Reefs at Risk Revisited
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Reefs at Risk Revisited

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On Wednesday, February 23, 2011, WRI and more than 25 partners launched Reefs at Risk Revisited, a comprehensive analysis of the threats to coral reefs. Find out more at http://bit.ly/hSWmhU

On Wednesday, February 23, 2011, WRI and more than 25 partners launched Reefs at Risk Revisited, a comprehensive analysis of the threats to coral reefs. Find out more at http://bit.ly/hSWmhU

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Reefs at Risk Revisited Reefs at Risk Revisited Presentation Transcript

  • Reefs at Risk Revisited
    Photo credit: Michael Emerson
    Lauretta Burke
    World Resources Institute
    National Press Club
    February 23, 2011
  • Major Partners
    Contributing Institutions
    Financial Support
    • The Chino Cienega Foundation
    • The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
    • The Henry Foundation
    • International Coral Reef Initiative
    • The Marisla Foundation
    • National Fish and Wildlife Foundation
    • Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    • The Ocean Foundation
    • Roy Disney Family Foundation
    • The Tiffany & Co. Foundation
    • U.S. Department of the Interior
    • U.S. Department of State
    • U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    • Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment (AGRRA)
    • Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO)
    • Conservation International (CI)
    • Coral Reef Alliance (CORAL)
    • Healthy Reefs for Healthy People
    • Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)
    • International Society for Reef Studies (ISRS)
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
    • National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS)
    • Oceana
    • Planetary Coral Reef Foundation
    • Project AWARE Foundation
    • Reef Check
    • Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF)
    • SeaWeb
    • Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)
    • Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
    • U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
    • U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    • University of South Florida (USF)
    • University of the South Pacific (USP)
    • Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
    • World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
  • Lead Authors
    • Lauretta Burke
    • Kathleen Reytar
    • Mark Spalding
    • Allison Perry
    Contributing Authors
    • Emily Cooper
    • Benjamin Kushner
    • Elizabeth Selig
    • Benjamin Starkhouse
    • KristianTeleki
    • Richard Waite
    • Clive Wilkinson
    • Terri Young
    Photo credit: Lauretta Burke
  • What is new / important?
    1998
    2011
  • What is new / important?
    Data Improvements:
    • Reef layer is 64x
    • Inclusion of global threats
    • Comprehensive, high resolution analysis
    1998
    2011
  • What is new / important?
    Value:
    • Reef Dependence
    • Vulnerability to reef degradation
    1998
    2011
  • What is new / important?
    Global Threat Analysis:
    • Today: 75% threatened
    • 2030: 90% threatened
    • 2050: All reefs at risk
    1998
    2011
  • What is new / important?
    Reasons for Hope:
    • Resilience
    • Stories of recovery
    • Recommendations for action
    1998
    2011
  • Photo credit: Coral Reef Adventure/MacGillivray Freeman Films
  • Photo credit: EnricSala
  • 275 million people are highly reef-dependent
  • Photo Credit: Crispin Zeeman
  • Photo credit: Konstantin Tkachenko
  • Photo credit: Klaus Stiefel/Flikr
  • Photo credit: Steve Lindfield
  • Photo credit: Krishna Desai
  • Local Threats
    Global Threats
    • Coastal development
    • Sediment and pollution
    • Marine pollution and damage
    • Overfishing
    • Destructive fishing
    • Warming seas
    • Ocean acidification
    Photo credit: Steve Lindfield
  • Threat: Coastal Development
    Photo credit: Wolcott Henry
  • Threat: Sediment and pollution
    Photo credit: Owen Day
  • Threat: Marine pollution and damage
    Photo credit: Chad King/NMS
    Photo credit: Wolcott Henry
  • Threat: Overfishing
    Photo credit: Steve Lindfield
  • Threat: Destructive Fishing
    Photo credit: Wolcott Henry
    Photo credit: Lynn Funkhauser
  • Threat: Warming Seas
    Photo credit: Mark Spalding
  • Key Findings: Local Threats
  • More than 60% of reefs are threatened
    by local activities
  • Integrated local threats to coral reefs
    Very High
    Low
    Medium
    High
  • Integrated local threat by region (by reef area)
  • Change in local threat level 1998 - 2007
    • Increase in threat level
    • No change in threat level
  • Key Findings: Global Threats(current)
  • Trends in coral bleaching, 1980–2010
    Source: ReefBase, 2010. Note: Data for 2010 are incomplete.
  • 75% of reefs are threatened
    by local and global pressures today
  • Key Findings: Global Threats(future)
  • Projections of thermal stress (2030 and 2050)
    2030s
    2050s
    Source: Simon Donner , 2009.
  • Projections of ocean acidification (2030 and 2050)
    450 ppm CO2 (2030)
    500 ppm CO2 (2050)
    Source: Cao and Caldeira, 2008.
  • Integrated threat from local activities: today
    Very High
    Low
    Medium
    High
  • Integrated local and global threat: 2030
    Very High
    Low
    Critical
    Medium
    High
  • Integrated local and global threat: 2050
    Very High
    Low
    Critical
    Medium
    High
  • MPAs / Management Effectiveness
  • What is at stake?
    Photo credit: Amos Nachoum
    Photo credit: PATH Foundation
  • Social and economic dependence on coral reefs
  • Social and economic vulnerability to reef degradation
  • Reasons for hope
    Photo credit: Steve Lindfield
  • Actions needed:
    • Reduce local pressures
    • Manage for climate change
    • Tackle GHG emissions
    Photo credit: GBRMPA
  • “One way to open your eyes is to ask yourself,
    ‘What if I had never seen this before?
    What if I knew I would never see it again?’”
    – Rachel Carson
    Photo credit: Wolcott Henry
    www.wri.org/reefs