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World History I Fill In Blanks Review 2-6
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World History I Fill In Blanks Review 2-6

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  • 1. World History I SkillsStandards
  • 2. WH I 2aPaleolithic Era to AgriculturalRevolution
  • 3. • Homo sapiens emerged in Africa between_____ & _____ years ago– 100,000 & 400,000• Homo sapiens migrated from Africa to_____, _______, & the _________.– Eurasia, Australia & Americas• Early humans were ______ & _______whose survival depended on plants andanimals.– Hunters & gatherers
  • 4. WH I 2b
  • 5. Hunter-Gatherer societies during thePaleolithic Era• Nomadic• Invented the first _____– tools• Learned how to make ________– fire• Lived in _______– Clans• Developed ______ language– oral• Created “______ _____”– Cave art
  • 6. WH I 2c
  • 7. Neolithic Era (New Stone Age)Societies• Developed ___________– agriculture• __________ animals– Domesticated• Used _________ tools– advanced• Made _________– pottery• Developed ___________ skills– weaving
  • 8. WH I 2d
  • 9. • _________ study past cultures by analyzinghuman remains, _______, & ________.– Archeologists, fossils & artifacts• Archeologists use scientific test such as carbondating to analyze ________ & _______.– Fossils & artifacts• _________ is an example of an archaeologicalsite in England.– Stonehenge
  • 10. WH I 3aAncient civilizations
  • 11. River Valley Civilizations• ______ civilization- _____ river valley (Africa)– Egyptian, Nile• _______ civilization- ________ & _______Valleys (Southwest Asia)– Mesopotamian, Tigris & Euphrates• _______ civilization- ______ river valley (SouthAsia)– Indian, Indus• ________ civilization- _____ ___ valley (EastAsia)– Chinese, Huang He
  • 12. Other early civilizations• ______ settled between the ______ sea &the _____ river valley. (Fertile Crescent)–Hebrews, Mediterranean & Jordan• ________ settled along the Mediterraneancoast (Fertile Crescent)– Phoenicians• _______ was located on the upper ____river (Africa)– Kush, Nile
  • 13. WH I 3b
  • 14. Social patterns of early civilizations• _______ rulers– Hereditary• Rigid _____ system, where slavery wasaccepted– class
  • 15. Political patterns of earlycivilizations• World’s first _______– States• Centralized ________– government• Written law codes _______ _______ &____ ___ __________– Ten Commandmens, Code of Hammurabi
  • 16. Economic patterns of earlycivilizations• _______ tools & weapons (bronze, iron)– Metal• Increasing ___________ surplus– agricultural• Increased ________– trade• __________ of labor– specialization
  • 17. WH I 3c
  • 18. Development of religious traditions• ___________ was practiced by most earlycivilizations– Polytheism• _________ was practiced by the Hebrews– Montheism
  • 19. WH I 3d
  • 20. Origins of Judaism• A– Abraham• M– Moses• J– Jerusalem
  • 21. WH I 3e
  • 22. Language and writing• ___________ (earliest written symbols)– Pictograms• ____________ ( Egypt)– Hieroglyphics• ___________ (Sumer)– Cuneiform• _____________ (Phoenicians)– Alphabet
  • 23. WH I 4aPersia, India, & China
  • 24. Persians as rulers• _________ of conquered people– Tolerance• Development of imperial bureaucracy• __________ as a religion– Zoroastrianism• _________ system– Road
  • 25. WH I 4b
  • 26. India• Physical barriers such as the _________,the _______ ______, and the IndianOcean made invasion more difficult.– Himalays, Hindu Kush• _______ & _______ were important rivers– Indus & Ganges
  • 27. Aryans• _______ system influenced all socialinteractions– Rigid caste system
  • 28. Gupta Empire (dynasty)• _______ Age of classical Indian culture– Golden• Contributions- __________, ________, &___________– Mathematics, new textiles & literature
  • 29. WH I 4c
  • 30. Hinduism• ______ system in religious law based on occupations• Caste• Belief in many forms of one major ______– Diety• ___________ - cycles of rebirth– Reincarnation• ___________ future reincarnation based on presentbehavior– Karma• _______ & _______ Sacred writings– Vedas & Upanishads
  • 31. WH I 4d
  • 32. Buddhism• Siddhartha Gautama _____________– Founder (Buddha)• _______ Noble Truths– Four• __________ path to enlightenment– Eightfold
  • 33. WH I 4e
  • 34. __________ was built for China’sprotectionGreat Wall
  • 35. Contributions of classical China• ______ _____ system– Civil Service• P– Paper• P– Porcelain• S– Silk
  • 36. Confucianism’s contributions toChina• Belief that humans are ______, not _____– Good, bad• Respect for elders• Code of ___________, still used inChinese society today– politeness• Emphasis on ___________– education• Ancestor worship
  • 37. Taoism’s contributions to China• H– Humility• Simple life and inner peace• __________ with nature– Harmony
  • 38. WH I 5aGreece
  • 39. Location & place (Greece)• A________ sea– Aegean• _________ peninsula– Greek• M__________ sea– Mediterranean• B_______ sea– Black• A_____– Athens• S_____– Sparta• T_____– Troy• Macedonia
  • 40. WH I 5b
  • 41. Greek Mythology• Based on _____________ religion– Polytheistic• Explanations of natural p_________,human qualities, & life events– Phenomena
  • 42. Greek Gods & Goddesses• Z______– Zeus• H_____– Hera• Ap_______– Apollo• Ar_________– Artemis• Athena• Aphrodite
  • 43. WH I 5c
  • 44. Social structure & citizenship in theGreek polis• Free adult males were ________– Citizens• _______ & ______ had no political rights– Women & Foreigners• Slaves had no _________ rights– Political
  • 45. Stages of Athenian democracy• M_________– Monarchy• A_________– Aristocracy• T__________– Tyranny• D__________– Democracy
  • 46. Athens• ________ & _______ were tyrants whoworked for reform– Draco & Solon• Origin of democratic principles: directdemocracy, public debate, & duties of acitizen
  • 47. Sparta• ___________ rule by a small group– Oligarchy• Rigid ________ structure– Social• M_________ & aggressive society– Militaristic
  • 48. WH I 5d
  • 49. Persian Wars 499-449 B.C.• United __________ & __________against the Persian Empire– Athens & Sparta• Athenian victories at M_________ &S_________– Marathon & Salamis
  • 50. Peloponnesian War 431-404 B.C.• Caused by competition for the Greekworld• Athens/_______ ______ v.– Delian League• Sparta/________ _________– Peloponnesian League
  • 51. WH I 5e/f
  • 52. Golden Age of Pericles• Occurred between the Persian andPeloponnesian War• _________ extended democracy– Pericles• _________ had Athens rebuilt– Pericles• ___________ is an example of thisrebuilding– Parthenon
  • 53. Greek contribution handout
  • 54. WH I 5g
  • 55. Phillip II King of Macedon• Conquered most of __________– Greece
  • 56. Alexander the Great• Established an empire from _______ to______ and the margins of India– Greece, Egypt
  • 57. Hellenistic Age• Blend of ________ & ________ elements– Greek & Oriental• Culture was spread through trade
  • 58. WH I 6aRome
  • 59. Location & place• Rome• _________ peninsula– Italian• Alps- protection• ____________ sea– Mediterranean
  • 60. WH I 6b
  • 61. Roman Mythology• Based on Greek ___________ religion– polytheistic• Explanation of natural phenomena, humanqualities, & life events
  • 62. Roman Gods & Goddesses• J__________– Jupiter• J__________– Juno• A__________– Apollo• D__________– Diana• Minerva• V__________– Venus
  • 63. WH I 6c
  • 64. Social structure in the RomanRepublic• _________ powerful nobility (few in #)– Patricians• _________ majority of the population– Plebians• Slaves- not based on race
  • 65. Citizenship• __________ & _______ men– Patrician & Plebian• Selected foreigners• Responsibilities- taxes and military service
  • 66. Features of Democracy• __________ democracy– Representative• Assemblies• The S________– Senate• Consuls• Laws of Rome codified as ___________________– Twelve Tables
  • 67. WH I 6d
  • 68. Punic Wars 264-146 B.C.• R____ v. C_______– Rome v. Carthage• Over competition for ________– Trade• _________ invaded the Italian peninsula– Hannibal• 3 Wars = _________ victory– Roman
  • 69. WH I 6e/f
  • 70. Causes for decline of Rome• Spread of ________ in the agricultural system– slavery• Migration of small farmers into ______ &unemployment– cities• ______ War over the power of Julius Caesar– Civil• Inflation• __________ of Roman currency– Devaluation
  • 71. WH I 6g
  • 72. Pax Romana• Two centuries of p________ &p___________– Peace & Prosperity
  • 73. Economic impact of Pax Romana• Uniform system of _________– Money• Safe t_________ & t_________ onRoman roads– Travel & Trade
  • 74. Social Impact of Pax Romana• Stable social classes• Increased emphasis on _________– family
  • 75. Political impact of Pax Romana• Created a C________ S________– Civil Service• Developed a uniform rule of law
  • 76. WH I 6h
  • 77. Origins of Christianity• Rooted in _________– Judaism• Led by _________ of Nazareth– Jesus• Conflicted with the polytheistic beliefs ofthe Roman empire
  • 78. Beliefs of Christianity• M_________– Monotheism• Jesus is son of God• Life after ________– Death• New Testament
  • 79. Spread of Christianity• Carried by Apostles (_________)– Paul• Slowed by persecution from Romans• Legalized by Emperor ___________– Constantine
  • 80. Impact of the Church of Rome inthe late Roman Empire• Church became an example of ______authority– moral• Church loyalty became more importantthan loyalty to the ___________– Emperor• Church became the unifying force inWestern Europe
  • 81. Roman Contributions handout
  • 82. Causes for decline of the WesternRoman Empire• Economy• Military• Moral Decay• Political Problems• Invasions
  • 83. Division of Roman Empire• Emperor _________ moves the capital(Rome) to Byzantium renaming it__________________– Constantine, Constantinople• Western Roman empire falls in 476 A.D.• Eastern Roman Empire (ByzantineEmpire)