Comparative and superlative_adjectives_presentation

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Comparative and superlative_adjectives_presentation

  1. 1. COMPARATIVEANDSUPERLATIVEADJECTIVES
  2. 2. ComparativesComparatives are used to show the differencebetween two objects. Let’s say that I have twocars. I have a little Toyota and a big Ford. Acomparative is used to show the differencebetween the two. The Ford is big so we cansay “the Ford is bigger than the Toyota”.Because the Toyota is small, we can say “TheToyota is smaller than the Ford”. To learn touse these we need to learn five basic rules.
  3. 3. • Rule 1. If an adjective has 1syllable we add the ending –er tothe adjective.– i.e. small + er = smaller than– i.e. hard + er = harder thanThe ant is smallerthan the hippo.
  4. 4. • Rule 2. If a one syllable adjectiveends with a consonant + a vowel+ a consonant you must doublethe last consonant and then ad –er.i.e. big + er = bigger thani.e. fat + er = fatter thanThe elephant is fatterthan the giraffe.
  5. 5. • Rule 3. If an adjective ends witha “y”, remove the “y” and add –ier.i.e. happy –y + ier = happier thani.e. funny –y + ier = funnier thanThe girl is happierthan the duck.
  6. 6. • Rule 4. If an adjective has twosyllables or more without a “y”then add the word “more” beforethe word. If the adjective endswith a “y”, you will only add theword “more” if it has threesyllables or more.i.e. beautiful + more = morebeautiful thani.e. expensive + more = moreexpensive thani.e. satisfactory + more = moresatisfactory thanThe butterfly ismore beautiful thanthe frog.
  7. 7. •Rule 5. There are a few exceptions.good = better thanbad = worse thanfar = farther than
  8. 8. •Remember, when using a comparative you must always follow it withthe word “than”.The Toyota is smaller than the Ford.The Ford is bigger than the Toyota.The ant is smaller than the hippo.The elephant is fatter than the giraffe.The girl is happier than the duck.The butterfly is more beautiful than the frog.
  9. 9. SuperlativesSuperlatives are used to show thedifference between more than two objects.Let’s say that I have three cars. I have alittle Toyota, a medium size Jeep and a bigFord. A superlative is used to show thedifferences that exist in the group. TheFord is big so we can say “the Ford is thebiggest”. Because the Toyota is small, wecan say “The Toyota is the smallest”. Tolearn to use these we need to learn fivebasic rules.
  10. 10. The ant is thesmallest.• Rule 1. If an adjective has 1syllable we add the ending –estto the adjective.i.e. small + est = the smallesti.e. hard + est = the hardest
  11. 11. The hippo is thefattest.• Rule 2. If a one syllable adjectiveends with a consonant + a vowel+ a consonant you must doublethe last consonant and ad –est.i.e. big + est = the biggesti.e. fat + est = the fattest
  12. 12. The elephant is theheaviest.• Rule 3. If an adjective ends witha “y”, remove the “y” and add –iest.i.e. happy –y + iest = the happiesti.e. funny –y + iest = the funniest
  13. 13. The airplane isthe mostexpensive.• Rule 4. If an adjective has twosyllables or more without a “y”then add the word “most” beforethe word. If the adjective endswith a “y”, you will only add theword “most” if it has threesyllables or more.i.e. beautiful + most = the mostbeautifuli.e. expensive + most = the mostexpensivei.e. satisfactory + most = the mostsatisfactory
  14. 14. • Rule 5. There are a few exceptions.good = the bestbad = the worstfar = the farthest
  15. 15. • Remember, when using a superlative you must always precede it with theword “the”.The Toyota is the smallest.The Ford is the biggest.Brad Pitt is the most handsome.The airplane is the most expensive.Jim Carrey is the funniest.

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