Winter Feeding a Cow for Less than $200
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Winter Feeding a Cow for Less than $200

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2010 UW Extension Cow/Calf Workshop presentation.

2010 UW Extension Cow/Calf Workshop presentation.

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  • Pre and postpartum (Jan to March), prebreeding (April), Based on angus cows average 1100 lbs

Winter Feeding a Cow for Less than $200 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. WINTER FEEDING A COW FOR $200 2010 Beef Cow-calf Days UW Extension Livestock Team
  • 2. Winter Feeding for $200
    • Cow-calf Profitability is influenced by 4 factors
      • 1. Yearly cost of keeping a cow (Feed & Operation)
      • 2. Number of cows exposed at breeding that calf
      • 3. Weaning or yearling weight of calves
      • 4. Price received for calves and market ready cows
  • 3. Winter Feeding for $200
    • Feed costs are the biggest expense a cow-calf producer has to wean a calf
    • In most studies of cow-calf operations feed cost range from 55% to 80% of total costs
    • Of total feed cost the biggest variation between operations was in winter feed charges-varies a $1 per day between high and low cost producers
  • 4. Total Annual Cow Costs 2000 FSBI SPA Data $/Cow Costs Total Feed Other Total Costs % Feed Costs Lower 1/3 $163 $76 $239 68% Mid 1/3 $169 $96 $265 64% Upper 1/3 $263 $116 $379 66%
  • 5. Economic Considerations
  • 6. Wintering a cow for $200
    • Our “CHALLENGE” is to reduce feed expenses without affecting cow body condition and future reproductive performance
  • 7. Winter Feeding for $200
    • Winter feeding: Dec- April (~150 days)
    Activity (grazing, walking) Calving Weaning Breeding Milk Fetus Fetus
  • 8. Winter Feeding for $200
    • Ask Yourself these questions:
      • Do I have adequate feed in storage for winter feeding?
      • Have I pre-purchased feed when prices were low?
      • Have I looked at energy and protein costs of various feeds and compared them for value?
      • Have I stockpile forage for winter grazing?
  • 9. Winter Feeding For $200
    • Keep Costs for Winter Feeding at $200 by
      • Make or Purchase hay for $80 per ton
      • Feed for 120 days
      • Store hay to reduce waste
      • Feed in ring feeders (lowest priced, less waste)
      • Feed less 30 lbs per day of forage
  • 10. Winter Feeding for $200
    • Fall & Winter Grazing to Reduce Feed Cost:
    • 1. Corn Stalk Grazing
      • Avg 5000 lbs. of residue in irrigated corn fields
      • Avg 2500 lbs. of residue in dryland corn fields
      • Primary difference is leaf loss
  • 11. Winter Feeding For $200
    • Graze stockpiled forage until Jan 1st:
    • Alfalfa fields
    • Rested cool season grass pasture
    • Warm season grasses
    • Wheat, rye, or barley planted in August
    • Consider Standability of Forage
  • 12. Standability for various forages
    • Good
      • Tall Fescue
      • Big Bluestem
      • Timothy
      • Orchard
      • Indian grass
      • Red clover
    • Fair
      • Alfalfa
    • Poor
      • Little Bluestem
      • Brome grass
  • 13. Wintering Cows for $200
    • What about direct feeding?
      • Can more accurately meet cow’s energy and protein requirements
      • Use low-cost feedstuffs: hay, silage, grains, or by-products
      • Adequate bunk or feeder space
  • 14. Winter Feeding for $200
    • Consider Byproduct Feedstuffs
      • Dried Distillers Grain
      • Brewers Grains
      • Wheat Midds
      • Grain Screenings
      • Cannery Waste (Sweetcorn,carrots)
      • Potatoes
  • 15. Instead of feeding hay bales….
    • Evaluate forage on $/lb
    • Evaluate on $/Mcal
    • Options to consider
      • Processing forage
        • Chopping hay, corn silage, haylage
      • Digestable fiber byproducts
        • DDGS, soyhulls, corn gluten feed, wheat middlings
      • Limit-feeding high energy sources
        • Corn, DDGS, corn silage
  • 16. What do your cows weigh?
    • MYTH
    • My average cow size is 1100-1200 lbs
    • REALITY
    • Most mature cows average 1300-1350 lbs
    • Important to know if trying to match cow nutrition to nutrient requirements of your cows!
  • 17. Beef Cow Winter Diets Based on Beef NRC, 2000 Diet As fed, lbs DM, % DM, lbs NEm, Mcal/lb NEm, day CP, % CP, lbs Corn silage 75 34 25.5 0.68 17.5 8.6 2.2 Low quality hay 21 90 19 0.51 9.69 5.3 1.0 Avg quality hay 28 90 25.2 0.61 15.1 12.3 3.1 Cornstalks 29 85 25.0 0.60 15.0 6.3 1.6 Corn 5 88 4.4 1.44 6.3 9.0 0.4 Distiller grains, dry 5 92 6.6 1.59 7.3 30 2.0 Requirements 1300 lb cow in late gestation 25.0 0.55 13.7 8.4 2.0
  • 18. Hay Intake Based on Beef NRC, 2000
  • 19. Think about feed differently… Based on Beef NRC, 2000 CP NEm DM $$ per % Mcal/lb % Ton Lb Mcal lb CP Corn silage 8.6 0.68 34 $30 $0.02 $0.03 $0.52 Low quality hay 5.3 0.51 90 $65 $0.03 $0.07 $0.68 Avg quality hay 12.3 0.61 90 $100 $0.05 $0.09 $0.45 Cornstalks 6.3 0.60 85 $20 $0.01 $0.02 $0.19 Whole shelled corn 9.0 1.44 88 $142 $0.07 $0.06 $0.88 Distiller grains, dry 30 1.59 92 $140 $0.07 $0.05 $0.25
  • 20. Think about feed differently… Based on Beef NRC, 2000 CP NEm DM $$ per % Mcal/lb % Ton Lb Mcal lb CP Corn silage 8.6 0.68 34 $30 $0.02 $0.03 $0.52 Low quality hay 5.3 0.51 90 $65 $0.03 $0.07 $0.68 Avg quality hay 12.3 0.61 90 $100 $0.05 $0.09 $0.45 Cornstalks 6.3 0.60 85 $20 $0.01 $0.02 $0.19 Whole shelled corn 9.0 1.44 88 $142 $0.07 $0.06 $0.88 Distiller grains, dry 30 1.59 92 $140 $0.07 $0.05 $0.25
  • 21. Reducing Hay Intake Ohio State University, Loerch 2009 10 lbs DDGS – 3x/wk Free Access Hay – 4 x/wk Hay (Free access) Final wt, lbs 1474 1451 Gain, lbs 114 92 ADG, lbs/d 1.44 1.16 On test BCS 3.3 3.3 Off test, BCS 3.9 3.7 Hay, lbs 17.6 28.0 DDGS, lbs 3.7 0 Feed costs, $/d 1.12 1.40
  • 22. Limit-feeding a Calculated with the following prices: corn=$3.80/bu; hay=$100/ton; DDGS=$130/ton; LFC supplement=$400/ton; DDGS supplement=$200/ton. Ohio State University, Radunz et al., 2008 HAY LFC DDGS Total intake, lbs/d 28 17 15.5 Hay, lbs/d 28 5 4.5 Corn, lbs/d -- 10 -- DDGS, lbs/d -- -- 8.5 Supplement, lbs/d -- 2.5 2.5 Feed costs, $/d a 1.40 1.40 0.97
  • 23. Wintering Cows for $200
    • Remember:
      • With extreme cold weather energy needs go up and it is important to increase the roughage portion of the ration
      • Thin cows needing improvement in body condition need additional energy for gaining weight
  • 24. Wintering cows for $200
    • The key to profit is:
      • keeping winter and grazing period cost low
      • having a 90% pregnancy rate
      • wean calves at 550 lbs or more
      • take advantage of market premiums
      • precondition calves
      • effectively market calves and cows-avoid the market low periods in the fall