Turkey can be divided into seven geographical regions: theMediterranean Region, Aegean Region, Marmara Region, BlackSea Region, Central Anatolia Region, Eastern Anatolia Regionand the South Eastern Anatolia Region.
THE MARMARA REGION extends from the European part (Thrace) to the North-West of Anatolia, encircling the Marmara Sea.
İSTANBUL • İstanbul,the only city in the world built on two continents,stands on both shores of the İstanbul Boğazı(Bosphorus)where the waters of the Black Sea mingle with those of the sea of Marmara.The Golden Horn divides European İstanbul in two. • İstanbul is a unique link between East and West,past and present. • İstanbul is not only historic,it is also a magnificent city that is fascinating and vividly alive. • İstanbul has endless variety:museums,ancient churches,palaces,great mosques,bazaars and the İstanbul Boshphorus.
İstanbul is the only city in the world located intwo continents: Asia and Europe. Founded in the639 BC, it was the capital of Eastern Roman andOttoman Empires since 300 BC.
Hagia Sophia Topkapı Palace • İstanbul was the capital of the Roman Empire (330-395),the Byzantine Empire(395- 1453) and the Ottoman Empire(1453-1923). There are still a lot of Roman,Byzantine and Ottoman monuments in İstanbul. • Hagia Sophia(Aya Sofya) is the 4th biggest cathedral in the world and it is a museum now. • Topkapı palace was the offical residence of the Ottoman Sultans. • Süleymaniye Mosque was built for Süleyman the magnificent by Sinan the architect. Süleymaniye Mosque
ÇANAKKALE Martyrs Monument25th April is “ANZAC Day” in Turkey. At that The city of Troy the site of ancient Trojen Wars, day visitors from Australia, New Zealand, is located in western Turkey, where a replica of England and France come to Turkey. Our the famous Trojen horse has become a favourite grandparents fought against each other, but tourist attraction.today we, their grandaughters and grandsons come together in friendship
• THE AEGEAN REGION extends from the Aegean coast to the western part of Central Anatolia. • It has popular holiday villages, famous historical and natural sites , all this make the region extremely attractive to the tourists. • It is also an agricultural region where olives, figs are grown. İzmir • İzmir is the biggest and the most important city in this region. • Pamukkale, meaning "cotton castle" is a natural site in Denizli Province in south- western Turkey. The city contains hot springs and travertines, terraces ofDenizli-Pamukkale carbonate minerals left by the flowing water.
• The last home of Virgin Mary is believed to be in Ephesus, Turkey.
Ölüdeniz is the one of the attraction touristic places in Turkeywith beautiful sandy beaches.
• THE CENTRAL ANATOLIA REGION is an area of the high plateaus of steppe landscapes undergo a heavy erosion. A few volcanic cones and both Mount Erciyes and Mount Hasan are situated in the lunar-shaped landscapes of Cappadocia. The two largest basins are the plain of Konya , where wheat is cultivated. • There are several lakes of fresh water and marshes, a place of great interest for the naturalist.Mount Erciyes
Cappadocia• The area is a famous and popular tourist destination as it has many areas with unique geological, historic and cultural features.• The region is located southwest of the major city Kayseri .The Cappadocia region is largely underlain by sedimentary rocks formed in lakes and streams.• The rocks of Cappadocia near Göreme eroded into hundreds of spectacular pillars and minaret-like forms. The volcanic deposits are soft rocks that the people of the villages at the heart of the Cappadocia Region carved out to form houses, churches and monasteries. Göreme became a monastic center between 300—1200 AD.
• Early Christians escaping from the Roman persecution nearly 2000 years ago sheltered in the caves of Cappadocia in central Anatolia.
ANKARA • Ankara is a very important city because in 1920, Atatürk TBMM founded a goverment here.Finally in 1923 Atatürk founded the Turkish Republic and Ankara became the capital city.Symbol of Ankara (Hittite Sun)
• Atatürk is our great leader and reformer. We always remember him with respect.• Anıtkabir is the mausoleum of Atatürk. Everyday so many people visit Anıtkabir because we are grateful to him. In the museum there you can see Atatürk’s belongings.
• THE EASTERN ANATOLIAN REGION is Anatolias largest and highest region .The two highest points are Mount Lake Van Suphan in the north-west of Lake Van, and Mount Ararat near the Iranian frontier where the legend says Noahs Ark ran aground. The region has the lowest density of population of theMount Ararat country.
• THE SOUTH-EASTERN ANATOLIA REGION reveals a uniform landscape with vast stretches of wild or barren wasteland. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers rise in eastern Turkey and meander through the Euphrates River (Fırat Nehri) Southeastern Region. Agriculture (wheat, rice, vegetables, fruits and most of all pistachio nuts which are a prime product) is confined mainly to valleys and irrigated basins, and develops considerably due to the vast irrigation project of the south-east (GAP). This project is boosting the economy of the region and the agricultural output of a country which is already one of the few food exporters in the world.Şanlı Urfa-Pool With Holy Carps
• Mount Nemrut was discovered in 1881, but excavation didnt start until 1953. • The site was constructed by Antiochus 1, who prided himself on his royalty and power. He was deposed in 38 BC by the Romans after a 26 year reign. Antiochus believed himself to be the descendent of Apollo so, he built a statue of himself along with those of Apollo, Zeus, Tyche (Fortuna) and Hercules flanked by a lion and an eagle. An artificial mountain peak of rock 50 meters high is piled between the two ledges of the gods, and some suspect Antiochus tomb may be underneath it. • The colossal heads of the ancient gods now lie scattered at the summit of the mountains making anMount Nemrut Central Park impressive picture at sunset.
Turkey is the cradle of civilizations• The ancient Greeks called the area Anatole, which the land where the sun rises. The Romans called it Asia Minor, while we call it Anadolu. The word ‘Anatolia’, which refers to the Asian part of Turkey describes a large plateau , which acted as a melting pot for many successive civilizations.The Europen part is called ‘Thrace’ .Its history dates back to before 10.000 BC.• These civilizations are• the Hittites,• the Urartians,• the Phrygians,• the Lydians,• the Ionians,• the Persians,• the Romans,• the Byzantines,• the Seljuks,• the Ottomans,• AND NOW• THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY.
• THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION spreads in the South of Anatolia. The Taurus mountain range, immediately rising from the coastline, is covered with forests .Except for the wide plains of Pamphylia (Antalya) andAntalya Çukurova (Adana), the fertile coastal plains are usually narrow. In this region, cotton (60% of the total production), sesame seeds, citrus fruit (over 90%), early vegetables and bananas are grown. Grain is grown in the lake district.Adana
• Myra is an ancient town in Lycia, where the small town of Demre.• Myra has rock tombs,the theatre and St. Nicholas Church make it a place worth visiting.• St.Nicholas , bishop of Myra who became popular as Santa Claus was born in Demre and died here in 342 A.D.Every year in December The St.Nicholas commemoration Ceremony is held and many tourists spend their Christmas holiday here.
• Kahramanmaraş was founded as a Hittite city- state 1000 BC. Later, the city was called Germanicia Caesarea in the time of the Roman and Byzantine empires. • Kahramanmaraşs industry is mainly based on textileKahramanmaraş and ice cream. • Mersin, is a large city and a busy port on the Mediterranean coast of southern Turkey. • Corycus (Turkish: Kız Kalesi)was an ancient city in Cilicia Trachaea, Anatolia, located at the mouth of the Göksu. Mersin
Antioch (its orijinalname in history) has adeep history datingback to HelenisticAge. And it made herea historical town.Some of them are…
The sight of the city THE STATUE OF ATATÜRK, THE GREATEST LEADER OF TURKEY THE ANCIENT CITY HALL THE MONUMENT ASI RIVER OF TYHKE
Roman mosaic, Antakya archeological museum,Hatay province
SAINT PIERRE CHURCH This church is accepted to be one of the oldest churches of Christianity. The First Christians in Antakya held their secret meetings here. Today it is the second place of pilgrimage after Vatican.
Saint Pierre is the first cave church in the world.
Habib-i Neccar is the first mosque of Anatolia.
Muslims,Christians,Jews and all their sectslive together peacefully here in a nice harmony. *THE SYNAGOG OF JEWS (left) * THE ORTHODOX CHURCH (right) * HABIB NECCAR MOSQUE