Constructivism Key Players of Constructivism Key Players of Constructivism Classroom Implications: Students under this theory Classroom Implications: Teachers under this theory My Thoughts
Constructivism as a paradigm or worldview posits that learning is an active, constructive process. The learner is an information constructor. People actively construct or create their own subjective representations of objective reality. New information is linked to prior knowledge, thus mental representations are subjective.
Jean Piaget › Children think differently from adult thus he believed children were active learners and did not need motivation from adults to learn. › Children interpret knowledge differently as they progress through different stages. Jerome Bruner › Proposed that learning is an active process in which the learner constructs new ideas or concepts based on his or her current and past knowledge. › Children are constructivist learners are participatory learners and are actively engaged in the learning process.
Lev Vygotsky › Social cognition, believed that learning was influenced significantly by social development and learning took place of a child’s social development and culture. John Dewey › Believed that education was a social process therefore learning should engage and expand the experiences of the learners.
Encourage and accept student autonomy and initiative. Try to use raw data and primary sources, in addition to manipulative, interactive, and physical materials. Search out students understanding and prior experiences about a concept before teaching it to them. Encourage communication between the teacher and the students and also between the students. Ask follow up questions and seek elaboration after a students initial response. Provide enough time for students to construct their own meaning when learning something new.
Children learn more, and enjoy learning more when they are actively involved, rather than passive listeners. Constructivist learning is transferable. In constructivist classrooms, students create organizing principles that they can take with them to other learning settings. By grounding learning activities in an authentic, real-world context, constructivism stimulates and engages students. Students in constructivist classrooms learn to question things and to apply their natural curiosity to the world.
Constructivism calls for the elimination of a standardized curriculum which means instead, it promotes using curricula customized to the students’ prior knowledge. Also, when it comes to assessments, constructivism calls for the elimination of grades and standardized testing which I agree with and instead, assessment becomes part of the learning process so that students play a larger role in judging their own progress.