Naturesbenefits Kenya 01 Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services

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Maps from Nature's Benefits in Kenya -- Chapter 1: Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services. Maps showing the physical geography; rainfall patterns; major ecosystem types; and densities of wildlife, …

Maps from Nature's Benefits in Kenya -- Chapter 1: Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services. Maps showing the physical geography; rainfall patterns; major ecosystem types; and densities of wildlife, livestock and people provide a synoptic view of Kenya as a context for the subsequent chapters on poverty and selected ecosystem services.

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  • What This Chapter Shows: After highlighting the relevance of nature to people’s livelihoods and the importance of natural resources in Kenya’s economy, this chapter introduces the concept of ecosystems and ecosystem services. It describes various categories of ecosystem services , briefly explains some underlying ecosystem processes , and emphasizes that understanding the processes that affect the flow of ecosystem services is essential for effective ecosystem management . Six maps showing the physical geography; rainfall patterns; major ecosystem types; and densities of wildlife, livestock, and people provide a synoptic view of Kenya as a context for the subsequent chapters on poverty and selected ecosystem services. Summing Up: An ecosystem is a dynamic complex of plant, animal (including human), and microorganism communities interacting with their physical environment (including soil, water, climate, and atmosphere) as a functional unit. The benefits derived from nature’s systems are known as ecosystem services .

Transcript

  • 1. CHAPTER 1 Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services Nature’s Benefits in Kenya: An Atlas of Ecosystems and Human Well-Being
  • 2. Ecosystem Services: The Benefits People Derive from Ecosystems SUPPORTING SERVICES: Services necessary for the production of all other ecosystem services Soil Formation - Nutrient Cycling - Primary Production
    • CULTURAL SERVICES: Nonmaterial Benefits Obtained from Ecosystems
    • Spiritual and Religious
    • Recreation
    • Ecotourism
    • Aesthetic
    • Inspirational
    • Educational
    • Sense of Place
    • Cultural Heritage
    • REGULATING SERVICES: Benefits Obtained from Regulation of Ecosystem Processes
    • Climate Regulation
    • Disease Regulation
    • Water Regulation
    • Water Purification
    • PROVISIONING SERVICES: Products Obtained from Ecosystems
    • Food
    • Fresh Water
    • Wood Fuel
    • Fiber
    • Bio-Chemicals
    • Genetic Resources
  • 3. Physical Geography, Water Bodies, and Major Drainage Areas
  • 4. Average Annual Rainfall
  • 5. Major Ecosystem Types, 2000
  • 6. Wildlife Density in the Rangelands, 1994-96
  • 7. Livestock Density in the Rangelands, 1994-96
  • 8. Human Population Density, 1999