Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
1
Processes of Reform
Capacity Building Module
2
Overview
 Introduction
∼ Key steps in reforms
∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment
 Video interviews with t...
3
Planning reforms
 Identify what the problems are…
∼ Inefficient planning and project implementation
∼ Water availabilit...
4
Key steps for successful reforms
 Planning the process of introducing reform
 Involving stakeholders
 Setting upstrea...
5
Involving stakeholders
 Politicians: local and national levels
 Management and staff of public utility
 Consumer asso...
6
Sustainable utility reform and reform of
the environment have to go hand-in-hand
Our goal
utility
poor good
poor
good
Ty...
7
How Uganda combisequenced the reforms
of NWSC, its national utility
Utility reform
Reformoftheenvironment
70s political ...
8
Overview
 Introduction
∼ Key steps in reforms
∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment
 Video interviews with t...
9
South Africa
Mike Muller
Former Director General, South African
Department of Water Affairs &Forestry
10
South Africa
 Total pop - 45.2 Million
(2005)
 Urban pop (% of total) –
59%
 Surface area - 1,221,037 sq
miles
 Lif...
11
Uganda
Dr. William Muhairwe
Managing Director, National Water and
Sewerage Corporation, Uganda
12
Uganda
 Total pop - 28.8 Million
(2005)
 Urban pop (% of total) –
13%
 Surface area - 241,038 sq
miles
 Life expect...
13
Russia
Alexander Bazhenov
Vice-Chairman, Eurasian Water
Partnership
14
Russia
 Total pop - 143.2 Million
(2005)
 Urban pop (% of total) –
73%
 Surface area - 17,075,200
sq miles
 Life ex...
15
Overview
 Introduction
∼ Key steps in reforms
∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment
 Video interviews with ...
16
The first challenge: how to trigger reform
Droughts,
floods &
epidemics
Unacceptable
levels of
service
Political
shifts...
17
The constant challenge to maintain
progress….
time
performance
Pressure to
improve
Broad sector
reform
Utility reform
2...
18
Triggers and Obstacles to Reform
Click the button to play a 5 minute video clip.
(Windows Media;9,421k)
19
Owners
Customers
Regulators
Policy makers
Financiers
Maintaining progress: Balancing
external accountabilities
The unse...
20
Overview
 Introduction
∼ Key steps in reforms
∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment
 Video interviews with ...
21
Key Success Factors in
Reform
Click the button to play a 5 minute video clip.
(Windows Media; 9,208k)
22
Overview
 Introduction
∼ Key steps in reforms
∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment
 Video interviews with ...
23
Taking Care of the
Poor in Reforms
Click the button to play a 10 minute video clip.
(Windows Media; 15,619k)
24
Existing quantity-targeted subsidies are
regressive
%of poor hhs receiving subsidy vs. benefit targeting
performance
In...
25
Who are the urban poor?
Typically use multiple sources and differentiate drinking from other
uses - purchase small quan...
26
How to improve services for the poor?
 The long term utility solution: a private -
house/yard -connection for all
 St...
27
Overview
 Introduction
∼ Key steps in reforms
∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment
 Video interviews with ...
28
The Role of the
Central Government
Click the button to play a 4 minute video
clip.
(Windows Media; 7,526k)
29
Overview
 Introduction
∼ Key steps in reforms
∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment
 Video interviews with ...
30
The political economy of reform
 Reforms must provide returns for the political
decision makers who are willing to mak...
31
The Importance of
Leadership
Click the button to play a 3 minute video clip.
(Windows Media; 3,477k)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Processes of reform_part1_b

308

Published on

The changes needed to secure sustainable access to adequate services usually involve various processes of reform that must be carefully planned and implemented in collaboration with a diverse set of stakeholders. This 90 minute face-to-face module presents some of the key considerations and steps for successful reform using practical case studies from Uganda, South Africa and Russia. The intended format is a seminar which incorporates both a lecture and question and answer period.

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
308
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • <number>
  • Transcript of "Processes of reform_part1_b"

    1. 1. 1 Processes of Reform Capacity Building Module
    2. 2. 2 Overview  Introduction ∼ Key steps in reforms ∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment  Video interviews with three speakers ∼ Triggers and obstacles to reform ∼ Key success factors in reform ∼ Taking care of the poor in reforms ∼ Role of central government in reforms ∼ Leadership
    3. 3. 3 Planning reforms  Identify what the problems are… ∼ Inefficient planning and project implementation ∼ Water availability, water quality, energy supply ∼ Staff motivation, capacity, efficiency ∼ Tariff level and structure ∼ Corruption ∼ Commercial operation
    4. 4. 4 Key steps for successful reforms  Planning the process of introducing reform  Involving stakeholders  Setting upstream policy  Setting service standards, tariffs, subsidies, and financial arrangement  Developing institutional model ∼ Utility: public or PSP ∼ Non-utility services: small scale providers ∼ ‘Environment’: policy maker; asset holder; regulator ∼ Legal instruments for the arrangement
    5. 5. 5 Involving stakeholders  Politicians: local and national levels  Management and staff of public utility  Consumer associations  NGO: national and int’l (service to the poor, environment, governance…)  Financiers: multi and bi-lateral  Alternative suppliers (tankers, drilling companies…)  Media: national and int’l  Private sector: local and int’l
    6. 6. 6 Sustainable utility reform and reform of the environment have to go hand-in-hand Our goal utility poor good poor good Typical reform path environment Possible combinations environment status/utility provider status
    7. 7. 7 How Uganda combisequenced the reforms of NWSC, its national utility Utility reform Reformoftheenvironment 70s political turmoil mid 80s new government end 80s & 90s Major rehab 95 new statute 97 new Board 98 new MD 98-00 service & revenue enhancement programs 00 ext & int performance contracts 02 automatic tariff indexation 03 staff performanc contracts 97 corporate plan
    8. 8. 8 Overview  Introduction ∼ Key steps in reforms ∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment  Video interviews with three speakers ∼ Triggers and obstacles to reform ∼ Key success factors in reform ∼ Taking care of the poor in reforms ∼ Role of central government in reforms ∼ Leadership
    9. 9. 9 South Africa Mike Muller Former Director General, South African Department of Water Affairs &Forestry
    10. 10. 10 South Africa  Total pop - 45.2 Million (2005)  Urban pop (% of total) – 59%  Surface area - 1,221,037 sq miles  Life expectancy – 45 years  GDP (US$ billions) – 240.2  Access to water supply – 88%  Access to sanitation – 65%  Trigger: the end of apartheid  Vertical unbundling: bulk utilities and end providers  Most utilities are corporatized  Subisidies: Free basic water 25 l/p/d  Basic water supplies to nearly 15 million people in 10 years; Sanitation much slower  ‘applying good old-fashioned public finance principles’  Ongoing decentralization process – after establishment of democratic municipalities in 2001
    11. 11. 11 Uganda Dr. William Muhairwe Managing Director, National Water and Sewerage Corporation, Uganda
    12. 12. 12 Uganda  Total pop - 28.8 Million (2005)  Urban pop (% of total) – 13%  Surface area - 241,038 sq miles  Life expectancy – 49 years  GDP (US$ billions) – 8.7  Access to water – 60%  Access to sanitation – 43% Utility reform Reformoftheenvironment
    13. 13. 13 Russia Alexander Bazhenov Vice-Chairman, Eurasian Water Partnership
    14. 14. 14 Russia  Total pop - 143.2 Million (2005)  Urban pop (% of total) – 73%  Surface area - 17,075,200 sq miles  Life expectancy – 65 years  GDP (US$ billions) – 763.7  Access to water – 97%  Access to sanitation – 87%  Trigger: the end of communism  Subsidies: l’goti and maximum % expenditure  WSS part of broader Housing and Communal Services sector – centralized billing and collection  Mostly municipal departments with little autonomy  History of focus on infra: low efficiency  Regulation is regional ‘oblast’ responsibility  Boom & bust of PSP in 03/04; now 2nd generation PSP
    15. 15. 15 Overview  Introduction ∼ Key steps in reforms ∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment  Video interviews with three speakers ∼ Triggers and obstacles to reform ∼ Key success factors in reform ∼ Taking care of the poor in reforms ∼ Role of central government in reforms ∼ Leadership
    16. 16. 16 The first challenge: how to trigger reform Droughts, floods & epidemics Unacceptable levels of service Political shifts & pressures financial crises
    17. 17. 17 The constant challenge to maintain progress…. time performance Pressure to improve Broad sector reform Utility reform 2 1 Maintain progress 4 3
    18. 18. 18 Triggers and Obstacles to Reform Click the button to play a 5 minute video clip. (Windows Media;9,421k)
    19. 19. 19 Owners Customers Regulators Policy makers Financiers Maintaining progress: Balancing external accountabilities The unserved?
    20. 20. 20 Overview  Introduction ∼ Key steps in reforms ∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment  Video interviews with three speakers ∼ Triggers and obstacles to reform ∼ Key success factors in reform ∼ Taking care of the poor in reforms ∼ Role of central government in reforms ∼ Leadership
    21. 21. 21 Key Success Factors in Reform Click the button to play a 5 minute video clip. (Windows Media; 9,208k)
    22. 22. 22 Overview  Introduction ∼ Key steps in reforms ∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment  Video interviews with three speakers ∼ Triggers and obstacles to reform ∼ Key success factors in reform ∼ Taking care of the poor in reforms ∼ Role of central government in reforms ∼ Leadership
    23. 23. 23 Taking Care of the Poor in Reforms Click the button to play a 10 minute video clip. (Windows Media; 15,619k)
    24. 24. 24 Existing quantity-targeted subsidies are regressive %of poor hhs receiving subsidy vs. benefit targeting performance India, State IBTs, 0.56 Cape Verde, 0.48 Sao Tome, 0.41 Peru, 0.82 Honduras, 0.49 Guatemala, 0.20 Hungary (S), 0.98 Rwanda (S), 0.35 Kathmandu, 0.56 Bangalore, 0.66 Sri Lanka, 0.83 Cape Verde, 0.24 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 90.0% 100.0% 0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.20 Benefit targeting performance indicator Shareofpoorhhsreceivingsubsidy Electricity Water Source: Water, Electricity, and the Poor: Who Benefits from Utility Subsidies? – Komives et al.
    25. 25. 25 Who are the urban poor? Typically use multiple sources and differentiate drinking from other uses - purchase small quantities if a free source is available:  May share a house or yard tap with multiple families – design standards underestimate number of users  May purchase from a neighbor – poor households are often heterogeneous; differentiate demand as slums may have mixed densities, income levels  May use a public standpipe/standpost/kiosk – the level of consumption is constrained by distance traveled, time spent collecting water  May rely on small-scale private sector when services do not meet their needs – choose to have water delivered to house rather than walking to and queuing at the standpipe BUT: poor households do pay for water often at higher rate (per cubic meter) than wealthy households
    26. 26. 26 How to improve services for the poor?  The long term utility solution: a private - house/yard -connection for all  Standpipes – from free to paid service  Augmenting small-scale service providers  How to deal with self provisioning?
    27. 27. 27 Overview  Introduction ∼ Key steps in reforms ∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment  Video interviews with three speakers ∼ Triggers and obstacles to reform ∼ Key success factors in reform ∼ Taking care of the poor in reforms ∼ Role of central government in reforms ∼ Leadership
    28. 28. 28 The Role of the Central Government Click the button to play a 4 minute video clip. (Windows Media; 7,526k)
    29. 29. 29 Overview  Introduction ∼ Key steps in reforms ∼ Balancing progress in utility and environment  Video interviews with three speakers ∼ Triggers and obstacles to reform ∼ Key success factors in reform ∼ Taking care of the poor in reforms ∼ Role of central government in reforms ∼ Leadership
    30. 30. 30 The political economy of reform  Reforms must provide returns for the political decision makers who are willing to make the changes….  Initiate reform where there is a powerful need, and demonstrated demand, for change  Nothing succeeds like success  Best fit rather than best practice ∼ Realistic goals and timeline ∼ Develop a sequenced, prioritized list of reforms… ∼ Match available human, financial and knowledge resources ∼ Take one step at a time, but lock in progress
    31. 31. 31 The Importance of Leadership Click the button to play a 3 minute video clip. (Windows Media; 3,477k)
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×