16 Tenses
IntroduceHello everyone! My name is Wilson. Today, I’ll explain you about the 16 tenses.
Present SimplePresent Simple is to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual.Positive  Subject + Base VerbExam...
Interrogative  Do / Does + Subj. + Base VerbExample : 1. Do you do your work?           2. Does she watch Nat Geo?       ...
Present ContinuousPresent Continuous is to express the idea that something is happening   now, at this very moment.Positiv...
Interrogative  to be (am / is / are) + Subj. + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Am I doing my HW?           2. Is she study...
Present PerfectPresent Perfect is an action happened at an unspecified time before now.Positive  Subj. + Have / Has + Pas...
Interrogative  Have / Has + Subj. + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Have I done my project?           2. Has Paul learned Geo...
Present Perfect ContinuousPresent Perfect Continuous is something started in the past and has   continued up until now.Pos...
Interrogative  Have / Has + Subj. + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Have you been eating this food?           2. Ha...
Past SimplePast Simple is an action started and finished at a specific time in the past.Positive  Subj. + Past VerbExampl...
Interrogative  Did + Subj. + Base VerbExample  1. Did you go to school?             2. Did she write her love letter to ...
Past ContinuousPast Continuous is a longer action in the past was interrupted.Positive  Subj. + Was / Were + Present Part...
Interrogative  Was / Were + Subj. + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Was he eating a food?           2. Were you going to P...
Past PerfectPast Perfect is an action which had completed before another action happened.Positive  Subj. + Had + Past Par...
Interrogative  Had + Subj. + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Had you eaten this food?           2. Had Johnson laughed at the...
Past Perfect ContinuousPast Perfect Continuous is to show that something started in the past  and continued up until anoth...
Interrogative  Had + Subj. + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Had you been going to Aceh?           2. Had John been...
Future SimpleFuture Simple is to talk about something that you will do from the future.Positive  Subj. + Will / Shall + B...
Interrogative  Will / Shall + Subj. + Base VerbExample : 1. Will they be back soon?           2. Shall I go to Mal SKA?  ...
Future ContinuousFuture Continuous is a longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future....
Interrogative  Will + Subj. + Be + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Will you be going to Bali soon?           2. Will Dave ...
Future PerfectFuture Perfect is something will occur before another action in the future.Positive  Subj. + Will + Have + ...
Interrogative  Will + Subj. + Have + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Will they have cut the tree?           2. Will you have ...
Future Perfect ContinuousFuture Perfect Continuous is something will continue up until a particular event or time in the f...
Interrogative  Will + Subj. + Have + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Will they have been staying there for more tha...
Past Future SimplePast Future Simple is an event that will be carried out in the past.Positive  Subj. + Would / Should + ...
Interrogative  Would / Should + Subj. + Base VerbExample : 1. Should I stay at home next week?           2. Would you sen...
Past Future ContinuousPast Future Continuous is an event that will being done in the past.Positive  Subj. + Would / Shoul...
Interrogative  Would / Should + Subj. + Be + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Would you be doing your HW?           2. Shou...
Past Future PerfectPast Future Perfect is an event that should have been completed in the past.Positive  Subj. + Would / ...
Interrogative  Would / Should + Subj. + Have + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Would you have gone to PKU?           2. Shoul...
Past Future Perfect ContinuousPast Future Perfect Continuous is an event that should have been in progress   for some time...
Interrogative  Would / Should + Subj. + Have + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Would you have been swimming for 30 ...
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16 tenses

  1. 1. 16 Tenses
  2. 2. IntroduceHello everyone! My name is Wilson. Today, I’ll explain you about the 16 tenses.
  3. 3. Present SimplePresent Simple is to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual.Positive  Subject + Base VerbExample : 1. I do my English HW 2. She eats hotdog every Sunday 3. They play football everydayNote : he, she, and it are the 3rd Person. Add the –s, -es, -ies to the base verb.Negative  Subject + Do / Does + Not + Base VerbExample : 1. You don’t watch TV every Sunday 2. He doesn’t eat fried rice 3. We don’t play football every FridayNote : -In 3rd Person, do not add –s, -es, -ies in ‘Negative’ and ‘Interrogative’ because there are auxiliaries (helping verb) in ‘Negative’ and ‘Interrogative’. -You can use ‘do not’ and ‘does not’ into ‘don’t’ and ‘doesn’t’.
  4. 4. Interrogative  Do / Does + Subj. + Base VerbExample : 1. Do you do your work? 2. Does she watch Nat Geo? 3. Do they have their lunch?Negative Interrogative  Do / Does + Not + Subj. + Base VerbExample : 1. Don’t you listen to the teacher? 2. Doesn’t he play tennis? 3. Don’t they push the door?
  5. 5. Present ContinuousPresent Continuous is to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment.Positive  Subj. + to be (am / is / are) + Present Participle (Base Verb + -ing)Example : 1. He is playing a football match 2. I am watching TV 3. We are singing a songNote : You can use ‘He is’, ‘I am’, and ‘We are’ into ‘He’s’, ‘I’m’, andNegative  Subj. + (to be) am / is / are + Not + Present ParticipleExample : 1. She isn’t drinking her juice 2. I am not doing my HW 3. They aren’t singing the Linkin Park’s song
  6. 6. Interrogative  to be (am / is / are) + Subj. + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Am I doing my HW? 2. Is she studying the 16 tenses? 3. Are they watching Fairy Tail?Negative Interrogative  to be (am / is / are) + Not + Subj. + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Aren’t they sleeping at home? 2. Isn’t he playing the cards? 3. Aren’t we going to UK?
  7. 7. Present PerfectPresent Perfect is an action happened at an unspecified time before now.Positive  Subj. + Have / Has + Past ParticipleExample : 1. She has gone to Medan 2. I have eaten the pizza 3. We have been there alreadyNote : You can make it into ‘I’ve’, ‘She’s’, ‘We’ve’.Negative  Subj. + Have / Has + Not + Past ParticipleExample : 1. He hasn’t brought his poster 2. Louis and David haven’t gone to Pekanbaru 3. You haven’t done your Art ProjectNote : You can make it into ‘You haven’t’, ‘They haven’t’, and ‘He Hasn’t’.
  8. 8. Interrogative  Have / Has + Subj. + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Have I done my project? 2. Has Paul learned Geography? 3. Have we sung the song?Negative Interrogative  Have / Has + Not + Subj. + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Haven’t they listened to me? 2. Hasn’t she cut the tree? 3. Haven’t you played football?
  9. 9. Present Perfect ContinuousPresent Perfect Continuous is something started in the past and has continued up until now.Positive  Subj. + Have / Has + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. I have been living here for 3 years 2. She has been reading this book for 5 days 3. They have been sleeping for 30 minutes.Negative  Subj. + Have / Has + Not + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. You haven’t staying there for 10 days 2. They haven’t listening the music for 3 days 3. Paul hasn’t cutting the tree for 100 days
  10. 10. Interrogative  Have / Has + Subj. + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Have you been eating this food? 2. Has Don been going to Padang? 3. Have we been reading this book?Negative Interrogative  Have / Has + Not + Subj. + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Haven’t you been cutting the tree? 2. Hasn’t Louis been eating BBQ? 3. Haven’t they been playing tennis?
  11. 11. Past SimplePast Simple is an action started and finished at a specific time in the past.Positive  Subj. + Past VerbExample : 1. I listened the song about “Nugget in a Biscuit” by Toby Turner 2. Michael sang his favorite song 3 days ago 3. They ate their hamburger last monthNegative  Subj. + Did + Not + Base VerbExample : 1. I didn’t eat the nugget 2 hours ago 2. Josh didn’t sleep well 3 days ago 3. Jack and John didn’t listen the teacher 3 days agoNote : -You can make ‘did not’ into ‘didn’t’ -Do not use Past Verb because there is an auxiliary
  12. 12. Interrogative  Did + Subj. + Base VerbExample  1. Did you go to school? 2. Did she write her love letter to Andy? 3. Did we learn ESL for QUIZ?Negative Interrogative  Did + Not + Subj. + Base VerbExample  1. Didn’t you make fried rice? 2. Didn’t he ride his favorite car, Ferrari? 3. Didn’t they answer all answers in multiple choice?
  13. 13. Past ContinuousPast Continuous is a longer action in the past was interrupted.Positive  Subj. + Was / Were + Present ParticipleExample : 1. I was watching TV when you called me 2. When the phone rang, she was writing a letter 3. When Dave called John, John was talking to someoneNote : In this example no. 1, that is a real interruption and no. 2 and 3, you can also use as a specific time as an interruption.Negative  Subj. + Was / Were + Not + Present ParticipleExample : 1. I wasn’t watching TV when you called me 2. You weren’t listening to me when I told you to turn off the oven 3. Sammy wasn’t waiting for us when we got off the planeNote : You can make it into ‘wasn’t’ and ‘weren’t’.
  14. 14. Interrogative  Was / Were + Subj. + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Was he eating a food? 2. Were you going to PKU? 3. Were they doing their HW?Negative Interrogative  Was / Were + Not + Subj. + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Wasn’t she finding some stuff? 2. Weren’t you eating some food? 3. Weren’t you hunting a deer?
  15. 15. Past PerfectPast Perfect is an action which had completed before another action happened.Positive  Subj. + Had + Past ParticipleExample : 1. I had locked all the doors before I left 2. After I had cut the paper, the teacher asked me to glue it 3. Paul gave me a money after I had asked him a permissionNote : -‘Before’ is Past Simple Clause. It can be use as ‘when’. -‘After’ is Past Perfect Simple Clause. -We often combine the past perfect with past simple so it becomes clear which action had completed first and which action came afterwards.Negative  Subj. + Had + Not + Past ParticipleExample : 1. I hadn’t traveled to Mars yet 2. Michael hadn’t been to Bali 3. David and Jackson hadn’t seen that episodeNote : -You can make it into ‘Hadn’t’.
  16. 16. Interrogative  Had + Subj. + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Had you eaten this food? 2. Had Johnson laughed at them? 3. Had they called Sam yet?Negative Interrogative  Had + Not + Subj. + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Hadn’t we done the HW? 2. Hadn’t she got a goal? 3. Hadn’t you written the love letter to Tiffany?
  17. 17. Past Perfect ContinuousPast Perfect Continuous is to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past.Positive  Subj. + Had + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. I had been talking for over an hour before Tony arrived 2. He was tired because he had been exercising so hard 3. Dave and Harry had been waiting for you for 15 minutesNegative  Subj. + Had + Not + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. I hadn’t been talking for 3 days before my parents arrived 2. Jack hadn’t been eating hamburger for 4 hours 3. We hadn’t been playing golf for 10 yearsNote : You can make it into ‘Hadn’t’.
  18. 18. Interrogative  Had + Subj. + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Had you been going to Aceh? 2. Had John been eating nugget? 3. Had they been writing a letter?Negative Interrogative  Had + Not + Subj. + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Hadn’t you been going to Bali? 2. Hadn’t he been playing football? 3. Hadn’t we been staying at Japan?
  19. 19. Future SimpleFuture Simple is to talk about something that you will do from the future.Positive  Subj. + Will / Shall + Base VerbExample : 1. I will come to your house tomorrow 2. Dave will be here soon 3. They will cut down the tree 4. I shall go to food court next weekNote : -‘will’ is make sure, but ‘shall’ is not so sure. -‘be going to’ is also same like ‘will’.Example : 1. I am going to come to your house tomorrow 2. Dave is going to be here soon 3. They are going to cut down the treeNegative  Subj. + Will / Shall + Not + Base VerbExample : 1. I won’t go there 2. They shan’t stay there 3. Dave and Mike won’t eat fried riceNote : You can make it into ‘won’t’ and ‘shan’t’
  20. 20. Interrogative  Will / Shall + Subj. + Base VerbExample : 1. Will they be back soon? 2. Shall I go to Mal SKA? 3. Will he fight the bullies?Negative Interrogative  Will / Shall + Not + Subj. + Base VerbExample : 1. Won’t he stay here tomorrow? 2. Won’t they watch TV tonight? 3. Shan’t you go to school?
  21. 21. Future ContinuousFuture Continuous is a longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future.Positive  Subj. + Will + Be + Present ParticipleExample : 1. I will be going to PKU tomorrow when she arrives tonight 2. When I arrive tomorrow, we will be eating at KFC next Sunday 3. They will be calling JB when he sings a songNote : It is same like Future Simple when you use ‘be going to’ with a little difference in meaning.Example : 1. I am going to be cutting more trees when the boss arrives tomorrow morning 2. Dave is going to be watching the match when I arrive tonight 3. We are going to be eating more food when they arrive tomorrow nightNegative  Subj. + Will + Not + Be + Present ParticipleExample : 1. I won’t be coming to the party when my parents arrive 2. She won’t be playing puzzle when Dave arrives 3. Paul and Jack won’t be running to Dave’s house when it happensNote : You can make it into ‘won’t’.
  22. 22. Interrogative  Will + Subj. + Be + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Will you be going to Bali soon? 2. Will Dave be eating hotdog? 3. Will they be coming to my house soon?Negative Interrogative  Will + Not + Subj. + Be + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Won’t they be eating hamburger? 2. Won’t he be going to USA soon? 3. Won’t you be writing a letter?
  23. 23. Future PerfectFuture Perfect is something will occur before another action in the future.Positive  Subj. + Will + Have + Past ParticipleExample : 1. I will have received my promotion by next November 2. She will have finished this test by 3 o’clock 3. They will have read this book by next weekNote : There will be ‘going to have’ in Future Perfect.Example : 1. I am going to have received my promotion by next November 2. She is going to have finished this test by 3 o’clock 3. They are going to have read this book by next weekNegative  Subj. + Will + Not + Have + Past ParticipleExample : 1. I won’t have finished my task by tomorrow 2. By next week, she won’t have written her love letter to Dave 3. By next December, Michael and Jackson won’t have decorated the Christmas treeNote : You can make it into ‘won’t’
  24. 24. Interrogative  Will + Subj. + Have + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Will they have cut the tree? 2. Will you have worked with them? 3. Will she have come to school?Negative Interrogative  Will + Not + Subj. + Have + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Won’t they have eaten this food? 2. Won’t you have played football? 3. Won’t he have fought the bullies?
  25. 25. Future Perfect ContinuousFuture Perfect Continuous is something will continue up until a particular event or time in the future.Positive  Subj. + Will + Have + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. They will have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives 2. I will have been sleeping for 3 hours 3. She will have been cutting treesNote : ‘going to have been’ is the same one like ‘will have been’Example : 1. They are going to have been talking for over an hour 2. I am going to have been sleeping for 3 hours 3. She is going to have been cutting treesNegative  Subj. + Will + Not + Have + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. They won’t have been going to Bali for 10 days 2. She won’t have been talking about Padang for over an hour 3. You won’t have been walking to Ramayana for 2 hoursNote : You can make it into ‘won’t’
  26. 26. Interrogative  Will + Subj. + Have + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Will they have been staying there for more than 3 hours? 2. Will you have been living this house for more than 10 years? 3. Will he have been taking his exam?Negative Interrogative  Will + Not + Subj. + Have + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Won’t you have been listening to me? 2. Won’t she have been doing her HW? 3. Won’t they have been escaping the disaster?
  27. 27. Past Future SimplePast Future Simple is an event that will be carried out in the past.Positive  Subj. + Would / Should + Base VerbExample : 1. They said that they would discuss that matter 2. I should go there last night, but the rain was very hard 3. Mary said that she would go to Bandung the next dayNote : This tense is often found in Indirect Speech and Conditional Sentence.Negative  Subj. + Would / Should + Not + Base VerbExample : 1. I shouldn’t stay there tomorrow 2. He said that I wouldn’t eat this mushroom 3. Jackson said that Paul wouldn’t go to UK the next FridayNote : You can make it into ‘wouldn’t’ and ‘shouldn’t’
  28. 28. Interrogative  Would / Should + Subj. + Base VerbExample : 1. Should I stay at home next week? 2. Would you send this letter next Friday? 3. Would he go to Bali when his friends wanted him to join with them?Negative Interrogative  Would / Should + Not + Subj. + Base VerbExample : 1. Wouldn’t they live in this house next 2 weeks? 2. Shouldn’t you listen what he said? 3. Wouldn’t she go to that mansion?
  29. 29. Past Future ContinuousPast Future Continuous is an event that will being done in the past.Positive  Subj. + Would / Should + Be + Present ParticipleExample : 1. He would be doing the work at 9 this morning 2. We should be eating when she came this noon 3. By this time yesterday I should be playing tennisNegative  Subj. + Would / Should + Not + Be + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Sam wouldn’t be doing the task at 12 this noon 2. We shouldn’t be coming here when my parents came 3. By this time next week I shouldn’t be playing football
  30. 30. Interrogative  Would / Should + Subj. + Be + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Would you be doing your HW? 2. Should we be going to Bali next week? 3. Would he be reading the fiction book?Negative Interrogative  Would / Should + Not + Subj. + Be + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Wouldn’t he be waiting the others? 2. Wouldn’t you be doing the test? 3. Shouldn’t we be listening to the music?
  31. 31. Past Future PerfectPast Future Perfect is an event that should have been completed in the past.Positive  Subj. + Would / Should + Have + Past ParticipleExample : 1. I should have finished reading this magazine yesterday 2. She would have told me the problem 3. They would have informed us long beforeNote : This tense is usually used in a Conditional Sentence.Negative  Subj. + Would / Should + Not + Have + Past ParticipleExample : 1. I shouldn’t have started the test yet 2. She wouldn’t have known that disaster 3. They wouldn’t have called their teacher for their Math lessonNote : You can make it into ‘wouldn’t’ and ‘couldn’t’.
  32. 32. Interrogative  Would / Should + Subj. + Have + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Would you have gone to PKU? 2. Should they have used this scissor? 3. Would he have cut the paper?Negative Interrogative  Would / Should + Not + Subj. + Have + Past ParticipleExample : 1. Wouldn’t you have listened to the teacher? 2. Shouldn’t they have given their gift to the teacher? 3. Wouldn’t he have stayed in this beautiful mansion?
  33. 33. Past Future Perfect ContinuousPast Future Perfect Continuous is an event that should have been in progress for some time in the past.Positive  Subj. + Would / Should + Have + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. I should have been studying English here for 6 months, last month 2. We should have been living in Jakarta for 7 years in 1985 3. She would have been teaching English for 2 years, last yearNegative  Subj. + Would / Should + Not + Have + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. I wouldn’t have been swimming for 30 minutes 2. They shouldn’t have been living Tanggulangin for 3 years 3. She wouldn’t have been working there for 1 yearNote : You can make it into ‘wouldn’t’ and ‘shouldn’t’.
  34. 34. Interrogative  Would / Should + Subj. + Have + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Would you have been swimming for 30 minutes? 2. Should they have been living in Tanggalangin for 3 years at that time? 3. Would she have been working there for 1 year?Negative Interrogative  Would / Should + Not + Subj. + Have + Been + Present ParticipleExample : 1. Wouldn’t you have been swimming for 30 minutes? 2. Shouldn’t they have been living in Tanggalangin for 3 years at that time? 3. Wouldn’t she have been working there for 1 year?
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