Integrating Source Material

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The last installment of the Wingate University Writing Center's "Writing the Research Paper" seminar.

The last installment of the Wingate University Writing Center's "Writing the Research Paper" seminar.

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  • 1. “Integrating Source Material, Revising, and Proofreading” Kevin Winchester, Writing Center Director
  • 2. Source Material: Is necessary in most academic writing genres Serves as Supporting or Rebuttal Evidence or Example May be from a Primary, Secondary, or Tertiary Source Must be presented as a Direct Quote, Paraphrase or Summary
  • 3. Why Use Quotations, Paraphrasing, or Summaries? Provide support for claims and add credibility Refer to prior work leading up to your work Give examples of several points of view on your subject Highlight a particular phrase, sentence, passage, or idea Create distance and cue readers that the words are not your own Expand the breadth and depth of your writing
  • 4. 2 Important Requirements for all Source Material: MUST be Properly Cited MUST Read Seamlessly within your essay Gives credit to the original author While the source material “belongs” to the original author, you are using it Identifies for your to support your position. audience where the material originated and provides info for them to verify or research the source
  • 5. Direct Quotation Paraphrasing Summarizing
  • 6. Summarizing Puts the main idea into YOUR OWN words Should be significantly shorter than the original source material Presents a broad overview (the main point) of the original source material Cite Properly
  • 7. Summarizing Utilize your Research Dossier (Be sure to include citation info) Read the entire source text—note the key points & main ideas In your own words, state the single main idea of the source text Review to make sure you didn‟t include exact words or phrases from the source text
  • 8. Paraphrasing A passage from source material rewritten in your own words Usually shorter than the original source text Takes a somewhat broader segment of the source and condenses it Cite Properly
  • 9. Effective Paraphrasing Reread the passage until you understand its full meaning Write your paraphrase on your research dossier Jot down notes to remind you later how you’ll use this material Compare your paraphrase to the original to make sure it’s accurate Use quotation marks to identify words, terms, or short phrases taken directly from the source MAKE SURE YOU RECORD CITATION INFO on your Research Dossier
  • 10. Effective Paraphrasing Is better than quoting info from an undistinguished source Is a legitimate way to “borrow” from a source as long as you cite properly Provides more detail and support than a summary
  • 11. oAre identical to the original source oUse a narrow segment of the source oMatch the original source word for word oMust be cited properly
  • 12. Quotations Provide support or rebuttals for your thesis Must flow smoothly with your own writing style
  • 13. In order for quotations to flow smoothly with your own writing style, you must provide some context for your reader.
  • 14. T-I-C
  • 15. Each Time you use a Quote, Think: T-I-C T - Tagline I - Interpretation C - Connection
  • 16. Tagline: Introduces the quote and establishes the source‟s credibility Interpretation: Explains your understanding or Interpretation of the evidence or support the quote provides Connection: Explains and clarifies the Connection between the quote and your thesis or other evidence in your essay
  • 17. This method creates a Complete Thought Cycle IF ANY ONE PART is MISSING… …the reader is confused.
  • 18. In a Rolling Stone article, Marilyn Manson states, “from Jesse James Tagline: In a Rolling Stone to Charles Manson, the media article, Marilyn Manson states… have turned criminals into folk heroes” (citation). He implies the Interpretation: He implies the media sensationalizes the media sensationalizes the exploits of criminals and the exploits of criminals…and that media’s coverage feeds the the general public is eager to criminals’ desire for fame and bestow that notoriety upon them. notoriety and that the general public is eager to bestow that Connection: As such, a notoriety upon them. As such, a disenfranchised youth may be disenfranchised youth may be influenced by the perceived influenced by the perceived fame fame…which leads them to of these criminals, which leads similar acts of violence…in the them to similar acts of violence hopes of being heard. against their peers, all in hopes of being heard.
  • 19. …it’s time to REVISE
  • 20. Revision vs. Editing REVISION EDITING  “Re-seeing” the paper as  Comes after Revision, and after Proofreading a whole  Focuses on Individual  Addresses Higher Order Sentences and Words Concerns: Organization,  Addresses Lower Order audience, development, support, etc. Concerns: word choice, clarity, conciseness, grammar  Verifies the paper MEETS the and mechanics REQUIREMENTS of the ASSIGNMENT
  • 21. Revision Tips: Most importantly, take some time away from your paper. RE-READ YOUR ASSIGNMENT SHEET! Read your essay all the way through with the assignment sheet in mind and answer these questions: -Did you meet all the assignment requirements? -Is the paper appropriate for audience and purpose? -Do you provide enough supporting evidence? -Does your paper flow in a natural order? If not—revise, re-organize, or re-write Don’t worry about LOC—that’s editing, NOT revising!
  • 22. Other Revision Strategies: Leave yourself enough time—READ SLOWLY! Read the paper BACKWARDS Read Aloud (record it and play it back!) Ask a friend to read it to you Visit the Writing Center
  • 23. Proofread and Edit
  • 24. Proofreading Addresses Lower Order Concerns Focuses on Individual Sentences and Words Checks for clarity, conciseness, and sentence structure Checks for Grammar and Mechanical Issues
  • 25. To Proofread: Re-read your paper, slowly, looking for LOC errors Run a Spell, Grammar, and Style Check with your computer adjusted to academic standards Finally, utilize the Paramedic Editing Method
  • 26. The Paramedic Editing Method 1) Circle the Prepositions Draw a box around the “is” verb forms 2) Ask, “where‟s the action?” 3) 4) Change the action into a verb Move the „doer‟ into the subject (Who‟s 5) kicking whom) 6) Eliminate any unnecessary wind-ups 7) Eliminate any redundancies or repetition
  • 27. Example of Paramedic Editing In this paragraph is a demonstrationnn the use of good is of In of style in the writing of a report. in of Find the action / eliminate slow wind-ups Edited revision: This paragraph demonstrates good style in report writing. The verb is more active The “doer” is in the subject
  • 28. The Last Steps: Check the Assignment Sheet once more Is your paper in the proper format? Title? Page Numbers? Spacing / Font? Properly Cited (MLA, APA, etc.)? Turn It In!
  • 29. Please take a minute to complete our exit survey. Good Luck with your Research Papers!