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Making Forest andLandscape Restorationa Force for Change
Forest and landscape restoration• Restoring functionality and productive  capacity to forests and landscapes in order  to ...
Potential Extent of Forests and WoodlandsWhere forests would grow if climate and soils were the only constraint
Current Extent of Forests and WoodlandsWhere they are todayMore than a quarter has been lost...
A landscape is an interconnected mosaicProtected                             Degraded Primary ForestPrimaryForest         ...
Forest and Landscape Restoration:Not a top-down, one-size fits all solution• Bring people together to  identify, negotiate...
Forest and Landscape Restoration:Characteristics  Think long-term/large-scale.  Monitor, learn, adapt.  Treat the landscap...
Map-based assessment ofrestoration opportunities• Vast areas of once-forested land have been cleared or  support only degr...
Mapping a sequence of questions • Where would forests be if   climate and soils were the   only limitation? • Where are fo...
Wide-scale restoration                         Wide-scale restoration                         of forests is possible in   ...
Opportunities forwide-scale restoration• Degraded or deforested  lands, sparsely populated;  not croplands.               ...
Mosaic-type restoration                     Mosaic-type restoration                     of woodlands and trees            ...
Opportunities formosaic-typerestorationDegraded or deforestedlands, may have highpopulation density; notcroplands.        ...
Remote restoration                     Remote opportunities for                     restoration exist in                  ...
Croplands            Croplands and settled areas            on former forest lands may            benefit from tree planti...
Mosaic restoration is the mostwidespread opportunity
Africa has the greatest restorationopportunity area
Most restoration opportunitiesare in the tropics
Restoration opportunities in Latin AmericaLeading countries by region
Restoration opportunities in AfricaLeading countries by region
Restoration opportunities in AsiaLeading countries by region
A window of opportunity hasopened… Global agreements call for restoration: UN Millennium Development Goals • Eradicate ext...
Making Forest and Landscape Restoration a Force for Change
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Making Forest and Landscape Restoration a Force for Change

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Restoring functionality and productive capacity to forests and landscapes in order to provide food, fuel, and fiber, improve livelihoods, store carbon, improve adaptive capacity, conserve biodiversity, prevent erosion and improve water supply.

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Transcript of "Making Forest and Landscape Restoration a Force for Change"

  1. 1. Making Forest andLandscape Restorationa Force for Change
  2. 2. Forest and landscape restoration• Restoring functionality and productive capacity to forests and landscapes in order to provide food, fuel, and fiber, improve livelihoods, store carbon, improve adaptive capacity, conserve biodiversity, prevent erosion and improve water supply.
  3. 3. Potential Extent of Forests and WoodlandsWhere forests would grow if climate and soils were the only constraint
  4. 4. Current Extent of Forests and WoodlandsWhere they are todayMore than a quarter has been lost...
  5. 5. A landscape is an interconnected mosaicProtected Degraded Primary ForestPrimaryForest Plantations Secondary forestSecondary forest Degraded Permanent Forest Lands pasture Permanent pasture Intensive agriculture land Permanent pasture
  6. 6. Forest and Landscape Restoration:Not a top-down, one-size fits all solution• Bring people together to identify, negotiate, and implement practices . . .• . . . that restore an agreed optimal balance of the ecological, social, and economic benefits of forests and trees . . .• . . . within a broader pattern of land uses www.ideastransformlandscapes.org
  7. 7. Forest and Landscape Restoration:Characteristics Think long-term/large-scale. Monitor, learn, adapt. Treat the landscape as a mosaic of sites Restore functionality and productivity, not ”original” forest Balance local needs and high-level priorities Manage natural regrowth or plant new trees Use trees to enhance food production (agroforestry) www.ideastransformlandscapes.org
  8. 8. Map-based assessment ofrestoration opportunities• Vast areas of once-forested land have been cleared or support only degraded forests. Some of these lands can be restored. – How much? – Where?
  9. 9. Mapping a sequence of questions • Where would forests be if climate and soils were the only limitation? • Where are forests today? (What has been lost or degraded?) • Where are the opportunities for restoration? – Wide scale – Mosaic – Remote
  10. 10. Wide-scale restoration Wide-scale restoration of forests is possible in less populated areas with less intensive land use where closed forests can grow back on a large scale once barriers such as fire or grazing are controlled.
  11. 11. Opportunities forwide-scale restoration• Degraded or deforested lands, sparsely populated; not croplands. China Madagascar
  12. 12. Mosaic-type restoration Mosaic-type restoration of woodlands and trees is suitable where the population density is higher, including on lands where closed forests cannot grow. The result is a mix of forest, trees, and other land uses including agroforestry and smallholder agriculture.
  13. 13. Opportunities formosaic-typerestorationDegraded or deforestedlands, may have highpopulation density; notcroplands. Rukungiri District, UgandaChina
  14. 14. Remote restoration Remote opportunities for restoration exist in unpopulated areas, but are so far from human habitation that restoration may not be feasible. In these areas, forests have been lost or degraded by natural and human-influenced forces such as fire, drought, extreme climatic events, or pests and disease.
  15. 15. Croplands Croplands and settled areas on former forest lands may benefit from tree planting on steep slopes, along waterways and other targeted places to prevent soil erosion, to protect waterways, absorb storm water, increase soil fertility, and enhance soil moisture capacity.
  16. 16. Mosaic restoration is the mostwidespread opportunity
  17. 17. Africa has the greatest restorationopportunity area
  18. 18. Most restoration opportunitiesare in the tropics
  19. 19. Restoration opportunities in Latin AmericaLeading countries by region
  20. 20. Restoration opportunities in AfricaLeading countries by region
  21. 21. Restoration opportunities in AsiaLeading countries by region
  22. 22. A window of opportunity hasopened… Global agreements call for restoration: UN Millennium Development Goals • Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger, ensure environmental sustainability REDD-Plus • Slow, halt, and reverse forest cover and carbon loss Convention on Biological Diversity • Restore 15 percent of degraded ecosystems by 2020 Bonn Challenge • Restore 150 million hectares of lost and degraded forests by 2020
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