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Ohio History Review "First Unit"
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Ohio History Review "First Unit"

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Ohio History Review “First Unit” When reviewing these slides focus more on the big ideas. Dates are important, but the the key ideas are more important. You can also review pages 50-109 in your book, but this slideshow gives the key information we have studied in class.
    • 2. The Paleoindian Era 1) Paleoindians are considered the earliest Ohioans. 2) Archaeological evidence suggests that the Paleoindian Culture started in Ohio around 9000 B.C. or about 11,000 years ago. Artist rendition of Paleo-Indians 3) Paleoindians were hunter- after a hunt. gatherers. They didn’t know how to farm. So they moved around frequently for survival.
    • 3. The Moundbuilders
    • 4. The Moundbuilders The Adena • lived in what is now Ohio from about 3,000 years ago to about 2,000 years ago. • are considered to be Ohio’s first farmers. This helped the Adena to settle in an area instead of having to move frequently like the Paleoindians. This also gave the Adena the time to do other things like create pottery and build mounds. • settled in areas near rivers, most likely because the rivers gave them a fresh water supply and fish for a food source.
    • 5. The Moundbuilders The Hopewell • lived in Ohio from about 2,000 years ago to 1,500 years ago. • like the Adena, the Hopewell settled near rivers and were also farmers. • The Hopewell also built mounds. • There is evidence that the Hopewell were also “long- distance” traders. In and near Hopewell mound sites, archaeologists have found tools and art made from materials like obsidian and mica that are not naturally found in Ohio.
    • 6. The Moundbuilders The Fort Ancient People • About 1,000 years ago a newer mound building culture called the Fort Ancient People lived in Ohio. • They lived a life that many archaeologists think was very similar to the Hopewell, but they had much larger villages and built much larger mounds.
    • 7. The Mounds Images of Great Serpent Mound in Adams County. The mounds created and left by the Moundbuilders most likely had lots of purposes. Archaeologists believe these mounds could have been burial mounds, used for religious ceremonies, and possibly used as a calendar device (tracking shadows that parts of the mounds made)
    • 8. The Historic Tribes There were differences From the early in these tribes, but 1700s until the mid there were also many 1800s, the “historic” similarities. The tribes lived in Ohio. similarities include: These tribes were generally peaceful 1) Settlements near with each other and rivers. often times became 2) Family life that allies with each included close other during relationships with conflicts with white grandparents, cousins, settlers. aunts and uncles. 3) A belief that they When white explorers and settlers started coming were caretakers of into what is now Ohio, the tribes learned about new land, not owners of the ideas, foods, clothing and weapons. At first the land. relationship bet ween the tribes and the settlers was 4) A culture grounded in good, but later there was a great deal of conflict. respect.
    • 9. Conflict in Ohio 1795 Treaty of Greenville Americans Create a zone in 1750 1750 to 1795 Northwest Ohio for Tribes. French Trading 1763 1787 with Historic Tribes French Surrender their claim Ohio becomes part (French had established for Ohio Country to England of Northwest Territory forts in Ohio Country) 1754 -1763 1776-1783 1785-1794 French and Indian War American Revolution Frontier Wars 1750 Virginia Company 1794 Claims Ohio Country Battle of Fallen Timbers for England. Indians side with French Indians side with British Indians have no Allies against British against Colonists in fight against the Americans
    • 10. The “Road to Statehood” The Northwest Ordinance 1) In 1787, The U.S. Congress passed the Northwest Ordinance which created the Northwest Territory. 2) Ohio’s first “American” settlement was Marietta. Cleveland and Cincinnati came later. 3) To become a state, an area needed: 1) government leaders chosen by the U.S. Congress. 2) to have 5,000 white males in the area so a vote for a legislature could happen. 3) a total of 60,000 residents so that a state constitution could be written.
    • 11. Guaranteed Freedoms In the Northwest Territory, settlers had guaranteed freedoms. 1) The freedom of speech. 2) The right to worship as they pleased. 3) The right to a trial by jury. The Northwest Territory would also be a place where people could NOT own slaves.
    • 12. The End Remember to review more than one time