHANGE: A WRI & RRI REPORT
    10. 10. OUR FINDINGS
    11. 11. OUR FINDINGS: RIGHTS ARE A SOLUTION
    12. 12. BRAZIL’S PROTECTED CARBON
    13. 13. MAPPING COMMUNITY FORESTS WITH GLOBAL FOREST WATCH
    14. 14. SUCCESSFUL FOREST RESTORATION IN NIGER 30 million tonnes of carbon
    15. 15. WHY ARE COMMUNITIES BETTER AT PROTECTING THE FOREST?
    16. 16. SO… WHAT’S THE PROBLEM? COMMUNITY RIGHTS GO UNRECOGNIZED AND UNENFORCED
    17. 17. WHAT’S THE PROBLEM? NO RECOGNITION
    18. 18. WHAT’S THE PROBLEM? NO ENFORCEMENT Papua New Guinea: 4 million ha community lands leased to companies Image: Marufish
    19. 19. OUR RECOMMENDATIONS TO NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS Image: Istockphoto
    20. 20. OUR RECOMMENDATIONS TO NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS Image: Istockphoto
    21. 21. OUR RECOMMENDATIONS TO NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS Image: Istockphoto
    22. 22. OUR RECOMMENDATIONS TO NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS Image: Istockphoto
    23. 23. OUR RECOMMENDATIONS TO NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS Image: Istockphoto
    24. 24. A CALL TO ACTION Securing community forest rights is a climate solution. Image: Ryan Woo, CIFOR

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