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Reefs at Risk Revisited
 

Reefs at Risk Revisited

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On Wednesday, February 23, 2011, WRI and more than 25 partners launched Reefs at Risk Revisited, a comprehensive analysis of the threats to coral reefs. Find out more at http://bit.ly/hSWmhU

On Wednesday, February 23, 2011, WRI and more than 25 partners launched Reefs at Risk Revisited, a comprehensive analysis of the threats to coral reefs. Find out more at http://bit.ly/hSWmhU

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    Reefs at Risk Revisited Reefs at Risk Revisited Presentation Transcript

    • Reefs at Risk Revisited
      Photo credit: Michael Emerson
      Lauretta Burke
      World Resources Institute
      National Press Club
      February 23, 2011
    • Major Partners
      Contributing Institutions
      Financial Support
      • The Chino Cienega Foundation
      • The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
      • The Henry Foundation
      • International Coral Reef Initiative
      • The Marisla Foundation
      • National Fish and Wildlife Foundation
      • Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs
      • The Ocean Foundation
      • Roy Disney Family Foundation
      • The Tiffany & Co. Foundation
      • U.S. Department of the Interior
      • U.S. Department of State
      • U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
      • Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment (AGRRA)
      • Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO)
      • Conservation International (CI)
      • Coral Reef Alliance (CORAL)
      • Healthy Reefs for Healthy People
      • Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)
      • International Society for Reef Studies (ISRS)
      • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
      • National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS)
      • Oceana
      • Planetary Coral Reef Foundation
      • Project AWARE Foundation
      • Reef Check
      • Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF)
      • SeaWeb
      • Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)
      • Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
      • U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
      • U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
      • University of South Florida (USF)
      • University of the South Pacific (USP)
      • Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
      • World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
    • Lead Authors
      • Lauretta Burke
      • Kathleen Reytar
      • Mark Spalding
      • Allison Perry
      Contributing Authors
      • Emily Cooper
      • Benjamin Kushner
      • Elizabeth Selig
      • Benjamin Starkhouse
      • KristianTeleki
      • Richard Waite
      • Clive Wilkinson
      • Terri Young
      Photo credit: Lauretta Burke
    • What is new / important?
      1998
      2011
    • What is new / important?
      Data Improvements:
      • Reef layer is 64x
      • Inclusion of global threats
      • Comprehensive, high resolution analysis
      1998
      2011
    • What is new / important?
      Value:
      • Reef Dependence
      • Vulnerability to reef degradation
      1998
      2011
    • What is new / important?
      Global Threat Analysis:
      • Today: 75% threatened
      • 2030: 90% threatened
      • 2050: All reefs at risk
      1998
      2011
    • What is new / important?
      Reasons for Hope:
      • Resilience
      • Stories of recovery
      • Recommendations for action
      1998
      2011
    • Photo credit: Coral Reef Adventure/MacGillivray Freeman Films
    • Photo credit: EnricSala
    • 275 million people are highly reef-dependent
    • Photo Credit: Crispin Zeeman
    • Photo credit: Konstantin Tkachenko
    • Photo credit: Klaus Stiefel/Flikr
    • Photo credit: Steve Lindfield
    • Photo credit: Krishna Desai
    • Local Threats
      Global Threats
      • Coastal development
      • Sediment and pollution
      • Marine pollution and damage
      • Overfishing
      • Destructive fishing
      • Warming seas
      • Ocean acidification
      Photo credit: Steve Lindfield
    • Threat: Coastal Development
      Photo credit: Wolcott Henry
    • Threat: Sediment and pollution
      Photo credit: Owen Day
    • Threat: Marine pollution and damage
      Photo credit: Chad King/NMS
      Photo credit: Wolcott Henry
    • Threat: Overfishing
      Photo credit: Steve Lindfield
    • Threat: Destructive Fishing
      Photo credit: Wolcott Henry
      Photo credit: Lynn Funkhauser
    • Threat: Warming Seas
      Photo credit: Mark Spalding
    • Key Findings: Local Threats
    • More than 60% of reefs are threatened
      by local activities
    • Integrated local threats to coral reefs
      Very High
      Low
      Medium
      High
    • Integrated local threat by region (by reef area)
    • Change in local threat level 1998 - 2007
      • Increase in threat level
      • No change in threat level
    • Key Findings: Global Threats(current)
    • Trends in coral bleaching, 1980–2010
      Source: ReefBase, 2010. Note: Data for 2010 are incomplete.
    • 75% of reefs are threatened
      by local and global pressures today
    • Key Findings: Global Threats(future)
    • Projections of thermal stress (2030 and 2050)
      2030s
      2050s
      Source: Simon Donner , 2009.
    • Projections of ocean acidification (2030 and 2050)
      450 ppm CO2 (2030)
      500 ppm CO2 (2050)
      Source: Cao and Caldeira, 2008.
    • Integrated threat from local activities: today
      Very High
      Low
      Medium
      High
    • Integrated local and global threat: 2030
      Very High
      Low
      Critical
      Medium
      High
    • Integrated local and global threat: 2050
      Very High
      Low
      Critical
      Medium
      High
    • MPAs / Management Effectiveness
    • What is at stake?
      Photo credit: Amos Nachoum
      Photo credit: PATH Foundation
    • Social and economic dependence on coral reefs
    • Social and economic vulnerability to reef degradation
    • Reasons for hope
      Photo credit: Steve Lindfield
    • Actions needed:
      • Reduce local pressures
      • Manage for climate change
      • Tackle GHG emissions
      Photo credit: GBRMPA
    • “One way to open your eyes is to ask yourself,
      ‘What if I had never seen this before?
      What if I knew I would never see it again?’”
      – Rachel Carson
      Photo credit: Wolcott Henry
      www.wri.org/reefs