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GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)
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GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Original)

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  • Obstacles and opportunities
  • Phase I & Phase II (briefly)
  • Alasankenapa Indonesia memilihmelakukanassesment..apaalasankitamelakukanperubahaindikator..strategi engaging pemerintah
  • Principle is a value that will become our refference when saying “good Governance”. It looks like different with the “transparancy” , “accountability”, etc, but actually if we look closely, it’s the same. But we just don’t want to “simplify” it to become only transparency, accountability, etc.
  • Criteria is basically an extended version of principle, talking more on the detail, but not to detail. So if the principle said, “we want tranparancy”, the criteria will said “what kind of transparancy”
  • The next one is indicators, which is a tools to examine whether the condition will meet the criteria to achieve the principle
  • The last but not least is the element of quality, a sets of benchmarks to asses the quality of a particular condition.
  • Strategikitamelakukankomunikasipublik, website, flyer, dll..
  • Assesmentkeduadenganmenggunakanindikator yang sudahkitabuat, apahasildariassesmentpertamadanhasildarifasekedua…buatapakitamelakukanassesmentlagi..apa yang akankitalakukandenganhasildariassesmentkedua..Kerjasamadengan local partner…pelatihanuntukassesor
  • Kontekstualitasdariindikatorkepadatingkatnasional…mekanismeskoring…tantanganterbesardalampenyusunanindikator di faseke 2
  • Transcript

    • 1. IndonesianForestGovernance
    • 2. • Governance basically is about Transparency, Inclusivity, and Accountability.• The forestry act (No.41/1999) actually had an openness, social justice and inclusive spirit• In 2008, government enacted the Freedom of Information Act (No.14/2008). This act mandated that every public body (including NGO) should have an information system• In 2011, the ministry of forestry issue ministerial decree (No. 7/2011) regarding the information system in the ministry of forestry.• Prior to that the Government of Indonesia (GoI) becoming the first developing country that commit to reduce emission for 41%, and the emission reduction will come from LULUCF.Forest Governance in Indonesia &REDD+
    • 3. • After that commitment, many developed country start to giving several aid to Indonesia, for preparing the REDD+ in Indonesia. (eg: Australia, Japan, UNDP, Europe, UK, etc)• The most phenomenal aid is between Indonesia and Norway (The Letter of Intent-LoI), Why? The Indonesian government commit for two year suspension on all new concessions for conversion of peat and natural forest. Creating a new institution for REDD+ (REDD+ agencies) Improving forest governance and law enforcementForest Governance in Indonesia &REDD+
    • 4. • For some of the government, the hot issue is REDD+, but for many of other Indonesian the Issue is “restructuring forestry sector”• With the commitment to cut emission that Indonesia gave to the international societies, emission reduction from forest sector is becoming the most hot issue in Indonesia.• But within the spirit to cut the emission from forest sector lies several hurdle that need to be tackle, especially in the context of forest governance. Deforestation is still “under siege” by expansive palm oil plantation and mining National Development Growth Targets vs Emission Reduction Commitment Tenure conflict in many forest area in Indonesia Unfinished planning that lead to deforestation by the unplanned utilization of forest.The Hot Issue
    • 5. • Those issue is the primary requirement for realization of emission cut, and also to implement REDD+. Without improving the governance, REDD+ is impossible REDD+ should be Reducing Deforestation/Degradation to Reduce Emission, so it couldn’t be just bussines as usual.• The steps that had been taken by the government are: Establishing the REDD+ Task Force Developing the National Strategy on REDD+ (Draft) Developing a multi stakeholders technical team that will be helping the task force to perform their job. And….Issuing the Presidential Decree on License Suspension on Natural Primary Forest & Peatland for 2 Years (No.10/2011).The Hot Issue
    • 6. • Politic is always a “headline”, absorbing too much energy of civil society movements without any significant results. Policy change in the forestry context change fast without any predictions.• Big gap capacities between central and local for both government and civil societies regarding the forest governance.• The spirit of openness is already understood by many government official, but not lies within the system.• Same understanding for underlying forest problem, but using a different perspective/approach to answering the problem.Main Obstacles
    • 7. • Commitments to “fix” the problew both within the NGO and the governement• Many effort to enforce the law• New law that promote good governance (FoIA & Env Management Act)• International support for Indonesia to have a clear strategies in demonstrating a way of good governance• REDD+ as an opportunities to promoting the needs of good forest governanceMajor Opportunities
    • 8. • With those obstacles and opportunities that Indonesia faced, we believe GFI could become a powerful tools to create valid and recent data on forest governance and also providing a constructive recommendation for future development of governance.• Governance Forest Initiatives is also an action as part of effort to help Indonesian Government achieve their emissions reduction through LULUCF• Using GFI we could “leveling the playing field” between all the stakeholder on forest issues.Why we Should Asses?
    • 9. • Strong engagement between partners with commitments and clear objective is strongly needed to demonstrate prepareness for REDD program• REDD should deliver a benefit for local communities and indigenous people in preserving forest resources• Through REDD+ Indonesia should guarentee the balancing between mitigation and adaption strategies• Good forest governance becoming the main enabling condition for REDD+ Implementation Why we Should Asses? In relation with REDD+
    • 10. • A tools to work “hand in hand”, could be practical to the local communities• A tools to picture and get fact findings in forest governance for both national and local level• A tools to have a strong avocacy strategies to improve forest governance• A tools in bridging the interest of national and local government in term of decentralizationWhy Developing an“Indonesian Indicators”?
    • 11. Phase ITesting the global Indicator that already been made.Developing the lesson learned in the report andcreating a future strategy. Phase II Contextualizing the global Indicator with the national context based on the lesson learned from the phase I. Phase II Enggaging with the governement, widening the public communication through website, Finalizing the strategy for using the new “contextualized” indicator on the next phase.The Assesment
    • 12. GFI Assesment should go beyond just an assessment. It should gave a clear a comprehensive solution for the governance improvement in Indonesia• Several “important notes” that we have from the 1st assessment regarding the methodology, context of the indicators, assessor, terms/definition that being uses, and not at the perfect timing to engage optimally with the government.• We could not continue without having any modification for the indicators and considering all the notes that we haveWhy Bother..?
    • 13. Looking at the global indicators Brazilian Indonesian context Global indicators context consist of fundamental values that needed to create a good forest governance Other Cameroon country context partners context?? Terms, Language, definitions, specific characteristic, case specification, etc. need to be contextualized
    • 14. Indicators 1.0 (Tenure)
    • 15. Global Indicator Trial The Result: • Many of the indicators are repeating other Trial using indicators the Global • Indicators are not Indicator quite amplified separately Normative • The indicators are still not fully consistentAt the National Level Usingand Sub-national “Triangulation” Interview / • Country level PerspectiveLevel (west Methodology context are stillKalimantan) not comprehensively Observation captured • The analysis could not conducted objectively
    • 16. Indikator Global versi 1.0 (Tenure) There are no indicator assessing the quality of the law regarding the conflict resolution
    • 17. Global Indicator Trial The Result: • Many of the indicators are repeating other Trial using indicators the Global • Indicators are not Indicator quite amplified separately Normative • The indicators are still not fully consistentAt the National Level Usingand Sub-national “Triangulation” Interview / • Country level PerspectiveLevel (west Methodology context are stillKalimantan) not comprehensively Observation captured • The analysis could not conducted Asking input from various expert to developed a more objectively comprehensive and contextual indicators that could lead to a constructive solutions
    • 18. Indonesian indicators• The objective is to enrich the global indicator, giving the national context, and to get as many input as possible from several expert and government authorities.• After quite long process with all of the team and reviewer, we could finalized the indicator for Indonesia context, we call it “Indicator V.1.5 or 2.0”• First we determine the logical framework to understood the indicator easily.
    • 19. Indonesian Indicator (Tenure)General Law:#1 Legal acknowledgments that mandated government to conduct reform in forest utilization, cultivation, control, and ownership by the local communities#2 legal acknowledgements for in forest utilization, cultivation, control, and ownership by the local communities Rules Actor Practice #5 Law regarding management and #15 Companies in the forestry industry #25 effective, transparent, and accessible conversion of forest require policy makers considering local communities rights on forest administration process regarding forest to consider local communities rights on utilization, cultivation, control, ownership utilization, cultivation, control, ownership Transparency forest utilization, cultivation, control, when proposing for a conversion ownership -CORE- -CORE- #9 Law guarantee public involvement in #17 Forestry authority (national and sub- #28 Communities involvement on the process of developing, national) had the capacity for inclusively monitoring and evaluation of forest implementation, evaluation and conflict managing the aspect of forest utilization, utilization, cultivation, control, ownership Participation resolution in the context of forest cultivation, control, ownership utilization, cultivation, control, ownership -CORE- -CORE- #10 Law guarantee the existence of #21 Alternative dispute resolution that based #30 Resolution conflict mechanism alternative dispute resolution that based on customary law that could be used by local regarding forest utilization, cultivation, on formal law and customary law in the communities control, ownership working effectively, Accountability context of resolving the conflict in the cheap, and accessible. context of forest utilization, cultivation, control, ownership -CORE- #12 Legal guarantee of integration #24 Coordination effort regarding forest #33 Effective Implementation of policy between forest management policy and utilization, cultivation, control, ownership, regarding the forest utilization, forest utilization, cultivation, control, conducted systematically and by planning. Coordination ownership policy cultivation, control, ownership by the local communities. -CORE-
    • 20. Indonesian indicators After that we using the “Principle, Criteria, Indicatorsand Element of Quality” to make all the indicators workable
    • 21. Rules Principle Criteria Indicators Element of quality #5 Law regardingOpenness in theadministering the Transparancy in the utilisation and management and What is “principle”: To what extent the regulation regulate clear and explicitly regarding the forest resources utilization will be used for the public needs? (not onlyrights of local conversion of the conversion of forest A fundamental value that private needs) require policy makers tocommunities in the forest consider local becoming the law clearly defines what could or couldn’t do to the state To what extent reference to assescontext of forest communities rights on theforest? conditions of forest “Good”utilization, forest utilization, To what extent law regulate that the process for forest conversioncultivation, control, cultivation, control, governance. The principle is the should be transparent? including policy making in the forestry sectorownership by the ownership “minimum” requirement that process regarding the allocation To what extent law regulate a transparentlocal communities. -CORE- couldforest resources (for private, a for be acknowledge as communities, state company), including in the process of developing an adequate check and balance system? conditions for good forest To what extent law regulate a requirement for the policy makers to governance.information to the public regarding conversion and forest disseminate usage ? To what extent law regulate that every issuance of a forest license should comply to a safeguard mechanism, and the participation process for license issuance are based on a valid information? The Principle, Criteria, Indicators and Element of Quality
    • 22. Rules Principle Criteria Indicators Element of quality #5 Law regardingOpenness in theadministering the Transparancy in the utilisation and management and What is “criteria”: To what extent the regulation regulate clear and explicitly regarding the forest resources utilization will be used for the public needs? (not onlyrights of local conversion of the conversion of forest private needs) Further explanation (pointers) require policy makers tocommunities in the forest To what extentto the principle, looking moredo to the state law clearly defines what could or couldn’t consider localcontext of forest communities rights on forest? detail on “things” that need toutilization, forest utilization, To what extent law regulate that the process for forest conversioncultivation, control, cultivation, control, be achieve for reaching the including policy making in the forestry sector should be transparent?ownership by the ownership To what extentprinciple a transparent process regarding the allocation law regulatelocal communities. -CORE- for forest resources (for private, communities, state company), including in the process of developing an adequate check and balance system? To what extent law regulate a requirement for the policy makers to disseminate information to the public regarding conversion and forest usage ? To what extent law regulate that every issuance of a forest license should comply to a safeguard mechanism, and the participation process for license issuance are based on a valid information? The Principle, Criteria, Indicators and Element of Quality
    • 23. Rules Principle Criteria Indicators Element of quality #5 Law regardingOpenness in theadministering the Transparancy in the utilisation and management and What is “indicators”: To what extent the regulation regulate clear and explicitly regarding the forest resources utilization will be used for the public needs? (not onlyrights of local conversion of the conversion of forest private needs) A conditions that can “examine” require policy makers tocommunities in the forest To what extenttheclearly defines what could or couldn’t do to the state law factors in the forestry consider localcontext of forest communities rights on forest? sector and had their ownutilization, forest utilization, To what extent law regulate that the process for forest conversioncultivation, control, cultivation, control, “value”. When the value is being including policy making in the forestry sector should be transparent?ownership by the ownership To what extentfullfiled, the condition could be the allocation law regulate a transparent process regardinglocal communities. -CORE- classified that they already done for forest resources (for private, communities, state company), including in the process of developing an adequate check and balance system? a “minimum good governance” To what extent law regulate a requirement for the policy makers to disseminate information to the public regarding conversion and forest usage ? To what extent law regulate that every issuance of a forest license should comply to a safeguard mechanism, and the participation process for license issuance are based on a valid information? The Principle, Criteria, Indicators and Element of Quality
    • 24. Rules Principle Criteria Indicators Element of qualityOpenness in the Transparancy in the #5 Law regarding To what extent the regulation regulate clear and explicitly regarding theadministering the utilisation and management and forest resources utilization will be used for the public needs? (not onlyrights of local conversion of the conversion of forest private needs) require policy makers tocommunities in the forest To what extent law clearly defines what could or couldn’t do to the state consider localcontext of forest communities rights on forest?utilization, forest utilization, To what extent law regulate that the process for forest conversioncultivation, control, cultivation, control, including policy making in the forestry sector should be transparent?ownership by the ownership To what extent law regulate a transparent process regarding the allocationlocal communities. -CORE- for forest resources (for private, communities, state company), including in What is “Element of the process of developing an adequate check and balance system? Quality”: To what extent law regulate a requirement for the policy makers to disseminate information to the public regarding conversion and forest A sets of benchmarks to measures usage ? the indicators that will asses the To what extent law regulate that every issuance of a forest license should quality of the indicators, so the comply to a safeguard mechanism, and the participation process for quality of an indicator could be license issuance are based on a valid information? clearly, detailed and objectively The Principle, Criteria, Indicators and identified Element of Quality
    • 25. Good and Healthy food Principle Criteria Indicators Element of qualityHaving The food #1 The amount of To what extent the food ingredient aregood and should have organic (non GMO) taken from a certified organic farming?healthy an organic material that the To what extent that the monitoring of the food containfood. ingredient, food processing is being made? low fat -CORE- To what extent the food is being tested in /cholesterol an adequate laboratories for food testing? , and taste good Simpler way to look at it
    • 26. Indonesian Indicators Global indicators The approach is The approach is triangulation triangulation Using the element of Using the element of quality as a scoring quality as a scoring tools tools Aiming for a detail Aiming for a detail picture pictureWhat is the similarities?
    • 27. Indonesian Indicators Indonesian Indicators Global indicators Global indicators Using principle ,criteria,  Using the approach of indicators and element of indicators, component, quality diagnostic question and element of quality Consist of 4 thematic (Tenure,  Consist of 4 thematic but Land use, Management, slightly different approach Revenue) (Tenure, land use “coordination”, Forest institution , forest management enforcement) Separating between “rules,  Combining “rules, actors and actors and practice” practice”What is the difference?
    • 28. • Many effort and initiative regarding the forest governance already being conducted (world bank, CIFOR, Transparency International, UN-REDD, FAO, etc). The word “Forest Governance” quite so familiar, but only few know how to make it happen.• With that reason we want to amplified the concrete action regarding the forest governance with the framework of GFI.• We develop a website for GFI (for Indonesia region, could be expanding to become global), and creating media awareness about the importance of what GFI networks are doing.• We also engage with the national forestry council (as a well acknowledge multi stakeholder forum)• Launching the “lesson learned” that we had from the 1st phase.Spreading the “word”
    • 29. GFI Websites & News Slots
    • 30. We already develop a more stronger indicators, but we needto strategize it well:1. Training several assessor (2 person for each region in Indonesia) using the new developed indicator.2. Conducting assessment in 5 region in Indonesia3. Making a report on the assessment4. Together with the Forestry Council, launch the Indonesian GFI5. Interactive communication through website maintenance, and update any information related to forest governanceNext Steps
    • 31. • Indicators are a living document, need always to be check and recheck to make sure the recent context of forest conditions are fit with the indicators. Need to be improved periodically• Scoring mechanism need to be agreed within the researcher• Researcher need to think not only “methodologically” but also “philosophically” to get the basic value of forest governance.Conclusion & LessonLearned
    • 32. THANK YOU contact us at: giorgio_gbi@yahoo.com lotox212@yahoo.comyus_rahmanov@yahoo.co.id www.tatakelolahutan.net

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