Experiences Using Indicator-Based Approaches to Improving Environmental & Forest Governance in Indonesia, and Potential Applications for REDD+
Experiences Using Indicator Based Approaches to Improving Environmental & Forest Governance in Indonesia, and Potential Applications for REDD+Indonesian Governance Forest Initiative Networks 2011
The Pressure on the Indonesian Forest Land/spatial/forest planning are not moving in the same track. All of the Almost 98% of the Tenurial conflict are forest are stillenormous, total of the forested area in Indonesia, doesn’t had their spatial planning finnished consider as an openconflict that had been access forest (not yet identified until today. being established asindependently by our a state forest). networks (HuMA) Showing that the shows that there are government don’t 2.455.539.31 Ha of have the “real” forest area has a authority to manage unresolved conflict the forest Problem on forest mostly are lacking of financial support
Efforts to promoting Good Governance• Promoting good governance since 2000, and starting from environmental governance, electricity governance, and now moving into the forestry governance.• We never work alone, sub national NGO and Academicians are important key player in making a successful assessment.• The latest assesment of Good Governance using an indicator based approach, is 2008 (conducted in 5 region all over Indonesia)
The ResultsThe Result is going beyond “research report”, we get a strong argumentation of reformingthe policy advocacy in Indonesia, the most concrete thing are:After a long wait, the government finally enacted the Public Information Disclosure Act No14/2008. The good governance assessment that we made becoming one of the mainargument for pushing this act. And with this act also, all of the public body (includingministry of forestry) are oblige to make an information system.With also finding from our research, the supreme court enacted the supreme court DecreeNo. 144/2009 Regarding Judiciary Transparency. After being years under the “secrecy”, thecourt now become more accessible for the public to “watch”.The research also gave us a strong argument to promote and pushing the revision of envmanagement act. Now, within our new environmental management act, the transparency,participation, and justice becoming the main “soul” of the regulation.
Hurdle along The ProcessThose result not coming instantly after the research are being conducted. A long process of ensuring government to understand the fact and the solution for improving governance.Civil society “pressure” also coming handy to let the government understand the urgency. In the climate change euphoria, the urgency of improving governance becoming more clear.
Efforts to Promote ForestGovernance As a follow up for the assessment in the other sector, we are now moving forward to a forest governance assessment. At first, we don’t really realize about other initiative. Because our interest is only “reforming the forest sectors”, like we did in the environmental governance (still need follow up, but already opening the opportunity At first we want to conduct the assessment with the available indicators from The Access Initiative™. Since we are one of the partners, and the results is working to make change. But then, at the same time, the Governance Forest Initiatives (GFI) raised by the WRI and Imazon-ICV, so we joining the global team to develop the indicators.
Looking at the global indicators Brazilian Global Indonesian context indicators context consist of fundamental values that needed to create a good forest governance Other Cameroon country context partners context?? Terms, Language, definitions, specific characteristic, case specification, etc. need to be contextualized
What is Needed to Address Aspect Facts need to be Expected Outcome deliveredTenure Condition that shows the Government understanding bad/good administration that the most important in process in the context of tenure management is not forest utilization, certainty or un certainty. But cultivation, possession and the clarity. ownership by the local communityLand Use Plan Condition that shows the Recommendation for the mis-coordination of land government regarding the use planning process that critical and priority point to lead to high rate improve on the context of deforestation land use coordination
What is Needed to Address Aspect Facts need to be Expected Outcome deliveredForest Empirical facts that Government understandingManagement government “don’t have of the importance to the control over the forest develop a more effective area”. And the urgency FMU’s as soon as possible. not only establishing FMU’s, but creating a coherent and comprehensive system for the FMU’s.Revenue Facts that government are More transparent and lack of adequate forest progressive anti corruption budget management and budget system being causing Indonesia developed “seems” like a poor country – reversing the “resources curse”
The importance of indicatorbased approach on improvinggood governance Developing a clear, measurable, verifiable, and reportable advocacy tools to checking the fulfillment of basic human rights. Tools to identify the gap between the minimum requirement condition of good forest governance and the implementation at field A tools that make advocacy (specially in a develop world / democratic transition) “you can’t deny...but you should clarify..” A simple, effective and simple way to provide civil society a tools to conduct natural resources advocacy and campaign. Especially in a society that transforming from a “authoritarian regime” to a more democratic regime.
StrategyCapacity from within Creating the demand from the public to gaining publics fundamental procedural rights Pressure from without
Indicator Based Approachin The Forestry Sector (REDD)is crucial• No measurement on forestry governance in Indonesia exists at the moment.• Indonesia government sets REDD+ as its priority• Several project of REDD is on the phase of readiness, and now moving fast• Large scale of donors are interested to support the Indonesian Government to implement REDD+• Without any governance improvement, it’s impossible to implement REDD+..Why??
Governance is the EnablingConditions of REDD+ Corruption index for Indonesia is still very high, and REDD+ offering big “$” Administration aspects is still weak and REDD+ need an adequate MRV system to make a concrete The bureaucrats are still having the biggest power, leaving all the professionalism behind, in this condition, REDD+ will only becoming “project” Law guarantee the governance is still not changing the condition, need more directive and detail system to create change. REDD+ need more than just a legal basis Good governance will will become the basis that REDD+ will benefited the local communities and creating justice
conclusion indicator based approach for forestry governance will provide all stakeholders with the same data, identified gap, and priorities to fulfill the gap with that, all stakeholders will have a common perspective on what to do to overcome forestry governance problems Finally there are still hope to make a change