Pak 750-presentation


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How to education and internet can change the world.

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  • The total population of the FATA was estimated in 2000 to be about 3,341,070 people, or roughly 2% of Pakistan's population. Only 3.1% of the population resides in established townships. [4] It is thus the most rural administrative unit in Pakistan. The Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and High Court of Pakistan does not extend to FATA and Provincially Administered Tribal Areas (PATA), according to Article 247 and Article 248, of existing 1973 Constitution of Pakistan . Still governed by the FCR 1901 Frontier Crimes Regulations. 10509 The way of the Pashtun is called Pashtunwali . The code includes notions such as hospitality and giving refuge to strangers and people on the run, which Johnson says Osama bin Laden and al-Qaida were well aware of and have taken advantage of over the years.
  • The literacy demography above clearly suggests that how lack of education amongst the women in particular has contributed to the longevity of tribalism and ignorance of the society at large which becomes the breeding grounds for fundamentalist terrorist and a nuisance for the rest of the world.
  • Tribalism and Taliban: A recipe for disaster. Hindrance to the assimilation of new ideas and concept of tolerance.
  • The Taliban seek to establish a puritanical caliphate that neither recognizes nor tolerates forms of Islam divergent from their own. They scorn democracy or any secular or pluralistic political process as an offense against Islam. By choosing such a name the Taliban (plural of Talib ) distanced themselves from the party politics of the mujahideen and signaled that they were a movement for cleansing society rather than a party trying to grab power.” The Taliban’s most original aims were, as Ahmed Rashid, the Pakistani journalist and author of Taliban (2000), wrote, to “restore peace, disarm the population, enforce “Sharia” law and defend the integrity and Islamic character of Afghanistan.
  • To a greater extent American foreign policy and intervention in the Afghanistan during the Soviet war sowed the seeds for the environment which led to the rise of Taliban. Operation Cyclone is once such example. An acclaimed and NY times best seller book “Passage to Peshawar” by Richard Reeves details the account of religious indoctrination that was being instilled into the masses by Pakistan’s Zia-ul-haq administration who was favored by American foreign policy to prevent democracy to take root in Pakistan. Which further eroded the democratic infrastructure of the country. ISI played a major role in supporting the army of religious zealots who later called themselves Taliban and turned back against the US interests.
  • Starred Review. Some failures lead to phenomenal successes, and this American nurse's unsuccessful attempt to climb K2, the world's second tallest mountain, is one of them. Dangerously ill when he finished his climb in 1993, Mortenson was sheltered for seven weeks by the small Pakistani village of Korphe; in return, he promised to build the impoverished town's first school, a project that grew into the Central Asia Institute, which has since constructed more than 50 schools across rural Pakistan and Afghanistan. Coauthor Relin recounts Mortenson's efforts in fascinating detail, presenting compelling portraits of the village elders, con artists, philanthropists, mujahideen, Taliban officials, ambitious school girls and upright Muslims Mortenson met along the way. As the book moves into the post-9/11 world, Mortenson and Relin argue that the United States must fight Islamic extremism in the region through collaborative efforts to alleviate poverty and improve access to education, especially for girls. Captivating and suspenseful, with engrossing accounts of both hostilities and unlikely friendships, this book will win many readers' hearts. (Mar.)
  • The only way that this war can be conclusively won against Taliban and fundamentalist minded Muslims is to provide access to knowledge and learning. This has the promise to change this region just as Guentenberg’s printing press spread the ideas freedom, free will, choice tolerance and religious reflection changed the face of Europe and brought it from the doldrums of feudalistic dark ages to the exuberance of Renaissance .
  • Pak 750-presentation

    1. 1. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Taliban </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zahra Qureshi </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oct 10th, 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    2. 2. Pakistan & FATA Map
    3. 3. Royal Mosque
    4. 4. FATA & PATA Regions <ul><li>Federally Administered Tribal Areas bigger than Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Durand Line between Pakistan & Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Population 5.3 Million, 2% of total Pakistan Population </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult Mountainous terrain </li></ul><ul><li>Pashtun code “ Pashtunwali ” rules! </li></ul><ul><li>Ungovernable by Soviets & British </li></ul><ul><li>Kalashnikov culture abound! </li></ul>
    5. 5. FATA Demographics
    6. 6. Tribalism <ul><li>Webster’s dictionary: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 : tribal consciousness and loyalty; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>exaltation of the tribe above all groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 : strong in-group loyalty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tribal system characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Warrior Pride </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hostility to outsiders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fidelity to the group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obligation of revenge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suppression of women </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conservatism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Code of honor, but not a system of laws </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Who are Taliban ? <ul><li>Arabic word for student is “taleb” </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamentalist Sunni Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly from Pashtun tribes (FATA) </li></ul><ul><li>Mullah Mohammed Omar, as leader </li></ul><ul><li>1994 Taliban rose to power in Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Taliban overthrown in 2001 American-backed invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Taliban not defeated, retreated, regrouped in Pakistan </li></ul>
    8. 8. Origins <ul><li>Taliban - Frankenstein monster in making </li></ul><ul><li>1980s, the Reagan administration’s “mujahedeen” operation Cyclone </li></ul><ul><li>1980s, Religious indoctrination in Pakistan’s madras's </li></ul><ul><li>1993-96 Taliban – the proxy army of Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-Services Intelligence, ISI supports Taliban </li></ul><ul><li>1995 Clinton administration’s dialogue with the Taliban for oil </li></ul><ul><li>World-trade and 911 bomings “Its alive !!!!!“ </li></ul>
    9. 9. Talban in Pakistan
    10. 10. Disadvantaged or Indifference
    11. 11. “ Disadvantaged” <ul><li>Political instability </li></ul><ul><li>Security, Law & order </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Educational reformation </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of tribal society </li></ul><ul><li>Hope one school at time </li></ul>
    12. 12. Changing the World Johannes Gutenberg
    13. 13. Knowledge <ul><li>Exchange and flow of information </li></ul><ul><li>European Dark ages </li></ul><ul><li>Protestant Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>Italian Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>First revelation of Quran </li></ul><ul><li>Education = Information = “improvement” </li></ul><ul><li>Internet – Today’s Gutenberg printing press </li></ul>
    14. 14. Cancerous Talbainzation
    15. 15.
    16. 16. Pakistan Facts <ul><li>Capital: Islamabad </li></ul><ul><li>Largest city: Karachi </li></ul><ul><li>Official languages: Urdu & English </li></ul><ul><li>Regional languages: </li></ul><ul><li>Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Seraiki,Balochi </li></ul><ul><li>Independence: 14 August 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>Area:  803,940 km </li></ul><ul><li>Population:   </li></ul><ul><li>2009 estimated169 Million </li></ul><ul><li>1998 census 132 Million </li></ul><ul><li>GDP  Per capita: $2,624 </li></ul><ul><li>Currency: Pakistani Rupee (Rs.) </li></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>Most connected country in South Asia, with the highest teledensity </li></ul><ul><li>Communications costs are lower than any other country in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Has the world’s largest biometric database (NADRA) </li></ul><ul><li>Has the world’s largest WiMAX network </li></ul><ul><li>Has one of the world’s most aggressive Fibre-to-the-Home (FTTH) rollouts </li></ul><ul><li>Has one of the highest rates of cellular connectivity growth in the world </li></ul><ul><li>(According to PTA 2007’s report the rate of growth in Pakistan’s mobile sector is fourth highest in the world) </li></ul>Telecommunication highlights
    18. 18. <ul><li>The US is importing UAVs designed and built in Pakistan to protect America’s borders </li></ul><ul><li>With WLL (CDMA), WiMAX, GSM and FTTH, Pakistan is pretty much leading the pack in terms of diversity and breadth of connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>World’s youngest Microsoft Certified Professional is a Pakistani </li></ul><ul><li>World’s youngest Cisco CCNA professional </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistani students excelled in MIT’s global software talent competition </li></ul><ul><li>Over two dozen Pakistani scientists are working on the Large Hadron Collider; the grandest experiment in the history of Physics </li></ul>Telecommunication highlights
    19. 19. Telecommunications Future <ul><li>Pakistan's tele-density is 60.6 in 2009 as compared to 6.24 in 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Cellular phone has 0.3 million average monthly growth </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed local loop on the decline </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless local loop on the rise </li></ul>Telephony/internet services concentrated in few dozens cities of the country Network coverage area of the country has increased to 90 percent