Opportunities (and imperatives) for scaling-up proven practices

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Presentation by Dennis Garrity (Senior Fellow, World Agroforestry Centre) at the May 15, 2013 event "Natural Resource Management and Food Security for a Growing Population". For more information visit: http://www.wri.org/event/2013/05/natural-resource-management-and-food-security-growing-population

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Opportunities (and imperatives) for scaling-up proven practices

  1. 1. Opportunities (and imperatives) for scaling-up proven practices Dennis Garrity UN Drylands Ambassador Senior Research Fellow World Agroforestry Centre Chair, Partnership to Create an EverGreen Agriculture
  2. 2. Total Global Emissions are accelerating …but land-based emissions are declining Land-use change black line: Includes management-climate interactions Source: Le Quéré et al. 2012; Global Carbon Project 2012
  3. 3. Climate Smart Agriculture Triple Win • Raise productivity growth, • Enhanced resilience to hotter temperatures and to drought and flooding pressures, and • Make agriculture a strong carbon sink, rather than being an major emitter.
  4. 4. Terrorism & Political Violence
  5. 5. Trend in non-climate related net primary productivity 1981–2006. Conjin et al 2013. New post-2015 Sustainable Development Goal: Zero Net Land Degradation by 2030
  6. 6. What is Evergreen Agriculture? A form of more intensive farming that integrates trees into crop and livestock production systems. Evergreen farming systems are ‘double- story’ systems that feature both perennial and annual species (food crops and trees), maintaining a green cover on the land throughout the year.
  7. 7. Types of Evergreen Agriculture 1. Farmer-Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) on cropland 2. Conservation agriculture with trees (CAWT) 3. Conventional agriculture interplanted with trees
  8. 8. Aerial view of a parkland dominated by Faidherbia in Niger
  9. 9. Mobilizing for scaling-up: Major agroforestry regions in West Africa and directions of expansion
  10. 10. Faidherbia albida is commonly found in cereal crop systems in Ethiopia Ethiopian Prime Minister announces national programme to establish 100 million Faidherbia trees in farmers’ fields December 2011
  11. 11. Kenyan Farmlands: Bold policy to achieve >10% tree cover on farms through a National Evergreen Agriculture Programme
  12. 12. National recommendations for maize in Malawi & Zambia: Faidherbia fertilizer trees at 100 trees per ha
  13. 13. 17 Countries are engaged in EverGreen Agriculture Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration Conservation Agriculture with trees Trees interplanted in conventional tilled cropland Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration + Trees interplanted in conventional tilled cropland
  14. 14. EverGreen Agriculture Partnership Communities Steering Committee Farmers and farmer groups International and regional research Civil Society Youth and Education Governments and Policy International and regional development Donors Private Sector
  15. 15. The Founding Partners • World Agroforestry Centre (host) • World Resources Institute • World Vision Australia and World Vision International • African Forest Forum • African Regreening Initiative
  16. 16. Scaling up an Integrated Evergreen Agriculture Exploiting the synergies Integrating Biofertilizer and Fodder Trees into croplands to restore and build more productive and drought resilient farming and livestock systems Rainwater Harvesting with an accent on simple techniques for enhanced crop production, water recharge and water retention integrated with agroforestry. Integrated Soil Fertility Management with fertilizer microdosing with enhanced organic nutrient sources combined with agroforestry.
  17. 17. Fitting evergreen agriculture in the diverse the farming systems of Africa
  18. 18. The Next Phase Accelerate the ongoing national scaling- up programmes in Malawi, Zambia, Burkina Faso and Niger National Agroforestry Food Security Programmes being developed for India, Senegal, Ethiopia, Rwanda, and Kenya Preparatory work for new programmes under way in Tanzania, Mali, and 12 other countries
  19. 19. EverGreen Agriculture wins UK Climate Award!
  20. 20. Donors are mobilizing to support scaling- up of an integrated evergreen agriculture • Australia • EU AGIR • IGAD horn of Africa • Netherlands • UK • USAID • Germany • Gates Foundation
  21. 21. Conclusions • The drylands crises are serious and multi- dimensional • A fresh low-cost approach to land regeneration and food security has taken root in Africa, and is spreading widely. • Millions of smallholders are adopting effective low cost land regeneration methods • Poorest households should be targeted over large areas to end hunger in Africa • Many nations are implementing or launching national scaling-up programmes • The EverGreen Agriculture Partnership is accelerating the process of widespread adoption
  22. 22. For More Information World Agroforestry Centre www.worldagroforestry.org Evergreen Agriculture web site www.evergreenagriculture.net d.garrity@cgiar.org
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