Madhya pradesh final ppt

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Madhya pradesh final ppt

  1. 1. AGRICULTURE
  2. 2. Agriculture Labour  The agriculture labour levels are constant at the India level which means that households leaving agriculture are getting absorbed in the secondary and tertiary sectors  In Madhya Pradesh, the level of self employment in agriculture has declined from 46 percent in 2004-2005 to 41 percent in 2009-2010  This means that households leaving self employment in agriculture are not getting employment in other sectors and are forced to work as agriculture labour to sustain their livelihoods  The agriculture sector in Madhya Pradesh still employs more than two thirds of the rural population
  3. 3. Agriculture Labour  The number of people who are landless and work as agricultural labour has increased from 29.5 percent to 34.5 percent. This is the poorest and most vulnerable community  Madhya Pradesh boasts of growth in Agriculture. What we will comment on that later, it has not reached lakhs of Madhya Pradesh’s farmers  Since 2004-2005 the proportion of rural people employed in agriculture has declined for both India and Madhya Pradesh. The reduction in Madhya Pradesh has been slower than the national level, 13.7 percent reduction as compared to 19.5 percent at the national level
  4. 4. Agriculture Labour by Households (in percentage) 36 34.5 34 32 30 29.5 28 25.8 26 25.6 24 22 20 2004-2005 Madhya Pradesh India 2009-2010 Source: Madhya Pradesh Agriculture Economic Survey Report 2013
  5. 5. Agriculture Labour  While in India as prosperity comes, people move to manufacturing and services  In Madhya Pradesh farmers and labourers are unable to move out of agriculture since there are no opportunities outside of agriculture
  6. 6. Rural Employment in Agriculture Sector (2009-2010) (in percentage) 78.7 80 75 70 65 68.7 64.7 68.8 60 53.2 55 50 47.1 45 40 Male Madhya Pradesh Female India Total Source: Madhya Pradesh Agriculture Economic Survey Report 2013
  7. 7. Comparison of Productivity  For every crop, Madhya Pradesh is below national averages in productivity, showing poor support by government.
  8. 8. 3000 Comparison of Productivity (kg/hectare) of crops in MP vs. National Average (2008-2009) MP 2907 National Average 2414 2500 2178 1895 2000 1369 1500 1000 1056 927 1143 500 Rice Wheat Maize Mustard Source: MP Agriculture Economic Survey Report 2012
  9. 9. EDUCATION
  10. 10. Literacy  During the Congress government, literacy grew at a rate of 19.1 percent as compared to 6.9 percent during the BJP years  The Gender Gap in Literacy which measures the literacy gap between males and females is 20.51 percent in Madhya Pradesh as compared to 16.68 percent in India  Female literacy under the Congress Government grew at 20.9 percent while under BJP it has grown at a rate of 9.7 percent  Female literacy growth rate between 1991 and 2001 exceeded not only the male literacy growth rate but also the national average  This was due to the impact of the 'padhna-badhna andolan’ and the famed ‘Education Guarantee Scheme’ launched during the tenure of Shri Digvijay Singh under the Rajiv Gandhi Saksharta Mission
  11. 11. Under Congress literacy grew by 19%, but under BJP it grew by just 7%. Congress reduced gap with India to just 1.1%, BJP has increased this to 3.4% Literacy Rate: India and Madhya Pradesh (1991-2011) 74 India 70.6 Madhya Pradesh 64.8 63.7 52.2 44.6 1991 2001 2011 Source: Census of India, 2011
  12. 12. Female Literacy Rate: India and Madhya Pradesh (1991-2011) 65.5 India Madhya Pradesh 60 53.7 50.28 39.3 29.35 1991 2001 2011 Source: Census of India, 2011
  13. 13. Enrolment Levels Even school enrollment has gone down under Shivraj Singh Enrolment Levels In Government Schools - Rural 87.09% 86.03% 84.33% 84.10% 82.50% 81.67% 80.70% 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  14. 14. Gross Enrolment Ratio  The enrolment ratio for primary level in the state has been steadily declining from 2007-2008 onwards  Primary enrolments dropped by 0.31 million in 2012  Elementary enrolment has declined from 15.49 million to 15.32 million  The dropout rate for Primary level is 29.5 percent which is above the national average of 27 percent  16.65 percent primary schools are single teacher schools  Mean Years of Schooling in Madhya Pradesh is 5.44 years which is lower than the national average of 5.98 years.
  15. 15. Out of School Students Percentage of Out of School Children (All Ages) - Rural 5.10% 3.28% 3.26% 2007 3.81% 3.76% 3.74% 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  16. 16. Percentage of 11-14 year old Girls not in School - Rural 5.2 3.9 3.5 3.3 2008 2009 2010 3.3 2011 2012
  17. 17. Percentage of Out of School Children (14-16 years) - Rural 14.10% 10.74% 10.81% 10.74% 10.25% 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  18. 18. Drop-out Rates  The Drop-out rates for 6 to 16 year olds is much higher in Madhya Pradesh as compared to the national levels.  In Madhya Pradesh the Drop-out rates for girls is almost 20 percent higher than the national level.
  19. 19. Drop-out Rates (6-16 years) 2009-2010 Source: Planning Commission, January 2013 India 71.32 Madhya Pradesh 65.71 60.98 53.38 52.76 51.97 Boys Girls Total
  20. 20. Quality of Education Percentage of Children who can Read Nothing (all Ages & all Classes – Rural) 12.80% 13.00% 2011 2012 4.50% 4.21% 2.38% 0.99% 2006 2007 1.37% 2008 2009 2010
  21. 21. Percentage of Children who can Read Nothing (5 - 7 years) Rural 34.04% 35.20% 15.76% 13.48% 7.00% 3.88% 2006 2007 2008 5.59% 2009 2010 2011 2012
  22. 22. Percentage of Children With No Arithmetic Ability (5 - 7 years) - Rural 36.19% 36.20% 2011 2012 16.23% 7.78% 6.75% 4.89% 2007 2008 2009 2010
  23. 23. Composite Primary & Upper Primary Rank (2011-2012) Source: DISE (2011-2012) 32 26 20 17 6 2 3 7 8 9 11 13 22 23 28 29 33 34 35
  24. 24. Percentage of Children With No Arithmetic Ability (all Ages & all Classes) - Rural 13.45% 13.30% 2011 2012 4.68% 2.54% 1.26% 2007 2008 1.71% 2009 2010
  25. 25. Inspite of a poor education condition the State Government spends amongst the lowest on education using money for advertisements. Source: Planning Commission 70949 49440 47323 41021 33636 31461 30995 29723 29569 29412 25440 25043 24327 22502 22015 20822 20440 19381 18972 18722 16761 16013 15317 Per Capita Expenditure on Education, Sports, Art and Culture (2013)
  26. 26. FOOD FOR THOUGHT
  27. 27.  Old age pension in MP is Rs. 275/month as compared to Rs. 500 in Rajasthan, and Rs. 1500 in Delhi  Disability pension in MP is Rs.200 compared to Rs.1000 in Rajasthan  Even though the state grew at a rate of 12% during 2012-2013 it continues to fare badly on all human development indicators  In fact if we take the average growth over five years, MP stands 17th amongst all States and not in the top few as the CM claims  The expenditure on health was 0.95% of the State GDP in 2012-2013. This has been slashed down to 0.89% of the state GDP in 2013-2014  The State had fourth highest percentage of poor households among 15 non-special category states in the year 2004-05, next only to Odisha, Bihar and Chhattisgarh
  28. 28.  The State with a tribal population of 20.3% has cut down its Tribal Sub Plan from 2.11% of the GDP in 2012-2013 to 1.91% of the GDP in 2013-2014  The proportion of educated job seekers has increased from 77.8% in 2010 to 78.2% in 2011  The number of people registered in employment exchanges has increased from 20.02 lakhs in 2011 to 20.67 lakhs in 2012 (MP Economic Survey 2012-13). It is 3.25 percent higher than the previous year  The number of educated unemployed has increased from 14.05 lakhs in 2011 to 16.6 lakhs in 2012  In 2009-2010 8.47 lakh people were employed in the public sector, out of which 1.21 lakh were women. In 2010-2011, 8.5 lakh people are employed in the public sector, out of which 1.2 lakh are women. The percentage of women employed has decreased by 0.83 percent
  29. 29. HEALTH
  30. 30. Sex Ratio  While the overall sex ratio of the state has improved from 912 in 1991 to 930 in 2011 it still remains 10 points below the national level  In 2001 the child sex ratio was 932 which was 5 points higher than the national level  During the BJP years (2001-2011) the child sex ratio declined by 20 points as compared to 13 points at the national level  The state government launched the “Beti Bachao Abhiyan” in 2011 to counter the worsening sex ratio instead of taking steps to effectively implement the Pre-conception and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act 1994
  31. 31. Nutrition  Three indices are used to measure the nutritional status of children: Stunted which measures height of the child in relation to their age; Wasted which measures weight in relation to their height and underweight which means that the body weight is too low to be healthy  52% of the children are underweight which is the result of inadequate food intake  Two in five adult women and men are too thin
  32. 32. Nutrition  Under-nutrition is higher among the younger population (15-19 years), in rural areas, in low income households and among scheduled castes and scheduled tribes  The Chief Minister talks of agriculture growth, of being an Uncle to the children of his State and yet 52% are underweight and 49% are stunted  The number of severely underweight children in Madhya Pradesh has increased by 78447 in just one year (2010-2011)
  33. 33. 60 55 50 Nutritional Status of Children Under 3 Years (in percentage) 58 55 47 51 48.9 51.9 45 40 40 35 30 25 25 25.8 20 Stunted (low height for age) Source: NFHS 2 & 3, NIN 2010-2011 Wasted (low weight for height) NFHS 2 (1998-1999) NFHS 3 (2005-2006) Underweight (low weight for age) NIN (2010-2011) (Under 5 years)
  34. 34. Number of Severely Underweight Children in Madhya Pradesh 230000 215853 220000 210000 200000 190000 180000 170000 160000 150000 140000 137406 130000 2010 2011 Source: MP Govt. Monthly Progress Report
  35. 35. Anaemia  74 percent of children and 56 percent of women in Madhya Pradesh are anaemic  Anaemia is more widespread among children age 6-35 months than it was seven years ago, increasing by 11%  Madhya Pradesh has the second highest number of anaemic children in the country
  36. 36. Percentage of Men, Women and Children with Anaemia 80 74 70 56 60 27 50 40 41 26 30 44 20 15 10 14 0 1 10 1 3 Women Men Children Severe Anaemia Moderate Anaemia Mild Anaemia Source: NFHS 3
  37. 37. Immunisation  Madhya Pradesh has the second lowest immunisation percentage among the 9 worst states in India  In rural areas only 51% children are immunised.  Half the population of children remain at the risk of death or disability due to the poor administration of the “Mama – Shivraj”
  38. 38. Percentage of Fully Immunised Children (12-23 months) 20112012 70.8 54.9 59 61 63.7 55 45.3 Source: Annual Health Survey 2011-2012 64.5 74.1 75.4
  39. 39. Mortality  Madhya Pradesh has the worst IMR in India. A Chief Minister who gives toys to children to win votes is unable to give them the chance to survive the first year of birth  30 of our districts are amongst the worst 100 districts in India in IMR  The Under 5 Mortality rate for Madhya Pradesh is 86 as compared to 55 for India. It is the highest in the country after Uttar Pradesh  The Maternal Mortality Ratio in Madhya Pradesh is 269 as compared to 212 for India
  40. 40. Infant Mortality Rate 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 25 21 20 15 25 25 28 32 32 34 36 38 38 39 42 43 41 47 12 10 Source: SRS Bulletin 2013 49 53 53 55 56 42
  41. 41. Under 5 Mortality Rate (2011-2012) 100 92 86 90 80 73 70 66 60 50 55 55 50 40 Source: Annual Health Survey (2011-2012) 75 76 79
  42. 42. Maternal Mortality Ratio 335 350 INDIA Madhya Pradesh 300 250 269 254 212 200 150 100 2004-2006 2007-2009
  43. 43. Life Expectancy  Not only children, even the life expectancy is the third lowest in India.  Compared to India’s, the misgovernance of the state takes away 4 years of everyone’s life and 10 years compared to Kerala and others.
  44. 44. 64.2 64.5 64.9 65.8 66.5 66.75 67.8 67.9 68.5 68.7 68.9 69.2 70.1 70.2 70.2 70.7 70.7 70.9 71.1 71.3 72.6 74.0 75.4 Life Expectancy Life Expectancy (2011-2025)
  45. 45. Health Infrastructure  Infant Mortality Rate is the number of deaths of children less than one year of age/1000 live births  While the required number of PHC’s has increased from 1670 in 2006 to 1977 in 2011, the BJP government under Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan has only managed to add 7 PHC’s in 5 years  Under the Congress Government the no. of PHC’s in MP was 1194. This has reduced to 1156 under the BJP Government  Not only is the health very bad, the current CM has made it even worse by ensuring that sustained number of PHC’s are also not there  Whether it is to promote privatisation one does not know  Total number of PHC’s has gone down from 1194 under Congress to 1156 today while 1977 are needed
  46. 46. Status of PHC's in Madhya Pradesh 2200 1977 2000 1800 1670 1600 1400 1194 1200 1156 1149 1000 2003 PHC's Required 2006 PHC's In Position 2011
  47. 47. Source: Press Information Bureau, Govt. of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Manipur Arunachal Pradesh Sikkim Goa Delhi Himachal Pradesh Meghalaya INDIA Nagaland Kerala Tripura Karnataka Mizoram Uttarakhand Tamil Nadu West Bengal Jammu & Kashmir Gujarat Rajasthan Chhattisgarh Andhra Pradesh Punjab Maharashtra Madhya Pradesh Odisha Assam Haryana Uttar Pradesh Jharkhand Bihar 6089 7846 2492 2514 3062 3122 3499 905 910 1026 1119 1132 1194 1203 1213 1733 1746 1777 1984 2230 2426 2477 879 2 236 390 581 744 808 876 Even in beds in government hospitals, Madhya Pradesh is seventh worst. Average Population Served per Government Hospital Bed (2013)
  48. 48. Health Human Resources  While the required number of doctors in Madhya Pradesh has increased from 1149 to 1156, the number of doctors in position in PHC’s has decreased from 869 in 2006 to 814 in 2012 Status of Doctors in PHC's 1156 1149 869 2006 Doctors Required in PHC's 1156 814 2011 Doctors In Position in PHC's 814 2012 Source: RHS Bulletin 2012
  49. 49. Expenditure on Health  The State Government’s expenditure on health as a proportion to total expenditure has declined from 5.1 percent in 2000-01 to 4.3 percent in 2012-2013 even though the state fares poorly on all health parameters  Madhya Pradesh is ranked 16th in the country in terms of Expenditure on Medical and Public Health and Family Welfare as a Ratio to Aggregate Expenditure
  50. 50. 8045 8024 6687 5980 5901 5845 5614 4844 4831 4514 4481 4426 4232 3905 3391 2772 2580 2134 Source: Planning Commission 12723 12530 12207 16578 Per Capita Expenditure on Medical and Public Health (2013)
  51. 51. India State Hunger Index  Out of the 17 states for which the Hunger Index is calculated, Madhya Pradesh has the highest rank and is the only state which falls in the ‘extremely alarming’ category  According to the index, Madhya Pradesh’s nutrition problems can be compared with SubSaharan African countries like Ethiopia and Chad.
  52. 52. 15 10 Source: International Food Policy Research Institute 2009 28.67 27.3 26.65 24.69 23.79 23.74 22.81 22.17 21 20.99 20.88 20.01 13.64 20 19.85 17.66 25 19.54 30 23.31 35 30.9 India State Hunger Index
  53. 53. INFRASTRUCTURE
  54. 54. Power  In Madhya Pradesh the State Government under the leadership of Shivraj Singh Chouhan has managed to increase its installed capacity of power by just 1644 MW in 10 years  For that same period the Centre’s share in Madhya Pradesh’s power utilities has increased by 3187 MW  It is important to note that MP claims power improvement – this has been mainly due to UPA Government and not MP Government. Also all the new power projects of MP Government were started under the Congress Government  Losses have also increased, due to corruption and bad management
  55. 55. 2011 4722 4307 4100 2010 4598 4598 4523 4583 2009 2540 3697 2008 3603 2005 2006 2007 Central Share 3525 1500 1120 2000 3339 1995 2500 2403 3000 3078 3500 3078 4000 3268 3665 4500 3897 4413 5000 4583 State and Central Share in Installed Capacity of Power Utilities (in MW) 1000 2003 2004 State Share 2012 2013 Source: Ministry of Power & Central Electricity Authority
  56. 56. Percentage of State and Central Share in Installed Capacity of Power Utilities 75% 73% State Share 65% 60% 60% 60% 57% 56% 55% 55% 54% Central Share 54% 49% 45% 39% 39% 39% 42% 41% 42% 43% 43% 42% 44% 35% 38% 27% 25% 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Source: Ministry of Power & Central Electricity Authority
  57. 57. Transmission and Distribution Loss  Among the nine largest states Madhya Pradesh has the second highest percentage of transformation, transmission and distribution losses Percentage of Transformation, Transmission and Distribution Losses (Including Unaccounted Energy) 2011-2012 35.45 15.35 20.07 Andhra PradeshKarnataka 22.09 23.13 27.27 61.48 39.3 27.38 Gujarat Maharashtra Rajasthan Uttar Pradesh Source: India Stat Odisha Madhya Pradesh and Kashmi Jammu
  58. 58. Source : Annual Report 2011-12 on the Working of State Power Utilities & Electricity Departments 4.17 3.93 3.84 3.81 3.78 3.77 3.73 3.6 3.48 3.2 3.07 2.83 2.4 2.3 2 1.91 1.81 1.61 1.03 5 4.5 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 Average Domestic Power Tariff per Unit (in Rs./Kwh) 4.39 Power Tariff – amonsgt most expensive
  59. 59. Roads and Bridges  The Madhya Pradesh road network constitutes only 1.77 percent of the total road length of 33 lakhs km in India  The national average for road network is 143 km/100 sq km whereas in MP, it is only 64 km/100 sq kms. The road network of the state as compared to other states is very poor. This is not only an indicator of the backwardness of the state but also the cause of its backwardness  The average spending on roads and bridges during the Congress years was 2.55 percent of the total budget. This reduced to 1.65 percent during the BJP years
  60. 60. 1999 Road Length Per 100 Sq Km of Area (in kms) 1805 1605 1405 1205 1005 5 308 287 167 166 162 148 147 143 133 94 92 87 86 80 71 70 64 30 205 12 405 139 605 337 518 805 Source: BASIC ROAD STATISTICS OF INDIA 2008-09, 2009-10 & 2010-11
  61. 61. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana  Under PMGSY 12,288 roads and bridges were sanctioned while only 9,620 were built  Rs. 13,835.78 crores was sanctioned under PMGSY. Only 71 percent of this amount was utilized by the state government  9,733 villages were listed as beneficiary villages, out of these only 8,026 villages were connected via PMGSY
  62. 62. No. of Roads Sanctioned/Built under PMGSY 12500 12288 12000 11500 11000 10500 10000 9620 9500 9000 No. of Roads/Bridges Sanctioned No. of Roads/Bridges Built Source: MP Economic Survey 2012-13
  63. 63. Telecom  Telephone density or teledensity is the number of telephone connections for every hundred individuals living within an area  In Madhya Pradesh the teledensity is only 53.69 as compared to the national average of 73.16. It is the third lowest in India  The rural teledensity in Madhya Pradesh is 30.91 as compared to the national average of 41.02. Bihar has the lowest rural teledensity followed by Madhya Pradesh  The Urban Teledensity in Madhya Pradesh is 115.09 as compared to the national average of 146.96  Madhya Pradesh has the lowest urban teledensity after Haryana
  64. 64. 80 60 100 120 140 108.26 103.19 96.52 90.95 87.63 87.03 77.42 76.64 73.16 71.35 69.57 68.46 60.71 59.27 56.62 53.69 46.93 44.65 240 220 220.2 State Wise Teledensity 200 180 160 40 Source: TRAI, July 2013
  65. 65. 30 75.27 66.9 66.33 56.78 53.12 44.63 43 42.01 41.83 41.02 38.72 36.72 33.34 31.13 40 27.54 50 30.91 60 40.57 70 52.64 80 61.93 Rural Teledensity 2013 20 10 0 Source: The Indian Telecom Services Performance Indicators January – March, 2013
  66. 66. 196.11 170.38 169 164.01 160.28 153.82 152.31 151.53 146.96 139.94 138.03 137.69 136.39 130.92 128.64 116.91 115.09 113.51 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 341.39 Urban Teledensity Source: The Indian Telecom Services Performance Indicators January – March, 2013
  67. 67. Computer, Internet & Mobile Connections  Amongst the major states, Madhya Pradesh has one of the lowest percentages of households with computer and internet connectivity  It is only 1.4 percent as compared to the national average of 3.1 percent. Only Bihar and Chhattisgarh fare worse than Madhya Pradesh  The percentage of households with mobile phones in Madhya Pradesh is only 41 percent as compared to the national average of 53 percent  It is the third lowest amongst the major Indian states
  68. 68. 20.0 18.0 Percentage of Households With Computer and Internet (2011) 16.0 14.0 12.0 10.0 8.0 6.0 2.6 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.2 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.0 0.9 1.2 1.4 1.4 4.0 5.8 6.3 4.8 5.3 5.4 4.2 0.0 Source: Census 2011 17.6
  69. 69. Percentage of Households with Mobile Phones (2011) 80 70 60 50 36 40 30 47 43 44 44 41 67 68 65 61 62 62 62 63 57 59 59 55 52 53 54 27 20 10 0 Source: Census 2011
  70. 70. POVERTY
  71. 71. Multi Dimensional Poverty Index  Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) has taken out a new index for poverty assessment accounting for all types of poor. Madhya Pradesh has 68 percent poor according to this estimate – where are the tall claims of CM about a state doing well – if agriculture was really growing the first impact would have been on poverty  The Multidimensional Poverty Index measures poverty using ten indicators: nutrition, child mortality, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, sanitation, water, electricity, floor and assets
  72. 72. 20% 21% Goa Mizoram 60.10% Assam Bihar 79.30% 74.80% 69.70% Chhattisgarh Incidence of Poverty 2013 Jharkhand 68.10% 68.10% Uttarakhand Madhya Pradesh 63.20% 57.40% West Bengal Odisha 56.60% Meghalaya 62.80% 54.60% Tripura Rajasthan 53.70% INDIA 53% Arunachal… 44.50% Andhra Pradesh 51.70% 43.20% Karnataka Nagaland 41% 40.80% Manipur Jammu and… 39.50% Uttar Pradesh 41% 39.30% Haryana Gujarat 37.90% 31.80% Sikkim Maharashtra 30.50% 29.90% Tamil Nadu Himachal… 24.60% 12.70% Kerala Punjab 12.40% Delhi Source: Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI)
  73. 73. In Madhya Pradesh there has only been a 7.9 percent decrease in the poverty levels from 1993-1994 to 2009-2010. For the same period, India has registered a 15.5 percent decrease 48.6 50 45 44.6 Poverty Estimates MP and All India 45.3 40 37.2 36.7 35 29.8 30 25 1993-1994 Madhya Pradesh India 2004-2005 2009-2010 Source: Planning Commission
  74. 74. Asset-less Households  See graph below – Census in 2011 counts households with no assets – meaning the poorest households in a State  Madhya Pradesh is the second worst in India with 33 percent households with no assets – meaning, one third of the population is amongst the poorest of the poor. A shame for a State  A person’s quality of life depends on the assets available to them among other things  The census since 2001 started collecting data on basic household amenities. The following amenities were considered under the census: radio/transistor, television, telephone, bicycle, scooter/motorcycle/moped and car/jeep/van  In 2001, 42.2 percent of the households had none of the specified amenities and Madhya Pradesh’s rank was 26. While the percentage of households with none of the specified amenities has decreased, Madhya Pradesh’s rank in 2011 is 34 which is the worst in the country after Meghalaya
  75. 75. WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION
  76. 76. Availability of Water  Madhya Pradesh has very good rainfall and many small rivers. Yet State Government has had an abysmal record in providing tap water.  Only 9.9 percent rural households have tap water against 31 percent nationally  Tap water is available in only 23.4 percent of total households in Madhya Pradesh as opposed to 43.5 percent in the rest of the country
  77. 77. Availability of Water  Only 24 percent households have water in own premises. Others have to travel long distances just for water  Madhya Pradesh is the fourth worst in India in providing drinking water within the premises  Amongst the major states, Madhya Pradesh has one of the lowest availabilities of drinking water within the premises  In rural areas the percentage of households with drinking water within the premises is even lower at 13 percent
  78. 78. Sanitation  While Mr. Modi talks of toilets before temples, only 30 percent people in Madhya Pradesh have access to a proper toilet. This puts MP amongst the worst 5 states  The rural percentage of households defecating in the open is even higher at 86.4 percent
  79. 79. Drainage  60 percent of Madhya Pradesh has no Drainage facility. For a state with a farmer Chief Minister people live in filth  Only 9.8 percent have closed drainage  60 percent of the households in Madhya Pradesh are not connected to a drainage facility as compared to 49 percent at the national level. It is the sixth highest in the country amongst the major states
  80. 80. Expenditure on Water Supply & Sanitation  The total expenditure on the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in Madhya Pradesh till date has been only 39% of the total budget approved for the programme between 19992000 and 2010-11  During Congress period we spent double of the share of Budget for water and sanitation

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