A bible study on romans english
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  • 1. The book of Romans in the New Testament is a letter fromthe apostle Paul to believers living in Rome about 58 A.D. Itcompletely explains the amazing life of Jesus Christ—whatHe has already done for us and what He wants to do in us.Paul shows us how God sees us—as desperately in needof a Savior. As sinners, we were all condemned to death andeternal separation from God. But in this letter we see God’swonderful, awesome love for us. He sent His own Son to takethe death penalty for our sins so that we might be free to livein marvelous fellowship with Him now and for eternity. Isn’tthat the best news you could ever hear?Jesus, who is alive from the dead, wants to share His lifewith all who trust in Him and to make them like Himself. “Andthis is the testimony: that God has given us eternal life, andthis life is in His Son” (1 John 5:11). Jesus said, “And youshall know the truth, and the truth shall set you free” (John8:32). Paul’s letter to the Romans is a message of truth aboutfreedom. Ask God to reveal Jesus to your heart as a livingPerson, “the eyes of your understanding being enlightened;that you may know what is the hope of His calling, . . . andwhat is the exceeding greatness of His power toward us whobelieve” (Ephesians 1:18, 19a).Hundreds of books have been written to analyze Paul’s let-ter to the Romans. But don’t come to this letter to analyze it.Babies don’t analyze their mother’s milk; they drink it fornourishment and life. Come to this letter again and again todrink deeply of it, to digest it, to know the Lord intimately, untilJesus Himself is formed in you (Galatians 4:19).—V.R.Benson© 2003 by V. R. BensonThe Bible text used is from the New King James Version ©1979, 1980,1982, Thomas Nelson, Inc., Publishers. Used by permission.INTRODUCTION TO ROMANSRomans 1:1-151Paul, a servant of JesusChrist, called to be an apostle,separated to the gospel of God2which He promised beforethrough His prophets in theHoly Scriptures, 3concerningHis Son Jesus Christ ourLord, who was born of theseed of David according to theflesh, 4and declared to be theSon of God with power,according to the Spirit of holi-ness, by the resurrection fromthe dead, 5through whom wehave received grace and apos-tleship for obedience to thefaith among all nations for Hisname, 6among whom you alsoare the called of Jesus Christ;7to all who are in Rome, be-loved of God, called to besaints: Grace to you and peacefrom God our Father and theLord Jesus Christ.8First, I thank my Godthrough Jesus Christ for youall, that your faith is spoken ofthroughout the whole world.9For God is my witness, whomI serve with my spirit in thegospel of His Son, that withoutceasing I make mention of youalways in my prayers, 10ma-king request if, by somemeans, now at last I may finda way in the will of God tocome to you. 11For I long to seeyou, that I may impart to yousome spiritual gift, so that youmay be established— 12that is,that I may be encouraged to-gether with you by the mutualfaith both of you and me.13Now I do not want you to beunaware, brethren, that Ioften planned to come to you(but was hindered until now),that I might have some fruitamong you also, just as amongthe other Gentiles. 14I am adebtor both to Greeks and tobarbarians,both to wise and tounwise. 15So, as much as is inme, I am ready to preach thegospel to you who are in Romealso.LESSON 1. PAUL DECLARES THE GOSPEL OF GOD1What Is the Gospel?The word “gospel” means “good news.” Paul loved to tellpeople the good news he had received from God: “thatChrist died for our sins according to the Scriptures, andthat He was buried, and that He rose again the third dayaccording to the Scriptures” (1 Corinthians 15:3b, 4). Paulwill explain why this is such good news and what it means forA Bible Study on“But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in thatwhile we were still sinners, Christ died for us.” —Romans 5:8
  • 2. urrection power of the Lord Jesus. Paul himself is an exam-ple, a living proof, of the truth of his message.Paul (his Roman name) was once Saul (his Hebrewname) from Tarsus. In his religious zeal, he consented to thedeath of Stephen, the first Christian martyr, who was stonedto death (Acts 7:54-59), setting off a great persecution ofChristians in Jerusalem. “As for Saul, he made havoc of thechurch, entering every house, and dragging off men andwomen, committing them to prison” (Acts 8:3). Christiansscattered far and wide, preaching the Word. “Then Saul, stillbreathing threats and murder against the disciples of theLord, went to the high priest and asked letters from him tothe synagogues of Damascus, so that if he found any whowere of the Way, whether men or women, he might bringthem bound to Jerusalem. And as he journeyed he camenear Damascus, and suddenly a light shone around himfrom heaven. Then he fell to the ground, and heard a voicesaying to him, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?’And he said, ‘Who are You, Lord?’ And the Lord said, ‘I amJesus, whom you are persecuting. It is hard for you to kickagainst the goads [pricks of conscience]’” (Acts 9:1-5).Later, when Paul testified about this experience, He toldmore of what Jesus had said. “But rise and stand on yourfeet; for I have appeared to you for this purpose, to makeyou a minister and a witness both of the things which youhave seen and of the things which I will yet reveal to you. Iwill deliver you from the Jewish people, as well as from theGentiles, to whom I now send you, to open their eyes andto turn them from darkness to light, and from the power ofSatan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins andan inheritance among those who are sanctified by faith inMe” (Acts 26:16-18).4God Offers Us His Own RighteousnessThe good news about the righteousness of God is that it isa gift from God to those who trust in Jesus Christ. The righ-teousness of God is revealed ‘from faith to faith.” It is firstreceived by faith—believing that God has declared me righ-teous because of what Jesus did for me and has given me anew nature. It is then lived out by faith—trusting Jesus toempower me to live a holy life by His Spirit living in me.Salvation Is For Everyone Who BelievesSalvation means deliverance. In the next lesson we shallsee just how desperately we need deliverance from sin andfrom God’s wrath on those who sin (John 3:36).This message of salvation came to the Jews first, becauseit was God’s purpose that salvation should come through theJews (John 4:22). Then it was to be spread throughout theworld through them. God had promised Abraham, the fatherof the Jewish people, “In you all the families of the earthshall be blessed” (Genesis 12:3b). Abraham would becomethe spiritual father of all who have faith in Jesus (Romans 4).Something to DoMemorize Romans 1:16 and 17. These are key verses.5LESSON 2. THE GOSPEL REVEALS THERIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD16For I am not ashamed ofthe gospel of Christ, for it isthe power of God to salvationfor everyone who believes, forthe Jew first and also for theGreek. 17For in it the righ-teousness of God is revealedfrom faith to faith; as it iswritten, “The just shall live byfaith.”Romans 1:16-17you. You will be amazed by God’s grace and love for youand the freedom Jesus gives over sin and self. “Thanks beto God for His indescribable gift!” (2 Corinthians 9:15).Something to DoFill in the blanks from the verses on page 1 to find outmore about the gospel of God and about Jesus. (You maycheck your answers with the answers given on page 111.)1. God promised His gospel through His ____________in the Holy _______________ (verse 2).2. The gospel of God is about His Son ____________________________ our Lord (3).3. Jesus Christ was born of the seed of ______________according to the _________ (3).[Jesus was born with a human body. The prophets foretold thatMessiah would descend from King David (Jeremiah 23:5).]4. Jesus Christ was declared to be the __________ of_________ with ______________, according to the Spirit of___________, by the ________________ from the dead (4).[Jesus was divine. He was “God with us” (Matthew 1:23). His res-urrection proved it. God would not allow His Holy One to see cor-ruption (Psalm 16:10), so He raised Him from the dead.]5. Through Jesus Christ Paul had received ___________and apostleship for ______________________ to the faithamong all ______________ for His name (5).The Believers in RomeThough Paul had not yet visited Rome, he had heard ofthe believers there because their faith was spoken of through-out the whole world (the Roman Empire). He knew JesusChrist had called them (verse 6), that they were loved byGod and called to be saints or holy ones (verse 7). We knowthat fifty days after the resurrection of Jesus Christ from thedead, when His disciples were filled with the Holy Spirit andspoke to the crowds which were in Jerusalem for the feastof Pentecost, there were in the crowd “visitors from Rome,”both Jews and those converted to Judaism (Acts 2:10). Nodoubt some of these visitors who believed on the Lord Jesusthat day went back to Rome with the joy of Christ in theirhearts. Later, when all Jews were commanded by Claudiusto leave Rome, a precious couple named Aquila and his wifePriscilla went to live in Corinth as tentmakers (Acts 18:2, 3).When Paul, also a tentmaker, arrived in Corinth toward theend of his third missionary journey, he stayed with them anddoubtless heard even more about the believers in Rome.Paul probably wrote this letter while he was staying inCorinth. Believers in Rome were about to face unbelievablepersecution and martyrdom (being killed for their faith inJesus). The truths of this letter would strengthen their faith.Paul, a Bondservant of Jesus ChristPaul could have introduced himself to the believers inRome in many ways. As a Jew he had the highest of cre-dentials and training. He had also been born a Roman citi-zen, with all of its privileges. He had a tremendously fruitfulministry. But he doesnt refer to any of these; he calls him-self a bondservant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle (aperson sent on a mission, having the authority of the onewho sent him). A bondservant is one who gives total alle-giance to his master. Paul had not always been a servant ofJesus Christ. In fact, he had once opposed Him with all hismight in his misguided zeal for God.Now Paul is about to share with the believers in Rome andwith us today the key to living a life transformed by the res-2 3
  • 3. Romans 1:18-3218For the wrath of God isrevealed from heaven againstall ungodliness and unrigh-teousness of men, who sup-press the truth in unright-eousness, 19because what maybe known of God is manifestin them, for God has shown itto them. 20For since the cre-ation of the world His invisi-ble attributes are clearlyseen, being understood by thethings that are made, evenHis eternal power and God-head, so that they are withoutexcuse, 21because, althoughthey knew God, they did notglorify Him as God, nor werethankful, but became futile intheir thoughts, and their fool-ish hearts were darkened.22Professing to be wise, theybecame fools, 23and changedthe glory of the incorruptibleGod into an image made likecorruptible man—and birdsand four-footed beasts andcreeping things. 24ThereforeGod also gave them up to un-cleanness, in the lusts of theirhearts, to dishonor their bod-ies among themselves, 25whoexchanged the truth of Godfor the lie, and worshiped andserved the creature ratherthan the Creator, who isblessed forever. Amen. 26Forthis reason God gave them upto vile passions. For eventheir women exchanged thenatural use for what isagainst nature. 27Likewisealso the men, leaving the nat-ural use of the woman,burned in their lust for oneanother, men with men com-mitting what is shameful, andreceiving in themselves thepenalty of their error whichwas due. 28And even as theydid not like to retain God intheir knowledge, God gavethem over to a debased mind,to do those things which arenot fitting; 29being filled withall unrighteousness, sexualimmorality, wickedness, cov-etousness, maliciousness; fullof envy, murder, strife, deceit,evil-mindedness; they arewhisperers, 30backbiters, ha-ters of God, violent, proud,boasters, inventors of evilthings, disobedient to par-ents, 31undiscerning, untrust-worthy, unloving, unforgiv-ing, unmerciful; 32who, know-ing the righteous judgment ofGod, that those who practicesuch things are deserving ofdeath, not only do the samebut also approve of those whopractice them.LESSON 3. GOD’S WRATH IS REVEALEDFROM HEAVEN6 7God’s Wrath Is Against SinGod is holy. When Adam and Eve, the first couple, sinnedby disobeying God, they had to be thrust out of the beautifulgarden God had created for them. They were separatedfrom God (spiritual death), and their bodies immediately be-came subject to physical death.God’s wrath is against any attitude and action that doesnot meet His high and holy standard of what is right. Weneed to see how terrible sin is.Ungodly Pagans Are Without ExcuseAnyone can know of God’s power and character by thethings He created, even if they have no Bible. “NeverthelessHe did not leave Himself without witness, in that He didgood, gave us rain from heaven and fruitful seasons, fillingour hearts with food and gladness” (Acts 14:17).Even those who don’t have God’s law “show the work ofthe law written in their hearts, their conscience also bear-ing witness, and between themselves their thoughts accus-ing or else excusing them” (Romans 2:15b).Those who do not want to know God suppress the truthabout Him. They do not want to change. “They did notreceive the love of the truth, that they might be saved. Andfor this reason God will send them strong delusion, thatthey should believe the lie, that they all may be condemnedwho did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrigh-teousness” (2 Thessalonians 2:10b-12).One of the ways God judges sin is to let sinners go theirown way and experience the natural consequences of theirfoolish choices. “They soon forgot His works; they did notwait for His counsel . . . . And He gave them their request,but sent leanness into their soul” (Psalm 106:13, 15).Something to DoFill in the blanks to see the downward spiral of sinful man:1. Although they knew God, they did not _____________Him as God, nor were _________________ (verse 21).[The first step away from God into darkness is to be unthankful.]2. Professing to be _______, they became _______ (22).3. They changed the ___________ of the incorruptibleGod into an ___________ made like corruptible man (23).4. God gave them up to _________________ in the lustsof their hearts, to _______________ their bodies (24).5. They exchanged the _________ of God for the _____,and worshiped and served the _________________ ratherthan the ______________ (25).6. God gave them up to __________ _______________.Even their ___________ exchanged the natural use for whatis against nature (26). Also the _________, leaving the nat-ural use of woman, burned in their lust for one another (27).[“You shall not lie with a male as with a woman. It is an abomi-nation” (Leviticus 18:22).]7. As they did not like to keep God in their knowledge,God gave them over to a _____________ mind, to do thosethings which are not fitting (28).8. Knowing the righteous ___________________ of God,that those who practice such things are deserving of______________, they not only do these things but also_________________ of those who practice them (32).[“Truly, these times of ignorance God overlooked, but now com-mands all men everywhere to repent, because He has appointed aday on which He will judge the world in righteousness by the Man[Jesus] whom He has ordained. He has given assurance of this toall by raising Him from the dead” (Acts 17:30, 31).]Romans 2:1-161Therefore you are inexcusa-ble, O man, whoever you arewho judge, for in whateveryou judge another you con-demn yourself; for you whojudge practice the samethings. 2But we know that thejudgment of God is accordingto truth against those whopractice such things. 3And doyou think this, O man, youwho judge those practicingsuch things, and doing thesame, that you will escape thejudgment of God? 4Or do youdespise the riches of His good-ness, forbearance, and long-suffering, not knowing thatthe goodness of God leads youto repentance? 5But in accor-dance with your hardness andyour impenitent heart you aretreasuring up for yourselfwrath in the day of wrath andrevelation of the righteousjudgment of God, 6who “willrender to each one accordingto his deeds”: 7eternal life tothose who by patient continu-ance in doing good seek forglory, honor, and immortali-ty; 8but to those who are self-seeking and do not obey thetruth, but obey un-righteousness—indignationand wrath, 9tribulation andanguish, on every soul of manwho does evil, of the Jew firstand also of the Greek; 10butglory, honor, and peace toeveryone who works what isgood, to the Jew first and alsoto the Greek. 11For there is nopartiality with God. 12For asmany as have sinned withoutlaw will also perish withoutlaw, and as many as havesinned in the law will bejudged by the law 13(for notthe hearers of the law are justin the sight of God, but thedoers of the law will be justi-fied; 14for when Gentiles, whodo not have the law, by naturedo the things contained in thelaw, these, although not hav-ing the law, are a law to them-selves, 15who show the work ofthe law written in their hearts,their conscience also bearingwitness, and between them-selves their thoughts accusingor else excusing them) 16in theday when God will judge thesecrets of men by JesusChrist, according to mygospel.8 9LESSON 4. GOD’S JUDGMENT IS JUSTReligious Sinners Will Also Be JudgedIn this lesson we see that some people know that God’sjudgment is against the wicked, but they feel righteous when
  • 4. 1110sins of others seem much worse than their own. They do notrealize that they are guilty of many of the same things andare just as sinful in God’s eyes. It is only because God is solongsuffering that they have not already been destroyed.The goodness of God leads people to repent—to agreewith God about their sin and turn from it. Those who do notrepent are despising the goodness of God. They have hardand unrepenting hearts, because they hear the Word of Godbut don’t do it. “But be doers of the word, and not hearersonly, deceiving yourselves” (James 1:22).Jesus said, “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the willof My Father in heaven. Now everyone who hears thesesayings of Mine, and does not do them, will be like a fool-ish man who built his house on the sand: and the rain de-scended, the floods came, and the winds blew and beat onthat house; and it fell. And great was its fall” (Matthew 7:21,26, 27). “. . .If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word” (John14:23a). Those who truly love Jesus will obey Him.Something to DoFill in the blanks with some principles of God’s judgment:1. “The judgment of God is according to __________” (2).[God will judge by the facts. “The eyes of the LORD are in everyplace, keeping watch on the evil and the good” (Proverbs 15:3).]2. In the day of the righteous judgment of God, He “willrender to each one according to his ___________” (6). Wrathwill come on “every soul of man who does ________” (9), but“glory, honor, and peace to everyone who works what is__________” (10).[Jesus was once asked, “What shall we do, that we may work theworks of God?” He answered, “This is the work of God, that youbelieve in Him whom He sent” (John 6:28b, 29b). True faith in Jesusresults in doing good works which glorify God (Matthew 5:16).]3. “There is no ___________________ with God” (11).[God has no favorites (Galatians 2:6). “But he who does wrongwill be repaid for what he has done, and there is no partiality”(Colossians 3:25). “Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; forwhatever a man sows, that he will also reap” (Galatians 6:7).]4. “God will judge the secrets of men by __________________________” (16).[“For the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgmentto the Son” (John 5:22).]We Will All Be Judged by Jesus ChristOur relationship with Jesus is a matter of life and death,because He is the One who will judge us. “The hour is com-ing in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice andcome forth—those who have done good, to the resurrectionof life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection ofcondemnation” (John 5:28b, 29). “For we must all appearbefore the judgment seat of Christ, that each one mayreceive the things done in the body, according to what hehas done, whether good or bad” (2 Corinthians 5:10).There is no way to be good enough to meet the high stan-dards of God’s perfection. We all deserve God’s wrath (spir-itual death forever). But there is a way to be raised to life andjudged as righteous: Believe that Jesus died for you and re-ceive His life. “He who believes in the Son has everlastinglife; and he who does not believe the Son shall not see life,but the wrath of God abides on him” (John 3:36). “He whohears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has ever-lasting life, and shall not come into judgment [condemna-tion], but has passed from death into life” (John 5:24b).Romans 2:17-2917Indeed you are called aJew, and rest on the law, andmake your boast in God, 18andknow His will, and approvethe things that are excellent,being instructed out of thelaw, 19and are confident thatyou yourself are a guide to theblind, a light to those who arein darkness, 20an instructor ofthe foolish, a teacher of babes,having the form of knowledgeand truth in the law. 21You,therefore, who teach another,do you not teach yourself?You who preach that a manshould not steal, do you steal?22You who say, “Do not com-mit adultery,” do you commitadultery? You who abhoridols, do you rob temples?23You who make your boast inthe law, do you dishonor Godthrough breaking the law?24For “The name of God isblasphemed among the Gen-tiles because of you,” as it iswritten.25For circumcision is indeedprofitable if you keep the law;but if you are a breaker of thelaw, your circumcision has be-come uncircumcision. 26There-fore, if an uncircumcised mankeeps the righteous require-ments of the law, will not hisuncircumcision be counted ascircumcision? 27And will notthe physically uncircumcised,if he fulfills the law, judge youwho, even with your writtencode and circumcision, are atransgressor of the law? 28Forhe is not a Jew who is one out-wardly, nor is circumcisionthat which is outward in theflesh; 29but he is a Jew who isone inwardly, and circumci-sion is that of the heart, in theSpirit, and not in the letter;whose praise is not from menbut from God.Romans 3:1-81What advantage then hasthe Jew, or what is the profitof circumcision? 2Much inevery way! Chiefly because tothem were committed the ora-cles of God. 3For what if somedid not believe? Will their un-belief make the faithfulness ofGod without effect? 4Cer-tainly not! Indeed, let God betrue but every man a liar. Asit is written: “That You maybe justified in Your words,and may overcome when Youare judged.” 5But if ourunrighteousness demonstratesthe righteousness of God,what shall we say? Is Godunjust who inflicts wrath? (Ispeak as a man.) 6Certainlynot! For then how will Godjudge the world? 7For if thetruth of God has increasedthrough my lie to His glory,why am I also still judged as asinner? 8And why not say,“Let us do evil that good maycome”?— as we are slander-ously reported and as someaffirm that we say. Their con-demnation is just.1312LESSON 5. SPECIAL PRIVILEGES DO NOT SAVE USSomething to DoFill in the blanks to learn what special privileges the Jewsas God’s people claimed to have:1. “You are called a _________” (verse 17).[The word “Jew” comes from “Judah,” meaning “Praise.” Judahwas one of the twelve tribes of Israel. God chose the Jews to be apraise to Him. Jesus was born of this tribe, the tribe of Israel’s kings.]2. You “rest on the ________” (17).[God’s law was given to Moses after he led the children of Israelout of Egypt to their promised land. The lives of Jewish people werecentered around the laws God had given them.]3. You “make your boast in _________” (17).[The Jewish people were proud of the fact that the one true Godwas their God, who had chosen them to be His people.]4. You “know His _________” (18).5. You “approve the things that are ______________” (18).6. You have been “________________ out of the law” (18).[They knew the Word of God in the Old Testament thoroughly.]7. You are “confident that you yourself are a ___________to the blind, a _____________ to those who are in darkness,an _________________ of the foolish, a _____________ ofbabes” (19, 20).[The Jews of Paul’s day felt they were superior in every way overall others because God had entrusted His Word to them. Do youconsider yourself also to be privileged in similar ways?]
  • 5. The Danger of HypocrisyPaul has questions for those who claim to know God well:1. “You who preach that a man should not steal, do you____________?” (21).2. “You who say, ‘Do not commit adultery,’ do you______________ _________________?” (22).3. “You who abhor idols, do you _____ __________?” (22)[The Jews would not have anything to do with idols, but somewould use things taken from idol temples for personal pleasure.]4. “You who make your boast in the law, do you dishonorGod through ______________ the law?” (23).When God’s people do not live up to God’s standards,they dishonor God’s name. This happened when King Davidcommitted adultery and gave “. . . great occasion to theenemies of the LORD to blaspheme” (2 Samuel 12:14a).It is a terrible thing to bring disgrace on the name of God.Yet today many people who call themselves Christians arebringing shame to God’s name by their sinful lifestyle.Jesus had a lot to say to hypocrites, “Hypocrites! Well didIsaiah prophesy about you, saying: ‘These people drawnear to Me with their mouth, and honor Me with their lips,but their heart is far from Me. And in vain they worship Me,teaching as doctrines the commandments of men’ ” (Mat-thew 15:7-9). Even worse, hypocrites prevent others fromcoming to God, or when they do win someone to their wayof thinking, Jesus said, “you make him twice as much a sonof hell as yourselves” (Matthew 23:15b).Those who seem to be righteous to others but are not rightwith God in their hearts are in great danger. Jesus said tothem, “Serpents, brood of vipers! How can you escape thecondemnation of hell?” (Matthew 23:33). “For what is thehope of the hypocrite, though he may gain much, if Godtakes away his life?” (Job 27:8). “But the hypocrites inheart store up wrath” (Job 36:13a). Ask God, who knowsyour heart, to show you your own heart.A Truly Spiritual PersonThe true Jew who brings praise to God has cut sin out ofhis life by the power of Christ’s death on the cross. Abrahamwas circumcised (his flesh cut) as a sign of God’s covenantwith him—an outward sign of what God wants to do in ourhearts. “In Him you were also circumcised with the circum-cision made without hands, by putting off the body of thesins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Christ” (Colossians2:11). Moses had told God’s people, “And the LORD your Godwill circumcise your heart and the heart of your descen-dants, to love the LORD your God with all your heart andwith all your soul, that you may live” (Deuteronomy 30:6).Paul Answers Jewish ObjectionsHow can it be that even Jews are sinners needing salva-tion! Some might say, “What advantage is it to be a Jew,then?” Paul says there are many advantages, and the chiefone is that they were entrusted with the Scriptures. Somemight ask, “Will the unbelief of Jews cause God not to befaithful to His promises to them?” Paul says, “Certainly not.”God is always faithful to His Word even when people areunfaithful. The last objection could be, “If God is glorified bysalvation apart from works, is God just to judge sin? Whydon’t we sin all the more so that good can come from it?”Scoffers who didn’t understand God’s grace were slanderingPaul by reporting that this was what Paul taught. It is right tocondemn such thinking. It is the thinking of sinful man.14 15Romans 3:9-209What then? Are we betterthan they? Not at all. For wehave previously charged bothJews and Greeks that they areall under sin. 10As it is written:“There is none righteous, no,not one; 11there is none whounderstands; there is nonewho seeks after God. 12Theyhave all gone out of the way;they have together becomeunprofitable; there is nonewho does good, no, not one.”13“Their throat is an opentomb; with their tongues theyhave practiced deceit”; “Thepoison of asps is under theirlips”; 14“Whose mouth is fullof cursing and bitterness.”15“Their feet are swift to shedblood; 16destruction and mis-ery are in their ways; 17and theway of peace they have notknown.” 18“There is no fear ofGod before their eyes.” 19Nowwe know that whatever thelaw says, it says to those whoare under the law, that everymouth may be stopped, andall the world may becomeguilty before God. 20Thereforeby the deeds of the law noflesh will be justified in Hissight, for by the law is theknowledge of sin.from the Old Testament. These charges are from God:1. “There is _________ righteous, no, not _______” (10).[No one can meet the perfect standard of God’s holiness exceptGod Himself, who came to earth as a man, “Jesus Christ the righ-teous” (1 John 2:1b).]2. “There is _________ who understands” (11).[“But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit ofGod, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he know them,because they are spiritually discerned” (1 Corinthians 2:14).]3. “There is _________ who seeks after God” (11).[Man hides from God. God must seek man. “For the Son of Manhas come to seek and to save that which was lost” (Luke 19:10).]4. “They have _______ gone out of the way” (12).[Man wants to go his own way. “All we like sheep have goneastray; we have turned, every one, to his own way” (Isaiah 53:6a).]5. “They have together become _______________” (12).[Sin makes a man of no use to God. When salt loses its flavor, “itis then good for nothing but to be thrown out . . .” (Matthew 5:13b).]6. “There is none who does ______________, no, not________” (12).[“No one is good but One, that is, God . . .” (Matthew 19:17b).]7. “Their ____________ is an open tomb” (13).[Apart from God, man is spiritually dead (Ephesians 2:1), sowords of destruction easily come from his mouth.]8. “With their tongues they have practiced ________”(13).[“The words of his mouth are wickedness and deceit; he hasceased to be wise and to do good” (Psalm 36:3).]9. “The ____________ of asps is under their lips” (13).[“But no man can tame the tongue. It is an unruly evil, full ofdeadly poison” (James 3:8).]16 17LESSON 6. NO ONE IS RIGHTEOUS BEFORE GODThe Whole World Stands Guilty Before GodPaul has used the approach of an attorney in a court oflaw to bring charges that all mankind is guilty of sin before aholy God. Even unbelievers who don’t know the law of Godhave a conscience and deserve God’s wrath, because theyhave not glorified the Creator nor have they been thankful(Lesson 3).Religious people who know the law of God have notobeyed it (Lesson 4). Jews who are circumcised as a sign oftheir covenant relationship with God and are proud of out-ward conformity to God’s laws are also guilty before Godbecause their hearts are far from Him (Lesson 5).Something to DoFill in the blanks to find the 14 charges which Paul quoted
  • 6. 10. “Whose mouth is full of ___________________ and____________________” (14).[Cursing includes speaking unkindly. Blessing includes speakingwell of someone. “Out of the same mouth proceed blessing andcursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be so” (James3:10). “Looking diligently lest anyone fall short of the grace of God;lest any root of bitterness springing up cause trouble, and by thismany become defiled” (Hebrews 12:15).]11. “Their feet are swift to ________ ___________” (15).[What a picture of our world today! Hatred is the source of mur-der. “Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know thatno murderer has eternal life abiding in him” (1 John 3:15).]12. “Destruction and __________ are in their ways” (16).[“Because you say, ‘I am rich, have become wealthy, and haveneed of nothing’—and do not know that you are wretched, miser-able, poor, blind, and naked” (Revelation 3:17).]13. “And the way of _________ they have not known” (17).[“But the wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest,whose waters cast up mire and dirt. ‘There is no peace,’ says myGod, ‘for the wicked’ ” (Isaiah 57:20, 21).]14. “There is no ________ of God before their eyes” (18).[“The fear of the LORD is to hate evil; pride and arrogance . . . andthe perverse mouth I hate. The fear of the LORD is a fountain of life,to avoid the snares of death” (Proverbs 8:13 and 14:27).]God’s Charges Against MankindPaul is merely repeating the charges which had alreadybeen brought by God Himself (in the Old Testament). “Theheart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked;who can know it? I, the LORD, search the heart, I test themind, even to give every man according to his ways, andaccording to the fruit of his doings” (Jeremiah 17:9, 10).God’s Charges Against Man’s CharacterThe first six charges against the character of unrighteouspersons are listed in Psalm 14:1-3. “The fool has said in hisheart, ‘There is no God.’ They are corrupt, they have doneabominable works, there is none who does good. The LORDlooks down from heaven upon the children of men, to seeif there are any who understand, who seek God. They haveall turned aside, they have together become corrupt; thereis none who does good, no, not one.”God’s Charges Against Man’s SpeechThe next four charges have to do with man’s mouth. “Forthere is no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part isdestruction; their throat is an open tomb; they flatter withtheir tongue” (Psalm 5:9). “They sharpen their tongues likea serpent; the poison of asps is under their lips” (Psalm140:3). “His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and oppres-sion; under his tongue is trouble and iniquity” (Psalm10:7). Why does our speech reveal our heart? Jesus said,“For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks”(Matthew 12:34b). Later He said, “But those things whichproceed out of the mouth come from the heart, and theydefile a man” (Matthew 15:18).God’s Charges Against Man’s WaysThe next three charges have to do with man’s feet—hisways. “Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shedinnocent blood; their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity;wasting and destruction are in their paths. The way ofpeace they have not known, and there is no justice in theirways; they have made themselves crooked paths; whoevertakes that way shall not know peace” (Isaiah 59:7, 8).18 19God’s Final ChargeThe last charge gives the cause of such profound unrigh-teousness—pride. “There is no fear of God before his eyes.For he flatters himself in his own eyes” (Psalm 36:1b, 2a).The Whole World Stands Guilty as ChargedGod has searched all hearts. He has brought the charges.His Word and His law (holy standards) have shown us oursin. Not even by obeying God’s laws as much as possiblecan a man be counted righteous in God’s sight. “For who-ever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point,he is guilty of all” (James 2:10).Now we see the verdict: GUILTY. God finds the wholeworld guilty on all counts. Mankind is brought to silence.There is no defense before the great and awesome God.The word “guilty” in Romans 3:19 literally means “undersentence.” Mankind is under sentence of death. Adam hadbeen told the consequences of going his own way in rebel-lion against God’s simple command. “And the LORD Godcommanded the man, saying, ‘Of every tree of the gardenyou may freely eat; but of the tree of the knowledge of goodand evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of ityou shall surely die’ ” (Genesis 2:16, 17). “For the wages ofsin is death” (Romans 6:23a).Paul wants us to know our guilt before God and to knowthe absolute impossibility of being right with God on our own.He wants us to see our desperate need for a Savior. Herightly paints a dark picture of mankind so that the brilliantlight of the next chapters will shine more gloriously. Hewants us to grasp God’s plan of rescue like a drowning mangasps for air. How desperate is our situation! But—as weshall see in Lesson 7—how glorious is God’s remedy!Romans 3:21-3121But now the righteousnessof God apart from the law isrevealed, being witnessed bythe Law and the Prophets,22even the righteousness ofGod which is through faith inJesus Christ to all and on allwho believe. For there is nodifference; 23for all havesinned and fall short of theglory of God, 24being justifiedfreely by His grace throughthe redemption that is inChrist Jesus, 25whom God setforth to be a propitiation byHis blood, through faith, todemonstrate His righ-teousness, because in His for-bearance God had passedover the sins that were previ-ously committed, 26to demon-strate at the present time Hisrighteousness, that He mightbe just and the justifier of theone who has faith in Jesus.27Where is boasting then? It isexcluded. By what law? Ofworks? No, but by the law offaith. 28Therefore we con-clude that a man is justifiedby faith apart from the deedsof the law. 29Or is He the Godof the Jews only? Is He notalso the God of the Gentiles?Yes, of the Gentiles also,30since there is one God whowill justify the circumcisedby faith and the uncircum-cised through faith. 31Do wethen make void the lawthrough faith? Certainly not!On the contrary, we establishthe law.20 21LESSON 7. GOD’S SOLUTION TO SAVE SINNERS:THE GIFT OF RIGHTEOUSNESS BY FAITHSomething to DoFill in the blanks to find God’s way to be righteous:1. The righteousness of God is revealed “apart from the_______” (21). It is “through faith in ________ __________,to ______ and on all who ____________” (22).2. Those who believe are “justified [declared righteous]freely by His grace through the _____________________that is in Christ Jesus” (24). God set forth Jesus to be a“_____________________ [see page 24] by His _________,through faith, to demonstrate His _________________”(25).3. God wanted to demonstrate His righteousness, “that He
  • 7. might be ________ and the _____________ of the one whohas faith in ____________” (26).4. “Where is boasting then? It is _______________” (27).[We cannot boast about something we receive as a free gift andhave not earned. “Not by works of righteousness which we havedone, but according to His mercy He saved us” (Titus 3:5a).]5. “We conclude that a man is justified [declared righ-teous] by ____________ apart from the _________ of thelaw” (28). This is called “the law of _____________” (27).God’s Way of RighteousnessWe have seen that the Old Testament is a witness to thefact that mankind is guilty on all charges. The inescapableconsequence is a sentence of death. Now Paul will provethat the Old Testament is also a witness to another truth: therighteousness of God can be received apart from the law byfaith in Jesus Christ. The witness for the prosecution (God’sWord) is also the witness for the defense!What an awesome thing God did for sinners when Jesusdied on the cross! God revealed that He is a righteous God,who hates sin and cannot excuse it. Yet at the same time Herevealed that He is a faithful God, who keeps His promises,and a loving, merciful God, who has compassion on sinners.What “Justification” MeansThe word “justification” is a legal term meaning “acquit-ted,” “regarded as innocent,” or “declared righteous.” In theGreek language—the language in which the New Testamentwas originally written—this word has the same root as theword “righteous.” There is a way in which God—the Righ-teous Judge, who declares man “guilty” on all counts andsentenced to death—can also declare man “acquitted” or“righteous” on all counts and freed from all penalties. Whatwonderful news! How can this be? We learned in Romans2:13 that “the doers of the law will be justified” (acquittedor declared righteous). But no one can do all that God’s lawdemands. Yet Someone—Jesus—did! And He did it for us!God Himself became flesh and lived among men (John1:1, 14) as a Son who lived a life in perfect obedience to HisFather in heaven. Speaking of the Messiah (Christ) whowould come, Isaiah the prophet said, “My righteous Servantshall justify many, for He shall bear their iniquities” (Isaiah53:11b). Yes, “He had done no violence, nor was any deceitin His mouth. Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise Him; He hasput Him to grief” (Isaiah 53:9b, 10a).God sent Jesus to take our sin upon Himself and pay thedeath penalty for us. In exchange He wants to give us Hisrighteousness. “For He made Him who knew no sin to besin for us, that we might become the righteousness of Godin Him” (2 Corinthians 5:21). What an amazing exchange!This righteousness—God’s righteousness—is available asa GIFT to all who trust in Jesus as their substitute. You canbe justified (acquitted and declared righteous) freely (withoutdoing anything to deserve it) because of His grace (whatGod does for you that you cannot do for yourself).“Faith”—just believing that what God says is true—is theway your heart receives a free gift from God. “For by graceyou have been saved through faith, and that not of your-selves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone shouldboast” (Ephesians 2:8, 9).What a wonderful salvation! There is no other way to besaved. “Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is noother name under heaven given among men by which wemust be saved” (Acts 4:12). Jesus said, “For if you do not22 23believe that I am He, you will die in your sins” (John 8:24b).What “Redemption” Means“Redemption” means “to buy back” or “to pay the ransomin full.” When Adam yielded to the temptation of Satan, man-kind came under the power of sin and death. Jesus paid theransom—the just penalty required by God—to set man freefrom sin and death. “The Son of Man did not come to beserved, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom formany” (Matthew 20:28b). “For there is one God and oneMediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus, whogave Himself a ransom for all” (1 Timothy 2:5, 6a).“In Him we have redemption through His blood, the for-giveness of sins” (Ephesians 1:7a). Will you right now thankHim for paying this costly price for your salvation? He is wor-thy of our praise through all eternity, “for You were slain, andhave redeemed us to God by Your blood out of every tribeand tongue and people and nation” (Revelation 5:9b).What “Propitiation” MeansThe word “propitiation” means the satisfying of God’s holylaw by meeting its just demands. The blood of Jesus did thatfor us. “It is the blood that makes atonement for the soul”(Leviticus 17:11b). When Jesus shed His blood for the sinsof the world, the law was satisfied. The penalty for sin (death)was paid in full. The same word is used for the “mercy seat”in the temple of God, where blood was sprinkled and wherethe presence of a holy God dwelt among His people. “In thisis love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sentHis Son to be the propitiation for our sins” (1 John 4:10).“And He Himself is the propitiation for our sins, and not forours only but also for the whole world” (1 John 2:2).Romans 4:1-251What then shall we say thatAbraham our father hasfound according to the flesh?2For if Abraham was justifiedby works, he has something ofwhich to boast, but not beforeGod. 3For what does theScripture say? “Abraham be-lieved God, and it was ac-counted to him for righteous-ness.” 4Now to him whoworks, the wages are notcounted as grace but as debt.5But to him who does notwork but believes on Him whojustifies the ungodly, his faithis accounted for righ-teousness, 6just as David alsodescribes the blessedness ofthe man to whom God im-putes righteousness apartfrom works: 7“Blessed arethose whose lawless deeds areforgiven, and whose sins arecovered; 8blessed is the man towhom the Lord shall notimpute sin.”9Does this blessedness thencome upon the circumcisedonly, or upon the uncircum-cised also? For we say thatfaith was accounted to Abra-ham for righteousness. 10Howthen was it accounted? Whilehe was circumcised, or uncir-cumcised? Not while circum-cised, but while uncircum-cised. 11And he received thesign of circumcision, a seal ofthe righteousness of the faithwhich he had while still uncir-cumcised, that he might be thefather of all those who believe,though they are uncircum-cised, that righteousnessmight be imputed to themalso, 12and the father of cir-cumcision to those who notonly are of the circumcision,but who also walk in the stepsof the faith which our fatherAbraham had while still un-circumcised.13For the promise that hewould be the heir of the worldwas not to Abraham or to hisseed through the law, butthrough the righteousness offaith. 14For if those who areof the law are heirs, faith ismade void and the promisemade of no effect, 15becausethe law brings about wrath;for where there is no lawthere is no transgression.16Therefore it is of faith thatit might be according tograce, so that the promisemight be sure to all the seed,not only to those who are ofthe law, but also to those who24 25LESSON 8. ABRAHAM IS AN EXAMPLE OF BEINGDECLARED RIGHTEOUS BY FAITH
  • 8. are of the faith of Abraham,who is the father of us all17(as it is written, “I havemade you a father of manynations”) in the presence ofHim whom he believed, evenGod, who gives life to thedead and calls those thingswhich do not exist as thoughthey did; 18who, contrary tohope, in hope believed, sothat he became the father ofmany nations, according towhat was spoken, “So shallyour descendants be.” 19Andnot being weak in faith, hedid not consider his ownbody, already dead (since hewas about a hundred yearsold), and the deadness ofSarah’s womb. 20He did notwaver at the promise of Godthrough unbelief, but wasstrengthened in faith, givingglory to God, 21and beingfully convinced that what Hehad promised He was alsoable to perform. 22And there-fore “it was accounted to himfor righteousness.” 23Now itwas not written for his sakealone that it was imputed tohim, 24but also for us. It shallbe imputed to us who believein Him who raised up Jesusour Lord from the dead,25who was delivered up be-cause of our offenses, andwas raised because of ourjustification.Paul reminded the believers in Rome of God’s promise tochildless Abraham, “ ‘Look now toward heaven, and countthe stars if you are able to number them.’ And He said tohim, ‘So shall your descendants be.’ And he believed in theLORD, and He accounted it to him for righteousness” (Gen-esis 15:5b, 6). It would be many years before Abraham sawGod’s promise fulfilled with even one child, but Abrahamknew God and trusted Him. His faith was strong.Abraham believed God and was justified (declared righ-teous) by God 14 years before he was circumcised and 430years before God’s law was given to Moses. Although God’spromise seemed impossible, Abraham believed God. Abra-ham’s obedience to God was a result of the faith which hadalready been accounted to him for righteousness.Those Who Believe GodAre the True Children of AbrahamEarlier Paul had written in another letter, “Therefore knowthat only those who are of faith are sons of Abraham. Sothen those who are of faith are blessed with believingAbraham” (Galatians 3:7, 9).Something to DoAnswer these questions from Romans chapter 4:1. Whose faith is counted as righteousness? “To him whodoes not _________ but ______________ on Him who jus-tifies the ________________” (verse 5).2. When was Abraham’s faith accounted for righteous-ness? While he was _________________________ (10).[It was before he performed any religious rite.]3. What was the sign of circumcision [cutting of the flesh]?It was “a ________ of the righteousness of the __________26 27Two Old Testament Examples of JustificationPaul presents witnesses from the Old Testament Scrip-tures to prove that God justifies people by faith and forgivessin. Abraham was declared righteous by God just becausehe believed God. David said, “Blessed is he whose trans-gression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. Blessed is theman to whom the LORD does not impute iniquity” (Psalm32:1, 2a). Do you know the blessing of your sins forgiven?How Abraham Was JustifiedWas Abraham declared righteous because of the things hedid? Was He declared righteous because he was circum-cised? (Circumcision was the sign of a covenant betweenGod and Abraham.) Paul explains that the answer is “No.”Abraham was not declared righteous because he earned it,like earning wages, but by receiving a gift from God.which he had” before he was circumcised (11).[A seal is a sign given to show that something is true.]4. Why did Abraham receive this seal of righteousness?“That he might be the ________________ of all those who_________________, though they are uncircumcised, that________________________ might be imputed [credited]to them also” (11).5. What did Abraham believe about God? He “gives life tothe ________ and calls those things which do not ________as though they did” (17b).[“And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins”(Ephesians 2:1). Do you believe that God has done this for you?]6. How did Abraham show himself strengthened in faith?By “giving ___________ to God” (20).7. Of what wasAbraham fully convinced? “That what [God]had promised He was also able to _______________” (21).[Are you fully convinced that the blood of Jesus cleanses youfrom all sin and that you have eternal life through Him as He prom-ised? If so, be strengthened in faith and give Him glory. “I knowwhom I have believed and am persuaded that He is able to keepwhat I have committed to Him until that Day” (2 Timothy 1:12b).]8. Who else will have righteousness credited to them? “Itshall be imputed to us who _________________ in Him who___________ up Jesus our Lord from the _________” (24).9. Why was Jesus crucified and raised from the dead? Hewas “delivered up because of our __________ [against God],and was raised because of our ___________________” (25).[Jesus died to take the penalty for our sins and to remove our sinsfrom us. His resurrection showed that God had accepted the sacri-fice and declared us righteous in Him. “And He died for all, thatthose who live should live no longer for themselves, but for Himwho died for them and rose again” (2 Corinthians 5:15).]Romans 5:1-111Therefore, having been jus-tified by faith, we have peacewith God through our LordJesus Christ, 2through whomalso we have access by faithinto this grace in which westand, and rejoice in hope ofthe glory of God. 3And notonly that, but we also glory intribulations, knowing thattribulation produces persever-ance; 4and perseverance, char-acter; and character, hope.5Now hope does not disap-point, because the love of Godhas been poured out in ourhearts by the Holy Spirit whowas given to us.6For when we were still with-out strength, in due time Christdied for the ungodly. 7Forscarcely for a righteous manwill one die; yet perhaps for agood man someone wouldeven dare to die. 8But Goddemonstrates His own lovetoward us, in that while wewere still sinners, Christ diedfor us. 9Much more then, hav-ing now been justified by Hisblood, we shall be saved fromwrath through Him. 10For ifwhen we were enemies wewere reconciled to Godthrough the death of His Son,much more, having been rec-onciled, we shall be saved byHis life. 11And not only that,but we also rejoice in Godthrough our Lord JesusChrist, through whom we havenow received the reconcilia-tion.28 29LESSON 9. THE BLESSINGS OF JUSTIFICATIONSomething to DoFill in the blanks to find out the many blessings we havewhen we are justified (declared righteous) by faith in Jesus.Are you delighting in each of these blessings?1. “We have ____________ with _________ through ourLord Jesus Christ” (verse 1).2. Through Jesus “we have _____________ by faith intothis grace in which we stand” (2).[Because of what Jesus has done for us, we have favor with Godand can approach Him for anything He has promised. “Let us there-fore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercyand find grace to help in time of need” (Hebrews 4:16).]
  • 9. 3. We “rejoice in hope of the ____________ of God” (2).[We see God’s glory as the Holy Spirit reveals Him to us in God’sWord and as we allow Jesus to live in us. “Christ in you, the hopeof glory” (Colossians 1:27b). One day we will see Him face to faceand be like Him (1 John 3:2).]4. “We also glory in ___________________, knowing thattribulation produces ___________________; and persever-ance, ________________; and character, _________”(3, 4).[“My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials,knowing that the testing of your faith produces patience” (James1:2, 3). Tribulation is like a threshing instrument which separates thegrain from the husks. By God’s grace, tribulation can purify our lives.If we truly want to be like Christ, this brings us great joy.]5. “Hope does not ____________________, because the__________ of God has been poured out in our hearts bythe _________ _____________ who was given to us” (5).[The Holy Spirit floods us with the knowledge that God loves usand fills us with love for Him and others. The proof of God’s love isthat Christ gave His life for us while we were still sinners (verse 8).]6. “Much more then, having now been justified [declaredrighteous] by His blood, we shall be saved from __________through Him” (9).[“For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvationthrough our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us, that whether wewake or sleep, we should live together with Him” (1 Thessalonians5:9, 10).]7. “Having been reconciled [restored to friendship withGod], we shall be ____________ by His _________” (10).[We are also saved (delivered) from the power of sin in our livesby the resurrected life of Jesus living in us and His intervening forus in heaven. “Therefore He is also able to save to the uttermostthose who come to God through Him, since He always lives tomake intercession for them” (Hebrews 7:25).]Romans 5:12-2112Therefore, just as throughone man sin entered theworld, and death through sin,and thus death spread to allmen, because all sinned—13(For until the law sin was inthe world, but sin is not im-puted when there is no law.14Nevertheless death reignedfrom Adam to Moses, evenover those who had not sinnedaccording to the likeness ofthe transgression of Adam,who is a type of Him who wasto come. 15But the free gift isnot like the offense. For if bythe one man’s offense manydied, much more the grace ofGod and the gift by the graceof the one Man, Jesus Christ,abounded to many. 16And thegift is not like that whichcame through the one whosinned. For the judgmentwhich came from one offenseresulted in condemnation, butthe free gift which came frommany offenses resulted in jus-tification. 17For if by the oneman’s offense death reignedthrough the one, much morethose who receive abundanceof grace and of the gift ofrighteousness will reign in lifethrough the One, JesusChrist.) 18Therefore, asthrough one man’s offensejudgment came to all men,resulting in condemnation,even so through one Man’srighteous act the free giftcame to all men, resulting injustification of life. 19For as byone man’s disobedience manywere made sinners, so also byone Man’s obedience manywill be made righteous.20Moreover the law enteredthat the offense might a-bound. But where sinabounded, grace aboundedmuch more, 21so that as sinreigned in death, even sograce might reign throughrighteousness to eternal lifethrough Jesus Christ ourLord.30 31LESSON 10. A PICTURE OF TWO ADAMSSomething to DoFind out the differences between the first Adam (createdby God in the beginning) and the last Adam (Jesus Christ):The First Adam1. “Through one man ________ entered the world, anddeath through sin, and thus ___________ spread to ______men, because all _____________” (verse 12).2. “By one man’s offense death _______________” (17a).3. “Through one man’s offense ________________ cameto _____ men, resulting in _____________________” (18a).[Condemnation means to be “declared guilty.” “He who does notbelieve is condemned already, because he has not believed in thename of the only begotten Son of God” (John 3:18b).]4. “For as by one man’s __________________ many weremade ______________” (19a).[When Adam sinned, all of his descendants (who were within him)became sinners. We are born with a nature that sins.]5. “Sin reigned in ___________” (21a).[“For as in Adam all die” (1 Corinthians 15:22a).]The Last Adam, Jesus Christ6. “The grace of God and the _______ by the grace of theone Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to __________” (15b).[Grace is what God does for us that we cannot do for ourselves.The gift of life is available to all who receive it by faith in Jesus.]7. “The ________ gift which came from [because of] manyoffenses resulted in _____________________” (16b).[Offenses against God could be taken care of only by a free gift.Jesus paid the penalty for our sins (death); therefore God coulddeclare those who trust in Him “not guilty.” Justification means being“declared righteous” and right with God. What a wonderful gift!]8. “Those who receive abundance of ___________ and ofthe gift of righteousness will _____________ in life” (17b).[“Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ” (John 1:17b). Jesus isfull of grace, and those who have His life in them can have plenty ofgrace for victory in life. “God resists the proud, but gives grace tothe humble” (James 4:6b). “Now thanks be to God who alwaysleads us in triumph in Christ” (2 Corinthians 2:14a).]9. “Through one Man’s _______________ act the free giftcame to _____ men, resulting in justification of ______” (18b).[The righteous act of Jesus’ dying in our place satisfied the penal-ty demanded by God’s law, so He is justified (has good reason) todeclare us righteous and give us life. “Even so in Christ all shall bemade alive. The lastAdam [Jesus] became a life-giving spirit” (1 Cor-inthians 15:22b, 45b).]10. “So also by one Man’s ____________________ manywill be made ___________________” (19b).[“He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death,even the death of the cross” (Philippians 2:8b). Because Jesus wasobedient, all who are united with Him are declared righteous. Hispowerful life in them also makes them righteous (to be like Jesus).]You Need to Be Born AgainYou were born with the sinful tendencies of Adam whichlead to death. The human heart is desperately wicked (Jere-miah 17:9) and cannot be repaired. You need to be bornagain with a new heart. God promised, “I will give you a newheart and put a new spirit within you” (Ezekiel 36:26a).Jesus did not inherit Adam’s sinful nature, because Godwas His Father, not Adam. Only the sinless Son of God couldbegin a new line of people who, by faith in Him, inherit therighteous characteristics of their Father in heaven.“But as many as received Him, to them He gave the rightto become children of God, even to those who believe in Hisname” (John 1:12). Have you been born a child of God bybelieving that Jesus died in your place and by receiving Him?If not, receive Him right now. Then thank God for the gift ofnew life in Jesus! “Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is anewcreation;old things have passed away;behold,all thingshave become new” (2 Corinthians 5:17).In future lessons you will learn how to live this new life.32 33
  • 10. Romans 6:1-141What shall we say then?Shall we continue in sin thatgrace may abound? 2Certainlynot! How shall we who died tosin live any longer in it? 3Ordo you not know that as manyof us as were baptized intoChrist Jesus were baptizedinto His death? 4Therefore wewere buried with Himthrough baptism into death,that just as Christ was raisedfrom the dead by the glory ofthe Father, even so we alsoshould walk in newness of life.5For if we have been unitedtogether in the likeness of Hisdeath, certainly we also shallbe in the likeness of His resur-rection, 6knowing this, thatour old man was crucifiedwith Him, that the body of sinmight be done away with, thatwe should no longer be slavesof sin. 7For he who has died hasbeen freed from sin.8Now if we died with Christ,we believe that we shall alsolive with Him, 9knowing thatChrist, having been raisedfrom the dead, dies no more.Death no longer has dominionover Him. 10For the death thatHe died, He died to sin oncefor all; but the life that Helives, He lives to God.11Likewise you also, reckonyourselves to be dead indeedto sin, but alive to God inChrist Jesus our Lord.12Therefore do not let sin reignin your mortal body, that youshould obey it in its lusts.13And do not present yourmembers as instruments ofunrighteousness to sin, butpresent yourselves to God asbeing alive from the dead, andyour members as instrumentsof righteousness to God. 14Forsin shall not have dominionover you, for you are notunder law but under grace.Baptism (which literally means “immersion”) in water is anoutward witness to what actually happens inside those whotrust in Jesus Christ. By faith a true Christian knows he hasbeen united with Christ in His death, burial, and resurrection.Going under the water shows that in Christ the believer’s oldsinful life has died and been buried. Coming up from thewater shows that the believer is united with Christ in His res-urrected new life and is alive with a new life to serve Godand to be fruitful.“I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I wholive, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live inthe flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me andgave Himself for me” (Galatians 2:20).In Lesson 2 we learned that the righteousness of God is“revealed from faith to faith.” First we are freed from the guiltand penalty of sin when we believe that Christ died in ourplace. God can declare us “not guilty” and declare us righ-teous by crediting Christ’s righteousness to our account.Now we see that salvation (deliverance) also includesfreedom from the power of sin. Romans 6:1-14 helps us knowwhat to do about sin while we still live in a physical body ina sinful world. These verses help us to know that we can liverighteously by the power of Christ’s resurrected life workingin us, making us more and more like Him. We need not bedominated by sins which controlled us in the past.Something to DoFill in the blanks from Romans 6 to learn what Paul wantsus to KNOW, to RECKON, and to PRESENT (yield):Paul tells us to truly KNOW1. “that our old man was ________________ with Him,that the body of sin might be done away with [meaning ‘not34 35LESSON 11. HOW TO BE FREED FROM SINOur Identification with Jesus ChristIn Lesson 10 we learned that in Jesus we gained “muchmore” than what we lost in Adam. As condemnation came tothe entire human race through one man—Adam, salvationcame to the human race through one Man—Jesus Christ.Those who draw physical life from Adam are in bondageto sin. Those who draw spiritual life from Jesus Christ arefreed from the bondage to sin. They are freed to live for God.able to operate’], that we should no longer be ___________of sin” (verse 6). “He who has died has been ____________from sin” (7).2. “that Christ, having been _____________ from thedead, dies no more” (9). “He died to sin ___________ for all;but the life that He lives, He lives to __________” (10).[When Christ died to sin, those who are united with Him died tosin as well. And as Christ lives to God, they also live to God.]Paul tells us to RECKON (count on, believe as true)3. “yourselves to be _________ indeed to ________, but__________ to ________ in Christ Jesus our Lord” (11).[We can be alive to God only by being in Jesus, who is alive toGod. “For you died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God”(Colossians 3:3). Because you died, you don’t have to obey whatyour body wants. “If One died for all, then all died; and He died forall, that those who live should live no longer for themselves, but forHim who died for them and rose again” (2 Corinthians 5:14b, 15).]Paul tells us to PRESENT (yield, put at God’s disposal)4. “yourselves to God as being ______________ from the____________” (13b).5. “your members [eyes, ears, mouth, hands, feet, etc.] as________________ of _________________ to God” (13b).[We are NOT to allow our bodies to sin as we used to do. Now wegive all the parts of our body to God for doing what is right. What awonderful, awesome partnership with God! He wants to live in us,make us like Christ, and do His work through us, just like He wasable to do through Jesus when He was on earth. As you do this, Hepromises that sin will not have dominion over you (verse 14).]KNOWING and BELIEVING and YIELDING leads toGOD’S DOING in us and through us what we cannot do.15What then? Shall we sin be-cause we are not under law butunder grace? Certainly not!16Do you not know that towhom you present yourselvesslaves to obey, you are thatone’s slaves whom you obey,whether of sin to death, or ofobedience to righteousness?17But God be thanked thatthough you were slaves of sin,yet you obeyed from the heartthat form of doctrine to whichyou were delivered. 18And hav-ing been set free from sin, youbecame slaves of righteous-ness. 19I speak in human termsbecause of the weakness ofyour flesh. For just as you pre-sented your members asslaves of uncleanness, and oflawlessness leading to morelawlessness, so now presentyour members as slaves ofrighteousness for holiness.20For when you were slaves ofsin, you were free in regard torighteousness. 21What fruitdid you have then in thethings of which you are nowashamed? For the end of thosethings is death. 22But now hav-ing been set free from sin, andhaving become slaves of God,you have your fruit to holi-ness, and the end, everlastinglife. 23For the wages of sin isdeath, but the gift of God iseternal life in Christ Jesus ourLord.LESSON 12. BELIEVERS ARE SLAVES OFRIGHTEOUSNESS36 37Which Master Do You Serve?Before God declared us righteous in Christ, we served sin.Sin is a hard taskmaster, making us do things that lead tomisery and death. How wonderful it is to serve righteous-ness! Now that we have been freed from sin, we can yieldourselves to obey the righteous things God wants us to do.Do you know who your master is? “No one can serve twomasters; for either he will hate the one and love the other,or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other”(Matthew 6:24a). “In this the children of God and the chil-dren of the devil are manifest: Whoever does not practicerighteousness is not of God, nor is he who does not loveRomans 6:15-23
  • 11. his brother” (1 John 3:10). Jesus clearly described the dif-ference between the two masters: “The thief does not comeexcept to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. I have come thatthey may have life, and that they may have it more abun-dantly. I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd givesHis life for the sheep” (John 10:10, 11). Satan, the deceiverand thief, tries to make sin look desirable but comes to des-troy us. Jesus, the good Shepherd, came to give us abun-dant life and to care for us. He even died for us.You are a slave of the master you obey. One master, sin,pays wages—death. The other master, God, offers to giveyou what you cannot earn—eternal life in Jesus. “And thisis eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God,and Jesus Christ whom You have sent” (John 17:3).There Is Fruitfulness in ChristJesus says, “I am the vine, you are the branches. He whoabides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Meyou can do nothing” (John 15:5). Those who are in unionwith Christ will bear the fruit of becoming like Him. “But thefruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kind-ness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control”(Galatians 5:22, 23a). What Christ does in you and throughyou will last for eternity.Both Sin and Righteousness MultiplyBeing a slave of sin and using your body for lawlessness(going your own way) leads only to more lawlessness.But when God sets you free from sin (salvation), you be-come a slave of righteousness with new desires urging youto do what is right. This leads to more and more holiness(sanctification). “For it is God who works in you both to willand to do for His good pleasure” (Philippians 2:13).Romans 7:1-131Or do you not know, breth-ren (for I speak to those whoknow the law), that the law hasdominion over a man as longas he lives? 2For the womanwho has a husband is boundby the law to her husband aslong as he lives. But if the hus-band dies, she is released fromthe law of her husband. 3Sothen if, while her husbandlives, she marries anotherman, she will be called anadulteress; but if her husbanddies, she is free from that law,so that she is no adulteress,though she has marriedanother man. 4Therefore, mybrethren, you also havebecome dead to the lawthrough the body of Christ,that you may be married toanother, even to Him who wasraised from the dead, that weshould bear fruit to God. 5Forwhen we were in the flesh, thepassions of sins which werearoused by the law were atwork in our members to bearfruit to death. 6But now wehave been delivered from thelaw, having died to what wewere held by, so that weshould serve in the newness ofthe Spirit and not in the old-ness of the letter.7What shall we say then? Isthe law sin? Certainly not! Onthe contrary, I would not haveknown sin except through thelaw. For I would not haveknown covetousness unlessthe law had said, “You shallnot covet.” 8But sin, takingopportunity by the command-ment, produced in me allmanner of evil desire. Forapart from the law sin wasdead. 9I was alive once withoutthe law, but when the com-mandment came, sin revivedand I died. 10And the com-mandment, which was tobring life, I found to bringdeath. 11For sin, taking occa-sion by the commandment,deceived me, and by it killedme. 12Therefore the law is holy,and the commandment holyand just and good.13Has then what is goodbecome death to me? Certain-ly not! But sin, that it mightappear sin, was producingdeath in me through what isgood, so that sin through thecommandment might becomeexceedingly sinful.3938LESSON 13. FREEDOM FROM BONDAGETO GOD’S LAWThe Illustration of MarriagePaul explains the believer’s relationship to God’s law bycomparing it to marriage, which God intended to be lifelong.Paul says that the law of God is like a husband. We are tiedto that husband as long as he is alive.God’s law has not died. “Forever, O LORD, Your word issettled in heaven” (Psalm 119:89). Jesus said, “Do not thinkthat I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did notcome to destroy but to fulfill. . . . Till heaven and earth passaway, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from thelaw till all be fulfilled” (Matthew 5:17, 18). “The word of Godstands forever” (Isaiah 40:8b).Paul turns the illustration around to show that we can dieand no longer be obligated to the law. We are then free tostart a new relationship. Isn’t that interesting? It is our sinfulself which must die. How wonderful that Jesus Christ, whofulfilled all the law with His righteous life, died in our placeand gives us a new life, to be lived by faith in Him! If we arein Christ (by trusting in Him as our Savior), we died withChrist when He died. We are then free from bondage to thelaw. Having risen from the dead with Christ, we are free tolive a new life, “married” (united) with Christ forever. Thisunion produces the fruit of righteousness. There is no life, nosalvation, no holy living apart from union with Jesus Christ.The Law Cannot Make You RighteousThe law cannot give life or the power to obey God’s law.“For if there had been a law given which could have givenlife, truly righteousness would have been by the law” (Gala-tians 3:21b). “For the law made nothing perfect; on the otherhand, there is the bringing in of a better hope, throughwhich we draw near to God” (Hebrews 7:19).Life is found in a Person, not in obeying laws. Jesus is Life.He said, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comesto the Father except through Me” (John 14:6b). Jesus saidto those who would not believe in Him, “You search theScriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; andthese are they which testify of Me. But you are not willing tocome to Me that you may have life” (John 5:39, 40). Jesussaid, “He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shalllive. And whoever lives and believes in Me shall never die.Do you believe this?” (John 11:25b, 26).The Law Sentenced You to DeathThe law says, “A person shall be put to death for his ownsin” (Deuteronomy 24:16b). “The soul who sins shall die”(Ezekiel 18:4b).“The wages of sin is death” (Romans 6:23a).The Purpose of the Law1. The law was made for sinners (to restrain sin). “Know-ing this: that the law is not made for a righteous person, butfor the lawless and insubordinate [disobedient], for the un-godly and for sinners” (1 Timothy 1:9a). “So He declared toyou His covenant which He commanded you to perform,that is, the Ten Commandments” (Deuteronomy 4:13a).2. The law tells us what sin is. “For by the law is theknowledge of sin” (Romans 3:20b). For example, Paul knewthat coveting was a sin because it was one of the Ten Com-mandments (Exodus 20). If we did not know God’s com-mands, we would not know how sinful we are (Romans 7:13).3. The law pronounces us guilty before God. “Now weknow that whatever the law says, it says to those who areunder the law, that every mouth may be stopped, and all theworld may become guilty before God” (Romans 3:19). The40 41
  • 12. commandments “kill us” because the penalty for breakingthem is death.4. The law prepared the way for Christ. “What purposethen does the law serve? It was added because of trans-gressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promisewas made” (Galatians 3:19a). The Seed was Christ (Gala-tians 3:16). The law prepared the people for the coming of aSavior. The Word of God prepares people for Jesus today byshowing them their need for a Savior.5. The law was to bring us to Christ. “But before faithcame, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for thefaith which would afterward be revealed. Therefore the lawwas our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justifiedby faith. But after faith has come, we are no longer under atutor” (Galatians 3:23-25).The Law of God Is Holy and GoodSome may say, “If knowing the law makes us sin (rebel)even more, is it because the law is not good?” Paul says, “Ofcourse not!” (Romans 7:13). “Your word is very pure; there-fore Your servant loves it” (Psalm 119:140). “The law of theLORD is perfect” (Psalm 19:7a). The law is good; it is we whowere not good, and the law could not make us good. God hadto give us new life by Jesus Christ. “And that you put on thenew man which was created according to God, in righ-teousness and true holiness” (Ephesians 4:24).Union with ChristWhen God created Adam and Eve, they were one flesh.“And Adam said: ‘This is now bone of my bones and fleshof my flesh’ ” (Genesis 2:23a). Marriage is an illustration ofhow close a believer is to Christ—as close as being a part ofHis body. “For we are members of His body, of His flesh andof His bones. This is a great mystery, but I speak concern-ing Christ and the church” (Ephesians 5:30, 32).Jesus nourishes and cherishes His bride, the Church, asHis own body (Ephesians 5:29). Because we are so unitedwith Christ (like parts of His body and like a bride married toher husband), we are to be holy and let Him nourish andcleanse us continually. “Christ also loved the church andgave Himself for it, that He might sanctify and cleanse it withthe washing of water by the word, that He might present itto Himself a glorious church, . . . holy and without blemish”(Ephesians 5:25b-27). “But he who is joined to the Lord isone spirit with Him” (1 Corinthians 6:17).Christ Sets You Free from the Law’s Demands“And you, being dead in your trespasses and the uncir-cumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together withHim, having forgiven you all trespasses, having wiped outthe handwriting of requirements that was against us, whichwas contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, hav-ing nailed it to the cross” (Colossians 2:13, 14). It was as ifa list of all of the laws of God we had broken was nailed tothe cross of Jesus marked “Paid in Full.” What freedom! Thisdoes not mean that we are now free to sin. No! Our new lifein Christ wants to please and honor God. “For I through thelaw died to the law that I might live to God” (Galatians 2:19).We now have the holy life of Jesus in us to empower us tolive a holy life. “Or do you not know that your body is thetemple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have fromGod, and you are not your own? For you were bought at aprice; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit,which are God’s” (1 Corinthians 6:19, 20).42 43Romans 7:14-2514For we know that the lawis spiritual, but I am carnal,sold under sin. 15For what Iam doing, I do not under-stand. For what I will to do,that I do not practice; butwhat I hate, that I do. 16If,then, I do what I will not todo, I agree with the law that itis good. 17But now, it is nolonger I who do it, but sin thatdwells in me. 18For I knowthat in me (that is, in my flesh)nothing good dwells; for towill is present with me, buthow to perform what is good Ido not find. 19For the goodthat I will to do, I do not do;but the evil I will not to do,that I practice. 20Now if I dowhat I will not to do, it is nolonger I who do it, but sin thatdwells in me. 21I find then alaw, that evil is present withme, the one who wills to dogood. 22For I delight in the lawof God according to theinward man. 23But I see an-other law in my members,warring against the law of mymind, and bringing me intocaptivity to the law of sinwhich is in my members.24O wretched man that Iam! Who will deliver me fromthis body of death? 25I thankGod — through Jesus Christour Lord! So then, with themind I myself serve the law ofGod, but with the flesh thelaw of sin.between the flesh (human wisdom and effort which is inde-pendent of God) and the Spirit of God now living within him(wanting to do what God wants) causes him to cry out toGod for deliverance.Paul found that his “flesh” was no more able to please Godafter he was saved than before he was saved. He concludesthat there is no good at all in his flesh. This is a wonderfulrevelation, because now Paul calls out for help. There is onlyone Person who can help. Paul knew that deliverance isfound in Jesus Christ and gratefully cried out, “I thank God—through Jesus Christ our Lord!” In the next lessons you willsee that we can be delivered from the struggle with the fleshby walking in the Spirit of Christ, who lives in us.Believers in the region of Galatia had a similar problem.They had received Christ by faith, but then they tried to per-fect themselves in their own strength—“in the flesh.” Paul,who knew this problem so well, had written to them, “O fool-ish Galatians! . . . Did you receive the Spirit by the works ofthe law, or by the hearing of faith? Are you so foolish?Having begun in the Spirit, are you now being made perfectby the flesh?” (Galatians 3:1-3). Those who have receivednew life by faith in Jesus can live the Christian life only byfaith in Jesus. “The just [the person justified, or declared righ-teous, by God] shall live by faith” (Galatians 3:11b).The Power of Christ Within UsAfter we come to Christ by faith for salvation from the guiltand penalty of sin, we must continue to come to Christ byfaith for sanctification, living a holy life with power over thepull of sin. “Jesus” means “Jehovah is salvation.” “But ofHim you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdomfrom God—and righteousness and sanctification andLESSON 14. THE STRUGGLE BETWEENTWO NATURES4544The Total Helplessness of SelfHow wonderful it is to be dead to sin and dead to the law’sdemands! Instead, we are alive to God and declared righ-teous through faith in Jesus Christ. We have seen what Je-sus has done for us. Now Paul is showing us a problem thatneeds to be dealt with before we can live holy lives to God.Paul is describing the dilemma of everyone who delights inthe law of God. He knows God’s law is good. He wants to dowhat is right, and he tries his very best to do it. But everyonewho sets out to try to live the Christian life in his own strengthcomes to the same conclusion Paul did. The mighty struggle
  • 13. You are a new creation in Christ. If you try in your ownstrength to follow rules (rather than letting the life of Christlive in you), you are no longer free. In fact, those whoattempt to win God’s favor by keeping the law are estrangedfrom Christ (Galatians 5:2-4). “Stand fast therefore in theliberty by which Christ has made us free, and do not beentangled again with a yoke of bondage. For we throughthe Spirit eagerly wait for the hope [certainty] of righteous-ness by faith” (Galatians 5:1, 5).Paul cautions: “For you, brethren, have been called to lib-erty; only do not use liberty as an opportunity for the flesh,but through love serve one another” (Galatians 5:13). Paulmakes it clear that no one can say they have liberty (whichcomes by relying on Christ and walking in the Spirit) as anexcuse for doing whatever they want (walking in the flesh).“Put on the new man which was created according to God,in righteousness and true holiness” (Ephesians 4:24b).The flesh (what our old “self” apart from God wanted) willalways be opposed to the Spirit (what God—and our newgodly nature—wants). The solution to this struggle betweenthe flesh and the Spirit is this: “Walk in the Spirit, and youshall not fulfill the lust of the flesh. For the flesh lustsagainst the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; andthese are contrary to one another, so that you do not do thethings that you wish. But if you are led by the Spirit, you arenot under the law” (Galatians 5:16b-18). Keep yielding tothe Spirit of God.Jesus had some good advice for His disciples: “Watch andpray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit indeed iswilling but the flesh is weak” (Matthew 26:41).We will learn more about walking in the Spirit in the nextlessons.46 47redemption—that, as it is written, ‘He who glories, let himglory in the LORD’ ” (1 Corinthians 1:30, 31). A Person—Jesus Himself—is our sanctification. In our own strength, wecannot live the Christian life. Only Christ in us can live a holylife. As we live by faith in Him and yield ourselves to Him, Hegives us the desire to do God’s will and the power to live aholy life. “I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer Iwho live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now livein the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved meand gave Himself for me” (Galatians 2:20).The Flesh and the SpiritAs long as we live under the law, trying to meet the obliga-tions of the law, we will have a problem. Paul explains it thisway: “For it is written that Abraham had two sons: the oneby a bondwoman, the other by a freewoman. But he whowas of the bondwoman was born according to the flesh [byhuman ideas, by Abraham’s going his own way], and he ofthe freewoman through promise [born supernaturally, asGod’s idea and provision]” (Galatians 4:22, 23). The “oldman” (our old life) is like the child who was born accordingto the flesh—a slave to sin and in bondage to the law. The“new man” (our new life) is born supernaturally by the Spiritof God, like the child which God promised, to live in freedomby God’s grace.Since the “old man” and the “new man” can only fight eachother, let us do what the Bible says: “But now you must alsoput off all these: anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy lan-guage out of your mouth. Do not lie to one another, sinceyou have put off the old man with his deeds, and have puton the new man who is renewed in knowledge according tothe image of Him who created him” (Colossians 3:8-10).Something to DoA. Fill in the blanks:1. “There is therefore now no ____________________ tothose who are in ____________ ___________” (verse 1).2. “For the ______ of the Spirit of _______ in Christ Jesushas made me ________ from the ______ of ______ anddeath” (2).3. “For what the ______ could not do in that it was _______through the ___________, God did by sending His own Sonin the likeness of sinful ________, on account of ______” (3).[God’s law is holy and wonderful, but it is powerless to make a per-son righteous, because the flesh is weak. Jesus came in the likenessof man (Philippians 2:7), yet He was without sin (Hebrews 4:15).]4. When Jesus died for us, God “__________________ sinin the flesh” (3b). Jesus rose from the dead, and we rose withHim, “that the righteous _____________________ of the lawmight be _______________ in us who do not walk accordingto the __________ but according to the ___________” (4).B. Memorize Romans 8:1-4.48Two Powerful LawsIn Lesson 14 Paul saw in himself a powerful tendency to dowrong even when he didn’t want to. Now he calls this down-ward pull “the law of sin and death.” This downward pullwhich makes us sin (resulting in death) is as powerful as thelaw of gravity in the physical world. We cannot overcome it byour own strength. But another powerful law can overcome it.Those who are in Christ Jesus are not under condemnationbecause they have been justified (declared righteous) byfaith in Jesus’ sinless life, death, burial, and resurrection ontheir behalf. The flesh (which obeys the law of sin) is presentas long as we live in our mortal bodies. But when we “walk inthe Spirit,” having glorious fellowship with our Lord and beingsensitive to His leading, the flesh is not in control because amore powerful law is at work—“the law of the Spirit of life inChrist Jesus.” This law is like the thrust of power in jet en-gines which defies the law of gravity and lifts a huge, heavyairplane into the air for long flights even across oceans. Thelaw of gravity is still in force, but it cannot pull the plane downwhile it is operating under a stronger power.Life Is in Jesus Christ“In Him was life” (John 1:4a). Jesus told us, “I am . . . thelife” (John 14:6b). Whoever has Jesus living in him has life.“He who has the Son has life” (1 John 5:12a).The life which is in Christ Jesus is so powerful that thosewho walk in the Spirit of that life can live free from the down-ward pull of sin and death. Romans chapter 8 is rich with truthabout life in Christ and how to live the Christian life by faith.Life in Christ is worth giving up every fleshly desire. “He wholoses his life for My sake will find it” (Matthew 10:39b).49LESSON 15. LIFE IN THE SPIRIT OF JESUS CHRIST1There is therefore now nocondemnation to those whoare in Christ Jesus, who donot walk according to theflesh, but according to theSpirit. 2For the law of theSpirit of life in Christ Jesushas made me free from thelaw of sin and death. 3Forwhat the law could not do inthat it was weak through theflesh, God did by sending Hisown Son in the likeness of sin-ful flesh, on account of sin: Hecondemned sin in the flesh,4that the righteous require-ment of the law might be ful-filled in us who do not walkaccording to the flesh but ac-cording to the Spirit.Romans 8:1-4
  • 14. Life in Jesus Is Like Living WaterLife in Christ is meant to be a continual fountain that re-freshes and cleanses the believer’s life. Jesus once said toa sinful woman at a well, “But whoever drinks of the waterthat I shall give him will never thirst. But the water that I shallgive him will become in him a fountain of water springingup into everlasting life” (John 4:14).In the Old Testament God was grieved when His peoplerejected Him. “For My people have committed two evils:they have forsaken Me, the fountain of living waters, andhewn themselves cisterns—broken cisterns that can holdno water” (Jeremiah 2:13). Isn’t this a picture of many peo-ple today? Instead of living in a vital relationship with God,they try to find meaning and love in their own way. Theseman-made ways have no life; they “hold no water.”Life In Jesus Is Far Above Life in the WorldThose who are “born from above” have new life in Christand identify with Him in His death and resurrection. They canidentify with His ascension to the right hand of the Father aswell. While still living in our bodies, we can live in “heavenlyplaces” with Christ Jesus in our spirit. “Even when we weredead in trespasses, [God] made us alive together with Christ(by grace you have been saved), and raised us up together,and made us sit together in the heavenly places in Christ Je-sus” (Ephesians 2:5, 6). God has “blessed us with every spir-itual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ” (Ephesians1:3b). From an airplane or the top of a high mountain, thingsbelow seem small and insignificant. When your spirit lives “inthe heavenlies” with Christ Jesus, the problems and trials ofearth seem strangely small. You see from God’s viewpoint.50Life in Jesus Is an Intimate UnionHaving the life of Jesus in us, and our life in Him, is a closeunion like a marriage. It is a love relationship. We receiveHis love, and we give Him our love. He talks with us throughHis Word and reveals new things about Himself. As we talkwith Him in prayer throughout the day, we confess our sinsand needs and tell Him our concerns. We share our joys andour sorrows. We let Him live His life in our bodies, promptingus what to say and do. Our bodies become a temple tohonor Him. Even when we wake in the night, we can havesweet communion with Him. “For He Himself has said, ‘I willnever leave you nor forsake you’ ” (Hebrews 13:5b).Life in Jesus Christ Changes YouAs we walk in intimate union with Jesus, we are changedto become like Him. God is restoring us to His image. Ourgrowing love for Him replaces any lingering love for self orfor the world’s attractions. Don’t struggle against the flesh—it will just grow stronger. Jesus has already provided younew life—the life of God Himself. “Walk in the Spirit, andyou shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh” (Galatians 5:16b).As you actively cooperate with God’s grace (given to thehumble) and walk in obedience to His Spirit, things of theflesh are put away by His power. God’s Spirit transforms youas you look into the face of your wonderful Savior-Bride-groom. “But we all, with unveiled face [with opened under-standing], beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, arebeing transformed into the same image from glory to glory,just as by the Spirit of the Lord” (2 Corinthians 3:18). Restin Him, rejoice in Him, enjoy rich fellowship with Him! LetHim work awesome changes in you.51Something to DoFill in the blanks to see the contrast between those wholive in the flesh (go their own way) and those who live in theSpirit (yield to God’s way):1. “Those who live according to the flesh set their__________ on the things of the _________, but those wholive according to the Spirit, the things of the _________” (5).2. “To be carnally minded is ___________, but to be spir-itually minded is _________ and ___________” (6).3. “The carnal mind is ___________ against God; for it isnot __________ to the law of God, nor indeed _____ be” (7).“Those who are in the flesh cannot ___________ God” (8).52[We can never please God by going our own way. It pleases Godwhen we trust Him. “But without faith it is impossible to please Him,for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is arewarder of those who diligently seek Him” (Hebrews 11:6).]Evidence of Life in the SpiritAre you “in the flesh” or “in the Spirit”? God says you are“in the Spirit” if the Spirit of God dwells in you (Romans 8:9).“If anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His”(Romans 8:9). This is a very serious word from God. If theSpirit of Christ is not in you, you are not a Christian.God’s Word says, “For to be carnally minded is death”(Romans 8:6a). “For if you live according to the flesh youwill die” (Romans 8:13a). Please believe God’s Word. Donot be deceived. Some may say to the carnally minded, tothose who make a practice of walking in the flesh, “You willnot surely die.” This is what Satan said to Eve in the gardenof Eden (Genesis 3:4b). Paul said, “But I fear, lest some-how, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, so yourminds may be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ”(2 Corinthians 11:3). Do not put up with a different gospel!Remember, “There is therefore now no condemnation tothose who are in Christ Jesus” (Romans 8:1). But for thosewho are not in Christ Jesus, there is condemnation. “He whobelieves in Him is not condemned; but he who does notbelieve is condemned already, because he has not believedin the name of the only begotten Son of God” (John 3:18).The purpose of Jesus’ coming was to take away sins andto live in us so that we would have His power not to sin. Any-one who has the sinless life of Jesus living in him will not beable to continue a lifestyle of sin. “And you know that Hewas manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is53LESSON 16. THE HOLY SPIRIT’S POWEROVER THE FLESH5For those who live accord-ing to the flesh set their mindson the things of the flesh, butthose who live according tothe Spirit, the things of theSpirit. 6For to be carnallyminded is death, but to bespiritually minded is life andpeace. 7Because the carnalmind is enmity against God;for it is not subject to the lawof God, nor indeed can be. 8Sothen, those who are in theflesh cannot please God. 9Butyou are not in the flesh but inthe Spirit, if indeed the Spiritof God dwells in you. Now ifanyone does not have theSpirit of Christ, he is not His.10And if Christ is in you, thebody is dead because of sin,but the Spirit is life because ofrighteousness. 11But if theSpirit of Him who raisedJesus from the dead dwells inyou, He who raised Christfrom the dead will also givelife to your mortal bodiesthrough His Spirit who dwellsin you.12Therefore, brethren, weare debtors—not to the flesh,to live according to the flesh.13For if you live according tothe flesh you will die; but if bythe Spirit you put to death thedeeds of the body, you willlive.Romans 8:5-13
  • 15. no sin. Whoever abides in Him does not sin. . . . In this thechildren of God and the children of the devil are manifest:Whoever does not practice righteousness is not of God,nor is he who does not love his brother” (1 John 3:5, 6, 10).The apostle John wrote these words so that Christianswould not sin. But he also knew that Christians are not per-fect, so he tells us what to do: “And if anyone sins, we havean Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous”(1 John 2:1b). “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and justto forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrigh-teousness” (1 John 1:9). After we confess our sins and arecleansed, we can continue walking in the light of God’s pres-ence. “But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, wehave fellowship with one another, and the blood of JesusChrist His Son cleanses us from all sin” (1 John 1:7).Walking According to the SpiritGod had promised His people that He would put His Spiritin them to help them to walk in His ways. “I will put My Spiritwithin you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and youwill keep My judgments and do them” (Ezekiel 36:27).Walking in the Spirit means to live by the life of God in you.It means to walk in your new life (Romans 6:4). It meanswalking by faith in the Son of God, who loves you, and hasgiven His life for you (Galatians 2:20). It means allowing Godto make changes in your life as He brings things to yourattention and you depend on His power working within you.Walking in the Spirit means having fellowship with Godthroughout the day. It means asking Him questions, follow-ing His directions, rejoicing in hope, believing His promises.It is becoming continually aware of the presence of Christ liv-ing in you. It is a growing companionship with God, agreeing54with Him and loving Him, honestly sharing your strugglesand joys, and honoring Him in what you think, say, and do.“He who says he abides in Him ought himself also to walkjust as He walked” (1 John 2:6). Jesus is not merely anexample to imitate. He is our life.The Carnal Mind“Carnal” in the New Testament is the same word oftentranslated “fleshly.” It describes those who are driven by thepassions of their old nature. Sometimes the word “flesh”refers to the human body, which is not evil. Jesus Himselfwas God “made flesh” (John 1:1, 14)—given a human bodyto live among people in this world—yet He was sinless.Sometimes immature Christians live in carnal ways, notknowing about or believing in the deliverance and freedomfrom sin which they have in Christ. Paul knew this when hewrote to believers in Corinth. “For where there are envy,strife, and divisions among you, are you not carnal andbehaving like mere men?” (1 Corinthians 3:3b). The carnalmind is too proud to submit to God or to depend upon Hisgrace. A true Christian should set his mind on being spiritu-al by the power of God. He does not make it a practice towalk in the flesh. If he acts in carnal ways at times, the Spiritwithin him will convict him. He will confess it to God, receivecleansing, and walk again in fellowship with God. He willdepend on God’s power within him to bring forth the fruits ofrighteousness (see page 38). This is how the carnal deedsof the body are put to death by the Spirit (Romans 8:13).The Spiritual MindThe spiritual mind is the complete opposite of the carnalmind. It is the mind of Christ—dependent on God, loving55God and others, serving God, and thankful in everything.This kind of mind is life and peace, not discord and death.“But we have the mind of Christ” (1 Corinthians 2:16b).Paul describes the mind of Christ: “Let nothing be donethrough selfish ambition or conceit, but in lowliness ofmind let each esteem others better than himself. Let eachof you look out not only for his own interests, but also forthe interests of others” (Philippians 2:3, 4). Do these versesdescribe you? The spiritual mind is not proud, but humble.This mind is obedient to God’s will and submits to the deathof the cross like Jesus did. Those who are “in Christ” can saywith Paul, “Knowing this, that our old man was crucifiedwith Him, that the body of sin might be done away with, thatwe should no longer be slaves of sin” (Romans 6:6).We saw in Lesson 3 that the first step toward a depravedmind is to be unthankful. The spiritual mind is a thankfulmind. “Rejoice always, pray without ceasing, in everythinggive thanks; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus foryou. Do not quench the Spirit” (1 Thessalonians 5:16-19).The Spirit of Christ Gives LifeYour physical body is destined to die (Hebrews 9:27). Butif the Spirit of Christ is in you, you have eternal life becauseof His righteousness (Romans 8:10). As the Spirit of Godhad the power to raise Jesus from the dead, He will one dayraise your physical body from the dead (Romans 8:11). “AndGod both raised up the Lord and will also raise us up by Hispower” (1 Corinthians 6:14). Even now, the life-giving Spiritof Jesus within you often revives a weary or sick body for Hisservice when you ask Him. “Therefore we do not lose heart.Even though our outward man is perishing, yet the inwardman is being renewed day by day” (2 Corinthians 4:16).56Something to DoFind four ways we can know we are children of God:1. “As many as are ________ by the ____________ ofGod, these are sons of God” (verse 14).[When God’s Spirit pulls us toward holy living, we respond.]2. “You did not receive the spirit of _____________ againto __________” (15).[“Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is,there is liberty” (2 Corinthians 3:17). “For God has not given us aspirit of fear, but of power and of love and of a sound mind” (2Timothy 1:7).]3. “The ___________ Himself bears ___________ withour spirit that we are children of God” (16).[One witness to the truth that we are children of God is God’sWord: “For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus”(Galatians 3:26). Another witness is the “inner witness” of God’sSpirit that makes our spirit aware that we belong to God, that “I amHis, and He is mine.” We call God “Father” and know it is true.]4. We are children of God, and joint heirs with Christ, “ifindeed we _____________ with Him” (17).57LESSON 17. BEING MATURE CHILDREN OF GODRomans 8:14-1814For as many as are led bythe Spirit of God, these aresons of God. 15For you did notreceive the spirit of bondageagain to fear, but youreceived the Spirit of adop-tion by whom we cry out,“Abba, Father.” 16The SpiritHimself bears witness withour spirit that we are chil-dren of God, 17and if children,then heirs—heirs of God andjoint heirs with Christ, ifindeed we suffer with Him,that we may also be glorifiedtogether.18For I consider that thesufferings of this present timeare not worthy to be com-pared with the glory whichshall be revealed in us.
  • 16. Jesus Lived as a Mature SonJesus, the Son of God, enjoyed a close relationship withHis Father in heaven. They were one. Jesus said, “The Soncan do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do;for whatever He does the Son also does in like manner”(John 5:19b). “For I have come down from heaven, not todo My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me” (John 6:38).“I always do those things that please Him” (John 8:29b).The Spirit of AdoptionWe come into God’s family by the new birth. “Whoever be-lieves that Jesus is the Christ is born of God” (1 John 5:1a).The word “adoption” in the New Testament means “beingplaced as an adult child.” The Greeks in Paul’s time raisedtheir children under guardians with many rules and regula-tions to follow until the time appointed by the father, wheneach child would receive his inheritance as an adult child. Amature child does not have to have rules and regulationsimposed on him. He has an inner desire to please his father.Children born of God receive the Spirit of adoption with allthe privileges and responsibilities of mature adult children.They will live as Jesus did, willingly allowing themselves tobe led by God’s Spirit and God’s Word. A child of God is notin bondage to the “letter” of the written law, but follows the“spirit” of God’s law, which is written in his heart. “The law ofhis God is in his heart; none of his steps shall slide” (Psalm37:31). “I delight to do Your will, O my God, and Your law iswithin my heart” (Psalm 40:8).The Spirit of Christ (God’s Son) in us can call God “Father”as Jesus did. “And because you are sons, God has sentforth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out,‘Abba, Father!’ Therefore you are no longer a slave but a58son, and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ”(Galatians 4:6, 7). Just before Jesus was tried and executedon a cross, He prayed to His Father in heaven, calling Him“Abba, Father” (Mark 14:36). “Abba” in the Aramaic lan-guage was the intimate, personal expression of a small childcalling out to his father, “Da-da!” We can have this sameclose relationship with our Father in heaven.Children of God Share Christ’s Suffering and GloryJesus, though sinless, had to suffer. “Though He was aSon, yet He learned obedience by the things which He suf-fered” (Hebrews 5:8). We, too, may suffer as we learn to denyourselves and obey the promptings of God’s Spirit in us.The world will hate us as it hated Him (John 15:18). Suf-fering in persecution gives us an opportunity to have deeperfellowship with Jesus. “That I may know Him and the powerof His resurrection, and the fellowship of His sufferings,being conformed to His death” (Philippians 3:10).As joint heirs with Christ, we share in His suffering as wellas in His glory. “For to you it has been granted on behalf ofChrist, not only to believe in Him, but also to suffer for Hissake” (Philippians 1:29). But any suffering we experiencenow is small compared with an eternity of joy and blessingin heaven. “For our light affliction, which is but for a mo-ment, is working for us a far more exceeding and eternalweight of glory” (2 Corinthians 4:17). “Looking unto Jesus,the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that wasset before Him endured the cross, despising the shame,and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God”(Hebrews 12:2). Jesus said, “To Him who overcomes I willgrant to sit with Me on My throne, as I also overcame andsat down with My Father on His throne” (Revelation 3:21).59Something to DoFill in the blanks to find out who is groaning and why:1. “The whole ________________ groans and labors with___________ _________” (22). “The creation eagerly waitsfor the revealing of the _________ ____ ________” (19).602. “We also who have the firstfruits of the _____________. . . groan within ourselves, ________________ waiting forthe adoption, the redemption of our _____________” (23).3. “The __________ Himself makes _________________for us with groanings which cannot be uttered” (26b). “Hemakes intercession for the _____________ according to thewill of God” (27b). All who are in Christ are “saints.”The Groaning of All CreationWhen Adam sinned, bringing sorrow and death on all peo-ple, even the earth itself was cursed. But the earth, alongwith the children of God, will be delivered from the bondageof decay when Christ returns. “Nevertheless we, accordingto His promise, look for new heavens and a new earth inwhich righteousness dwells” (2 Peter 3:13). In that day theLord of glory will be revealed to all the world in all His full-ness and awesome majesty. With Him the sons of God—restored in the image of God—will be revealed for all to see.The Birth Pains of Joyful ExpectationPaul tells us why he experienced “labor” pains. “My littlechildren, for whom I labor in birth again until Christ isformed in you” (Galatians 4:19). God is forming us into theimage of His Son. This process is hidden from the world. Thechild of God is not honored or recognized in this world. Butone glorious day there will be an unveiling! We will be resur-rected with new bodies and presented “faultless before thepresence of His glory with exceeding joy” (Jude verse 24b).All creation yearns for that day of final redemption. Until thenwe have the Holy Spirit, “who is the guarantee of our inher-itance until the redemption of the purchased possession, tothe praise of His glory” (Ephesians 1:14).61LESSON 18. THE FUTURE GLORY OF THESONS OF GOD19For the earnest expecta-tion of the creation eagerlywaits for the revealing of thesons of God. 20For the creationwas subjected to futility, notwillingly, but because of Himwho subjected it in hope;21because the creation itselfalso will be delivered from thebondage of corruption intothe glorious liberty of the chil-dren of God. 22For we knowthat the whole creation groansand labors with birth pangstogether until now. 23And notonly they, but we also whohave the firstfruits of theSpirit, even we ourselvesgroan within ourselves, eager-ly waiting for the adoption,the redemption of our body.24For we were saved in thishope, but hope that is seen isnot hope; for why does onestill hope for what he sees?25But if we hope for what wedo not see, then we eagerlywait for it with perseverance.26Likewise the Spirit also helpsin our weaknesses. For we donot know what we shouldpray for as we ought, but theSpirit Himself makes in-tercession for us with groan-ings which cannot be uttered.27Now He who searches thehearts knows what the mindof the Spirit is, because Hemakes intercession for thesaints according to the will ofGod. 28And we know that allthings work together for goodto those who love God, tothose who are the called ac-cording to His purpose. 29Forwhom He foreknew, He alsopredestined to be conformedto the image of His Son, thatHe might be the firstbornamong many brethren.30Moreover whom He pre-destined, these He also called;whom He called, these He alsojustified; and whom He justi-fied, these He also glorified.Romans 8:19-30
  • 17. A Child Bears the Image of His FatherIt is very clear whose child a person is, because a childbears the image of his parents. Jesus knew this very well.When those who were trying to kill Him said, “Abraham isour father,” Jesus said, “If you were Abraham’s children,you would do the works of Abraham. You do the deeds ofyour father” (John 8:39b, 41a). They said to Him, “ ‘We haveone Father—God.’ Jesus said to them, ‘If God were yourFather, you would love Me . . . . You are of your father thedevil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He wasa murderer from the beginning’ ” (John 8:41b, 42a, 44a).This is why we need to be born again—we need a new Fa-ther! And this is also why those who are born of God will be-gin to resemble their Father in heaven as they become moreand more like Jesus. As the Son of God, Jesus showed uswhat God was like because God was His Father.“Beloved, now we are children of God; and it has not yetbeen revealed what we shall be, but we know that when Heis revealed, we shall be like Him, for we shall see Him as Heis. And everyone who has this hope in Him purifies himself,just as He is pure” (1 John 3:2, 3). The hope that the Bibletalks about is not the kind of hope where we wish somethingwould happen and hope it does. “Hope” in the Bible refers tosomething that is certain to happen. While you are waitingfor it to happen, you can be filled with confident hope. Thisis the kind of expectant hope that John was talking about.God’s Purpose for Those Who Belong to HimThose who love God are born of God and are called forone purpose: “to be conformed to the image of His Son,that He might be the firstborn among many brethren” (Ro-mans 8:29b). God knows those who are His. He has pre-62destined that they be like His Son, Jesus. He called them,He justified them (declared them righteous), and He hasgiven them His glory. Jesus prayed to His Father, “And theglory which You gave Me I have given them, that they maybe one just as We are one: I in them, and You in Me” (John17:22, 23a). “To them God willed to make known what arethe riches of the glory of this mystery . . . : which is Christin you, the hope of glory” (Colossians 1:27). When Christlives in you, you can confidently expect to be with Him for-ever and share in His glory. Those who are in Christ Jesusglorify Him when they fulfill God’s purpose for their lives.“For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus forgood works, which God prepared beforehand that weshould walk in them” (Ephesians 2:10).Present Sufferings Work Together for GoodPaul says, “All things work together for good to thosewho love God” (Romans 8:28a). God, who is all-powerful, willwork even in the midst of terrible circumstances for the goodof those who love Him. It is good to become like His Son,even though this transformation process includes suffering.“Beloved, do not think it strange concerning the fiery trialwhich is to try you, as though some strange thing hap-pened to you; but rejoice to the extent that you partake ofChrist’s sufferings, that when His glory is revealed, youmay also be glad with exceeding joy” (1 Peter 4:12, 13).“In this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while,if need be, you have been grieved by various trials, that thegenuineness of your faith, being much more precious thangold that perishes, though it is tested by fire, may be foundto praise, honor, and glory at the revelation of JesusChrist” (1 Peter 1:6, 7).63elect (chosen one)? It certainly can’t be God, because if youare in Christ, He Himself has declared you righteous.Who can condemn you? It can’t be Christ, because Hedied for you. He rose again and lives in you. In fact He is atthe right hand of God praying for you right now. “For God didnot send His Son into the world to condemn the world, butthat the world through Him might be saved” (John 3:17).Once some men brought to Jesus a woman caught in theact of adultery. They wanted Him to agree with their condem-nation of her. But in His presence their consciences werepricked and they slunk away one by one. “When Jesus hadraised Himself up and saw no one but the woman, He saidto her, ‘Woman, where are those accusers of yours? Has noone condemned you?’ She said, ‘No one, Lord.’ And Jesussaid to her, ‘Neither do I condemn you; go and sin no more’ ”(John 8:10, 11). Jesus doesn’t condemn you either, if you arein Him—but His purpose is for you to stop sinning.The only thing that can separate a person from God—sin—has been dealt with by God Himself. We should detestsin because it separated us from God. “But your iniquitieshave separated you from your God; and your sins have hid-den His face from you, so that He will not hear” (Isaiah59:2). But if we have come to Jesus to take away our sin andhave been declared righteous, and if we are living in unionwith Jesus, allowing Him to work in us to make us more andmore like Him, what can possibly separate us from Him?Absolutely nothing! We are free to love Him and “serve Himwithout fear, in holiness and righteousness before Him allthe days of our life” (Luke 1:74b, 75). Jesus said, “My sheephear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me. And Igive them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neithershall anyone snatch them out of My hand” (John 10:27, 28).65God Is For UsThis lesson is full of questions and wonderful answers. Wehave already learned what God’s purpose for us is: to makeus like Jesus, restoring us to the image of God, our Fatherin heaven. Does God ever fail to accomplish His purposes?“Being confident of this very thing, that He who has beguna good work in you will complete it until the day of JesusChrist” (Philippians 1:6).We know God is for us because He sacrificed even Hisown Son on our behalf. If He gave us His best when we weresinners, can He possibly withhold anything good from usnow that we have been declared righteous?Who can bring a charge against you, since you are God’s64LESSON 19. THE BELIEVER’S ETERNAL PLACEIN GOD’S HEART31What then shall we say tothese things? If God is for us,who can be against us? 32Hewho did not spare His ownSon, but delivered Him up forus all, how shall He not withHim also freely give us allthings? 33Who shall bring acharge against God’s elect? Itis God who justifies. 34Who ishe who condemns? It is Christwho died, and furthermore isalso risen, who is even at theright hand of God, who alsomakes intercession for us.35Who shall separate us fromthe love of Christ? Shalltribulation, or distress, or per-secution, or famine, or naked-ness, or peril, or sword? 36As itis written: “For Your sake weare killed all day long; we areaccounted as sheep for theslaughter.” 37Yet in all thesethings we are more than con-querors through Him wholoved us. 38For I am persuadedthat neither death nor life, norangels nor principalities norpowers, nor things presentnor things to come, 39norheight nor depth, nor any oth-er created thing, shall be ableto separate us from the love ofGod which is in Christ Jesusour Lord.Romans 8:31-39
  • 18. 66Paul Expresses His GriefPaul weeps for his people, Israel, because they rejectedChrist (Messiah), whom God had sent to be their Savior andthrough them to bless the whole world. Romans chapter 9tells us how God elected (chose) Israel, not based on any-thing they did. Chapter 10 tells us why God had to set Israelaside because of their unbelief and how God will restorethem in the future. These chapters hold much instruction,warning, and promise for us as God’s children.The Blessings of IsraelFill the blanks with eight ways Israel was blessed by God:1. “To whom pertain the _______________” (verse 4a).67LESSON 20. THE SOVEREIGNTYAND MERCY OF GOD1I tell the truth in Christ, Iam not lying, my consciencealso bearing me witness in theHoly Spirit, 2that I have greatsorrow and continual grief inmy heart. 3For I could wishthat I myself were accursedfrom Christ for my brethren,my kinsmen according to theflesh, 4who are Israelites, towhom pertain the adoption,the glory, the covenants, thegiving of the law, the serviceof God, and the promises; 5ofwhom are the fathers andfrom whom, according to theflesh, Christ came, who is overall, the eternally blessed God.Amen.6But it is not that the wordof God has taken no effect.For they are not all Israel whoare of Israel, 7nor are they allchildren because they are theseed of Abraham; but, “InIsaac your seed shall becalled.” 8That is, those whoare the children of the flesh,these are not the children ofGod; but the children of thepromise are counted as theseed. 9For this is the word ofpromise: “At this time I willcome and Sarah shall have ason.” 10And not only this, butwhen Rebecca also had con-ceived by one man, even byour father Isaac 11(for the chil-dren not yet being born, norhaving done any good or evil,that the purpose of Godaccording to election mightstand, not of works but ofHim who calls), 12it was said toher, “The older shall serve theyounger.” 13As it is written,“Jacob I have loved, but EsauI have hated.”14What shall we say then? Isthere unrighteousness withGod? Certainly not! 15For Hesays to Moses, “I will havemercy on whomever I willhave mercy, and I will havecompassion on whomever Iwill have compassion.” 16Sothen it is not of him who wills,nor of him who runs, but ofGod who shows mercy. 17Forthe Scripture says to Pharaoh,“Even for this same purpose Ihave raised you up, that Imight show My power in you,and that My name might bedeclared in all the earth.”18Therefore He has mercy onwhom He wills, and whom Hewills He hardens. 19You willsay to me then, “Why does Hestill find fault? For who hasresisted His will?” 20Butindeed, O man, who are youto reply against God? Will thething formed say to him whoformed it, “Why have youmade me like this?” 21Doesnot the potter have powerover the clay, from the samelump to make one vessel forhonor and another for dis-honor? 22What if God, want-ing to show His wrath and tomake His power known,endured with much longsuf-fering the vessels of wrathprepared for destruction,23and that He might makeknown the riches of His gloryon the vessels of mercy, whichHe had prepared beforehandfor glory, 24even us whom Hecalled, not of the Jews only,but also of the Gentiles? 25AsHe says also in Hosea: “I willcall them My people, whowere not My people, and herbeloved, who was notbeloved. 26And it shall cometo pass in the place where itwas said to them, ‘You arenot My people,’ there theywill be called sons of the liv-ing God.” 27Isaiah also criesout concerning Israel:“Though the number of thechildren of Israel be as thesand of the sea, the remnantwill be saved. 28For He willfinish the work and cut itshort in righteousness, be-cause the LORD will make ashort work upon the earth.”29And as Isaiah said before:“Unless the LORD ofSabaoth had left us a seed, wewould have become likeSodom, and we would havebeen made like Gomorrah.”Romans 9:1-29[They had been adopted by God as His children. “Thus says theLORD: ‘Israel is My son, My firstborn’ ” (Exodus 4:22b).]2. “the ____________” (4).[The glory of God’s presence was with Israel. “And there I willmeet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sancti-fied by My glory” (Exodus 29:43).]3. “the ___________________” (4).[God made covenants with Abraham, Moses, and David. “You aresons of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made withour fathers, saying to Abraham, ‘And in your seed all the families ofthe earth shall be blessed’ ” (Acts 3:25).]4. “the giving of the _______” (4).[“So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded youto perform, that is, the Ten Commandments; and He wrote them ontwo tablets of stone” (Deuteronomy 4:13).]5. “the ____________ of God” (4).[“Then indeed, even the first covenant had ordinances of divineservice and the earthly sanctuary” (Hebrews 9:1).]6. “and the __________________” (4).[Many promises were given to Israel about their future and aboutthe Messiah who would come. “And we declare to you glad tid-ings—that promise which was made to the fathers” (Acts 13:32).]7. “of whom are the ______________” (5).[Israel was proud of their fathers—the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac,and Jacob. “The LORD delighted only in your fathers, to love them;and He chose their descendants after them” (Deuteronomy 10:15a).]8. “and from whom, according to the flesh, ____________came, who is over all, the eternally blessed ________” (5).[The greatest gift of all was the Messiah, who would bless thewhole world. “To Him all the prophets witness that, through Hisname, whoever believes in Him will receive remission of sins”(Acts 10:43). Jesus can forgive sins because He is God.]68Four Illustrations of God’s SovereigntyBecause Israel was proud of being God’s chosen people,Paul explains that God is sovereign. He chooses whoeverHe pleases to accomplish His purposes. His choice was notbased on who they were or on anything they had done.The Illustration of IsaacAbraham had other children, but only Isaac—the son prom-ised by God and born through a miracle of God—receivedthe inheritance. Likewise, not all the physical descendants ofAbraham inherit the promises of God. Only the spiritual chil-dren of Abraham—those born spiritually by a miracle of God,who have the same faith as Abraham—are God’s children.“Therefore know that only those who are of faith are sonsof Abraham. So then those who are of faith are blessed withbelieving Abraham” (Galatians 3:7, 9). God’s purpose forthe sons of Abraham is being carried out by people of Godwho have true faith—whether they are Jews or Gentiles.The Illustration of Jacob and EsauIsaac, the child of promise, had twin sons. Normally theolder son inherited the blessing and responsibility. But Godchose Jacob (later named Israel), the younger twin, to be thefather of the people through whom He planned to bless theworld. Before they were born, before either boy had doneanything good or bad, God chose Jacob for this purpose. Hischoice was not based on Jacob’s character or conduct.Paul quotes the prophet Malachi to show that Isaac’s de-scendants through Esau were not God’s people. Hundredsof years after Jacob and Esau died, when the nation of Israelquestioned God’s love, Malachi told them that God lovedJacob—a name for the nation of Israel, but He hated Esau—69
  • 19. was marred, and the potter made it into another vessel. Godsaid, “Look, as the clay is in the potter’s hand, so are youin My hand, O house of Israel!” (Jeremiah 18:6b).A potter doesn’t decide to make a vessel for destruction.God doesn’t either. He is “not willing that any should perish. . .” (2 Peter 3:9b). But when a “vessel” is marred by rebel-lion against Him, that vessel is worthy of destruction. Godour Maker (Potter) has chosen to show His mercy to thosewho will put themselves into His hands and let Him makethem anew in the way He chooses. We cannot fix ourselves.“Not by works of righteousness which we have done, butaccording to His mercy He saved us, through the washingof regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit” (Titus 3:5).If the marred vessel refuses to allow the potter to make itinto another vessel, it is destined for destruction. But Godhas predestined a glorious purpose for those who heed Hiscall to “Come!” (Revelation 22:17). “Just as He chose us inHim before the foundation of the world, that we should beholy and without blame before Him in love, having predes-tined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself,according to the good pleasure of His will” (Ephesians 1:4,5). God has the right to decide the conditions of His mercy.He says, “Choose life!” (Deuteronomy 30:19). Life is in Jesus.God’s Mercy Is Wide Enough to Include You“Whoever calls upon the name of the LORD shall besaved” (Romans 10:13b). The one who responds to God’sinvitation to be a vessel showing His mercy must be willingto allow the Potter to remake him. Jesus said, “If anyonedesires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take uphis cross daily [by doing what He says], and follow Me. Forwhat advantage is it to a man if he gains the whole world,and is himself destroyed or lost?” (Luke 9:23b, 25).71a name for the nation of Edom, descendants of Esau—called a “Territory of Wickedness” (Malachi 1:2-4). God hatesall workers of iniquity (Psalm 5:5), but He wants them torepent and be saved. “For God so loved the world that Hegave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Himshould not perish but have everlasting life” (John 3:16).The Illustration of Pharaoh“He who is often reproved, and hardens his neck, willsuddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy. When therighteous are in authority, the people rejoice; but when awicked man rules, the people groan” (Proverbs 29:1, 2). Weknow that Pharaoh was a wicked ruler, because the peopleof Israel groaned and cried out to God for deliverance. Hehardened his heart against God and the opportunities Godgave him to relent. God caused Pharaoh’s responses toharden his heart even more. God planned to use Pharaoh’shard heart to demonstrate His great power. “But indeed forthis purpose I have raised you up, that I may show Mypower in you, and that My name may be declared in all theearth” (Exodus 9:16). Pharaoh should have been a greatexample to Israel of a hardened heart. But the people ofIsrael hardened their hearts and would not listen to God.This should be a warning to us (who have the many bless-ings of God) not to harden our hearts through not listening toGod or through not believing God. “Today, if you will hearHis voice, do not harden your hearts” (Hebrews 4:7b).The Illustration of the Potter and the ClayGod once told the prophet Jeremiah to go to the potter’shouse to understand God’s words. As Jeremiah watched thepotter working with the clay on the wheel, the clay vessel7072Something to DoFill in the blanks from Romans chapter 10:1. To have the righteousness that comes by faith one doesnot need to search for Christ far away (10:6, 7). “The word is___________ you, even in your _____________ and in your_____________” (10:8).[“He is not far from each one of us” (Acts 17:27b). “The LORD isnear to all who call upon Him, to all who call upon Him in truth”(Psalm145:18). “The LORD is near to those who have a broken heart,and saves such as have a contrite spirit” (Psalm 34:18).]2. Who must you confess with your mouth? “The ____________________” (9).3. What must you believe in your heart? “That God has_____________ Him from the _________” (9).4. What does one do with his heart? “________________to [receive] ________________________” (10).5. What does one do with his mouth? “________________[acknowledgment] is made to __________________” (10).6. Who shall be saved? “Whoever ___________ upon the______________ of the LORD” (13).73LESSON 21. GOD HAD TO SET ISRAEL ASIDE they preach unless they aresent? As it is written: “Howbeautiful are the feet of thosewho preach the gospel ofpeace, who bring glad tidingsof good things!” 16But theyhave not all obeyed the gospel.For Isaiah says, “Lord, whohas believed our report?” 17Sothen faith comes by hearing,and hearing by the word ofGod. 18But I say, have they notheard? Yes indeed: “Theirsound has gone out to all theearth, and their words to theends of the world.” 19But Isay, did Israel not know?First Moses says: “I will pro-voke you to jealousy by thosewho are not a nation, I willanger you by a foolishnation.” 20But Isaiah is verybold and says: “I was foundby those who did not seekMe; I was made manifest tothose who did not ask forMe.” 21But to Israel he says:“All day long I have stretchedout My hands to a disobedi-ent and contrary people.”Romans 9:30-3330What shall we say then?That Gentiles, who did notpursue righteousness, have at-tained to righteousness, eventhe righteousness of faith;31but Israel, pursuing the lawof righteousness, has not at-tained to the law of righteous-ness. 32Why? Because they didnot seek it by faith, but as itwere, by the works of the law.For they stumbled at thatstumbling stone. 33As it iswritten: “Behold, I lay in Ziona stumbling stone and rock ofoffense, and whoever believeson Him will not be put toshame.”Romans 10:1-211Brethren, my heart’s de-sire and prayer to God for Is-rael is that they may be saved.2For I bear them witness thatthey have a zeal for God, butnot according to knowledge.3For they being ignorant ofGod’s righteousness, andseeking to establish their ownrighteousness, have not sub-mitted to the righteousness ofGod. 4For Christ is the end ofthe law for righteousness toeveryone who believes. 5ForMoses writes about the righ-teousness which is of the law,“The man who does thosethings shall live by them.”6But the righteousness of faithspeaks in this way, “Do notsay in your heart, ‘Who willascend into heaven?’” (thatis, to bring Christ down fromabove) 7or, “‘Who willdescend into the abyss?’”(thatis, to bring Christ up from thedead). 8But what does it say?“The word is near you, evenin your mouth and in yourheart” (that is, the word offaith which we preach): 9Thatif you confess with yourmouth the Lord Jesus andbelieve in your heart that Godhas raised Him from the dead,you will be saved. 10For withthe heart one believes to righ-teousness, and with the mouthconfession is made to sal-vation. 11For the Scripturesays, “Whoever believes onHim will not be put toshame.” 12For there is no dis-tinction between Jew andGreek, for the same Lord overall is rich to all who call uponHim.13For“whoevercallsuponthe name of the LORD shall besaved.”14How then shall they call onHim in whom they have notbelieved? And how shall theybelieve in Him of whom theyhave not heard? And howshall they hear without apreacher? 15And how shall
  • 20. 7. How does faith come? “by ________________” (17).How does hearing come? “by the __________ of God” (17).The Need for God’s RighteousnessAt the time Jesus lived, the Pharisees—religious Jews—insisted that all the laws of God, as well as added interpreta-tions of the laws, must be kept diligently. When Jesus taughtabout the need for righteousness, He said, “For I say to you,that unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousnessof the scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means enterthe kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 5:20). Even the righ-teousness of the strict Pharisees was not enough for God.The laws given to Moses include such things as “You shallnot murder” and “You shall not commit adultery” (Exodus20:13, 14). These are outward acts. The righteousness Jesustalked about includes inner motivations of the heart. Jesustaught that even being angry with someone in your heartwithout a cause, or calling someone a fool is unrighteous-ness which deserves judgment. A man might not commit theact of adultery, but if he lusts after a woman in his heart, heis guilty of adultery in God’s eyes. God’s righteousness mustbe inward first. Jesus said, “Woe to you, scribes and Phari-sees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombswhich indeed appear beautiful outwardly, but inside are fullof dead men’s bones and all uncleanness. Even so, youalso outwardly appear righteous to men, but inside you arefull of hypocrisy and lawlessness” (Matthew 23:27, 28).God’s standard of righteousness is so high that nobodycould meet it unless God gave him His own righteousness.And that is what God did! He sent Jesus (God made flesh)to live among us and live the totally righteous life which Goddemands. Jesus is a stumbling block to those who think their74own righteousness pleases God. “. . . All our righteous-nesses are like filthy rags” (Isaiah 64:6a). Those who arehumble enough to recognize that they are sinful (and cannotlive a righteous life in their own strength) count themselvesdead to their old sinful life (crucified when Christ died in theirplace) and alive in the new life that Jesus gives them. “Andbe found in Him, not having my own righteousness, whichis from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, therighteousness which is from God by faith” (Philippians 3:9).Why God Had to Set Israel AsideWhen Jesus came, Israel was busy trying in their ownstrength and flesh to obey God’s law. They did not realizethat the righteousness God desires can be attained only byfaith in Jesus, who IS righteousness (1 Corinthians 1:30).God had chosen Israel to be a channel of His blessing tothe world. So when they refused to receive Jesus as thepromised Savior, God could not use them to share this goodnews with the world. He chose believing Gentiles to be Hispeople as Hosea had prophesied. “Then I will say to thosewho were not My people, ‘You are My people!’ And theyshall say, ‘You are my God!’ ” (Hosea 2:23b).Jesus told a parable about a landowner who sent servantsto his vineyard to receive its fruit. But the vinedressers incharge of the vineyard killed his servants one after the other.Finally he sent his only son, thinking they would respect him.But they killed him also, wanting to seize the inheritance forthemselves (Matthew 21:33-39). Jesus said, “Therefore Isay to you, the kingdom of God will be taken from you andgiven to a nation bearing the fruits of it” (Matthew 21:43).As we will see in the next lesson, though, God was merciful.He did not set Israel aside totally or permanently.7576LESSON 22. ISRAEL WILL BE SAVED1I say then, has God castaway His people? Certainlynot! For I also am anIsraelite, of the seed ofAbraham, of the tribe ofBenjamin. 2God has not castaway His people whom Heforeknew. Or do you notknow what the Scripture saysof Elijah, how he pleads withGod against Israel, saying,3“LORD, they have killed Yourprophets and torn down Youraltars, and I alone am left,and they seek my life?” 4Butwhat does the divine responsesay to him? “I have reservedfor Myself seven thousandmen who have not bowed theknee to Baal.” 5Even so then,at this present time there is aremnant according to theelection of grace. 6And if bygrace, then it is no longer ofworks; otherwise grace is nolonger grace. But if it is ofworks, it is no longer grace;otherwise work is no longerwork. 7What then? Israel hasnot obtained what it seeks;but the elect have obtained it,and the rest were hardened.8Just as it is written: “Godhas given them a spirit of stu-por, eyes that they should notsee and ears that they shouldnot hear, to this very day.”9And David says: “Let theirtable become a snare and atrap, a stumbling block and arecompense to them; 10lettheir eyes be darkened, thatthey may not see, and bowdown their back always.”11I say then, have theystumbled that they shouldfall? Certainly not! Butthrough their fall, to provokethem to jealousy, salvationhas come to the Gentiles.12Now if their fall is riches forthe world, and their failureriches for the Gentiles, howmuch more their fullness!13For I speak to you Gentiles;inasmuch as I am an apostleto the Gentiles, I magnify myministry, 14if by any means Imay provoke to jealousythose who are my flesh andsave some of them. 15For iftheir being cast away is thereconciling of the world,what will their acceptance bebut life from the dead? 16Forif the firstfruit is holy, thelump is also holy; and if theroot is holy, so are thebranches. 17And if some of thebranches were broken off,and you, being a wild olivetree, were grafted in amongthem, and with them becamea partaker of the root andfatness of the olive tree, 18donot boast against the branch-es. But if you boast, remem-ber that you do not supportthe root, but the root sup-ports you. 19You will say then,“Branches were broken offthat I might be grafted in.”20Well said. Because of unbe-lief they were broken off, andyou stand by faith. Do not behaughty, but fear. 21For ifGod did not spare the naturalbranches, He may not spareyou either. 22Therefore con-siderthe goodness and severi-ty of God: on those who fell,severity; but toward you,goodness, if you continue inHis goodness. Otherwise youalso will be cut off. 23And theyalso, if they do not continuein unbelief, will be grafted in,for God is able to graft themin again. 24For if you were cutout of the olive tree which iswild by nature, and weregrafted contrary to natureinto a good olive tree, howmuch more will these, whoare the natural branches, begrafted into their own olivetree? 25For I do not desire,brethren, that you should beignorant of this mystery, lestyou should be wise in yourown opinion, that hardeningin part has happened toIsrael until the fullness of theGentiles has come in. 26Andso all Israel will be saved, asit is written: “The Delivererwill come out of Zion, and Hewill turn away ungodlinessfrom Jacob; 27for this is Mycovenant with them, when Itake away their sins.” 28Con-cerning the gospel they areenemies for your sake, butconcerning the election theyare beloved for the sake ofthe fathers. 29For the gifts andthe calling of God are irrevo-cable. 30For as you were oncedisobedient to God, yet havenow obtained mercy throughtheir disobedience, 31even sothese also have now been dis-obedient, that through themercy shown you they alsomay obtain mercy. 32For Godhas committed them all todisobedience, that He mighthave mercy on all.77Blindness Is a Judgment From GodMany individual Jews through the years have believed thepromises of God and trusted in Him. They are called a “rem-nant”—a “piece” of Israel—who are God’s people. But whenRomans 11:1-32
  • 21. people do not want to listen, God allows them to be blindedto truth. This is what happened to Israel as a nation.“For the LORD has poured out on you the spirit of deepsleep” (Isaiah 29:10a). “And in them the prophecy of Isaiahis fulfilled, which says, ‘Hearing you will hear and shall notunderstand, and seeing you will see and not perceive’ ”(Matthew 13:14). “But their minds were blinded. For untilthis day the same veil remains unlifted in the reading of theOld Testament. Nevertheless when one turns to the Lord,the veil is taken away” (2 Corinthians 3:14a, 16). Those whoturn to Christ receive new understanding of the Scripturesbecause the Spirit of God reveals the truth to them (John15:26; 16:13). “For the message of the cross is foolishnessto those who are perishing, but to us who are being savedit is the power of God” (1 Corinthians 1:18).The Illustration of the Olive TreePaul uses the example of the olive tree to show that Godhas not cast Israel away forever. The people of Israel werelike the branches of an olive tree planted by the Lord. “TheLORD called your name, Green Olive Tree, Lovely and ofGood Fruit” (Jeremiah 11:16). Wood from the olive tree wasused in building the temple of God (1 Kings 6:23, 32). Oliveswere pressed to provide oil (symbol of the Holy Spirit) tokeep the lamps burning continually and to be a holy anoint-ing oil (Exodus 27:20;30:22-33) for service in the tabernacle.Cultivating fruitful olive trees takes decades of effort andcontinual grafting (inserting a good shoot into a notch cut inthe tree, then sealing it). This process invigorates the tree toget the sap flowing. If graftings of good shoots do not work,there is one last thing to try: Strip the tree of almost everybranch, leaving only a stalk. Then “shock” it with grafts from78a wild olive tree (a radically different tree) so that the treecan bear fruit. This is what God is doing. The natural branch-es (unbelieving Jews) were broken off, and believing Gen-tiles were grafted in as the people of God to stir up Israel toreturn to Him. “But now in Christ Jesus you who once werefar off have been made near by the blood of Christ” (Eph-esians 2:13). “That the blessing of Abraham might comeupon the Gentiles in Jesus Christ, that we might receive thepromise of the Spirit through faith” (Galatians 3:14).God Will Show Mercy and Restore IsraelThough Israel as a nation opposes the gospel, God stillloves Israel because of His covenant with Abraham (Ro-mans 11:28, 29). God has promised that Israel will return toHim (Isaiah 11:11-16; 12:1-6; 59:20, 21; Jeremiah 23:3;31:1,10-12; Ezekiel 11:16-20; Zechariah 8:10-23). “There-fore say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: “Although I have castthem far off among the Gentiles, and although I have scat-tered them among the countries, . . . I will . . . assemble youfrom the countries where you have been scattered, and Iwill give you the land of Israel” ’ ” (Ezekiel 11:16a, 17b).“Because finding fault with them, He says, ‘Behold, thedays are coming,’ says the LORD, ‘when I will make a newcovenant with the house of Israel . . . . I will put My laws intheir mind and write them on their hearts; and I will be theirGod, and they shall be My people. I will be merciful to theirunrighteousness, and their sins and their lawless deeds Iwill remember no more’ ” (Hebrews 8:8, 10b, 12).God’s purpose is for believing Jews and believing Gentilesto be united in Christ. “And that He might reconcile themboth to God in one body through the cross, thereby puttingto death the enmity” (Ephesians 2:16).79Responding to Our Awesome GodAs Paul ends his explanation of the good news of God’sgrace, he breaks out in praise, astounded by the breathtak-ing majesty of God, “who does great things, and unsearch-able, marvelous things without number” (Job 5:9).In light of God’s great mercies, Paul pleads with those whoare trusting in Christ to give their bodies to God as a livingthank offering. If your old life is dead (crucified with Christ)and you have the resurrected life of Jesus living in you, it isonly reasonable to give your body to God as a sacrifice thatis alive in Christ, holy and acceptable to God. Will you dothat now? For example, give Him your mouth to praise Himand to tell others of His love for them. Give Him your eyes tosee needs as God sees them. Give Him your hands to dowhat He shows you to do. Give Him your feet to go whereHe wants you to go. “For in Him we live and move and haveour being, . . . ‘For we are also His offspring’ ” (Acts 17:28).80Romans 11:33-3633Oh, the depth of the richesboth of the wisdom andknowledge of God! How un-searchable are His judgmentsand His ways past finding out!34“For who has known themind of the LORD? Or who hasbecome His counselor? 35Orwho has first given to Himand it shall be repaid tohim?” 36For of Him andthrough Him and to Him areall things, to whom be gloryforever. Amen.Romans 12:1-21I beseech you therefore,brethren, by the mercies ofGod, that you present yourbodies a living sacrifice, holy,acceptable to God, which isyour reasonable service. 2Anddo not be conformed to thisworld, but be transformed bythe renewing of your mind,that you may prove what isthat good and acceptable andperfect will of God.LESSON 23. THE BASIS OF CHRISTIANFRUITFULNESSDo Not Be Like This WorldWe are no longer to be like this world. We are not to allowthe world to squeeze us into its shape—its ways of thinkingand speaking and acting. “Do not love the world or thethings in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love ofthe Father is not in him. For all that is in the world—the lustof the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life—is notof the Father but is of the world. And the world is passingaway, and the lust of it; but he who does the will of Godabides forever” (1 John 2:15-17). “Do you not know thatfriendship with the world is enmity with God? Whoevertherefore wants to be a friend of the world makes himselfan enemy of God” (James 4:4b). This does not mean youshould not be a friend to sinners. Jesus Himself was a friendof sinners (Luke 19:1-7). But you should not be like them.Be TransformedInstead of being like the world, we are to be transformed(literally, metamorphosed) by God—changed into a totallydifferent person. This word means “to change form.”The wormy caterpillar, which can only crawl, is metamor-phosed into a butterfly—a totally new form—beautiful andfree to fly with its new wings in a different world. What a pic-ture of the new-born Christian, who puts off self and leaveshis old world behind! The new Christian puts on the LordJesus and begins to live in the realm of the Spirit.“But be [continually] filled with the Spirit, speaking to oneanother in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singingand making melody in your heart to the Lord, giving thanksalways for all things to God the Father in the name of ourLord Jesus Christ, submitting to one another in the fear ofGod” (Ephesians 5:18b-21).81
  • 22. 833For I say, through thegrace given to me, to everyonewho is among you, not tothink of himself more highlythan he ought to think, but tothink soberly, as God hasdealt to each one a measure offaith. 4For as we have manymembers in one body, but allthe members do not have thesame function, 5so we, beingmany, are one body in Christ,and individually members ofone another. 6Having thengifts differing according to thegrace that is given to us, let ususe them: if prophecy, let usprophesy in proportion to ourfaith; 7or ministry, let us use itin our ministering; he whoteaches, in teaching; 8he whoexhorts, in exhortation; hewho gives, with liberality; hewho leads, with diligence; hewho shows mercy, with cheer-fulness.9Let love be without hypoc-risy. Abhor what is evil. Clingto what is good. 10Be kindlyaffectionate to one anotherwith brotherly love, in honorgiving preference to one an-other; 11not lagging in dili-gence, fervent in spirit, serv-ing the Lord; 12rejoicing inhope, patient in tribulation,continuing steadfastly inprayer; 13distributing to theneeds of the saints, given tohospitality. 14Bless those whopersecute you; bless and donot curse. 15Rejoice with thosewho rejoice, and weep withthose who weep. 16Be of thesame mind toward one an-other. Do not set your mind onhigh things, but associate withthe humble. Do not be wise inyour own opinion. 17Repay noone evil for evil. Have regardfor good things in the sight ofall men. 18If it is possible, asmuch as depends on you, livepeaceably with all men.19Beloved, do not avenge your-selves, but rather give place towrath; for it is written,“Vengeance is Mine, I willrepay,” says the Lord.20Therefore “If your enemyhungers, feed him; if hethirsts, give him a drink; forin so doing you will heap coalsof fire on his head.” 21Do notbe overcome by evil, but over-come evil with good.LESSON 24. EACH CHRISTIAN IS A PART OFTHE BODY OF CHRISTRenew Your MindWe are transformed by continually renewing our minds,because what we think about affects how we speak and act.“For as he thinks in his heart, so is he” (Proverbs 23:7a).“And be renewed in the spirit of your mind” (Ephesians4:23). “Set your mind on things above, not on things on theearth. For you died, and your life is hidden with Christ inGod” (Colossians 3:2, 3).We have been given many precious promises in Scripture,“that through these you may be partakers of the divinenature . . .” (2 Peter 1:4b). We can meditate on God’s Wordand His great love for us, “bringing every thought into cap-tivity to the obedience of Christ” (2 Corinthians 10:5b).Keep your mind on Jesus. Get to know Him through theBible. “As His divine power has given to us all things thatpertain to life and godliness through the knowledge of Himwho called us” (2 Peter 1:3a). As we grow in our knowledgeof Jesus, we put off our former conduct and put on the newman, “who is renewed in knowledge according to theimage of Him who created him” (Colossians 3:10b).Talk to God in your heart and aloud throughout the day.“You will keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayedon You, because he trusts in You” (Isaiah 26:3). “Pray with-out ceasing” (1 Thessalonians 5:17).“Finally, brethren, whatever things are true, whateverthings are noble, whatever things are just, whatever thingsare pure, whatever things are lovely, whatever things are ofgood report, if there is any virtue and if there is anythingpraiseworthy—meditate on these things” (Philippians 4:8).As we renew our minds and are transformed by the HolySpirit into the image of Jesus, we begin to understand byexperience how pleasing and perfect God’s will is.82Romans 12:3-21there are diversities of activities, but it is the same God whoworks all in all. But the manifestation of the Spirit is givento each one for the profit of all” (1 Corinthians 12:4-7).If you are in Christ, you have been given a gift to be used.“Do not neglect the gift that is in you” (1 Timothy 4:14a).Gifts are given to build up the body of Christ, not divide it.“As each one has received a gift, minister it to one another,as good stewards of the manifold grace of God. . . . If any-one ministers, let him do it as with the ability which Godsupplies, that in all things God may be glorified throughJesus Christ, to whom belong the glory and the dominionforever and ever. Amen” (1 Peter 4:10, 11b).Gifts Are to Be Used in the Outworking of LoveGifts from God are wonderful, but they must be used inlove. “And though I have the gift of prophecy, and under-stand all mysteries and all knowledge, and though I have allfaith, so that I could remove mountains, but have not love,I am nothing” (1 Corinthians 13:2).Jesus said in Matthew 22:37-40 that all the Law and theProphets rested on just two commandments: “You shall lovethe LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul,and with all your mind” and “You shall love your neighboras yourself.” We cannot obey these commands on our own,but when God’s love is poured out in our hearts by the HolySpirit who is given to us (Romans 5:5), then the Spirit in uscan accomplish what we cannot do. “That the righteousrequirement of the law [love] might be fulfilled in us who donot walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit”(Romans 8:4). “For he who loves another has fulfilled thelaw. Love does no harm to a neighbor; therefore love is thefulfillment of the law” (Romans 13:8b, 10).85We Are Members of One BodyRomans 12:3-21 describes the life of the Christian whohas presented his body to God and is allowing the Holy Spiritto operate freely in him. He has a humble attitude and is veryaware of his dependence on God. He knows his place in thebody of Christ. He uses the gifts God has given him. He livesin love toward fellow believers and even toward enemies.“For as the body is one and has many members, but allthe members of that one body, being many, are one body,so also is Christ” (1 Corinthians 12:12). In the same waythat each part of our bodies is in vital communication withour brain, each believer in the body of Christ needs to be invital union with the Head, Jesus, “from whom all the body,nourished and knit together by joints and ligaments, growswith the increase which is from God” (Colossians 2:19b).Believers who are nourished by Jesus will work together inharmony. “And let the peace of God rule in your hearts, towhich also you were called in one body, and be thankful. . . .That their hearts may be encouraged, being knit together inlove” (Colossians 3:15; 2:2a).Gifts Are Given for Service to the Body of ChristJust as God has created all the parts of our bodies to worktogether beautifully, so each person in Christ has a uniquefunction in the body of Christ. “If the whole body were aneye, where would be the hearing? If the whole were hear-ing, where would be the smelling? But now God has set themembers, each one of them, in the body just as He pleased.And the eye cannot say to the hand, ‘I have no need ofyou’ ” (1 Corinthians 12:17, 18, 21a).“Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.There are differences of ministries, but the same Lord. And84
  • 23. God Delegates AuthorityGod Himself delegates authority to whomever He chooses.Nebuchadnezzar was a great king whose pride was hum-bled by God until he knew “that the Most High rules in thekingdom of men, and gives it to whomever He chooses”(Daniel 4:32b). When Jesus was delivered into the hands ofPilate to be crucified, “Jesus answered, ‘You could have nopower at all against Me unless it had been given you fromabove’ ” (John 19:11a). God is sovereign over all authorities.“The king’s heart is in the hand of the LORD, like the riversof water; He turns it wherever He wishes” (Proverbs 21:1).Resisting Authority Is the Same as Resisting GodOne of the fruits (results) of our union with Jesus Christ issubmission to authority. Why? Because rebellion againstauthority, which God has set up, is the same thing as rebel-lion against God. It is the same as serving other gods orSatan, who is in total rebellion against God. “For rebellion isas the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity andidolatry” (1 Samuel 15:23a).Our attitude is to be submissive as to the Lord Himself.“Therefore, just as the church is subject to Christ, so let thewives be to their own husbands in everything” (Ephesians5:24). “Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this isright” (Ephesians 6:1). “Servants, be obedient to those whoare your masters. . . , as to Christ” (Ephesians 6:5).Those in Authority Are Accountable to GodAll who are in authority are responsible to God for howthey use the privilege God has given them. “There is a timein which one man rules over another to his own hurt”(Ecclesiastes 8:9b). Their actions will be judged by God.87Something to Do1. What example of authority does Paul use? “Let everysoul be subject to the ______________ authorities”(verse1).2. Who appoints the authorities that exist? __________ (1)3. What is God’s purpose for rulers? “Not a __________ togood works, but to _________” (3). “He does not bear the________ in vain, for he is God’s minister, an ____________to execute __________ on him who practices evil” (4).[Government should “bear the sword” only in response to evil.]4. Why must we be subject to rulers? “Not only because ofwrath [punishment that is deserved for doing wrong] but alsofor ________________ sake” (5).[“I myself always strive to have a conscience without offensetoward God and men” (Acts 24:16b).]86LESSON 25. THE CHRISTIAN’S RELATIONSHIPTO GOVERNMENT1Let every soul be subject tothe governing authorities. Forthere is no authority exceptfrom God, and the authoritiesthat exist are appointed byGod. 2Therefore whoever re-sists the authority resists theordinance of God, and thosewho resist will bring judg-ment on themselves. 3Forrulers are not a terror to goodworks, but to evil. Do youwant to be unafraid of theauthority? Do what is good,and you will have praise fromthe same. 4For he is God’sminister to you for good. Butif you do evil, be afraid; for hedoes not bear the sword invain; for he is God’s minister,an avenger to execute wrathon him who practices evil.5Therefore you must be sub-ject, not only because ofwrath but also for conscience’sake. 6For because of this youalso pay taxes, for they areGod’s ministers attendingcontinually to this very thing.7Render therefore to all theirdue: taxes to whom taxes aredue, customs to whom cus-toms, fear to whom fear, hon-or to whom honor.Romans 13:1-7could not obey the king’s law, he had a good attitude towardthe king, and in the eyes of God he did no wrong.Jesus’ disciples were put in prison and commanded by therulers to stop teaching in Jesus’ name. “Then Peter and theother apostles answered and said: ‘We ought to obey Godrather than men’ ” (Acts 5:29). They continued to teach, be-cause Jesus had said, “ ‘All authority has been given to Mein heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples ofall the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Fatherand of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them toobserve all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I amwith you always, even to the end of the age.’ Amen” (Mat-thew 28:18b-20). When we obey God’s Word, we know thatJesus, who has ALL authority, will be with us.Revelation 13:15b speaks of one who will “cause as manyas would not worship the image of the beast to be killed.”We must remember God’s command, “You shall have noother gods before Me” (Exodus 20:3). Remember Jesus’words: “Do not be afraid of those who kill the body, andafter that have no more that they can do” (Luke 12:4b).What We Owe to Governing AuthoritiesTaxes, customs, and proper respect is due to authorities.They serve God (even if they do not realize it) by accom-plishing His purposes. Jesus Himself paid taxes (Matthew17:24-27). When asked if it was right to pay taxes to Caesar,the emperor of Rome, He said, “Render therefore to Caesarthe things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that areGod’s” (Luke 20:25b). Some things belong only to God—ourworship. Believers do not belong to this world. “For our citi-zenship is in heaven, from which we also eagerly wait forthe Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ” (Philippians 3:20).89God gives instructions to fathers, husbands, and employ-ers. “And you, fathers, do not provoke your children towrath, but bring them up in the training and admonition ofthe Lord” (Ephesians 6:4). “Husbands, love your wives,just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself for it”(Ephesians 5:25). “And you, masters, do the same things tothem, giving up threatening, knowing that your own Masteralso is in heaven” (Ephesians 6:9a).Must We Always Obey Those in Authority?There are times when someone in authority may ask youto do something which is against the instruction of a higherauthority. If a parent or husband or employer asks you to dosomething which is against the law of the government or thelaw of God, you must obey the higher authority. If the gov-ernment forbids parents to tell their children about God, par-ents must humbly obey God, who says, “And these wordswhich I command you today shall be in your heart; youshall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk ofthem when you sit in your house, when you walk by theway, when you lie down, and when you rise up” (Deuter-onomy 6:6, 7). But they must respect the government andobey laws which are not against God’s commands. Peterwrote, “But even if you should suffer for righteousness’sake, you are blessed. And do not be afraid of their threats,nor be troubled. For it is better, if it is the will of God, to suf-fer for doing good than for doing evil” (1 Peter 3:14, 17).The Bible tells about Daniel, who disobeyed a decree notto pray for 30 days to any god but the king. When Daniel wasthrown into a den of lions, God protected him, “because Iwas found innocent before Him; and also, O king, I havedone no wrong before you” (Daniel 6:22b). Though Daniel88
  • 24. debt to love others. Jesus said, “A new commandment I giveto you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, thatyou also love one another” (John 13:34). God showed Hislove to such an extent that He sent Jesus to die in our place.What love we have received! How much love will overflow toothers if we let God, who IS love, truly live in us!“Beloved, if God so loved us, we also ought to love oneanother. . . . If we love one another, God abides in us, andHis love has been perfected in us. By this we know that weabide in Him, and He in us, because He has given us of HisSpirit” (1 John 4:11-13).Put On the Armor of LightJesus is coming again! It is time to wake up, throw offworks that were done when we lived in darkness, and put onthe “armor of light.” Armor is protection. Light is protectionfrom darkness. Jesus said, “I am the light of the world. Hewho follows Me shall not walk in darkness, but have thelight of life” (John 8:12b). “I have come as a light into theworld, that whoever believes in Me should not abide indarkness” (John12:46). “And this is the condemnation, thatthe light has come into the world, and men loved darknessrather than light, because their deeds were evil” (John 3:19).Those who want to walk in light will come to Jesus.Jesus also said, “You are the light of the world” (Matthew5:14a). When He, the light of the world, lives in us, we alsowill be light in the world. To “put on the armor of light” is thesame thing as “to put on the Lord Jesus Christ,” who IS light.If Jesus lives in us, then light is in us. “If we say that we havefellowship with Him, and walk in darkness, we lie and donot practice the truth” (1 John 1:6).When we walk in light, we are eager to have Jesus point91Something to Do1. Name five commandments that Paul quotes (verse 9):a. “You shall not commit ________________.”b. “You shall not _______________.”c. “You shall not ____________.”d. “You shall not bear __________ ______________.”e. “You shall not ___________.”2. What one commandment summarizes these five com-mandments? “You shall _______ your ________________ asyourself” (verse 9).3. What one word fulfills the law? _____________ (10).The Only Debt We Should OweAfter Paul told Christians they need to pay the taxes andcustoms that are due to the government, he says that Chris-tians should not owe anything to anyone except for their90LESSON 26. THE CHRISTIAN’S RELATIONSHIPTO THE WORLD8Owe no one anything ex-cept to love one another, forhe who loves another has ful-filled the law. 9For the com-mandments, “You shall notcommit adultery,” “You shallnot murder,” “You shall notsteal,” “You shall not bearfalse witness,” “You shall notcovet,” and if there is anyother commandment, are allsummed up in this saying,namely, “You shall love yourneighbor as yourself.” 10Lovedoes no harm to a neighbor;therefore love is the fulfill-ment of the law.11And do this, knowing thetime, that now it is high timeto awake out of sleep; for nowour salvation is nearer thanwhen we first believed. 12Thenight is far spent, the day is athand. Therefore let us cast offthe works of darkness, and letus put on the armor of light.13Let us walk properly, as inthe day, not in revelry anddrunkenness, not in licen-tiousness and lewdness, not instrife and envy. 14But put onthe Lord Jesus Christ, andmake no provision for theflesh, to fulfill its lusts.Romans 13:8-14931Receive one who is weak inthe faith, but not to disputesover doubtful things. 2For onebelieves he may eat all things,but he who is weak eats onlyvegetables. 3Let not him whoeats despise him who does noteat, and let not him who doesnot eat judge him who eats;for God has received him.4Who are you to judge anoth-er’s servant? To his own mas-ter he stands or falls. Indeed,he will be made to stand, forGod is able to make himstand. 5One person esteemsone day above another;another esteems every dayalike. Let each be fully con-vinced in his own mind. 6Hewho observes the day, ob-serves it to the Lord; and hewho does not observe the day,to the Lord he does not ob-serve it. He who eats, eats tothe Lord, for he gives Godthanks; and he who does noteat, to the Lord he does noteat, and gives God thanks.7For none of us lives to him-self, and no one dies to him-self. 8For if we live, we live tothe Lord; and if we die, we dieto the Lord. Therefore,whether we live or die, we arethe Lord’s. 9For to this endChrist died and rose and livedagain, that He might be Lordof both the dead and the liv-ing. 10But why do you judgeyour brother? Or why do youshow contempt for yourbrother? For we shall allstand before the judgmentseat of Christ. 11For it is writ-ten: “As I live, says the Lord,every knee shall bow to Me,and every tongue shall confessto God.” 12So then each of usshall give account of himselfto God. 13Therefore let us notjudge one another anymore,but rather resolve this, not toput a stumbling block or acause to fall in our brother’sway.14I know and am convincedby the Lord Jesus that there isnothing unclean of itself; butto him who considers anythingto be unclean, to him it isunclean. 15Yet if your brotheris grieved because of yourfood, you are no longer walk-ing in love. Do not destroywith your food the one forwhom Christ died. 16Thereforedo not let your good be spokenof as evil; 17for the kingdom ofGod is not food and drink, butrighteousness and peace andjoy in the Holy Spirit. 18For heLESSON 27. WHEN CHRISTIANS DISAGREEout anything in our lives that needs to be confessed as sinand allow Him to cleanse us, that we might continue to walkwith Him in the light. “But if we walk in the light as He is inthe light, we have fellowship with one another, and theblood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin” (1John 1:7). What a wonderful, free way to live!“For as many of you as were baptized into Christ haveput on Christ” (Galatians 3:27). When you wake up eachmorning, you dress for the day. This is a good time to re-member that spiritually, too, you have taken off your “nightclothes”—the things you did when you lived in darkness andlived for yourself—and are to put on clothes for living in day-light. “But let us who are of the day be sober, putting on thebreastplate of faith and love” (1 Thessalonians 5:8a). “Butabove all these things put on love” (Colossians 3:14a). Onlywhen you are clothed with Jesus can you put up with othersand love them and so fulfill the law of God—the law of love.How wonderful to be dressed in Jesus Himself every day!“And now, little children, abide in Him, that when He ap-pears, we may have confidence and not be ashamed beforeHim at His coming” (1 John 2:28).Make No Provision for the FleshThose who are clothed with Christ know that the power forvictory over the flesh is not in themselves, but in the fact thatthey are in union with a crucified and risen Christ. There isno room for planning ways to satisfy any wrong desires ofyour old self. “And those who are Christ’s have crucified theflesh with its passions and desires” (Galatians 5:24). “I willset nothing wicked before my eyes” (Psalm 101:3a). “Be-loved, I beg you as sojourners and pilgrims, abstain fromfleshly lusts which war against the soul” (1 Peter 2:11).92Romans 14:1-23
  • 25. [Entering the kingdom of God has nothing to do with what we door don’t do. It has everything to do with receiving the righteousnessof God as a free gift. As we live out God’s righteousness by thepower of the Holy Spirit in us, we know the peace and joy of God.]6. “He who serves Christ in these things is ______________to God and _______________ by men” (18).7. “Let us pursue the things which make for ___________and the things by which one may _____________ [build up]another” (19). “Do not ____________ the work of ________for the sake of food” (20).[God’s Holy Spirit is working in each Christian (Philippians 2:13),and we should not hinder His work by tearing Christians down.]8. It is not good to do anything “by which your brother_________________ or is _______________ [caused to sinagainst his conscience and thus condemn himself] or is made_________” (21). “Whatever is not from faith is ______” (23).[“But beware lest somehow this liberty of yours become a stum-bling block to those who are weak. But when you thus sin againstthe brethren, and wound their weak conscience, you sin againstChrist” (1 Corinthians 8:9, 12). “Let us draw near with a true heartin full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled [cleansed]from an evil conscience” (Hebrews 10:22a).]The Problem of DisputesPaul was sensitive to a common problem among Chris-tians. In Corinth some Christians were even suing each oth-er in court! “Now therefore, it is already an utter failure foryou that you go to law against one another. Why do you notrather accept wrong? Why do you not rather let yourselvesbe defrauded?” (1 Corinthians 6:7). He wrote to the churchin Galatia, “But if you bite and devour one another, bewarelest you be consumed by one another!” (Galatians 5:15).95Something to DoA. What is true of every Christian?1. “God has ______________ him” (verse 3b).2. “To his own _____________ he stands or falls” (4).3. “God is able to make him _____________” (4b).4. Each does what he does “to the __________” (6).5. Each “gives God _____________” (6).6. Whether they live or die, they are the __________ (8b).7. Each will stand before the judgment seat of _________(10b) and “give ____________ of himself to ________” (12).B. Why should we not judge or offend other Christians?1. “There is nothing ______________ of itself” [in mattersthat can be interpreted differently] (14).[“To the pure all things are pure, but to those who are defiled andunbelieving nothing is pure. They profess to know God but inworks they deny Him” (Titus 1:15a, 16a).]2.We are “no longer walking in ________” (15).3.We must not __________ one forwhom Christ died(15).4.Our ________ must not be spoken of as ________ (16).5.“The kingdom of God is not _______ and ________, butrighteousness, ________, and ______in the Holy Spirit” (17).94who serves Christ in thesethings is acceptable to Godand approved by men. 19There-fore let us pursue the thingswhich make for peace and thethings by which one may edifyanother. 20Do not destroy thework of God for the sake offood. All things indeed arepure, but it is evil for the manwho eats with offense. 21It isgood neither to eat meat nordrink wine nor do anything bywhich your brother stumblesor is offended or is madeweak. 22Do you have faith?Have it to yourself beforeGod. Happy is he who doesnot condemn himself in whathe approves. 23But he whodoubts is condemned if heeats, because he does not eatfrom faith; for whatever is notfrom faith is sin.the Lord best by walking in the Spirit and obeying the law oflove (which fulfills the law) by the power of the Spirit living inthem. For them, no food was “unclean,” and every day wasa day to “rest” from their own works (Hebrews 4:9,10). All hadreceived “forgiveness of sins and an inheritance amongthose who are sanctified by faith in Me” (Acts 26:18b).True Christians have different convictions about living as abeliever, but they all want to please the Lord and serve Him.Receive One AnotherPaul is clear: “Receive one another, just as Christ alsoreceived us, to the glory of God” (Romans 15:7b). How didChrist receive you? It is by grace that you are saved, and notby things you do or do not do. In the same way, we must gra-ciously receive others who have put their trust in Jesus.When Jesus sent His disciples out to the towns of Israel,He said, “And whoever will not receive you nor hear yourwords, when you depart from that house or city, shake offthe dust from your feet. Assuredly, I say to you, it will bemore tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah [citiesdestroyed by fire from heaven] in the day of judgment thanfor that city!” (Matthew 10:14,15). This was a strong rebukeagainst those who did not receive Jesus’ disciples. Thosewho truly know God will recognize and receive His children.“He who receives you receives Me, and he who receives Mereceives Him who sent Me” (Matthew 10:40).Some people have convictions or scruples (for the sake ofthe kingdom) which others do not have. Jesus illustrated thiswhen He spoke of those who did not marry for the sake ofGod’s work, “All cannot accept this saying, but only thoseto whom it has been given” (Matthew 19:11b).Paul is teaching that those who have a personal conviction97Jesus Himself prayed for those who would believe on Him.“That they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and Iin You; that they also may be one in Us, . . . and that theworld may know that You have sent Me, and have lovedthem as You have loved Me” (John 17:21, 23b). Oh, that wewould let go of self and live only to please the Lord! Thepsalmist wrote, “Behold, how good and how pleasant it isfor brethren to dwell together in unity! It is like the preciousoil upon the head, running down on the beard, the beard ofAaron, running down on the edge of his garments” (Psalm133:1, 2). There is only one way for Christian brothers to livein unity. It is not by trying to be united. It is by letting ChristJesus be the Head of the Church, and letting the oil of HisHoly Spirit run down from the Head to all the members of Hisbody. A believer who is united with Christ will not want to marthe body of Christ with strife and division. “Seek peace, andpursue it” (Psalm 34:14b).Illustrations of Doubtful ThingsPaul gives two illustrations of disagreement among truebelievers: (1) kinds of things to eat or not to eat and (2) whatdays to observe or treat alike.Some Jewish Christians believed that laws about foods inthe Old Testament should still be kept. If the proper meatwas not available, they would rather not eat any at all. Theyfelt that sabbaths and feast days should still be observed.Some of the Gentile Christians believed that they should noteat meat which had previously been offered to idols. Somebelieved that every day was a day to serve the Lord and thatsabbaths foreshadowed our rest in Christ (Colossians 2:16,17). Those who were strong in their faith that Christ fulfilledall the laws of the Old Testament felt that they could please96
  • 26. It is better to judge ourselves. “But let a man examine him-self. For if we would judge ourselves, we would not bejudged” (1 Corinthians 11:28a,31). “Let us search out andexamine our ways, and turn back to the LORD” (Lamenta-tions 3:40). The Lord will show us our hearts if we ask Him.“Search me, O God, and know my heart; try me, and knowmy anxieties; and see if there is any wicked way in me, andlead me in the way everlasting” (Psalm 139:23, 24).We Will All Be Judged by Jesus“Therefore we make it our aim, . . . to be well pleasing toHim. For we must all appear before the judgment seat ofChrist, that each one may receive the things done in thebody, according to what he has done, whether good or bad”(2 Corinthians 5:9, 10). Jesus is the only one who can judgerighteously. “My judgment is righteous, because I do notseek My own will but the will of the Father who sent Me”(John 5:30b). “He shall judge the world in righteousness”(Psalm 9:8a).We Serve the Lord, Not Man“And whatever you do, do it heartily, as to the Lord andnot to men, knowing that from the Lord you will receive thereward of the inheritance; for you serve the Lord Christ”(Colossians 3:23, 24). Jesus is the Lord of every true Chris-tian, and He is the one who tells each what to do.When I asked God to show me His heart concerning Ro-mans chapter 14, I found myself sobbing with grief. God solongs for us to love each other. Jesus said, “This is My com-mandment, that you love one another as I have loved you.If you love Me,keepMycommandments” (John15:12;14:15).Do you love Jesus enough to love as He loved?99from God should follow it in order to please the Lord. Butthey should not judge someone as ungodly who does nothold the same conviction. Neither should the person who isnot persuaded about some personal matter look down on aperson who is doing what he feels God has asked him to do.Each Christian has a different function in the body ofChrist. He is given a unique assignment and may be led todo things differently. Each is responsible to God and willreceive his own reward. “Now he who plants and he whowaters are one, and each one will receive his own rewardaccording to his own labor” (1 Corinthians 3:8). “That noneof you may be puffed up on behalf of one against the other.For who makes you differ from another? And what do youhave that you did not receive?” (1 Corinthians 4:6b, 7a).How careful and humble we ought to be before God in howwe treat the precious people of God! “Do not speak evil ofone another, brethren. . . . Who are you to judge another?”(James 4:11a,12b). He wants us to restore those who fall witha spirit of gentleness (Galatians 6:1). “You also be patient.Establish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand.Do not grumble against one another, brethren, lest you becondemned. Behold, the Judge is standing at the door!”(James 5:8, 9).Do Not Judge Your Brother with ContemptJesus Himself knew what it was like to be judged wronglyby people who considered themselves zealous for God.“Are you angry with Me because I made a man completelywell on the Sabbath? Do not judge according to appear-ance, but judge with righteous judgment” (John 7:23b,24).“Judge not, that you be not judged. For with what judgmentyou judge, you will be judged” (Matthew 7:1, 2a).982. “Let each of us ________________ his neighbor for his_________, leading to edification [building up his faith]” (2).3. “Even Christ did not ____________ Himself” (3).[Not only is Christ an example of how to live, but also His Spiritlives in us, working in us “both to will and to do for His good pleas-ure” (Philippians 2:13b).]4. The Scriptures were “written for our _______________,that we through the ______________ and _____________of the Scriptures might have __________” (4).[Things we read in the Bible were “written for our admonition” tohelp us today (1 Corinthians 10:11b). “All Scripture is given byinspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, forcorrection, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of Godmay be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work” (2Timothy 3:16,17). The Scriptures bring hope and comfort. “This ismy comfort in my affliction, for Your word has given me life” (Psalm119: 50). “You are my hiding place and my shield; I hope in Yourword” (Psalm 119:114). “In His word I do hope” (Psalm 130:5b).]5. “Now may the God of _____________ and __________grant you to be like-minded toward one another, accordingto Christ ___________” (5).6. “With ______ __________ and ______ ____________glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ” (6).[Both our thoughts and our words should glorify God. “Let thewords of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be acceptable inYour sight, O LORD, my strength and my redeemer” (Psalm 19:14).]7. “Therefore _____________ one another, just as Christalso ______________ us, to the __________ of God” (7).[“He who receives you receives Me” (Matthew 10:40a). To be atpeace with other believers honors God.]8. “Christ has become a _______________ to the circum-cision [Jewish people] for the _________ of God, to confirm101Something to DoFill in the blanks to learn what we must do in order to belike-minded with other believers:1. “We then who are __________ [in faith and convictions]ought to _________ ________ the scruples [of conscience]of the ______________ [in faith and convictions], and not to___________ ourselves” (verse 1).1001We then who are strongought to bear with the scru-ples of the weak, and not toplease ourselves. 2Let each ofus please his neighbor for hisgood, leading to edification.3For even Christ did notplease Himself; but as it iswritten, “The reproaches ofthose who reproached You fellon Me.” 4For whatever thingswere written before werewritten for our learning, thatwe through the patience andcomfort of the Scripturesmight have hope. 5Now maythe God of patience and com-fort grant you to be like-minded toward one another,according to Christ Jesus,6that you may with one mindand one mouth glorify theGod and Father of our LordJesus Christ.7Therefore receive one an-other, just as Christ also re-ceived us, to the glory of God.8Now I say that Jesus Christhas become a servant to thecircumcision for the truth ofGod, to confirm the promisesmade to the fathers, 9and thatthe Gentiles might glorifyGod for His mercy, as it iswritten: “For this reason Iwill confess to You among theGentiles, and sing to Yourname.” 10And again he says:“Rejoice, O Gentiles, with Hispeople!” 11And again: “Praisethe Lord, all you Gentiles!Laud Him, all you peoples!”12And again, Isaiah says:“There shall be a root ofJesse; and He who shall rise toreign over the Gentiles, inHim the Gentiles shall hope.”13Now may the God of hope fillyou with all joy and peace inbelieving, that you mayabound in hope by the powerof the Holy Spirit.LESSON 28. JESUS CHRIST IS OUR EXAMPLERomans 15:1-13
  • 27. Jesus Lived to Please the FatherPaul points out that even Jesus did not live to pleaseHimself. “Then Jesus said to them, ‘When you lift up theSon of Man, then you will know that I am He, and that I donothing of Myself; but as My Father taught Me, I speakthese things. For I always do those things that pleaseHim’ ” (John 8:28, 29b). Jesus said, “Behold, I have come. . . to do Your will, O God” (Hebrews 10:7b). “He went a lit-tle farther and fell on His face, and prayed, saying, ‘O MyFather, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; never-theless, not as I will, but as You will’ ” (Matthew 26:39).God was glorified when Jesus lived to please Him. “Andsuddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, ‘This is Mybeloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him’ ”(Matthew 17:5b). “Jesus said, ‘Now the Son of Man is glo-rified, and God is glorified in Him’ ” (John 13:31b).Our Lives Should Bring Glory to GodWhen you join with other Christians in glorifying God to-gether (rather than promoting strife and division where thereshould be none), this is a witness to unbelievers of themercy and love of God (Romans 15:6, 7). They, too, can callon the Lord and rejoice (Romans 15:9-11). “Let your lightso shine before men, that they may see your good worksand glorify your Father in heaven” (Matthew 5:16). “Whena man’s ways please the LORD, he makes even his enemiesto be at peace with him” (Proverbs 16:7).“Or do you not know that your body is the temple of theHoly Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, andyou are not your own? For you were bought at a price;therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, whichare God’s” (1 Corinthians 6:19, 20).103the _______________ made to the fathers (8), and that theGentiles might ____________ God for His __________” (9).[Jesus humbled Himself to become a servant. “The humble Heteaches His way. All the paths of the LORD are mercy and truth”(Psalm 25:9b,10a). We can rejoice in God’s mercy. “But You, OLord, are a God full of compassion, and gracious, longsufferingand abundant in mercy and truth” (Psalm 86:15). Jesus served HisFather in heaven joyfully. “I will praise You, O Lord, among the peo-ples; I will sing to You among the nations” (Psalm 57:9).]9. “Now may the God of __________ fill you with all joyand peace in _________________, that you may abound in__________ by the _____________ of the Holy Spirit” (13).[It is impossible for those filled with joy and peace and aboundingin confident hope to engage in strife or division. “For you shall goout with joy, and be led out with peace” (Isaiah 55:12a).]Live to Please the Lord, Not YourselfWe have every reason to walk humbly before our God. Hehas revealed truth to us and has shown us mercy. “He hasshown you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORDrequire of you but to do justly, to love mercy, and to walkhumbly with your God?” (Micah 6:8).The very essence of sin is to go our own way, to live toplease ourselves. This is why Jesus had to die for us. “Allwe like sheep have gone astray; we have turned, every one,to his own way; and the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity ofus all” (Isaiah 53:6).Going our own way, pleasing only ourselves, does notbring glory to God. “For all have sinned and fall short of theglory of God” (Romans 3:23). This is why it is so importantnow to live so that we please Him and so bring glory to Him.We cannot do it, but Jesus can, and He lives in us.102105Romans 15:14-3314Now I myself am confi-dent concerning you, mybrethren, that you also arefull of goodness, filled with allknowledge, able also to ad-monish one another. 15Never-theless, brethren, I have writ-ten more boldly to you onsomepoints,asreminding you,because of the grace given tome by God, 16that I might be aminister of Jesus Christ to theGentiles, ministering thegospel of God, that the offer-ing of the Gentiles might beacceptable, sanctified by theHoly Spirit. 17Therefore Ihave reason to glory in ChristJesus in the things which per-tain to God. 18For I will notdare to speak of any of thosethings which Christ has notaccomplished through me, inword and deed, to make theGentiles obedient — 19in migh-ty signs and wonders, by thepower of the Spirit of God, sothat from Jerusalem andround about to Illyricum Ihave fully preached thegospel of Christ. 20And so Ihave made it my aim topreach the gospel, not whereChrist was named, lest Ishould build on anotherman’s foundation, 21but as it iswritten: “To whom He wasnot announced, they shall see;and those who have not heardshall understand.”22For this reason I also havebeen much hindered fromcoming to you. 23But now nolonger having a place in theseparts, and having a great de-sire these many years to cometo you, 24whenever I journeyto Spain, I shall come to you.For I hope to see you on myjourney, and to be helped onmy way there by you, if first Imay enjoy your company fora while. 25But now I am goingto Jerusalem to minister tothe saints. 26For it pleasedthose from Macedonia andAchaia to make a certain con-tribution for the poor amongthe saints who are in Jerusa-lem. 27It pleased them indeed,and they are their debtors.For if the Gentiles have beenpartakers of their spiritualthings, their duty is also tominister to them in materialthings. 28Therefore, when Ihave performed this andhave sealed to them this fruit,I shall go by way of you toSpain. 29But I know thatwhen I come to you, I shallcome in the fullness of theblessing of the gospel ofLESSON 29. PAUL, EXAMPLE OF A TRUE CHRISTIAN“If you are reproached for the name of Christ, blessedare you, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon you.. . . But let none of you suffer as a murderer, a thief, an evil-doer, or as a busybody in other people’s matters. Yet ifanyone suffers as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, butlet him glorify God in this matter” (1 Peter 4:14-16).“Fulfill my joy by being like-minded, having the samelove, being of one accord, of one mind. Let nothing bedone through selfish ambition or conceit, but in lowlinessof mind let each esteem others better than himself. Leteach of you look out not only for his own interests, but alsofor the interests of others” (Philippians 2:2-4).How Can We Live to Please Others?Paul knew that he had great liberty in Christ. But he alsowas willing to lay down his “rights” in order to help weakerChristians. “All things are lawful for me, but all things arenot helpful; all things are lawful for me, but all things donot edify. Let no one seek his own, but each one the other’swell-being. Just as I also please all men in all things, notseeking my own profit, but the profit of many, that they maybe saved. Imitate me, just as I also imitate Christ” (1 Corin-thians 10:23, 24, 33; 11:1). We should live to help eachother. “And let us consider one another in order to stir uplove and good works, not forsaking the assembling of our-selves together, as is the manner of some, but exhortingone another” (Hebrews 10:24, 25a).Yet Paul did not want believers to “be entangled againwith a yoke of bondage” (Galatians 5:1b) by pleasing thosewho required keeping Old Testament laws to perfect them-selves. He called this “another gospel.” “For if I still pleasedmen, I would not be a servant of Christ” (Galatians 1:10b).104
  • 28. Paul’s Three Prayer RequestsPaul had purposed to go to Jerusalem first and then toRome (Acts 19:21) on his way to Spain. (We do not knowwhether Paul ever reached Spain in his lifetime.) He hadalready made arrangements to take with him an offering thathad been collected for the Jewish saints in Jerusalem whowere suffering great need (1 Corinthians 16:1). The GentileChristians were happy to do this, because they felt indebtedto their Jewish brothers and sisters who had shared thegospel with them. As a Jew, Paul taught this. He had written,“If we have sown spiritual things for you, is it a great thingif we reap your material things?” (1 Corinthians 9:11). “Lethim who is taught the word share in all good things withhim who teaches” (Galatians 6:6).Paul begs the Christians in Rome to work together withhim by praying for him concerning three things: (1) that hewould be delivered from those in Judea who did not believe;(2) that his service for Jerusalem would be acceptable to thesaints there; and (3) that by God’s will he would be able tocome to Rome to be refreshed together with them.Answers to Paul’s Prayer RequestsGod answered Paul’s requests in unusual ways (Acts chap-ters 20-28). “Trust in the LORD with all your heart, and leannot on your own understanding; in all your ways acknowl-edge Him, and He shall direct your paths” (Proverbs 3:5,6).Paul was protected from a plot to kill him, but he arrived inRome as a prisoner for the sake of the gospel. For two years,under house arrest, he was permitted to teach visitors freelyabout Jesus. Before he was executed there, he wrote, “Ihave fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I havekept the faith” (2 Timothy 4:7).107Something to Do1. Paul was confident that the Christians in Rome wereable to admonish each other because they were “full of_______________, filled with all ________________” (14).2. He had written boldly to remind them on some points“because of the ___________ given me by God” (15).3. Paul was a minister of Jesus to the ____________ (16).4. Gentiles (non-Jews) who believed the gospel were likePaul’s offering to God, acceptable because they were“_________________ [made holy] by the Holy Spirit” (16).5. Paul had “reason to glory in _________ __________”(17). He did not dare to speak of anything “which _________has not accomplished through me” (18).[“But by the grace of God I am what I am, . . . but I labored moreabundantly than they all, yet not I, but the grace of God which waswith me” (1 Corinthians 15:10).]6. Paul made it his aim to preach the good news wherethey did not know about Christ, “lest I should build on anoth-er man’s __________________” (20).[Paul was called to pioneer work. He went where no one else hadgone. He based this on what Isaiah had prophesied about the cru-cified Messiah: “For what had not been told them they shall see,and what they had not heard they shall consider” (Isaiah 52:15b).]7. Paul begged the Christians in Rome to strive togetherwith him in their “______________ to God” for him (30).106Christ. 30Now I beg you,brethren, through the LordJesus Christ, and through thelove of the Spirit, that youstrive together with me inyour prayers to God for me,31that I may be deliveredfrom those in Judea who donot believe, and that my serv-ice for Jerusalem may beacceptable to the saints, 32thatI may come to you with joyby the will of God, and maybe refreshed together withyou. 33Now the God of peacebe with you all. Amen.108Something to DoFill in the blanks from the last chapter of Romans:1. Paul commended ___________ (1) and asked the be-lievers in Rome to assist her with whatever she needed.[This sister in the Lord served in the church in Cenchrea, aboutseven miles south of Corinth, where Paul wrote this letter. Appar-ently she planned to travel to Rome and would deliver Paul’s letter.]2. Paul sent greetings to ________________ and_____________, who had risked their lives for him (3).[Paul first met this godly couple in Corinth. They had left Italywhen all Jews were commanded to leave Rome. Since both Aquilaand Paul were tentmakers by trade, Paul stayed with them and theyworked together (Acts 18:1-3). They later sailed with Paul as far asEphesus. Here they heard the eloquent Apollos speak powerfullyfrom the Scriptures. “When Aquila and Priscilla heard him, theytook him aside and explained to him the way of God more accu-rately” (Acts 18:26b). Now this godly couple were back in Rome,continuing their practice of having a church meet in their house.]3. Notice how Paul loved these fellow-workers! A numberwere faithful women serving the Lord. Paul also sent greet-109Romans 16:1-271I commend to you Phoebeour sister, who is a servant ofthe church in Cenchrea, 2thatyou may receive her in theLord in a manner worthy ofthe saints, and assist her inwhatever business she hasneed of you; for indeed shehas been a helper of manyand of myself also.3Greet Priscilla and Aquila,my fellow workers in ChristJesus, 4who risked their ownnecks for my life, to whomnot only I give thanks, butalso all the churches of theGentiles. 5Likewise greet thechurch that is in their house.Greet my beloved Epaenetus,who is the firstfruits of Achai-a to Christ. 6Greet Mary, wholabored much for us. 7GreetAndronicus and Junia, mykinsmen and my fellow pris-oners, who are of note amongthe apostles, who also were inChrist before me. 8Greet Am-plias, my beloved in the Lord.9Greet Urbanus, our fellowworker in Christ, and Stach-ys, my beloved. 10Greet Apel-les, approved in Christ. Greetthose who are of the house-hold of Aristobulus. 11GreetHerodion, my kinsman. Greetthose who are of the house-hold of Narcissus who are inthe Lord. 12Greet Tryphenaand Tryphosa, who have la-bored in the Lord. Greet thebeloved Persis, who laboredmuch in the Lord. 13Greet Ru-fus, chosen in the Lord, andhis mother and mine. 14GreetAsyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas,Patrobas, Hermes, and thebrethren who are with them.15Greet Philologus and Julia,Nereus and his sister, andOlympas, and all the saintswho are with them. 16Greetone another with a holy kiss.The churches of Christ greetyou.17Now I urge you, brethren,note those who cause divi-sions and offenses, contraryto the doctrine which youlearned, and avoid them.18For those who are such donot serve our Lord JesusChrist, but their own belly,and by smooth words andflattering speech deceive thehearts of the simple. 19Foryour obedience has becomeknown to all. Therefore I amglad on your behalf; but Iwant you to be wise in what isgood, and simple concerningevil. 20And the God of peacewill crush Satan under yourfeet shortly. The grace of ourLord Jesus Christ be withyou. Amen.LESSON 30. PAUL’S PERSONAL GREETINGS 21Timothy, my fellow work-er, and Lucius, Jason, andSosipater, my kinsmen, greetyou. 22I, Tertius, who wrotethis epistle, greet you in theLord. 23Gaius, my host andthe host of the whole church,greets you. Erastus, the treas-urer of the city, greets you,and Quartus, a brother. 24Thegrace of our Lord JesusChrist be with you all. Amen.25Now to Him who is able toestablish you according to mygospel and the preaching ofJesus Christ, according to therevelation of the mysterywhich was kept secret sincethe world began 26but now hasbeen made manifest, and bythe prophetic Scriptures hasbeen made known to allnations, according to the com-mandment of the everlastingGod, for obedience to thefaith— 27to God, alone wise,be glory through Jesus Christforever. Amen.
  • 29. ings to ___________ (13), “chosen in the Lord,” and to hismother, who also had been like a mother to Paul.[This Rufus was probably the son of the man who was forced tocarry the cross for Jesus on His way to be crucified (Mark 15:21).]4. Several who worked with Paul in Corinth sent greetings,including the man who wrote the letter as Paul dictated it: “I,____________, who wrote this epistle, greet you” (22).5. Paul’s host while he was in Corinth was ___________,who was also host of the church there (23).[This man had been baptized by Paul (1 Corinthians 1:14).]6. Paul warned the Christians in Rome to avoid “those whocause _____________ and offenses, contrary to the doctrineyou learned” (17). These people did not serve Jesus “buttheir own __________” (18).[Paul grieved when professing Christians acted like the world.“For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell youeven weeping, that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ:whose end is destruction, whose god is their belly, and whose gloryis in their shame—who set their mind on earthly things” (Philip-pians 3:18,19). They did not count their old life crucified with Christ.]7. Paul wanted them “to be ___________ in what is good,and ______________ [innocent] concerning evil” (19).BenedictionThe gospel, once a mystery, is now revealed clearly in theScriptures. Paul ends his marvelous letter by acknowledgingthat God will be glorified through Jesus Christ forever and isable to establish you. “Now to Him who is able to keep youfrom stumbling, and to present you faultless before thepresence of His glory with exceeding joy, to God our Savior,who alone is wise, be glory and majesty, dominion andpower, both now and forever. Amen” (Jude 24, 25).110 111Page 21. prophets, Scriptures2. Jesus Christ3. David, flesh4. Son, God, power, holiness,resurrection5. grace, obedience, nationsPage 81. glorify, thankful2. wise, fools3. glory, image4. uncleanness, dishonor5. truth, lie, creature, Creator6. vile passions, women, men7. debased8. judgment, death, approvePages 10 and 111. truth2. deeds, evil, good3. partiality4. Jesus ChristPage 131. Jew2. law3. God4. will5. excellentPage 141. steal2. commit adulteryPages 17 and 181. none, one2. none3. none4. all5. unprofitable6. good, one7. throat8. deceitPages 21 and 221. law, Jesus Christ, all, believe2. redemption, propitiation,blood, righteousness3. just, justifier, Jesus4. excluded5. faith, deeds, faithPages 27 and 281. work, believes,ungodly2. uncircumcised3. seal, faith4. father, believe,righteousness5. dead, existPages 29 and 301. peace, God2. access3. glory4. tribulations,perseverance,character, hopePages 31-331. sin, death,all, sinned2. reigned3. judgment, all,condemnation4. disobedience,sinners5. deathPages 35 and 361. crucified, slaves, freed2. raised, once, God3. dead, sin, alive, God4. alive, dead5. instruments, righteousnessAnswers to QuestionsThe answers to the questions in this Bible study on Romans are foundbelow so that you can check your work and know the correct answers.Refer to this page only after you have answered the questions.9. poison10. cursing,bitterness11. shed blood12. misery13. peace14. fear6. instructed7. guide, light,instructor,teacher6. glory7. perform8. believe,raised, dead9. offenses,justification3. rob temples4. breaking5. disappoint,love,Holy Spirit6. wrath7. saved, life6. gift, many7. free,justification8. grace, reign9. righteous,all, life10. obedience,righteousPage 481. condemnation, Christ Jesus2. law, life, free, law, sin3. law, weak, flesh, flesh, sin4. condemned, requirement,fulfilled, flesh, SpiritPage 521. minds, flesh, Spirit2. death, life, peace3. enmity, subject, can, pleasePage 571. led, Spirit2. bondage, fear3. Spirit, witness4. sufferPages 60 and 611.creation, birth pangs, sons of God2. Spirit, eagerly, body3. Spirit, intercession, saintsPages 67 and 681. adoption2. glory3. covenants4. lawPages 73 and 741. near, mouth, heart2. Lord Jesus3. raised, dead4. believes, righteousness5. confession, salvation6. calls, name7. hearing, wordPage 861. governing2. God3. terror, evil, sword, avenger, wrath4. conscience’Page 901. a. adulteryb. murderc. steald. false witnesse. covet2. love, neighbor3. lovePages 94 and 95A. 1. received2. master3. stand4.Lord5. thanks6. Lord’s7. Christ,account,GodPages 100-1021. strong, bear with, weak, please2. please, good3. please4. learning, patience, comfort, hope5. patience, comfort, Jesus6. one mind, one mouth7. receive, received, glory8. servant, truth, promises,glorify, mercy9. hope, believing, hope, powerPage 1061. goodness, knowledge2. grace3. Gentiles4. sanctified5. Christ Jesus, Christ6. foundation7. prayersPages 109 and 1101. Phoebe2. Priscilla, Aquila3. Rufus4. Tertius5. service6. promises7. fathers8. Christ, GodB. 1. unclean2. love3. destroy4. good, evil5. food, drink,peace, joy6. acceptable,approved7. peace, edify,destroy, God8. stumbles,offended,weak, sin5. Gaius6. divisions,belly7. wise, simple112As you study or review this Bible study,mark the verses you would like to memorize.The Good News in Romans1. The power of God can save you from His wrath.“I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power ofGod to salvation for everyone who believes. For the wrath of God isrevealedfromheavenagainstallungodliness.” —Romans1:16a,18a2. The goodness of God leads you to repentance.“Or do you despise the riches of His goodness, . . . not knowingthat the goodness of God leads you to repentance? For all havesinned and fall short of the glory of God.” —Romans 2:4; 3:233. The righteousness of God is received by faith, not works.“But to him who does not work but believes on Him who justifiesthe ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness.” —Romans4:54. The love of God is demonstrated by Christ’s death for you.“But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while wewere still sinners, Christ died for us.” —Romans 5:85. The gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus.“The wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life inChrist Jesus our Lord.” —Romans 6:236. The Spirit of life in Christ Jesus sets you free from sin.“Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin,but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord. There is therefore now nocondemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus. For the law of theSpirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sinand death.” —Romans 6:11; 8:1a, 27. The will of God (to transform you) is good.“And we know that all things work together for good to those wholove God, to those who are the called according to His purpose. Anddo not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renew-ing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and accept-able and perfect will of God.” —Romans 8:28; 12:2BELIEVE IN JESUS AND CALL ON HIS NAME TO BE SAVED“That if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believein your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will besaved. For with the heart one believes to righteousness, and withthe mouth confession is made to salvation. For ‘whoever calls uponthe name of the Lord shall be saved.’” —Romans 10:9,10,13
  • 30. FREE COPIES AVAILABLEAs the Lord provides the cost through contributions, freecopies of this booklet will be sent in limited quantities tothose who request them for personal study. Other “Joy” stud-ies are available on Genesis, Psalms, Matthew, John, andRevelation. When requesting quantities, please tell us clear-ly how you plan to use the booklets.Write to:WORLD MISSIONARY PRESS, INC.P.O. Box 120New Paris, Indiana 46553 U.S.A.website: www.wmpress.orgFront cover: Original art by Edwin B. WallaceJesus was sent by God to die for the sins of the world. Hishands and feet were nailed to a cross. Three days later Hearose from the dead and appeared to many. Thomas, one ofHis disciples, said, “Unless I see in His hands the print ofthe nails, ... I will not believe” (John 20:25b). When Jesuslater showed him His hands and His side, Thomas saw andbelieved. Jesus said, “Blessed are those who have notseen and yet have believed” (John 20:29b)Free—Not to Be Sold 600/2 ROM