Tanzania Public Service College (TPSC) TOPIC ONE: Nature and scope of Human Resource Management by willy email@example.com 1 8/10/2012
Content: Topic one O The concepts related to human resource management O Identify the objectives of human resource management O Explain the characteristics of human resource management O Describe importance of human resource management O Identify categories of human resource management firstname.lastname@example.org 8/10/2012 2
IntroductionO During the first four hundred years of industrialization, it was all about machines, which gradually replaced the human labor. They were so important that humans were not even considered a resource. Not anymore. With information revolution, internet connectivity and the age of customized services, humans are the greatest resource. That makes human resource management, by far, the most important stream of the art of managing email@example.com 8/10/2012 3
Human resources definition.O Human resource management (HRM) is the strategic and coherent approach to the management of an organizations most valued assets - the people working there who individually and collectively contribute to the achievement of the objectivesO HRM is the function within an organization that focuses on recruitment of, management of, and providing direction for the people who work in the organization. HRM can also be performed by line managers. firstname.lastname@example.org 8/10/2012 4
Human Resource Management: Objectives• To help the organization reach its goals. • To ensure effective utilization and maximum development of human resources. • To ensure respect for human beings. To identify and satisfy the needs of individuals. • To ensure reconciliation of individual goals with those of the organization. • To achieve and maintain high morale among employees. • To provide the organization with well-trained and well- motivated employees. email@example.com 8/10/2012 5
Cont,…• To increase to the fullest the employees job satisfaction and self-actualization. • To develop and maintain a quality of work life. • To be ethically and socially responsive to the needs of society. • To develop overall personality of each employee in its multidimensional aspect.• To enhance employees capabilities to perform the present job. • To equip the employees with precision and clarity in transaction of business.• To inculcate the sense of team spirit, team work 8/10/2012 firstname.lastname@example.org and inter-6 team collaboration.
HRM: FunctionsIn order to achieve the above objectives, HumanResource Management undertakes the followingactivities:O Human resource or manpower planning.O Recruitment, selection and placement of personnel.O Training and development of employees.O Appraisal of performance of employees.O Taking corrective steps such as transfer from one job to anotherO Remuneration of employees. email@example.com 8/10/2012 7
Cont…O Social security and welfare of employees.O Setting general and specific management policy for organizational relationship.O Collective bargaining, contract negotiation and grievance handling.O Staffing the organization.O Aiding in hrd (human resources development)O Developing and maintaining motivation for workers by providing incentives.O Reviewing and auditing manpower management in the organization firstname.lastname@example.org 8/10/2012 8
Characteristic of human resourcesO DiverseO StrategicO Commitment orientedO Human capital (people as asset)O UnitaryO Management diversityO Focus on business email@example.com 8/10/2012 9
HRM: Scope1. Personnel aspect-concerned with manpower planning, recruitment, selection, placement, transfer, promotion, training and development, layoff and retrenchment, remuneration, incentives, productivity etc.2. Welfare aspect-It deals with working conditions and amenities such as canteens, rest and lunch rooms, housing, transport, medical assistance, education, health and safety, recreation facilities, etc.3. Industrial relations aspect-This covers union- management relations, joint consultation, collective bargaining, grievance and disciplinary firstname.lastname@example.org 8/10/2012 10 procedures, settlement of disputes, etc.
Importance of HRPThe importance of HRs can be discussed at four levels1.Significance for an organizationThe achievement of organizational goals can be achievedthrough the following:• Attracting and retaining the required personnel.• Developing the necessary skills and right attitudes among employees.• Full utilization of the available human resources• Securing willing cooperation of employees through motivation, participation, grievance handling. email@example.com 8/10/2012 11
Cont..2.Professional significanceIt helps to improve the quality of work life. It isproviding opportunities for personal development ofeach employee and maintains healthy relationshipamong individuals.- It also contribute in developing those talent inorganization and bring about efficiency andeffectiveness of work through human resourcesdevelopment firstname.lastname@example.org 8/10/2012 12
Cont.. 3. Social significance It helps to enhance the dignity of labor in the following;- • Provides suitable employment that increase psychological satisfaction to people. • Maintaining the balance between the jobs available and the job seekers in terms of numbers and qualifications, needs and email@example.com 8/10/2012 13
Cont… 4. National significance It also plays a vital role in the development of nation. The effective exploitation and utilization of a nation’s natural physical and financial resources require an efficient and committed manpower. HRM helps to speed up the process of economic growth which in turn leads to higher standards of living and provides firstname.lastname@example.org 8/10/2012 14
Question’s of the topic1) Outline at least five Objectives of human resources management2) The presence of HRM in an organization is very crucial. Explain in details its function3) Discuss the characteristic of HRM4) With examples discuss the scope of HRM5) Is there is any important factors for existing of HRM in an organization OR Discuss the significance of HRM in an email@example.com 8/10/2012 15