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Reefs at Risk Revisited<br />Photo credit: Michael Emerson<br />Lauretta Burke<br />World Resources Institute<br />Nationa...
Major Partners<br />Contributing Institutions<br />Financial Support<br /><ul><li>  The Chino Cienega Foundation
  The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
  The Henry Foundation
  International Coral Reef Initiative
  The Marisla Foundation
  National Fish and Wildlife Foundation
  Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  The Ocean Foundation
  Roy Disney Family Foundation
  The Tiffany & Co. Foundation
  U.S. Department of the Interior
  U.S. Department of State
  U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric  Administration (NOAA)
  Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment (AGRRA)
  Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO)
  Conservation International (CI)
  Coral Reef Alliance (CORAL)
  Healthy Reefs for Healthy People
  Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)
  International Society for Reef Studies (ISRS)
  International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
  National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS)
  Oceana
  Planetary Coral Reef Foundation
  Project AWARE Foundation
  Reef Check
  Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF)
SeaWeb
  Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)
  Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
  U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  University of South Florida (USF)
  University of the South Pacific (USP)
  Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
  World Wildlife Fund (WWF)</li></li></ul><li>Lead Authors<br /><ul><li>  Lauretta Burke
  Kathleen Reytar
  Mark Spalding
  Allison Perry</li></ul>Contributing Authors<br /><ul><li>  Emily Cooper
  Benjamin Kushner
  Elizabeth Selig
  Benjamin Starkhouse
KristianTeleki
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Reefs at Risk Revisited

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On Wednesday, February 23, 2011, WRI and more than 25 partners launched Reefs at Risk Revisited, a comprehensive analysis of the threats to coral reefs. Find out more at http://bit.ly/hSWmhU

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Transcript of "Reefs at Risk Revisited"

  1. 1. Reefs at Risk Revisited<br />Photo credit: Michael Emerson<br />Lauretta Burke<br />World Resources Institute<br />National Press Club<br />February 23, 2011<br />
  2. 2. Major Partners<br />Contributing Institutions<br />Financial Support<br /><ul><li> The Chino Cienega Foundation
  3. 3. The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
  4. 4. The Henry Foundation
  5. 5. International Coral Reef Initiative
  6. 6. The Marisla Foundation
  7. 7. National Fish and Wildlife Foundation
  8. 8. Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  9. 9. The Ocean Foundation
  10. 10. Roy Disney Family Foundation
  11. 11. The Tiffany & Co. Foundation
  12. 12. U.S. Department of the Interior
  13. 13. U.S. Department of State
  14. 14. U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  15. 15. Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment (AGRRA)
  16. 16. Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO)
  17. 17. Conservation International (CI)
  18. 18. Coral Reef Alliance (CORAL)
  19. 19. Healthy Reefs for Healthy People
  20. 20. Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)
  21. 21. International Society for Reef Studies (ISRS)
  22. 22. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
  23. 23. National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS)
  24. 24. Oceana
  25. 25. Planetary Coral Reef Foundation
  26. 26. Project AWARE Foundation
  27. 27. Reef Check
  28. 28. Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF)
  29. 29. SeaWeb
  30. 30. Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)
  31. 31. Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
  32. 32. U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  33. 33. U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  34. 34. University of South Florida (USF)
  35. 35. University of the South Pacific (USP)
  36. 36. Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
  37. 37. World Wildlife Fund (WWF)</li></li></ul><li>Lead Authors<br /><ul><li> Lauretta Burke
  38. 38. Kathleen Reytar
  39. 39. Mark Spalding
  40. 40. Allison Perry</li></ul>Contributing Authors<br /><ul><li> Emily Cooper
  41. 41. Benjamin Kushner
  42. 42. Elizabeth Selig
  43. 43. Benjamin Starkhouse
  44. 44. KristianTeleki
  45. 45. Richard Waite
  46. 46. Clive Wilkinson
  47. 47. Terri Young</li></ul>Photo credit: Lauretta Burke<br />
  48. 48. What is new / important?<br />1998<br />2011<br />
  49. 49. What is new / important?<br />Data Improvements:<br /><ul><li>Reef layer is 64x
  50. 50. Inclusion of global threats
  51. 51. Comprehensive, high resolution analysis </li></ul>1998<br />2011<br />
  52. 52. What is new / important?<br />Value:<br /><ul><li>Reef Dependence
  53. 53. Vulnerability to reef degradation</li></ul>1998<br />2011<br />
  54. 54. What is new / important?<br />Global Threat Analysis: <br /><ul><li>Today: 75% threatened
  55. 55. 2030: 90% threatened
  56. 56. 2050: All reefs at risk </li></ul>1998<br />2011<br />
  57. 57. What is new / important?<br />Reasons for Hope: <br /><ul><li>Resilience
  58. 58. Stories of recovery
  59. 59. Recommendations for action</li></ul>1998<br />2011<br />
  60. 60. Photo credit: Coral Reef Adventure/MacGillivray Freeman Films<br />
  61. 61. Photo credit: EnricSala<br />
  62. 62. 275 million people are highly reef-dependent<br />
  63. 63. Photo Credit: Crispin Zeeman<br />
  64. 64. Photo credit: Konstantin Tkachenko<br />
  65. 65. Photo credit: Klaus Stiefel/Flikr<br />
  66. 66. Photo credit: Steve Lindfield<br />
  67. 67. Photo credit: Krishna Desai<br />
  68. 68. Local Threats<br />Global Threats<br /><ul><li>Coastal development
  69. 69. Sediment and pollution
  70. 70. Marine pollution and damage
  71. 71. Overfishing
  72. 72. Destructive fishing
  73. 73. Warming seas
  74. 74. Ocean acidification</li></ul>Photo credit: Steve Lindfield<br />
  75. 75. Threat: Coastal Development<br />Photo credit: Wolcott Henry<br />
  76. 76. Threat: Sediment and pollution<br />Photo credit: Owen Day<br />
  77. 77. Threat: Marine pollution and damage<br />Photo credit: Chad King/NMS<br />Photo credit: Wolcott Henry<br />
  78. 78. Threat: Overfishing<br />Photo credit: Steve Lindfield<br />
  79. 79. Threat: Destructive Fishing<br />Photo credit: Wolcott Henry<br />Photo credit: Lynn Funkhauser<br />
  80. 80. Threat: Warming Seas <br />Photo credit: Mark Spalding<br />
  81. 81. Key Findings: Local Threats<br />
  82. 82. More than 60% of reefs are threatened <br />by local activities<br />
  83. 83. Integrated local threats to coral reefs<br />Very High<br />Low<br />Medium<br />High<br />
  84. 84. Integrated local threat by region (by reef area)<br />
  85. 85. Change in local threat level 1998 - 2007<br /><ul><li> Increase in threat level
  86. 86. No change in threat level</li></li></ul><li>Key Findings: Global Threats(current)<br />
  87. 87. Trends in coral bleaching, 1980–2010<br />Source: ReefBase, 2010. Note: Data for 2010 are incomplete.<br />
  88. 88. 75% of reefs are threatened <br />by local and global pressures today<br />
  89. 89. Key Findings: Global Threats(future)<br />
  90. 90. Projections of thermal stress (2030 and 2050)<br />2030s<br />2050s<br />Source: Simon Donner , 2009.<br />
  91. 91. Projections of ocean acidification (2030 and 2050)<br />450 ppm CO2 (2030)<br />500 ppm CO2 (2050)<br />Source: Cao and Caldeira, 2008.<br />
  92. 92. Integrated threat from local activities: today <br />Very High<br />Low<br />Medium<br />High<br />
  93. 93. Integrated local and global threat: 2030<br />Very High<br />Low<br />Critical<br />Medium<br />High<br />
  94. 94. Integrated local and global threat: 2050<br />Very High<br />Low<br />Critical<br />Medium<br />High<br />
  95. 95. MPAs / Management Effectiveness<br />
  96. 96. What is at stake?<br />Photo credit: Amos Nachoum <br />Photo credit: PATH Foundation<br />
  97. 97. Social and economic dependence on coral reefs<br />
  98. 98. Social and economic vulnerability to reef degradation<br />
  99. 99. Reasons for hope<br />Photo credit: Steve Lindfield<br />
  100. 100. Actions needed:<br /><ul><li>Reduce local pressures
  101. 101. Manage for climate change
  102. 102. Tackle GHG emissions </li></ul>Photo credit: GBRMPA<br />
  103. 103. “One way to open your eyes is to ask yourself,<br />‘What if I had never seen this before? <br />What if I knew I would never see it again?’” <br />– Rachel Carson<br />Photo credit: Wolcott Henry<br />www.wri.org/reefs<br />
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